Kolinda Grabar-Kitarovi%C4%87
Get Kolinda Grabar-Kitarovi%C4%87 essential facts below. View Videos or join the Kolinda Grabar-Kitarovi%C4%87 discussion. Add Kolinda Grabar-Kitarovi%C4%87 to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Kolinda Grabar-Kitarovi%C4%87

Kolinda Grabar-Kitarovi?
Kolinda Grabar-Kitarovi?ile (34771463620).jpg
4th President of Croatia

19 February 2015
Zoran Milanovi?
Tihomir Ore?kovi?
Andrej Plenkovi?
Ivo Josipovi?
Assistant Secretary General of NATO for Public Diplomacy

4 July 2011 - 2 October 2014
Stefanie Babst (Acting)
Ted Whiteside (Acting)
Ambassador of Croatia to the United States

8 March 2008 - 4 July 2011
Neven Jurica
Vice Skra?i? (Acting)
9th Minister of Foreign and European Affairs

17 February 2005 - 12 January 2008
Ivo Sanader
Miomir ?u?ul (Foreign Affairs)
Herself (European Affairs)
Gordan Jandrokovi?
3rd Minister of European Affairs

23 December 2003 - 16 February 2005
Ivo Sanader
Neven Mimica
Position abolished
Personal details
Kolinda Grabar

(1968-04-29) 29 April 1968 (age 51)
Rijeka, SR Croatia, SFR Yugoslavia (now Croatia)
Political party
Jakov Kitarovi? (m. 1996)
  • Branko Grabar
  • Dubravka Grabar
WebsiteGovernment website

Kolinda Grabar-Kitarovi? (pronounced [?r?bar kit?:ro?it?] ; born 29 April 1968) is a Croatian politician and diplomat who has been the 4th and current President of Croatia since 2015. She is the first woman to be elected to the office since the first multi-party elections in 1990. At 46 years of age, she also became the youngest person to assume the presidency.[2][3][4]

Before her election as President of Croatia, Grabar-Kitarovi? held a number of governmental and diplomatic positions. She was Minister of European Affairs from 2003 to 2005, the first female Minister of Foreign Affairs and European Integration from 2005 to 2008 in both the first and second cabinets of Ivo Sanader, Croatian Ambassador to the United States from 2008 to 2011 and Assistant Secretary General for Public Diplomacy at NATO under Secretaries General Anders Fogh Rasmussen and Jens Stoltenberg from 2011 to 2014.[5]

Grabar-Kitarovi? contested the presidential election held in December 2014 and January 2015 as the only female candidate (out of four in total), finishing as the runner-up in the first round and thereafter proceeding to narrowly defeat incumbent President Ivo Josipovi? in the second round. Her strong performance in the first round was widely viewed as unexpected, as most opinion polls had given incumbent president Josipovi? a strong lead and some even showed it was possible that he would win outright by acquiring more than 50% of the vote. In the second round, Grabar-Kitarovi? defeated Josipovi? by the closest percentage margin of any presidential election to date (1.48%) and received the smallest number of votes of any elected president in Croatia (1.114 million votes). Furthermore, as the country had previously also had a female Prime Minister, Jadranka Kosor, from 2009 until 2011, Grabar-Kitarovi?'s election as President of Croatia also included it into a small group of parliamentary republics which have had both a female head of state and head of government.

Grabar-Kitarovi? was a member of the conservative Croatian Democratic Union party from 1993 to 2015[6] and was also one of three Croatian members of the Trilateral Commission,[7] but she was required to resign both positions upon taking office as president in 2015, as Croatian Presidents are not permitted to hold other political positions or party membership while in office.[8] In 2017, Forbes magazine listed Grabar-Kitarovi? as the world's 39th most powerful woman.[9]

Early life and education

From left to right: Grabar-Kitarovi?, Sallabanda and De Hoop Scheffer with President George W. Bush, who is signing protocols in support of Albanian and Croatian accession to NATO, 2008

Kolinda Grabar was born on 29 April 1968 in Rijeka, Croatia, then part of Yugoslavia, to Dubravka (b. 1947) and Branko Grabar (b. 1944).[10] She was raised mainly in her parents' village of Lopa?a, just north of Rijeka, where the family owned a butcher shop and a ranch.[10] As a high school student, she entered a student exchange program and at 17 moved to Los Alamos, New Mexico, subsequently graduating from Los Alamos High School in 1986.[10][11]

Upon her return to Yugoslavia, she enrolled at the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Zagreb, graduating in 1993 with a Bachelor of Arts in English and Spanish languages and literature.[5][12] From 1995 to 1996, she attended the Diploma Course at the Diplomatic Academy of Vienna.[13] In 2000 she obtained a master's degree in international relations from the Faculty of Political Science at the University of Zagreb.[5]

In 2002-2003 she attended George Washington University's Elliott School of International Affairs as a Fulbright scholar.[14][15][16] She also received a Luksic Fellowship for the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University and was a visiting scholar at the School of Advanced International Studies at Johns Hopkins University.[5]

In December 2015, Grabar-Kitarovi? began her doctoral studies in international relations at the Zagreb Faculty of Political Science.[17]


Kolinda Grabar-Kitarovi? in 2006.

In 1992, Grabar-Kitarovi? became an advisor to the international cooperation department of the Ministry of Science and Technology.[18] In 1993 she joined the Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ).[19] In the same year she transferred to the Foreign ministry, becoming an advisor.[18] She became the head of the North American department of the Foreign ministry in 1995 and held that post until 1997.[18] That year she began to work at the Croatian embassy in Canada as a diplomatic councilor until October 1998, and then as a minister-councilor.[20]

When Social Democratic Party of Croatia (SDP) came to power after 2000 elections Tonino Picula became Minister of Foreign Affairs. After taking office he immediately started to remove politically appointed staff that was appointed by the Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ) to high-ranking diplomatic positions. Grabar-Kitarovi? was ordered to return to Croatia from Canada within next six weeks, which she at first refused to do because she was pregnant and had already made plans to give birth in Canada, however, she eventually decided to return after being strongly pressured by the ministry to do so. During her stay in the hospital, she applied for Fulbright scholarship for studying international relations and security policy. She eventually moved to the United States and enrolled at the George Washington University. After graduating, she returned to Croatia and continued to live in Rijeka.

Two years later, she was elected to the Croatian Parliament from the seventh electoral district as a member of the Croatian Democratic Union in the 2003 parliamentary elections.[21] With the formation of the new government led by HDZ chairman Ivo Sanader she became Minister of European integration, which entailed the commencement of negotiations regarding Croatia's ascension to the European Union.[5]

After the separate Ministries of Foreign Affairs and European Integration were merged in 2005 Grabar-Kitarovi? was nominated to become the head of the new ministry as Minister of Foreign Affairs and European Integration. She was confirmed by the Parliament and sworn in on 17 February 2005.[18] Her main task as foreign minister was to guide Croatia into the European Union and NATO. On 18 January 2005, she became Head of the State Delegation for Negotiations on the Croatian accession to the European Union.[5] Furthermore, on 28 November 2005 she was elected by the international community to preside over the Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention's Sixth Meeting of the States Parties, or Ottawa Treaty, held that year in Zagreb.[22] Grabar-Kitarovi? was the first woman to be named President of the Ottawa Treaty.

Following the HDZ's victory in the 2007 parliamentary election and the subsequent formation of the Second Sanader Cabinet, she was reappointed as Foreign Minister, but was suddenly removed from the position on 12 January 2008. The exact reason for her removal is not known. Gordan Jandrokovi? succeeded her.[23]

On 8 March 2008, with President Stjepan Mesi?'s help, she became the Croatian Ambassador to the United States, where she replaced Neven Jurica. She served as Ambassador until 4 July 2011. In 2010 a scandal broke out at the Croatian Embassy in Washington, DC when it was revealed that Grabar-Kitarovi?'s husband, Jakov, had been using an official embassy car for private purposes. Namely, a member of the embassy's security staff had followed and filmed Mr. Kitarovi? for days and footage of the events was posted on YouTube, but were later removed. As a result, Foreign minister Gordan Jandrokovi? launched an internal investigation because of Jakov Kitarovi?'s unauthorized usage of the official car, as the unauthorized filming of members of the diplomatic staff and their families by a member of the embassy's security staff. The investigation concluded that Grabar-Kitarovi? herself was, despite having an embassy-owned Cadillac DTS with a driver available to her 24 hours a day, using another embassy car, a Toyota Sienna, for private purposes. Grabar-Kitarovi? claimed that her duties continue for 24 hours a day and that she cannot separate her working life from her private life. She later paid for all expenses that occurred due to her husband's unauthorized using of the car, while the member of embassy's security staff who had filmed her family was fired.[24][25][26][27]

In 2011 Grabar-Kitarovi? submitted her resignation as ambassador and on 4 June 2011 became Assistant Secretary General of NATO for Public Diplomacy. She was criticized because of the way she left her position in Washington, DC. Namely, Grabar-Kitarovi? had failed to inform Prime Minister Jadranka Kosor in advance of her plans to resign as ambassador, so Kosor was not prepared to appoint a replacement on time. As a result, the position of Croatian Ambassador to the United States was vacant for almost nine months after Grabar-Kitarovi?'s departure. Grabar-Kitarovi?, however, said that she did in fact inform the newly elected President of Croatia, Social Democrat Ivo Josipovi?, of her plans and Josipovi? subsequently confirmed these claims in December 2014, stating that he even gave his personal contribution to her appointment to NATO by writing Grabar-Kitarovi? a written opinion that she needed from someone reputable. Grabar-Kitarovi? also said that she had on two occasions offered herself to Prime Minister Kosor and also to return to Croatia, so as to make herself available to the HDZ for the 2011 parliamentary elections. Furthermore, stating that Kosor had just ignored her offers and that it is for this reason that Grabar-Kitarovi? decided not to communicate with the Prime Minister any further.

When Grabar-Kitarovi? saw an ad for a job at NATO in The Economist magazine, she thought that the job was well-suited for her, but in the end decided not to apply for it. It was only when NATO failed to choose a candidate for the job in two rounds that she finally applied, and in the third round she received the position. During her term at NATO she often visited Afghanistan and the Croatian soldiers that are deployed there as part of a peacekeeping mission. Her task was to take care of the "communication strategy" and to "bring NATO closer to the common people". Her colleagues at NATO often referred to her as SWAMBO (She Who Must Be Obeyed).[28][29][30][31] Grabar-Kitarovi? was the first woman ever to be appointed to the position. She served as Assistant Secretary General in NATO until 2 October 2014.

She was invited to join the Trilateral Commission and became an official member in April 2013.[32]

2014 presidential candidacy

Kolinda Grabar-Kitarovi? in 2014.

Croatian daily newspaper Jutarnji List published an article in September 2012 stating that Grabar-Kitarovi? was being considered as a possible candidate for the 2014-15 Croatian presidential election by the Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ).[33][34] It was confirmed in mid-2014 that she was to become the party's official candidate, going up against incumbent Ivo Josipovi? and newcomers Ivan Vilibor Sin?i? and Milan Kujund?i?.[35] In the first round of election in December 2014 Grabar-Kitarovi? won 37.2% of the vote, second to Josipovi? who received 38.5%, while Sin?i? and Kujund?i? won 16.4% and 6.3% of the vote respectively.[36] Since no candidate received more than 50% of the vote, a run-off election was scheduled between the top two candidates, Josipovi? and Grabar-Kitarovi?, in two weeks time.

The run-off took place on 11 January 2015, with Grabar-Kitarovi? winning 50.7% of the vote.[37] She thereby became Croatia's first female post-independence head of state and the country's first conservative president in 15 years.[38][Note 1] She was ceremonially sworn into office on 15 February,[39] and assumed office officially at midnight on 19 February 2015.[40]

Upon election, Grabar-Kitarovi? became the first woman in Europe to defeat an incumbent president running for reelection, as well as the second woman in the world to do so, after Violetta Chamorro of Nicaragua in 1990.[41] She is also the first candidate of any gender to defeat an incumbent Croatian president. In addition, Grabar-Kitarovi? is the only presidential candidate to date to have won a Croatian presidential election without having won the most votes in the first round of elections, as she lost it by 1.24% or 21,000 votes. Furthermore, the 1.114 million votes she received in the second round is the lowest number of votes for any winning candidate in a presidential election in Croatia and the 1.48% victory margin against Josipovi? is the smallest in any such election to date.

Presidency (2015-present)

President Grabar-Kitarovi? with the United States Secretary of State John Kerry at the Equal Futures Partnership meeting, 2016
President Grabar-Kitarovi? with Israeli President Reuven Rivlin
President Grabar-Kitarovi? with Russian President Vladimir Putin in 2017
President Grabar-Kitarovi? and French president Emmanuel Macron after the 2018 World Cup Final between the two countries.

Less than nine months into Grabar-Kitarovi?'s term the European migrant crisis began to escalate with large numbers of migrants entering Greece and Macedonia and crossing from Serbia into Hungary, with the latter beginning the construction of a fence on its southern border as a result.[42] In September 2015, after Hungary constructed a fence and closed its border with Serbia, the flow of migrants was redirected towards Croatia, causing over 21,000 migrants to enter the country[43] by 19 September, with the number rising to 39,000 immigrants, while 32,000 migrants exited Croatia, leaving through Slovenia and Hungary.[44] She appointed Andrija Hebrang her commissioner for the refugee crisis.[45]

With the parliament expected to dissolve by 25 September,[46] Grabar-Kitarovi? called parliamentary elections for 8 November 2015.[47] They proved inconclusive and negotiations on forming a government lasted for 76 days. Grabar-Kitarovi? had previously announced on 22 December 2015, if there were no agreement on a possible Prime Minister-designate in the next 24 hours, she would call for an early election and name a non-partisan transitional government (which would have reportedly been headed by Damir Van?eli?), thereby putting intense pressure on the political parties involved in the negotiations regarding the formation of the new government, to find a solution. The crisis finally ended on 23 December 2015 when Grabar-Kitarovi? gave the 30-day mandate to form a government to the non-partisan Croatian-Canadian businessman Tihomir Ore?kovi?, who had been selected by HDZ and MOST only hours before the expiration of the President's delegated time frame for the naming of a Prime-Minister-designate.

On 24 August 2015, Grabar-Kitarovi? was, as Armed Forces Commander-in-Chief, presented with a petition for the introduction of a Croatian fascist Usta?e movement salute Za dom spremni to the official use in the Croatian Armed Forces. She immediately rejected petition calling it "frivolous, unacceptable and provocative".[48] On 29 September 2015, at the initiative of Grabar-Kitarovi? the Atlantic Council co-hosted an informal high-level Adriatic-Baltic-Black Sea Leaders' Meeting in New York City[49] which would later grow to Three Seas Initiative. The Initiative was officially formed in 2016 and held its first summit in Dubrovnik, Croatia, on 25-26 August 2016.[50]

On 11 April 2016, after meeting with Nicolas Dean, the special envoy for Holocaust of the United States Department of State, Grabar-Kitarovi? stated that the "Independent State of Croatia (NDH) was least independent and was least protecting the interests of the Croatian people". Adding that the "Usta?e regime was criminal regime", that "anti-fascism is in the foundation of the Croatian Constitution" and that the "modern Croatian state has grown on the foundations of the Croatian War of Independence."[51] In May 2016, Grabar-Kitarovi? visited Tehran on the invitation of Iranian President Hassan Rouhani. Rouhani called on Croatia to be the gateway to Iran's ties with Europe.[52][53] The two presidents reaffirmed the traditionally good relations between their countries and signed an agreement on economic cooperation.[54]

In October 2016, Grabar-Kitarovi? made an official visit to Baku, Azerbaijan where she expressed her support for the territorial integrity of Azerbaijan in the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, stating that the solution to this conflict "must be peaceful and political".[55]

Grabar-Kitarovi? expressed her condolences to Slobodan Praljak's family after he committed suicide in The Hague where he was facing trial, calling him "a man who preferred to give his life, rather than to live, having been convicted of crimes he firmly believed he had not committed",[56] adding that "his act struck deeply at the heart of the Croatian people and left the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia with the weight of eternal doubt about the accomplishment of its tasks".[57]

In a speech held at the ceremony at which Grabar-Kitarovi? was named honorary citizen of Buenos Aires in March 2018,[] she stated that "after World War II, many Croats found a space of freedom in Argentina where they could testify to their patriotism and express their justified demands for the freedom of the Croatian people and homeland." Since a number of Ustasha officials fled to Argentina after WWII, her statement was interpreted by some as support for them. In a press release, Grabar-Kitarovi? rejected "malicious interpretations" of her statement.[58][59][60]

During the 2018 FIFA World Cup, held in Russia, Grabar-Kitarovi? attended the quarter-final and final matches, wearing the colors of the national flag in support of the national team, which ultimately ended up as tournament runners-up.[61] According to the analytics company Mediatoolkit, she "emerged as her country's star of the tournament" with "25% more focus on her in news stories about the final than any of the players on the pitch", as she "travelled to Russia at her own expense in economy class and often watched from the non-VIP stands".[62] Commenting on the appearance of Croatian nationalist singer Marko Perkovi? Thompson at the celebration, whose concerts have been banned recently in some places, Grabar-Kitarovi? said that she is "very fond" of some of his songs and that she did not see any evidence for the controversies associated to him.[63]

Grabar-Kitarovi? was awarded Fulbright Association's 2019 Lifetime Achievement Award for her "remarkable, contributions as a leader, diplomat, and public servant".[64]

2019 presidential reelection campaign

In August 2019, during the Victory Day celebrations in Knin, Grabar-Kitarovi? informally hinted that she would be seeking reelection to a second and final 5-year term as President in the upcoming election,[65] and formally confirmed this several days later in an interview for the right-wing publication Hrvatski tjednik (Croatian Weekly).[66]

According to most early opinion polls conducted in the spring and summer of 2019, Grabar-Kitarovi?'s support ranges between around 30 and 35 percent in the first round of the election, and between 46 and 57 percent if the election were to go to a run-off. Also, her most serious challengers according to the same polls are former social democratic Prime Minister Zoran Milanovi? and conservative musician (and former Member of Parliament) Miroslav ?koro.

Political positions

Grabar-Kitarovi? declared herself a "modern conservative" during the presidential election.[67] Her political positions have mostly been described as conservative in the media.[68][69][70]Agence France-Presse wrote that Grabar-Kitarovi? represents moderates within her party.[71] Some observers describe her actions as populist,[72][73][74] or nationalist.[75][76]

Social policy


Grabar-Kitarovi? opposes same-sex marriage stating that marriage is a matrimony between woman and a man. However, she expressed her support for the Life Partnership Act, which enabled same-sex couples to enjoy rights equal to heterosexual married couples except in adoption, praising it as good compromise.[77]


Grabar-Kitarovi? considers that the prohibition of abortion would not solve anything, and stresses that attention should be paid to education in order to prevent unwanted pregnancies. Grabar-Kitarovi? criticized the hard process of adoption and stated that "the whole system has to be reformed so that through education and social measures it enables every woman to give birth to a child, and that mother and the child can eventually be taken care of in an appropriate manner."[78][79]

Climate change

Grabar-Kitarovi? has spoken in support of green initiatives along with the dangers of climate change for the environment and global security.[80] In 2016, she signed the Paris Agreement at UN Headquarters in New York City.[81] During another speech at the UN, she stated that climate change was a "powerful weapon of mass destruction."[82]

Approval ratings

Approval ratings of Kolinda Grabar-Kitarovi?

According to poll conducted in May 2016 for Nova TV, 47% of people do not approve her work, while 45% do.[83] In March 2016, her work was approved by 52% of people.[84]

Personal life

Grabar-Kitarovi? has been married to Jakov Kitarovi? since 1996 and they have two children: Katarina (born on 23 April 2001), a professional figure skater and Croatia's national junior champion; and Luka (born c. 2003).[85][86][87]

Grabar-Kitarovi? is a practising Roman Catholic.[88]

In an interview for Narodni radio Grabar-Kitarovi? stated that her favorite singer was Croatian nationalist singer Marko Perkovi?.[89]

She speaks Croatian, English, Spanish and Portuguese fluently and has basic understanding of German, French and Italian.[5][18]

See also


  1. ^ Ema Derossi-Bjelajac served as President of the Presidency of the Socialist Republic of Croatia, a constituent republic of the Socialist Federative Republic of Yugoslavia and thus held a position equivalent to a head of state


  1. ^ "BIOGRAFIJA KOLINDE GRABAR KITAROVI?, PRVE HRVATSKE PREDSJEDNICE Put marljive odlika?ice iz Rijeke do Pantov?aka". Jutarnji.hr. 12 January 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  2. ^ "Grabar-Kitarovic elected Croatia's first woman president". BBC. 12 January 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  3. ^ "Kolinda Grabar-Kitarovic elected president of Croatia". CBC. 11 January 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  4. ^ Hina (15 February 2015). "NOVA PREDSJEDNICA Evo ?to svjetske agencije javljaju o Kolindinoj inauguraciji". Jutarnji.hr. Retrieved 2016.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g NATO (29 August 2014). "NATO - Biography: Kolinda Grabar-Kitarovic, Assistant Secretary General for Public Diplomacy". NATO.
  6. ^ "Kolinda se javila ?efu Karamarku: Izlazim iz HDZ-a". Jutarnji.hr. Retrieved 2015.
  7. ^ "Kolinda Grabar Kitarovi? - nova nada Hrvatske". Narodni List. Retrieved 2015.
  8. ^ "Kolinda vi?e nije ?lanica Rockefellerove Trilaterale, jedne od najmo?nijih grupa na svijetu - Vijesti". Index.hr. Retrieved 2015.
  9. ^ "FORBESOV IZBOR Kolinda Grabar-Kitarovi? je 39. najmo?nija ?ena na svijetu". Retrieved 2018.
  10. ^ a b c "BIOGRAFIJA PRVE ?ENE NA ?ELU DR?AVE". Jutarnji.hr. Retrieved 2014.
  11. ^ "Grabar-Kitarovic to Speak Feb. 14 - News Releases". Library of Congress.
  12. ^ "Kolinda Grabar Kitarovi?". vecernji.hr (in Croatian). 1 December 2016. Retrieved 2018.
  13. ^ [1] Archived 14 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  14. ^ "Officials". AllGov.com. Retrieved 2014.
  15. ^ "GW News Center". gwu.edu.
  16. ^ U.S. State Department - Office of Educational and Cultural Affairs: Presidential Victory for Fulbright Alumna from Croatia
  17. ^ "Kolinda Grabar-Kitarovi? i slu?beno se upisala na doktorski studij - Ve?ernji.hr". Vecernji.hr. Retrieved 2017.
  18. ^ a b c d e "Kolinda Grabar Kitarovi? : CV" (PDF). Mvep.hr. Retrieved 2015.
  19. ^ "Bogata karijera prve hrvatske predsjednice: 'Prostrana polja, ?iroke ravnice...'" (in Croatian). Dnevnik Nove TV. 11 January 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  20. ^ "Kolinda GRABAR-KITAROVIC - European Forum Alpbach". alpbach.org.
  21. ^ "Ambassador Kolinda Grabar-Kitarovi?". NATO after the Wales Summit.
  22. ^ "Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention Sixth Meeting of States Parties". Retrieved 2016.
  23. ^ "Croatian Ministers for Foreign Affairs" (in Croatian). Croatian Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs.
  24. ^ "TKO JOJ PODME?E Kolinda mu?u dala slu?beni auto da vozi djecu (VIDEO) > Slobodna Dalmacija > Hrvatska". Slobodnadalmacija.hr. Retrieved 2015.
  25. ^ "?ivotopis prve hrvatske predsjednice Kolinde Grabar-Kitarovi? -- Vijesti.hr". Vijesti.rtl.hr. 12 January 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  26. ^ "Kolinda mora vratiti auto i nadoknaditi sve tro?kove". Jutarnji.hr. 10 March 2010. Retrieved 2015.
  27. ^ "Kolinda Grabar-Kitarovi? sigurno u utrci za Pantov?ak, ?eljko Reiner samo rezerva". Jutarnji.hr. 3 January 2014. Retrieved 2015.
  28. ^ "Ni mami nije rekla za NATO, pa se ona ?udila za?to ponavlja francuski". Jutarnji.hr. 14 January 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  29. ^ "Kolinda Grabar Kitarovi? za Obris.org: "Odli?no sam se sna?la"". Obris.org. Retrieved 2015.
  30. ^ "Kolindin nadimak Swambo - Ona koju se mora slu?ati - Ve?ernji.hr". Vecernji.hr. 28 February 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  31. ^ "Josipovi? pomogao lansirati Grabar Kitarovi? u NATO". tportal.hr. 10 December 2014. Retrieved 2015.
  32. ^ [2] Archived 27 November 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  33. ^ "Tomislav Karamarko: Kolinda Grabar-Kitarovi? ?e biti prva ?ena na ?elu Hrvatske!". Jutarnji.hr. 13 September 2012. Retrieved 2015.
  34. ^ B.V. "Karamarko ?eli Kolindu Grabar Kitarovi? za predsjednicu Hrvatske". Dnevnik.hr.
  35. ^ "Ivo Josipovi? ili Kolinda Grabar Kitarovi? - evo ?to ka?e prvo istra?ivanje!". Ve?ernji.hr.
  36. ^ "Crveno i plavo: Pogledajte kako su glasali va?i susjedi i prijatelji". Ve?ernji.hr.
  37. ^ "Grabar-Kitarovi? gewinnt Präsidentschaftswahlen in Kroatien". der Standard. Austria.
  38. ^ Croatians Elect Kolinda Grabar-Kitarovic as Their First Female President. The New York Times
  39. ^ "Croatia will become rich, pledges new president". The Scotsman. Retrieved 2015.
  40. ^ "Kolinda Grabar-Kitarovi? prisegnula za predsjednicu RH" (in Croatian). HRT. 16 February 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  41. ^ "Tko je najljep?a predsjednica na svijetu". Kult portal. Retrieved 2016.
  42. ^ Associated Press in Budapest. "Hungary begins work on border fence to keep out migrants | World news". The Guardian. Retrieved 2016.
  43. ^ "HRT: U Hrvatsku u?lo oko 21.000 izbjeglica - Ma?ari ih prihva?aju bez registracije" (in Croatian). Hrt.hr. 5 January 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  44. ^ Hina (22 September 2015). "STIGLE NOVE BROJKE U Hrvatsku dosad stiglo 36.000 izbjeglica: 'Bapska nas je iznenadila, ali sada je situacija bolja, dolaze u grupama od 70-ak ljudi'". Jutarnji.hr. Retrieved 2016.
  45. ^ Pi?e: R.I.A., Hina subota, 19.9.2015. 13:47 (19 September 2015). "Kolindin povjerenik Hebrang: Vojska je trebala na granici tijelima zaprije?iti ulazak izbjeglica - Vijesti". Index.hr. Retrieved 2016.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  46. ^ "Josip Leko najavio raspu?tanje Sabora 25. rujna - Ve?ernji.hr". Vecernji.hr. Retrieved 2016.
  47. ^ "Ve?ernji doznaje: Parlamentarni izbori odr?at ?e se najkasnije 15. studenoga - Ve?ernji.hr". Vecernji.hr. 9 January 2015. Retrieved 2016.
  48. ^ "BIZARNU PETICIJU POTPISAO I ?IMUNI? Od predsjednice tra?e da predlo?i uvo?enje pozdrava 'Za dom spremni' u Oru?ane snage!". Jutarnji.hr. 24 August 2015. Retrieved 2016.
  49. ^ "Adriatic-Baltic-Black Sea Leaders Meeting". atlanticcouncil.org. 29 October 2015. Retrieved 2017.
  50. ^ "Dubrovnik Forum adopts declaration called "The Three Seas Initiative"". eblnews.com. 25 August 2016. Retrieved 2017.
  51. ^ Dragan Mati?/ CROPIX (11 April 2016). "KOLINDA GRABAR KITAROVI? 'NDH je bila najmanje nezavisna i najmanje je ?titila interese Hrvata, a usta?ki re?im bio je zlo?ina?ki!' -Jutarnji List". Jutarnji.hr. Retrieved 2017.
  52. ^ "Rouhani: Croatia can be gateway to Iran's ties with Europe". Tehran Times. 18 May 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  53. ^ "Rouhani officially welcomes Croatian president". Tehran Times. 18 May 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  54. ^ "Potvr?eni tradicionalno dobri i prijateljski odnosi Hrvatske i Irana - Ve?ernji.hr". Vecernji.hr. 18 May 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  55. ^ "President: Croatia, Azerbaijan "have very good political relations without outstanding issues"". Azernews. 24 October 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  56. ^ "Slobodan Praljak: War criminal or Croatian hero?" on Al-Jazeera, 30 November 2017.
  57. ^ "Predsjednica: Hrvatski narod prvi se odupro velikosrpskoj agresiji brane?i svoju opstojnost i opstojnost BiH" [President: The Croatian people first resisted the Greater Serbia aggression by defending its survival and the survival of BiH] (in Croatian). Croatian Radiotelevision. 30 November 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  58. ^ "Kolinda: Mnogi su Hrvati u Argentini prona?li slobodu nakon Drugog svjetskog rata".
  59. ^ "Bauk o Kolindinim izjavama u Argentini: Da je to izjavila Merkel strpali bi je u zatvor".
  60. ^ "President Rejects "Malicious Interpretations" of Her Speech in Argentina".
  61. ^ "Emotional Croatian leader Grabar-Kitarovic consoles Modric after World Cup final defeat (PHOTOS)". RT International. Retrieved 2018.
  62. ^ Zagreb, Una Hajdari in (16 July 2018). "Croatia's real World Cup star? The president in the stands". the Guardian. Retrieved 2018.
  63. ^ "Grabar-Kitarovic: Everyone is slowly giving up on Bosnia". N1. 27 July 2018.
  64. ^ https://fulbright.org/2019/08/29/2019-lifetime-achievement-award-kolinda-grabar-kitarovic/?fbclid=IwAR1KfSWCIOVLy-hcPH6EOU6kD0VRMr6Z2IKBwqJCTJ5i1nAbwGA_XKZp5SM
  65. ^ "Kolinda u Kninu najavila kandidaturu - i pobjedu: 'I idu?ih 5 godina ?u se vi?ati ovdje s vama kao predsjednica'". Slobodna Dalmacija. 5 August 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  66. ^ "GRABAR-KITAROVI? U EKSTREMNO DESNOM LISTU NAJAVILA KANDIDATURU ZA DRUGI MANDAT 'Ne mogu sada okrenuti le?a Hrvatskoj, naravno da idem u kandidaturu'". Jutarnji.hr. 9 August 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  67. ^ Komadina, Dragan (2015). "The 2014/2015 Croatian Presidential Election: Tight and Far-reaching Victory of Political Right". Contemporary Southeastern Europe An Interdisciplinary Journal on Southeastern Europe. Zagreb, Croatia: Faculty of Political Sciences, University of Zagreb. 2 (1): 46.
  68. ^ "Croatia elects conservative in presidential election runoff". The Guardian. 11 January 2015.
  69. ^ "Grabar-Kitarovic elected Croatia's first woman president". BBC. 12 January 2015.
  70. ^ "Croatia's president rebukes PM for invitation snub as rift deepens". Reuters. 14 April 2015.
  71. ^ "Grabar-Kitarovic: Croatia's first female president". Yahoo! News. 11 January 2015.
  72. ^ "Kolinda Grabar-Kitarovic elected president of Croatia". CBC Television. Retrieved 2019.
  73. ^ "Croatia's World Cup run divides nation where football is never just sport". The Guardian. Retrieved 2019.
  74. ^ "Croatia's Serbs: Pawns in a Right-Wing Game". Balkan Insight. Retrieved 2019.
  75. ^ "Croatians Elect Kolinda Grabar-Kitarovic as Their First Female President". The New York Times. 11 January 2015. Retrieved 2019.
  76. ^ "Schatten über Kroatien". Der Standard. Retrieved 2019.
  77. ^ "?TO ZAPRAVO ZASTUPAMO ?etiri kandidata odgovaraju na 20 te?kih pitanja Jutarnjeg -Jutarnji List". Jutarnji.hr. 24 December 2014. Retrieved 2017.
  78. ^ Pi?e: D.H. ponedjeljak, 31.10.2016. 18:39 (31 October 2016). "Kolinda protiv katoli?kih radikala: "Da, ?enama treba omogu?iti poba?aj kao i do sada" - Vijesti". Index.hr. Retrieved 2017.
  79. ^ "Kolinda Grabar Kitarovi?: Moj osobni stav o poba?aju je poznat, ali zabrana ni?ta ne rje?ava > Slobodna Dalmacija". Slobodnadalmacija.hr. 31 October 2016. Retrieved 2017.
  80. ^ "Croatian president hails Paris accord as step toward environment-friendly progress". eblnews.com. 23 April 2016. Retrieved 2017.
  81. ^ "Paris Agreement" (PDF). United Nations. 22 April 2016. Retrieved 2017.
  82. ^ "H.E. Ms. Kolinda Grabar-Kitarovi?, President". UN. 21 September 2016. Retrieved 2017.
  83. ^ Ma.B. (26 May 2016). "CROBAROMETAR DNEVNIKA NOVE TV Kako bira?i ocjenjuju vode?e politi?are?". Dnevnik.hr. Retrieved 2016.
  84. ^ I.D. (27 March 2016). "CROBAROMETAR Predsjednici pada potpora me?u gra?anima". Dnevnik.hr. Retrieved 2016.
  85. ^ "LIJEPA KOLINDINA K?I BRILJIRA NA LEDU Ho?e li nova dr?avna prvakinja Katarina Kitarovi? braniti boje Hrvatske na Olimpijskim igrama?". Jutarnji list.
  86. ^ "Suprug Kolinde Grabar Kitarovi? kona?no iza?ao iz sjene". tportal.hr.
  87. ^ "Moj suprug nije papu?ar nego moderan mu?karac". Gloria.hr.
  88. ^ "Moj suprug nije papu?ar nego moderan mu?karac - Gloria". www.gloria.hr. Retrieved 2019.
  89. ^ "Kolinda otkrila: Djeca su me nau?ila Thompsonove pjesme". 24 sata.

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Neven Mimica
Minister of European Integration
Position abolished
Preceded by
Miomir ?u?ul
as Minister of Foreign Affairs
Minister of Foreign Affairs and European Integration
Succeeded by
Gordan Jandrokovi?
Preceded by
as Minister of European Integration
Preceded by
Ivo Josipovi?
President of Croatia
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Neven Jurica
Ambassador of Croatia to the United States
Succeeded by
Vice Skra?i?
Preceded by
Stefanie Babst
Assistant Secretary General of NATO for Public Diplomacy
Succeeded by
Ted Whiteside
Preceded by
Dalia Grybauskait?
Chair of the Council of Women World Leaders

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



Music Scenes