Kika de la Garza
|Chair of the House Agriculture Committee|
January 3, 1981 - January 3, 1995
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Texas's 15th district
January 3, 1965 - January 3, 1997
|Joe M. Kilgore|
|Member of the Texas House of Representatives|
from the 38th district
Eligio de la Garza II
September 22, 1927
Mercedes, Texas, U.S.
|Died||March 13, 2017 (aged 89)|
McAllen, Texas, U.S.
St. Mary's University, Texas (LLB)
|Branch/service|| United States Navy|
United States Army
|Years of service||1945-1946 (Navy)|
Eligio "Kika" de la Garza II (September 22, 1927 – March 13, 2017) was an American politician who served as the Democratic representative for the 15th congressional district of Texas from January 3, 1965, to January 3, 1997.
De la Garza grew up in Mission in Hidalgo County. At the age of seventeen, he entered the United States Navy and served for two years. De la Garza chose to continue his education at Edinburg Junior College and the United States Army Artillery School at Fort Sill in Oklahoma. For two years beginning in 1952, he was a lieutenant in the Army serving in the 37th Field Artillery Regiment and deployed in the Korean War. After returning home, he completed his law degree at St. Mary's University School of Law in San Antonio. After having practiced law for several years in the Rio Grande Valley, he was elected to the Texas House of Representatives, where he served from 1953 to 1965.
While in the state House, de la Garza was famous for sponsoring a large amount of legislation in the fields of education and the environment. He authored bills to protect wetlands, create state-sponsored preschools, and more international bridges to Mexico. From 1955 to 1957, he was the only Hispanic member of the Texas House. He was joined in 1957 by a second Mexican American member, Oscar M. Laurel of Laredo, the seat of Webb County.
In 1964, de la Garza, a strong supporter of U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson, ran for United States House of Representatives and won a seat representing South Texas. From 1981 to 1994, he was the chairman of the Agriculture Committee, leading the way in passing bills that reorganized the agricultural lending system, the farm insurance system, the United States Department of Agriculture, and pesticide laws.
De la Garza was also a civil rights supporter and called for smoother relations between the U.S. and Mexico. He worked to improve trade between the two nations and was critical in passing the legislation that enacted the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).
De la Garza's nickname was made famous by Andy Rooney in the early days of his TV show as he referred to "Kiki de la Garza" as one of the names that stuck with him most (in honor of the Kika-Poo Native American Indians of the lower Rio Grande of South Texas). He resided in McAllen, Texas, with his wife Lucille until he died on March 13, 2017, of kidney failure.
|Texas House of Representatives|
|New constituency|| Member of the Texas House of Representatives
from the 38th district
|U.S. House of Representatives|
Joe M. Kilgore
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Texas's 15th congressional district
| Chair of the House Agriculture Committee
| Chair of the Congressional Hispanic Caucus
Solomon P. Ortiz