Babakina Street in Khimki (February 2010)
|Federal subject||Moscow Oblast|
|o Mayor||Dmitry Voloshin|
|o Total||109.81 km2 (42.40 sq mi)|
|Elevation||180 m (590 ft)|
| o Estimate |
|o Rank||90th in 2010|
|o Density||1,900/km2 (4,900/sq mi)|
|o Subordinated to||Khimki City Under Oblast Jurisdiction|
|o Capital of||Khimki City Under Oblast Jurisdiction|
|o Urban okrug||Khimki Urban Okrug|
|o Capital of||Khimki Urban Okrug|
|Time zone||UTC+3 (MSK )|
|Dialing code(s)||+7 495, 498|
Khimki was initially a railway station that existed since 1850 on the Moscow - Saint Petersburg Railway. The Moskva-Volga Canal was constructed between 1932 and 1937 on which Khimki lies on the west bank. Khimki was then officially founded in 1939.
The German attack starting the Battle of Moscow (code-named 'Operation Typhoon') began on 2 October 1941. The attack on a broad front brought German forces to occupy the village of Krasnaya Polyana (now in the town of Lobnya) to Moscow's North West. Krasnaya Polyana was taken on 30 November.
Many sources state that at least one German army patrol visited Khimki. Similarly many sources state this as the closest point the Germans reached to Moscow (Khimki at the time was 8 km (5 miles) from the edge of Moscow). Among the sources stating the Germans visited Khimki the details of the date and unit involved are inconsistent and disputed. One story of events asserts a skirmish took place in Khimki on 16 October at the Leningradskoe Shosse bridge involving a German motorcycle unit, but this would have been far from the main body of German forces at that time. Another account is a patrol reached Khimki around 30 November or early December before returning to its main unit without combat. The dates mentioned for this second account vary. A myth surrounding this is that the Germans would have been able to see the Kremlin 19 kilometres in the distance from Khimki.
The Soviet Army counter offensive for "removing the immediate threat to Moscow" started on 5 December on the North-Western Front (the area around Khimki North West of Moscow). The South-Western Front and Western Fronts began their offensives on 6 December. The German forces were driven back. Moscow was never under such close land threat again during the war.
A memorial in the form of a giant tank trap is located at the "Kilometer 23" point Planernaya Railway Station. The memorial was unveiled on 6 December 1966 as a 25th anniversary recognition of the launch of the Soviet counter offensive. This location is just short of an intersection with the Moscow-St Petersburg railway (close to where the IKEA shopping centre has since been built). This memorial and shopping centre on the Northern side of Khimki has a direct distance of 22 kilometres from Moscow city centre. At the time of the conflict this location was outside Khimki. This memorial is different to the Khimki War Memorial moved in 2007 to in Novoluzhinskoe cemetery.) of Leningradskoye Highway (the highway to St. Petersburg). The memorial is 1.8 km south east of
Khimki was home to several Soviet aerospace defense development centers that became the principal employers for the majority of the city population. This included R&D enterprises which designed surface-to-air missiles for S-75, S-125, S-200, S-300 Soviet air defense systems, engines for intercontinental ballistic missiles and satellite launch vehicles, and other types of equipment. For this reason, Khimki was off limits for all foreigners visiting the country, despite its location on a highway between Moscow and its major international airport.
Currently, the city of Khimki is directly adjacent to the territory of the city of Moscow. In recent years the population of the city of Khimki has continued to grow rapidly due to massive residential building construction driven by its proximity to the densely populated Moscow megapolis, which needs new areas for expansion.
Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is incorporated as Khimki City Under Oblast Jurisdiction--an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts. As a municipal division, Khimki City Under Oblast Jurisdiction is incorporated as Khimki Urban Okrug.
As of 2015International Space Station. Former Soviet aerospace and defense development centers located in Khimki:some aerospace-development centers located in Khimki contribute to a program of the
Khimki station is on the Moscow-St Petersburg Railway.
Road transport includes bus and trolleybus.