Koru
Get Koru essential facts below. View Videos or join the Koru discussion. Add Koru to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Koru

An unfurling silver fern frond

The koru (M?ori for "loop or coil"[1]) is a spiral shape based on the appearance of a new unfurling silver fern frond. It is an integral symbol in M?ori art, carving and tattooing, where it symbolises new life, growth, strength and peace.[2] Its shape "conveys the idea of perpetual movement," while the inner coil "suggests returning to the point of origin".[2]

Use in design

The koru is the integral motif of the symbolic and seemingly abstract kowhaiwhai designs traditionally used to decorate wharenui (meeting houses). There are numerous semi-formal designs, representing different features of the natural world.[3]

The logo of Air New Zealand, the national carrier, incorporates a koru design--based on the Ngaru (Ng?ti Kahungunu)[4] kowhaiwhai pattern--as a symbol of New Zealand flora. The logo was introduced in 1973 to coincide with the arrival of the airline's first McDonnell Douglas DC-10 wide-body jet.

In 1983, Friedensreich Hundertwasser based his proposed design for a secondary New Zealand flag on the symbol. It also formed the basis for a notable series of artworks by Gordon Walters. Koru swirls are also reminiscent of the Tomoe symbol in Japan.[5]

The New Zealand national korfball team is nicknamed The Korus, although the plural for koru is koru.[6]

References

  1. ^ Moorfield, John C. (2010). "M?ori dictionary". Te Aka M?ori-English, English-M?ori Dictionary and Index. Te Whanake. Archived from the original on 22 July 2011. Retrieved 2010.
  2. ^ a b Royal, Te Ahukaram? Charles (March 4, 2009). "M?ori creation traditions". Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand. New Zealand Ministry for Culture and Heritage / Te Manat? Taonga. Retrieved 2010.
  3. ^ Wison, Kemera "Whakairo" Maori Carving - Reading Kowhaiwhai," maori.org.nz. Retrieved 12 February 2014.
  4. ^ "Maori Carving: Reading Kowhaiwhai". www.maori.org.nz. Retrieved .
  5. ^ "Koru Cross".
  6. ^ "M?ori Culture - New Zealand Trade Manual". www.newzealandtrademanual.com. Retrieved 2019.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Koru
 



 



 
Music Scenes