Koja Zaharia
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Koja Zaharia
Koja Zaharia
Lord of Sati and Dagnum
("Dominus Sabatensis et Dagnensis")
Lordship1396-1430
PredecessorKonstantin Balshaj
Titles and styles
?--1395: Castellan of Sati in Zeta
1396--1430: Lord of Sati and Dagnum
Diedbefore 1442[1]
Noble familyZaharia
SpouseBoska
Issue
Leke
Bolja
Occupation1400--1403: Ottoman vassal
1403--?: Venetian vassal
 ?--December 1422: vassal of Serbian Despotate

Koja Zaharia or Koja Zakaria (Italian: Coia Zaccaria)[2] (?--before 1442) was an Albanian nobleman and a member of the Zaharia family.

Name

In Ragusan documents he is referred to as Koj?in or Goj?in.[3] Because of that, many scholars like Nicolae Iorga, Ludwig Thalloczy and Konstantin Jire?ek have mistakenly believed he was actually Goj?in Crnojevi?.[4]

His name is rendered by Robert Elsie as Koja Zacharia or Koja Zakarija.[2]

Family

His wife was Bosa (Boxia), daughter of Leka Dukagjin who was a father of Tanush Major Dukagjini.[5] Their children were Lekë Zaharia (son), Bolja (daughter)[6][7] and a daughter of unknown name who married ?ura? ?ura?evi? Crnojevi?. Koja died sometime before 1442. According to ?iro Truhelka Bolja Zaharia was married to Petar Vojsali?, while according to Aleksa Ivi? she was married to Petar I Pavlovi?.[8] Koja's widow Bo?a died in Scutari on 19 September 1448 when a lot of people died during a fire in the town.[9]

Allegiances

Lordship of Zeta

Until 1395 Koja Zaharia was castellan of Sati, which belonged to a fief of Konstantin Bal?i? and was part of the Lordship of Zeta under ?ura? II Bal?i?. In 1395 Bal?i? ceded Sati (with Dagnum) together with Scutari and Drivast to the Venetian Republic (in order to create a buffer zone between his Zeta and the Ottoman Empire), but Zaharia refused to allow the Venetians to take control over Sati.

Ottoman Empire

When Koja captured the castle of Dagnum in 1396 he proclaimed himself the Lord of Sati and Dagnum ("dominus Sabatensis et Dagnensis")[10] and from there he ruled the territory around it as an Ottoman vassal. In October 1400 Koja proposed to the Venetians to simulate a battle in which he and his cousin Dhimitër Jonima would pretend to lose their possessions to the Venetians, in exchange for provision of 500 ducats annually. The Venetians did not promptly respond and Koja returned to the sultan.[11] In 1402, together with other Albanian noblemen, he fought alongside Bayezid I forces, in the Battle of Ankara.[12]

Venetian Republic and Serbian Despotate

In 1403, a year after the Ottomans were defeated in the Battle of Ankara, Koja together with his vassal Dhimitër Jonima accepted Venetian suzerainty.[13][14] During the First Scutari War between Zeta and Venetian Republic, he supported Venetian forces.[15]

Around 1412, Koja's daughter Bolja married Bal?a III and in return Bal?a III allowed him to administer Budva.[16] At that time Koja's other daughter was already married to a member of ?ura?evi?i who held the most distinguished position in Bal?a's court.[17] To bring Koja even closer, Bal?a appointed him as castellan of Budva.[18] After the death of Bal?a III (28 April 1421), Koja's daughter Bolja together with her two daughters[19] returned to her family in Dagnum.[20] Koja Zaharia supported Serbian despot Stefan Lazarevi? until he was defeated by Venice in December 1422.[21] Although Venetian admiral Francesco Bembo offered money to Gjon Kastrioti, Dukagjins and to Koja Zaharija in April 1423 to join the Venetian forces against the Serbian Despotate (offering 200 ducats to Koja Zaharia), they refused.[22] In one period Serbian despot Stefan Lazarevi? intended to financially destroy Koja Zaharia and ordered Ragusan traders to avoid paying taxes to Koja and to travel to Serbia via Lezhe not through Koja's Dagnum.[23]

Ottoman Empire

When Ishak Bey captured Dagnum from Koja Zaharia in 1430 it was attached to the territory controlled by Ali Beg, while Koja was either imprisoned or expelled.[24] After the Albanian Revolt of 1432-1436 was crushed the sultan entrusted Koja's son Lekë Zaharia with a position of Dagnum's governor.[25]

Family tree

 
 
 
Koja Zaharia
 
 
 
Bo?a
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1) Bal?a III
2) Petar Pavlovi? or Petar Vojsali?
 
Bolja
 
Leke Zaharia
 
Daughter (unknown name)
 
?ura?evi?
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Koja
 
 
 
 
daughter1
 
 
 
daughter2

References

  1. ^ Hopf 1873, p. 534

    Coja (Cajcali), seigneur de Satti, 1396, de Dagno 1414 et de Budva 1417, + avant 1442, ep. Bozia, rend aux Venitiens, 1445 Dagno, Sati et Cernagora, retient Zaravina, Pistoli, Scliezi, Meusti 1449)

  2. ^ a b Elsie, Robert (2012), A biographical dictionary of Albanian history, London: I.B. Tauris, p. 493, ISBN 9781780764313, OCLC 801605743, Koja Zacharia, also known as Koja Zakarija and in Italian as Coia Zaccaria, was ruler of Dagno (Deja) on the Drin in the early years of the fifteenth
  3. ^ Be?i? 1970, pp. 155,156
  4. ^ Be?i? 1970, p. 155

    ? 19. 1448. . ? ? . 500 ?, ? ? ? ? ? )

  5. ^ Bo?i? 1979, p. 344
  6. ^ Ostrogorsky, George (1951), Pronija : prilog istoriji feudalizma u Vizantiji i u juznoslovenskim zemljama (in Serbo-Croatian), Belgrade: Serbian Academy of Science and Arts, p. 172, OCLC 162891544, retrieved 2012, ...? ? ? , ? ? ? ?. ? ?,...
  7. ^ Bo?i? 1979, p. 364

    ? -- ?, ? ? ? ?...

  8. ^ Ivi?, Aleksa (1928). Rodoslovne tablice srpskih dinastija i vlastele (in Serbian). Matica Srpska. ? , ? ? ?, ? ? ?, ? (Grobnica bosanskog tep?ije Batala, Glasnik zem. muzeja XXVII. . 374). je ? ? ? () (?, ).
  9. ^ Be?i? 1970, p. 219

    ? 19. 1448. . ? ? . 500 ?, ? ? ? ? ? )

  10. ^ ?ufflay, Milan; St. Stanojevi? (1925), H. Bari? (ed.), Srbi i Arbanasi : njihova simbioza u srednjem vijeku, Istorijska Serija (in Serbian) (Biblioteka Arhiva za Arbanasku Starinu, Jezik i Etnologiju ed.), Belgrade: Seminar za Arbanasku Filologiju, p. 49, OCLC 249799501, Na papiru ili pergameni predaje Djurdje tom zgodom Mle?anima i »grad Sati s carinom na Danju«. Ali do?im Skadar i Drivast domala i bez zapreke preuzimaju mleta?ki provedituri, mali gradi?i u gudurama Drina, Danj i Sati, ostaju za njih Tih mjesta, u kojima 1395 vlada Kostadin Bal?i?, ne ?e izru?iti njegov ka?telan, Arbanas Coya Zaccaria. On se poslije nazivao »dominus Sabatensis et Dagnensis« i bio ?as turski kletvenik, ?as mleta?ki saveznik.
  11. ^ Be?i? 1970, p. 78

    ? ? 1400. . ? ? -?, ? , ? ? ? . ? ? , ... ? ? ? ? ... ? 500 ?. ,? ? , ? ? ? ? . ? ?.)

  12. ^ Fine 1994, p. 422
  13. ^ Elsie, Robert (2012), A biographical dictionary of Albanian history, London: I.B. Tauris, p. 493, ISBN 9781780764313, OCLC 801605743
  14. ^ The Late Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Late Twelfth Century to the Ottoman Conquest Author John Van Antwerp Fine Edition reprint, illustrated Publisher University of Michigan Press, 1994 ISBN 0-472-08260-4, ISBN 978-0-472-08260-5 p. 510 "Koja [Zaharia] submitted to Venice"
  15. ^ Fine 1994, p. 512
  16. ^ Fine 1994, p. 513
  17. ^ Fine 1994, pp. 512, 513
  18. ^ Fine 1994, p. 513
  19. ^ Be?i? 1970, p. 133

    ? ? )

  20. ^ The Late Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Late Twelfth Century to the Ottoman Conquest Author John Van Antwerp Fine Edition reprint, illustrated Publisher University of Michigan Press, 1994 ISBN 0-472-08260-4, ISBN 978-0-472-08260-5 p. 516
  21. ^ Fine 1994, p. 517
  22. ^ Vujovi?, Dimitrije; Risto Dragi?evi?; Nikola ?akonovi?; Milinko ?urovi?; Mir?eta ?urovi?; Pavle Mijovi?; ?oko Pejovi?; Vlado Strugar (1970), Milinko ?urovi? (ed.), Istorija Crne Gore [History of Montenegro] (in Serbian), II, Titograd: Nau?no Delo, p. 144, OCLC 633018773, . 300, ? 200, ? ? .... ? ...
  23. ^ Be?i? 1970, p. 155

    ? ? ? ? ? , ? ?. ? ? ? ? ? ? , ? ? ? ? ?>. ? , ? .)

  24. ^ Be?i? 1970, p. 158

    ? ?, ? -?.)

  25. ^ Be?i? 1970, p. 160

    ? ? , ... ? ? -- ?,)

Sources

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Post created
Lord of Sati and Dagnum
1396–1430
Succeeded by
Post abolished after Ottomans under Ishak Bey captured this territory and entrusted it to Ali Beg

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