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Kingdom of Kombo

o c. 1650
o 1855-1875
Tomani Bojang
o Established
o Disestablished
Today part ofThe Gambia
  1. ...

Kombo was a kingdom and later a territory in Gambia during the colonial period. In 1840 the King of Kombo was Suling Jatta.[1]


There are relatively few mentions of Kombo in early Western literature on the Gambia, owing primarily to the fact that European visitors primarily visited the northern ports. In 1621, as English explorer Richard Jobson was about to leave the Gambia, he recorded that he met the King of Kombo, who welcomed him to the country. Portuguese explorer André Donelha wrote in 1625 that Kombo "produces much rice and is very beautiful." Another Portuguese explorer, Francisco de Lemos Coelho, wrote in 1688 that the King of Kombo was a Falupo, a general term meaning a Jola living near Casamance, and that his village was the largest anywhere on the river. Coelho further wrote that Kombo had "much wax and rice" and that the King and his people were pagan.[2]

An early map of the Gambia by the Courlanders in 1651 shows that they believed Kombo was an island. The Vermuyden map of 1661 and Leach's map of 1732 did not make this same error. Leach's map shows a number of locations, including Mansakunda (the King's town), a Muslim town to the east of the kingdom called Morakunda, and Kabata town. Francis Moore wrote in 1730 that the territory of Kombo spanned approximately 30 miles from Cape St. Mary's to the Kabata River.[3]

There were originally six villages of Kombo. Five names are known: Brikama, Yundum, Jamburu, Kafuto, and Manduwar.[4]

King of Kombo

The King of Kombo was known as 'Mansa'.[4]

List of Kings of Kombo

Name Reign Notes
Jarudama First King of Kombo.
Kintang Munkung Njai
Keefele Keefele was the first female ruler.
Nyanengna Koli
Ketang Makodi
Jidiri Janekarang
Banna Karang
Foday Musa Bojang
Tafa Hadama Bojang
Demba Sonko Bojang Brother of Tafa.
Landing Barabali Bojang
Jereba Bojang
Bamba Bojang
Sanjani Bojang
Tomani Bojang Made treaty in 1816 with Alexander Grant that leased St. Mary's Island.
Suling Jatta before 1840 1855 Killed in battle during Soninke-Marabout War.
Tomani Bojang 1875 Last King of Kombo.



  1. ^ Hughes and Perfect, p. 97
  2. ^ Gamble, p. 9
  3. ^ Gamble, pp. 9-10
  4. ^ a b Kea, p. 70


  • Hughes, Arnold and Perfect, David. (2008). Historical Dictionary of The Gambia. Lanham: Scarecrow Press.
  • Kea, Pamela J. (2010). Land, Labour and Entrustment: West African Female Farmers and the Politics of Difference. Boston: Brill.
  • Gamble, David P. (2006). The South Bank of the Gambia: Places, People, and Population. Brisbane.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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