King Abdulaziz International Airport
Mataar Al-Malik Abdulaziz Al-Duwaly
|Operator||General Authority of Civil Aviation|
|Serves||Jeddah and Mecca (Makkah), Saudi Arabia|
|Location||Al Madinah Al Munawwarah Road|
|Elevation AMSL||15 m / 48 ft|
King Abdulaziz International Airport (KAIA) (Arabic: ? ) (IATA: JED, ICAO: OEJN) is an International airport located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, and is the main Saudi international airport. Named after King Abdulaziz Al Saud and inaugurated in 1981, it serves most international travel and is the largest hub for Saudi Arabia's flag carrier Saudia. The airport's Hajj Terminal was specially built for Muslim pilgrims going to Mecca annually on the Hajj.
The airport occupies an area of 105 square kilometres (41 square miles). Beside the airport proper, this includes a royal terminal, facilities of King Abdullah Air Base for the Royal Saudi Air Force, and housing for airport staff. Construction work on KAIA airport began in 1974, and was finalized in 1980. Finally, on 31 May 1981, the airport opened for service after being officially inaugurated in April 1981.
In 2019, the new Terminal 1 at King Abdulaziz International Airport had a soft opening with a number of domestic flights transferred to operate from it. With an floor area of 810,000 square metres (8,700,000 sq ft), the new terminal is considered one of the largest airport terminal buildings of its kind in the world. Visitors and passengers will enjoy a number of facilities including new lounges, an 18,000 square metres (190,000 sq ft) central garden area and a transport center that links between the building and the car park and train station. Moreover, the terminal will have a huge aquarium with 10 metres (33 ft) in diameter and 14 metres (46 ft) in height as well as a capacity of million litres of water. Furthermore, a mosque with a capacity of 3,732 worshippers has been established in the airport. In August 2019, the airport started moving a number of international flights operated by Saudia to the new terminal,  and on the 18th of November, Etihad has become the first non-Saudi airline to move to the new facility.
Because of Jeddah's proximity to the holy city of Mecca, the airport has a dedicated Hajj Terminal, built to handle pilgrims taking part in the rituals associated with the annual Hajj. It can accommodate 80,000 travelers at the same time.
Designed by the Bangladeshi-American engineer Fazlur Rahman Khan of the architectural firm Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP (SOM), it is known for its tent-like roof structure, engineered by Horst Berger while part of Geiger Berger Associates. Ten modules, each consisting of twenty-one "tents" of white colored Teflon-coated fiberglass fabric suspended from pylons, are grouped together into two blocks of five modules and separated by a landscaped mall between the blocks. Only customs, baggage handling and similar facilities are located in an air-conditioned building. The vast majority of the complex, called "Terminal Support Area", is a flexible, open area, conceived to function like a village, complete with souk (market) and mosque. Not enclosed by walls, this area is sheltered from the intense sun while allowing for natural ventilation; because of this, some consider it to be a green, environmentally-friendly building.
The Hajj Terminal received the Aga Khan Award for Architecture in 1983. According to the jury, "the brilliant and imaginative design of the roofing system met the awesome challenge of covering this vast space with incomparable elegance and beauty."
Jeddah-KAIA airport serves as a major hub for Saudia who originally had the exclusive use of the South Terminal. In 2007, however, the privately owned Saudi carriers Flynas and Sama Airlines were also given permission to use it. Due to the closure of Sama Airlines, the terminal was only used by Saudia and Flynas. The terminal is now also used by Flyadeal, Garuda Indonesia, Kenya Airways, and Korean Air. The North Terminal at Jeddah airport is used by all other foreign airlines. The South terminal, however, is reported as closed, with all flights having moved to the new Terminal 1.
The new King Abdulaziz International Airport three-stage development started in 2006, and is currently scheduled for an official opening in mid 2019. However, as of 2018 local flights have been landing at the airport. The project is designed to increase the airport's yearly capacity from 13 million to 80 million passengers.
The expansion includes a brand-new passenger terminal building, a 136-meter tall air traffic control (ATC) tower (the largest in the world), airfield hard-standing and paved areas, lighting, fuel network systems, electronic passenger guidance system and a new storm water drainage network. There will also be a newly constructed support services building and upgrades to the existing runway and airfield systems. The three stages, according to GACA--the General Authority of Civil Aviation of Saudi Arabia, will be marked by staged capacity increase to 30 million, 60 million and 80 million passengers per year.
The new airport will be accessed by the Haramain high-speed rail project network. Prince Majed Street will connect to the Al-Laith Highway, forming a fast north-south transit route.
|Afriqiyah Airways|| Misrata, Tripoli-Mitiga|
Seasonal: Bayda, Benghazi
|Air Arabia||Alexandria, Assiut, Luxor, Sharjah, Sharm El Sheikh, Sohag|
|AirAsia X||Seasonal: Kuala Lumpur-International|
|Airblue||Islamabad, Lahore, Multan, Peshawar|
|Air Cairo||Alexandria, Assiut, Cairo, Sohag|
|Air China||Hajj: Ürümqi|
|Air India|| Delhi, Hyderabad, Kozhikode, Mumbai|
|Ariana Afghan Airlines||Kabul, Kandahar (both suspended)|
|Azerbaijan Airlines||Seasonal charter: Baku|
|Batik Air||Makassar, Medan, Surakarta/Solo|
|Biman Bangladesh Airlines|| Chittagong, Dhaka|
|Citilink||Seasonal: Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta, Medan, Palembang, Semarang, Surabaya, Surakarta/Solo|
|Daallo Airlines||Hargeisa, Mogadishu|
|EgyptAir|| Alexandria, Cairo|
Seasonal: Sharm El Sheikh
|Ethiopian Airlines||Addis Ababa|
|Etihad Airways|| Abu Dhabi|
Hajj: Al Ain
|Flyadeal||Abha, Dammam, Gassim, Riyadh, Tabuk|
|FlyEgypt||Alexandria, Assiut, Sohag|
|Flynas|| Abu Dhabi, Adana, Algiers, Amman-Queen Alia, Baghdad, Beirut, Dammam, Dubai-International, Erbil, Hatay, Hofuf, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen, Jizan, Kano, Khartoum, Kuwait, Medina, Riyadh, Sharjah, Sharm El Sheikh, Tabuk, Yanbu|
Seasonal: Baku, Batumi, Kozhikode, Salzburg, Sarajevo, Tbilisi, Vienna
Charter: Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta, Makassar, Medan, Surabaya
|Garuda Indonesia|| Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta|
Seasonal: Balikpapan, Banda Aceh, Makassar, Medan, Padang, Surabaya, Surakarta/Solo
Hajj: Banjarmasin, Palembang
|IndiGo||Bangalore, Delhi, Kozhikode, Mumbai|
|Iran Air||Hajj: Bandar Abbas, Birjand, Bushehr, Goragan, Isfahan, Medina, Rasht, Shiraz, Urmia, Zahedan|
|Iraqi Airways||Charter: Baghdad, Basra, Erbil, Najaf, Sulaimaniyah|
|Jet2.com||Hajj: Leeds/Bradford, Manchester|
|Jubba Airways||Dubai-International, Galkayo|
|Kabo Air||Hajj: Abuja, Kano|
|Kam Air||Kabul, Kandahar (both suspended)|
|Libyan Airlines||Seasonal: Benghazi, Tripoli-Mitiga|
|Libyan Wings||Charter: Tripoli|
|Lion Air||Seasonal: Balikpapan, Banda Aceh, Makassar, Padang, Palembang, Pekanbaru, Surabaya, Surakarta/Solo|
|Malaysia Airlines|| Kuala Lumpur-International|
Hajj: Alor Setar, Johor Bahru, Kuala Terengganu, Penang
|Max Air||Hajj: Kano|
|Middle East Airlines||Beirut|
|Nile Air||Alexandria, Assiut, Cairo, Luxor, Sohag|
|Oman Air||Muscat, Salalah|
|Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Multan|
|Pegasus Airlines||Seasonal: Trabzon|
|Qeshm Airlines||Hajj: Tehran-Imam Khomeini|
|Royal Air Maroc|| Casablanca|
Hajj: Rabat, Tangier
|Royal Brunei Airlines||Seasonal: Bandar Seri Begawan|
|Royal Jordanian||Amman-Queen Alia|
|Saudia|| Abha, Abu Dhabi, Amsterdam, Addis Ababa, Al Baha, Alexandria, Algiers, Al Jawf, Al Ula, Al Wajh, Amman-Queen Alia, Ankara, Arar, Athens, Baghdad, Bahrain, Bangalore, Beirut, Bisha, Cairo, Casablanca, Chennai, Colombo-Bandaranaike, Dammam, Dawadmi, Delhi, Dhaka, Doha, Dubai-International, Erbil, Frankfurt, Gassim, Geneva, Guangzhou, Gurayat, Ha'il, Hofuf, Hyderabad, Islamabad, Istanbul, Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta, Jizan, Johannesburg-O.R. Tambo, Kano, Karachi, Khartoum, Kochi, Kozhikode, Kuala Lumpur-International, Kuwait, Lahore, London-Heathrow, Los Angeles, Lucknow, Madrid, Malè, Manchester, Manila, Mauritius, Medina, Milan-Malpensa, Multan, Mumbai, Munich, Nairobi-Jomo Kenyatta, Najran, New York-JFK, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Port Sudan, Qaisumah, Rafha, Riyadh, Rome-Fiumicino, Sharm El Sheikh, Sharurah, Singapore, Tabuk, Ta'if, Tunis, Turaif, Vienna, Wadi al-Dawasir, Washington-Dulles|
Seasonal: Adana, Agadir, Ahmedabad, Ahwaz, Annaba, Batam, Constantine, Fes, Ghardaïa, Izmir, Kolkata, Makassar, Málaga, Marrakech, Mashhad, Medan, Oran, Rabat, Surabaya,Stockholm,Tabriz, Tangier
|SaudiGulf Airlines||Baghdad, Dammam, Erbil|
|SpiceJet|| Ahmedabad, Delhi, Hyderabad, Kozhikode, Mumbai|
|Syrian Air||Hajj: Damascus|
|Turkish Airlines|| Istanbul|
Hajj: Adana, Ankara, Antalya, Bursa, Denizli, Diyarbak?r, Erzurum, Gaziantep, Isparta, Izmir, Kayseri, Konya, Samsun, Sivas, Trabzon, Van
|Utair Aviation||Hajj: Magas, Kazan|
|Air France Cargo||Dammam, Hong Kong, Paris-Charles de Gaulle|
|Lufthansa Cargo||Frankfurt, Sharjah|
|Saudia Cargo||Addis Ababa, Amsterdam, Brussels, Dammam, Dhaka, Frankfurt, Guangzhou, Hong Kong, Johannesburg-O. R. Tambo, Khartoum, Kozhikode, Maastricht/Aachen, Lagos, Lucknow, Milan-Malpensa, Mumbai, Nairobi-Jomo Kenyatta, New York-JFK, N'Djamena, Riyadh, Shanghai-Pudong, Sharjah|
Media related to King Abdulaziz International Airport at Wikimedia Commons