Kim Ki-duk
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Kim Ki-duk
Kim Ki-duk
Kim Ki-duk at the 69th Venice International Film Festival (cropped).jpg
Korean name
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanizationGim Gideok
McCune-ReischauerKim Kid?k

Kim Ki-duk (Korean Korean pronunciation: [kim?id?k]; born December 20, 1960) is a South Korean filmmaker noted for his idiosyncratic art-house cinematic works. His films have received many distinctions in the festival circuit, making him one of the most important contemporary Asian film directors. Major festival awards include Golden Lion at 69th Venice International Film Festival for Pietà, Silver Lion for Best Director at 61st Venice International Film Festival for 3-Iron, Silver bear for Best Director at 54th Berlin International Film Festival for Samaria and Un Certain Regard prize at 2011 Cannes Film Festival for Arirang. His most widely known feature is Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter... and Spring (2003), included in film critic Roger Ebert's Great Movies. Two of his films served as official submissions for Academy award for best foreign language film as South Korean entries. He has given scripts to several of his former assistant directors including Juhn Jai-hong (Beautiful and Poongsan) and Jang Hoon (Rough Cut).

Life and career

Kim Ki-duk was born on December 20, 1960 in Bonghwa, North Gyeongsang Province, South Korea. He studied fine arts in Paris from 1990 to 1993. After returning to South Korea, Kim began his career as a screenwriter and won the first prize in a scenario contest held by Korean Film Council in 1995.[1] In the following year, Kim made his debut as a director with a low budget movie titled Crocodile (1996). The film received sensational reviews from movie critics in South Korea. Kim has said that his international breakthrough occurred with The Isle at the Toronto International Film Festival.[2] His 2000 film Real Fiction was entered into the 23rd Moscow International Film Festival.[3]

In 2004, he received Best Director awards at two different film festivals, for two different films. At the Berlin International Film Festival, he was awarded for Samaritan Girl (2004), and at the Venice Film Festival he won for 3-Iron (also 2004). In 2011, his documentary film Arirang received an award for best film in the Un Certain Regard category from the Cannes Film Festival. In 2012, his film Pieta received the Golden Lion award at the Venice Film Festival, the first Korean film to receive a "best film" honor at one of the top three international film festivals - Venice, Berlin and Cannes.

Controversy

The British Board of Film Classification delayed the release of Kim Ki-duk's The Isle (2000) in the United Kingdom because of instances of animal cruelty in the film. Concerning scenes in which a frog is skinned after being beaten to death and fish are mutilated, the director stated, "We cooked all the fish we used in the film and ate them, expressing our appreciation. I've done a lot of cruelty on animals in my films. And I will have a guilty conscience for the rest of my life."[4]

To a U.S. interviewer who suggested that scenes such as these are "very disturbing and [seem] to place an obstacle to the films [sic] reception, or... distribution, to other countries", Kim said, "Yes, I did worry about that fact. But the way I see it, the food that we eat today is no different. In America you eat beef, pork, and kill all these animals. And the people who eat these animals are not concerned with their slaughter. Animals are part of this cycle of consumption. It looks more cruel onscreen, but I don't see the difference. And yes, there's a cultural difference, and maybe Americans will have a problem with it - but if they can just be more sensitive to what is acceptable in different countries I'd hope they wouldn't have too many issues with what's shown on-screen."[5]

Another controversy surrounds the director's alleged misogyny as represented in his films, decried by feminists in his home country as being "dangerous penis fascism."[6]

Sexual assault allegations

In 2017, an anonymous actress came forward with allegations that she had been assaulted by Kim on the set of his film Moebius. She claimed that he had hit her several times before pressuring her to participate in a sex scene she had not previously agreed to.[7] In 2018, at least three women accused Kim of sexual assault.[8][9][10] Kim filed false accusations and defamation suits against the accusers.[11]

In January 2019, the court ordered Kim to pay a $4,450 (KRW 5 million) fine for the assault, but dismissed the sexual assault charge for lack of evidence. Kim subsequently sued the actress for false accusation.[12] The following month, Kim filed a lawsuit against a women's rights group over "damages" caused by the group against him.[13]

Filmography

Year English title Korean title Director Producer Writer Editor Notes
1996 Crocodile Yes Yes
Wild Animals ? ? Yes Yes
1998 Birdcage Inn Yes Yes
2000 The Isle ? Yes Yes
Real Fiction Yes Yes
2001 Address Unknown Yes Yes
Bad Guy Yes Yes
2002 The Coast Guard Yes Yes
2003 Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter... and Spring ? ? Yes Yes Yes "He also acts a major role (as the Adult Monk)"[14]
2004 Samaritan Girl ? Yes Yes Yes Yes
3-Iron ? ? Yes Yes Yes Yes
2005 The Bow ? Yes Yes Yes Yes
2006 Time Yes Yes Yes Yes
2007 Breath ? Yes Yes
2008 Dream Yes Yes Yes Yes
Beautiful ? Yes Yes
Rough Cut Yes Yes
2010 Secret Reunion Yes Uncredited
2011 Arirang Yes Yes Yes Yes Dramatic documentary about himself
Amen Yes Yes Yes Yes
Poongsan Yes Yes
2012 Pietà Yes Yes Yes Yes
2013 Moebius[15] ? Yes Yes Yes Yes
Rough Play Yes Yes
Red Family Yes Yes Yes
2014 One on One Yes Yes Yes Yes
Godsend Yes Yes
2015 Stop Yes Yes Yes Yes
Made in China ? Yes Yes
2016 The Net[16] Yes Yes
2017 Fork Lane ? Yes Yes
2018 Human, Space, Time and Human , , Yes Yes Yes
2019 Dissolve[17] ? Yes Yes Yes

International awards

Lee Jung-jin, Kim Ki-duk and Jo Min-su in the 2012 Venice Film Festival
Year Award Category Nominated work Result Ref
2004 54th Berlin International Film Festival Silver Bear (Best Director) Samaritan Girl Won
61st Venice Film Festival Silver Lion (Best Director) 3-Iron Won
2011 Cannes Film Festival Un Certain Regard Prize Arirang Won
2012 Küstendorf Film and Music Festival "Award for Future Movies" Pietà Won [18]
69th Venice Film Festival Golden Lion Won
2014 71st Venice Film Festival The Venice Days Best Film Award One on One Won

References

Notes

  1. ^ "Profile of Kim Ki-deok" (in Korean). Cine21, The Hankyoreh. Archived from the original on 2016-01-27. Retrieved .
  2. ^ http://www.moviehabit.com/essay.php?story=kim_ki-duk01%7C Interview with Kim Ki-Duk & Jung Suh
  3. ^ "23rd Moscow International Film Festival (2001)". MIFF. Archived from the original on 2013-03-28. Retrieved .
  4. ^ Rose, Steve (2004-08-02). "'I've done a lot of cruelty to animals'". London: Guardian Unlimited. Retrieved .
  5. ^ McKeague, Andy (2005-05-11). "An Interview with Kim Ki-Duk and Suh Jung on The Isle". Monsters and Critics. Archived from the original on 2007-11-28. Retrieved .
  6. ^ Chung, Prof. Dr. Hye Seung (15 February 2012). Kim Ki-duk. Contemporary Film Directors, eds. Prof. Dr. Justus Nieland and Prof. Dr. Jennifer Fay. Champaign, Illinois: University of Illinois Press. pp. 16, 69. ISBN 9780252093791. Retrieved 2017.
  7. ^ Hyo-won, Lee. "South Korean Director Kim Ki-duk Sued for Alleged Violence on Set, Adding Unscripted Sex Scene". Retrieved 2017.
  8. ^ Hyo-won, Lee (March 6, 2018). "South Korean Director Kim Ki-duk Sued for Alleged Violence on Set, Adding Unscripted Sex Scene". The Hollywood Reporter.
  9. ^ Rose, Steve (March 7, 2018). "Three women accuse Korean director Kim Ki-duk of rape and assault". The Guardian.
  10. ^ "Director Kim Ki-duk faces more sexual abuse allegations". Yonhap News. March 9, 2018.
  11. ^ Eun-byel, Im (June 13, 2018). "Kim Ki-duk fires back at accusers". The Korea Herald.
  12. ^ Kil, Sonia (January 4, 2019). "Court Dismisses Kim Ki-duk Case Against Actress, TV Show". Korea Herald.
  13. ^ "South Korean star director Kim Ki-duk, accused of sexual abuse, sues women's rights group". The Japan Times. March 7, 2019.
  14. ^ "Measuring life through its seasons".
  15. ^ "Kim Ki-Duk's MOEBIUS Reportedly First Film Selected For Venice Competition". Archived from the original on 2013-06-09. Retrieved .
  16. ^ "Lee Won-geun to star in Kim Ki-duk's "Net" with Ryoo Seung-beom". Retrieved .
  17. ^ "Official Selection Film-12 - Almaty Film Festival". Archived from the original on 2020-05-27.
  18. ^ ? 2012 (in Serbian)

Bibliography

  • Seveon, Julien (2003). "An Interview with Korean Director Kim Ki-duk". Asian Cult Cinema. 38 (1st Quarter): 49-61.
  • MARTONOVA, A. (2004) Contemporary Korean cinema - production, tradition and... Kim Ki-Duk. - In: The Plum Blossom. Papers from Korean Studies Conference, Sofia University "St. Kliment Ohridski", Centre for Eastern Languages and Cultures, Sofia: Ex-M, p. 129 - 151
  • MARTONOVA, (2012) A. To feel HAN (Arirang by Kim Ki-duk) // Kino, No.3, Sofia:p. 49-47, ISSN 0861-4393 [ (,," -). -- Original title in Bulgarian]
  • MARTONOVA, A. (2007) The hieroglyph of cinema. Aesthetics and meaning in East Asia movies. Sofia: Panorama Publishing House, 242 pages, ISBN 978 954 9655 31 5 (in Bulgarian)

External links


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