Kurto%C4%9Flu H%C4%B1z%C4%B1r Reis
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Kurto%C4%9Flu H%C4%B1z%C4%B1r Reis
Kurto?lu H?z?r Reis
BornSixteenth-century
Allegiance Ottoman Empire
Service/branch Ottoman Navy
Years of serviceUnknown
RankAdmiral
UnitOttoman Indian Ocean Fleet
Commands heldAdmiral of the Ottoman Indian Ocean Fleet
Battles/warsOttoman expedition to Aceh

Kurto?lu H?z?r Reis was an Ottoman admiral who is best known for commanding the Ottoman naval expedition to Sumatra in Indonesia (1568-1569).

Background and family origins

Kurto?lu H?z?r Reis was the son of the famous Turkish privateer and Ottoman admiral Kurto?lu Muslihiddin Reis, who was known as Curtogoli in Europe, particularly in Italy, France and Spain.[1] The name Kurto?lu or Kurdo?lu means Son of Kurt (Wolf) in Turkish, a patronymic epithet of Muslihiddin, derived from the name of Muslihiddin's father, Kurt Bey, a Turkish seaman from Anatolia who went to northwestern Africa for privateering together with the other famous Turkish corsairs of that period such as the Barbarossa brothers, Oruç Reis and H?z?r Reis.[1] H?z?r Reis became a close friend of Kurto?lu Muslihiddin, who named his son after him.[1]Oruç Reis, H?z?r Reis, Kemal Reis, Piri Reis and Kurto?lu Muslihiddin Reis often sailed together in the Mediterranean Sea.[1]

Ottoman naval expedition to Sumatra (1568-1569)

In 1565, Sultan Alaaddin of Aceh declared allegiance to the Ottoman Empire and sent a request for assistance to the Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent (which was received by the Grand Vizier Sokollu Mehmet Pasha due to the absence of Suleiman who was heading for the Battle of Szigetvár, his final military campaign) for defending his land from Portuguese aggression. Due to Suleiman's death in 1566, the Ottoman naval expedition to Sumatra was sent by his son, Selim II, who appointed Kurto?lu H?z?r Reis with the mission.

Kurto?lu H?z?r Reis was the Admiral-in-Chief of the Ottoman Indian Ocean Fleet based in Suez, with other homeports in Aden and Basra. In 1568 he set sail with a force of 22 ships carrying soldiers, military equipment and other supplies, and visited Aden, Djibouti, Muscat, Hormuz, Debal, Surat, Janjira, Lanka (Sri Lanka) and then arrived at Aceh in 1569, an event which effectively marked the easternmost territorial expansion of the Ottoman Empire, was noted by his Portuguese rival Fernão Mendes Pinto. Simultaneously, the Ottoman Empire informed Portugal that Aceh was from that time on an Ottoman territory and any attack against Aceh would be perceived as an attack against the Ottoman Empire, and the Portuguese fleet stopped its activities in the areas surrounding Aceh.

Aceh remained an ally of the Ottoman Empire until 1904 when it largely went under Dutch control. The bells of several Dutch churches in Aceh are made from melted Ottoman cannons, and some of them still carry the Ottoman crest which were originally on these cannons.

See also

References and sources

  1. ^ a b c d Bono, Salvatore: Corsari nel Mediterraneo (Corsairs in the Mediterranean), Oscar Storia Mondadori. Perugia, 1993.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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