Kurt Werner Friedrich Reidemeister
1956(1958?) in Switzerland
|Died||8 July 1971 (aged 77)|
|Alma mater||University of Hamburg|
|Elisabeth Wagner (Riga)|
|Thesis||Über die Relativklassenzahl gewisser relativ-quadratischer Zahlkörper (1921)|
|Doctoral advisor||Erich Hecke|
|Doctoral students||Günter Hotz, Heiner Zieschang|
He was a brother of Marie Neurath. Beginning in 1912, he studied in Freiburg, Munich, Marburg, and Göttingen. In 1920, he got the staatsexamen (master's degree) in mathematics, philosophy, physics, chemistry, and geology. He received his doctorate in 1921 with a thesis in algebraic number theory at the University of Hamburg under the supervision of Erich Hecke.
In October 1922 (or 1923) he was appointed assistant professor at the University of Vienna. While there he became familiar with the work of Wilhelm Wirtinger on knot theory, and became closely connected to Hans Hahn and the Vienna Circle. Its manifesto (1929) lists one of Reidemeister's publications in a bibliography of closely related authors.
Blaschke managed to get a promise about Reidemeister's reappointment, and in autumn 1934 he got the chair of Kurt Hensel in Marburg. He stayed there, except for a visit to the Princeton Institute for Advanced Study in 1948–1950, until he got appointed to Göttingen University in 1955, where he stayed until his emeritation.
Reidemeister's interests were mainly in combinatorial group theory, combinatorial topology, geometric group theory, and the foundations of geometry. His books include Knoten und Gruppen (1926), Einführung in die kombinatorische Topologie (1932), and Knotentheorie (1932).(Knoten und Gruppen (1926) is a seminal paper by Reidemeister on knot theory. It is not a book.) He co-edited the journal Mathematische Annalen from 1947 until 1963.