Stadtteil of Darmstadt
|o Total||6.555 km2 (2.531 sq mi)|
|Elevation||140 m (460 ft)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
Kranichstein is a district in the city of Darmstadt. The town started with housing construction in the 1960s and now also has a number of residential high-rises. Often referred to as Darmstadt-Kranichstein.
The primeval history is close geographical to Arheilgen. Seehistory of Arheilgen.
On 6 May 1399 appears the first mention of Einsiedel-Rod at Messel way and was later named after its owner Cranich to Dirmstein, which Kranichstein derived his name: Kranich-Rod or Kranich-Rotth. Kranichstein is also the name of a hunting lodge started in 1578, by Landgraf Georg I. of Hessen-Darmstadt. The Kranichstein castle lodge, just East of the city of Kranichstein, is one of the few preserved baroque hunter spots in Germany. Today the facility houses a hunting museum and a hotel with restaurant. Landgrave Ernst Ludwig (1667-1739) and Louis VIII (1691-1768) also made use of the Kranichstein hunting lodge.
In 1968, the Darmstadt relatively large urban development project "Kranichstein" was started, the designs were by Ernst May . The draft plans saw an expansion of the city by 18,000 new residents. The city plans had a system of the civil parks, with artificial hills and several ponds that were created with clay pits, also the Brentano lake. Kranichstein is known for its passive houses, (Passivhaus in German) this refers to voluntary standard for energy efficiency in a building, reducing its ecological footprint
Kranichstein is serviced by the public transport streetcars line 4 and 5 with service to the downtown Darmstadt. Additionally, there is a bus connection with the lines H and U to the downtown Darmstadt. Kranichstein has train service to Darmstadt main station and to Wiesbaden and Mainz Hauptbahnhof on regional train line 75, called the Rhein-Main-Bahn . Rail routes: RB 15703, RB 15707, RB 15708, RB 15712, and STR 5 also serve the Kranichstein rail stop, with Busline A Darmstadt. Bus line H and U serve the town.