Kothavalasa-Kirandul Line
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Kothavalasa%E2%80%93Kirandul Line

Kothavalasa-Kirandul line
Araku valley view.jpg
Kothavalasa-Kirandul line passes
through Araku Valley in Visakhapatnam district
Overview
StatusOperational
LocaleAndhra Pradesh, Odisha, Chhattisgarh
TerminiKothavalasa
Kirandul
Stations48
Operation
Opened1966
OwnerIndian Railway
Operator(s)South Eastern Railway Zone Till 2003 March, East Coast Railway zone from April 2003
Technical
Track length445 km (277 mi)
Number of tracks1
Track gauge Broad gauge
Electrification25 kV AC 50 Hz
Manabar railway station in Araku Valley.

Kothavalasa-Kirandul line belongs to Waltair Railway Division of East Coast Railway Zone from 2003. It was under South Eastern Railway zone until 2003. It passes through three states - Andhra Pradesh, Odisha and Chhattisgarh.

History

In 1960, Indian Railway took up three projects: the Kothavalasa – Araku – Koraput – Jeypore – Jagdalpur – Dantewara – Kirandaul line, the Jharsuguda – Sambalpur – Bargarh – Balangir – Titlagarh Project and the Biramitrapur – Rourkela – Bimlagarh – Kiriburu project. All the three projects taken together were popularly known as the DBK Project or the Dandakaranya – Bolangir – Kiriburu project.[1] The Kothavalasa-Kirandaul line was opened in 1966-67 under S E Railway with financial aid of Japan for transporting Iron ore.[2]

Geography

This line passes hill sections of Eastern ghats through Araku Valley. The line has a total of 58 tunnels and 84 major bridges and each tunnel is as long as 520 metres.

Electrification

Electrification of the line was completed in four phases. Kirandul-Jagdalpur section was completed in 1980. Jagdalpur-Koraput section was completed in 1981. Koraput-Araku-Waltair section was completed in 1982. The Kothavalasa-Kirandul route was completely electrified by 1982.[3]

Jurisdiction

The line has a length of 445 km (277 mi),out of which 138 km (86 mi) lies in Andhra Pradesh up to Gorapur which will be joining South Coast Railway, 131 km (81 mi) lies in Odisha up to Khadapa, 194 km (121 mi) lies in Chhattisgarh up to Kirandul. The maximum route Km being in Chhattisgarh and Andhra Pradesh with Odisha taking 3rd position. [4] The Kothavalasa-Kirandul section is classified as a Group E-special class line in which speed should be below 100 km/h.[5]

Performance

This line is mainly used for freight purposes which is a huge profit benefitting Waltair Division. Nearly (US$420 million) of profit comes through this line. Iron ore from Bailadila are transported to Visakhapatnam through this line.[6]

References

  1. ^ Baral, Chitta. "History of Indian Railways in Orissa" (PDF). Retrieved 2012.
  2. ^ "History of Waltair Division". Mannanna.com. Archived from the original on 11 October 2012. Retrieved 2013.
  3. ^ "IR Electrification History". IRFCA. Retrieved 2013.
  4. ^ "Doubling of line between Kirandul, Kothavalasa mooted". The Hindu. 7 March 2008. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 2016.
  5. ^ "Chapter II - The Maintenance of Permanent Way". Retrieved 2013.
  6. ^ "kirandul line news".

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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