Kotor Varo%C5%A1
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Kotor Varo%C5%A1

Kotor Varo?

Coat of arms of Kotor Varo?
Coat of arms
Location of Kotor Varo? within Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Location of Kotor Varo? within Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Coordinates: 44°37?20?N 17°22?13?E / 44.62222°N 17.37028°E / 44.62222; 17.37028Coordinates: 44°37?20?N 17°22?13?E / 44.62222°N 17.37028°E / 44.62222; 17.37028
CountryBosnia and Herzegovina
EntityRepublika Srpska
Government
 o MayorZdenko Sakan (Savez za promjene) [1]
 o Municipality544.26 km2 (210.14 sq mi)
Population
(2013 census)
 o Town
8,360
 o Municipality
19,710
 o Municipality density36/km2 (94/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 o Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Area code(s)51

Kotor Varo? or Kotor-Varo? (Serbian Cyrillic: ) is a town and municipality located in north-western Republika Srpska, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina. As of 2013 census, it has a population of 19,710 inhabitants.

History

An early Christian (3rd-5th c.) basilica was discovered along with other Roman findings in the ?iprage area at the Crkvenica-Vrbanja river mouth. 12th-century ste?ci testify medieval settlement.[2][3] The original location of ste?ci was the Crkvenica-Vrbanja, from where they were removed and built into walls of the surrounding buildings (possibly due to the beliefs of their miraculous properties).[2] One of the best preserved ste?ak is submerged in Vrbanja.

It has been theorized that Kotor Varo? was mentioned in the De Administrando Imperio as "Katera" (Greek: ),[4][5] a part of the "land of Bosnia".[6]

The town was part of the Donji Kraji province of the Banate of Bosnia in the 13th century. In the 14th century, the town was the property of the Hrvatini? noble family.

Austro-Hungarian rule in Bosnia and Herzegovina began in 1878 and ended with the establishment of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes in 1918, later renamed Kingdom of Yugoslavia. The town was part of the Vrbas Banovina (1929-41), while after World War II it became part of the Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, a republic of Yugoslavia.

During the Bosnian War (1992-95), some religious and cultural monuments and landmarks were destroyed by Serb paramilitary groups, such as a Catholic church in the centre of the town, as well as all of the mosques. In the southern ?ar?ija (bazaar) quarter of the town nearly all houses were destroyed. Bosnian Serb-dominated parts of the town were largely unaffected. Bosnian Serb police and military forces devastated surrounding villages too, especially those upstream along the Vrbanja to Kru?evo Brdo, as well as all non-Serb villages downstream to Banja Luka. All settlements in the Vrbanja valley were sacked and much of the Bosniak and Croat population left the municipality.[7][8]

Settlements

Aside from the town of Kotor Varo?, the municipality includes the following settlements:

Demographics

According to the 2013 census results, the municipality has 19,710 inhabitants.

Ethnic groups

The ethnic composition of the municipality:

Kotor Varo? (municipality)
Census Year 2013 1991 1981 1971
Serbs 13.091 (66.41%) 14.056 (38.14%) 14.771 (41.36%) 15.255 (46.46%)
Bosniaks 5.234 (26.55%) 11.090 (30.09%) 9.667 (27.06%) 8.366 (25.48%)
Croats 1.116 (05.66%) 10.695 (29.02%) 9.572 (26.80%) 8.863 (26.99%)
Yugoslavians 0 (0.00%) 745 (2.02%) 1.269 (3.55%) 176 (0.53%)
Others and Unknown 0 (0.00%) 267 (0.72%) 434 (1.21%) 172 (0.52%)
Total 19,710 36,853 35,713 32,832
Kotor Varo? (settlement)
Census Year 1991. 1981. 1971.
Serbs 2.522 (34.03%) 1.310 (24.15%) 749 (19.99%)
Croats 2.432 (32.81%) 1.789 (32.98%) 1.490 (39.77%)
Bosniaks 1.800 (24.28%) 1.436 (26.47%) 1.342 (35.82%)
Yugoslavians 547 (7.38%) 787 (14.51%) 110 (2.93%)
Others and Unknown 110 (1.48%) 101 (1.86%) 55 (1.46%)
Total 7,411 5,423 3,746

[9][10]

Economy

The following table gives a preview of total number of registered employed people per their core activity (as of 2016):[11]

Activity Total
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 300
Mining and quarrying 2
Manufacturing 2,998
Distribution of power, gas, steam and air-conditioning 45
Distribution of water and water waste management 43
Construction 84
Wholesale and retail, repair 342
Transportation and storage 126
Hotels and restaurants 112
Information and communication 24
Finance and insurance 25
Real estate activities 5
Professional, scientific and technical activities 27
Administrative and support services 91
Public administration and defence 193
Education 316
Healthcare and social work 115
Art, entertainment and recreation 7
Other service activities 55
Total 4,910

Features

The city also features a large monument to the local partisans who died for Yugoslavia during the fighting with the German and Usta?a forces during WW2.

Sister cities

Gallery

References

  1. ^ http://opstinakotorvaros.com/%D0%BD%D0%B0%D1%87%D0%B5%D0%BB%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%BA-%D0%BE%D0%BF%D1%88%D1%82%D0%B8%D0%BD%D0%B5/%D0%BD%D0%B0%D1%87%D0%B5%D0%BB%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%BA-%D0%BE%D0%BF%D1%88%D1%82%D0%B8%D0%BD%D0%B5-2/
  2. ^ a b Radimsky V. (1892): Ostanci rimskih naseobina u ?ipragi i Podbrgju, za tim starobosanski ste?ci u ?ipragi i uz Vrbanju u Bosni. Glasnik Zemaljskog muzeja u Sarajevu, Godina IV, Knjiga I: 75-80.
  3. ^ Richter E. (1905): II. Histori?ka i politi?ka geografija. Glasnik Zemaljskog muzeja u Sarajevu, Godina XVI, Knjiga 1: 275-321.
  4. ^ ?; Branislav Milutinovi? (2002). ? XV ?. ? . ? >? ? , ?. > ? ? >?-? . ?. ...
  5. ^ Zarij M. Be?i? (1967). Istorija Crne Gore: od najstarijih vremena do kraja XII vijeka. Pedakt?s?ija za istoriju t?s?rne gore. ? > ? - je ? ,58 ... , ? () ? . : Decatarum, ...
  6. ^ Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus (1993) [1967]. De Administrando Imperio (Moravcsik, Gyula ed.). Washington D.C.: Dumbarton Oaks Center for Byzantine Studies. pp. 153-155.
  7. ^ "KOTOR VARO?: ZLO?IN PO ZLO?IN - GENOCID".
  8. ^ Tribunal international chargé de poursuivre les personnes présumées responsables de violations graves du droit international humanitaire commises sur le territoire de l'ex-Yougoslavie depuis 1991, Jugement rendu le: 27 septembre 2006: LE PROCUREUR c/ MOM?ILO KRAJI?NIK.
  9. ^ Book: "Nacionalni sastav stanovni?tva - Rezultati za Republiku po op?tinama i naseljenim mjestima 1991.", Statisti?ki bilten No 234, Izdanje Dr?avnog zavoda za statistiku Republike Bosne i Hercegovine, Sarajevo.
  10. ^ Internet - Source: "Popis po mjesnim zajednicama" - "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 October 2013. Retrieved 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  11. ^ "Cities and Municipalities of Republika Srpska 2017" (PDF). rzs.rs.ba (in Serbian). December 2017. Retrieved 2018.

Sources

  • Vojnogeografski institut, Izd. (1955): Prnjavor (List karte 1:100.000, Izohipse na 20 m). Vojnogeografski institut, Beograd.
  • Spahi? M. et al. (2000): Bosna i Hercegovina (1:250.000). Izdava?ko preduze?e "Sejtarija", Sarajevo.
  • Mu?ibabi? B., Ur. (1998): Geografski atlas Bosne i Hercegovine. Geodetski zavod BiH, Sarajevo.

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