Kyiv International Airport (Zhuliany)
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Kyiv International Airport Zhuliany

Kyiv International Airport (Zhuliany)

«?» ()
Kyiv International Airport Logo.gif
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Summary
Airport typePublic / Military
OwnerCity of Kyiv/Govt. of Ukraine
ServesKyiv, Ukraine
LocationZhuliany
Opened1924
Focus city forWizz Air[2]
Elevation AMSL179 m / 587 ft
Coordinates50°24?06?N 30°27?06?E / 50.40167°N 30.45167°E / 50.40167; 30.45167Coordinates: 50°24?06?N 30°27?06?E / 50.40167°N 30.45167°E / 50.40167; 30.45167
Websiteiev.aero
Map
IEV is located in Kyiv Oblast
IEV
IEV
Location in Kyiv Oblast
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
08/26 2,310 7,579 Asphalt
Statistics (2019)
PassengersDecrease 2,617,900[3]
FlightsIncrease 30,248

Igor Sikorsky Kyiv International Airport (Zhuliany) (Ukrainian: «?» ()) (IATA: IEV, ICAO: UKKK) is one of the two passenger airports of the Ukrainian capital Kyiv, the other being Boryspil International Airport. It is owned by the municipality of Kyiv and located in the Zhuliany neighbourhood, about 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) southwest of the city centre.

Aside from facilitating regular passenger flights, Kyiv International Airport is also the main business aviation airport in Ukraine, and one of the busiest business aviation hubs in Europe.[4]

History

Early years

The airport is known since 1923 as a military airfield that was co-used by the "Ukrpovitroshlyakh" ("Ukrainian Society of Air Communications") which in 1934 was completely integrated into Aeroflot as the latter's regional administration. The airport terminal was built only after World War II in 1949. Until the 1960s, Zhuliany was the only passenger airport serving Kyiv.[]

In 1959, the larger Boryspil International Airport was built near the city of Boryspil, gradually replacing Zhuliany as the main airport serving Kyiv. Since that time the old "Kyiv" airport became commonly known just as "Zhuliany" (or Kyiv-Zhuliany) and was used for Soviet domestic flights only.[]

International flights and traffic revival

After Ukraine gained independence in 1991, "Kyiv" airport began receiving international flights from nearby countries (first from its former Soviet "domestic" destinations), increasingly so since the 2000s when Ukraine's civil aviation started booming. On 27 March 2011, Wizz Air, the locally-pioneering low cost airline, moved all its operations to "Zhuliany" from the Boryspil Airport,[5] - starting the new era of around-the-clock flights at the airport and increasing the passenger traffic by 15 to 20%.

In 2012, the airport managed to survive the European cold wave without major flight delays or cancellations.[6]

Surrounded by major railways, highways and residential districts, the airport has limited possibilities to expand its runway. Therefore, it is limited in the weight of aircraft that are allowed to fly in the airport (currently up to Boeing 737/Airbus A320 type). In 2013, the airport declared plans to expand the runway for additional 150 m, although stressing complete safety and operability of its current length.[7] Other parts of the airport infrastructure are also being developed. The new "A" terminal opened on 17 May 2012,[8][9] now receives all international and some domestic flights. Projects for expanding Zhuliany's taxiways and aircraft parking lots considered as well.[]

Recent developments

In the first half of 2013, the airport's passenger traffic rose 2.7-fold (to 816,757 passengers per year) since the beginning of the year, including 4.2-fold growth of the domestic traffic.[10] According to the media and industry experts, once underdog Zhuliany Airport has rapidly grown into a major, and more efficient, competitor to the country's leading Boryspil Airport.[11]

As of July 2013, Moscow, Treviso and Dortmund were the most popular international destinations from the airport, with Simferopol, Donetsk and Odessa leading among domestic destinations.[10] Also in 2013, the airport opened a new domestic terminal and a new business terminal,[12] with currently 3 terminals in service.

In March 2015, Wizz Air Ukraine announced that it would cease operations leading to the cancellation of several routes from their base at the airport. Only some of their former routes were taken over by its parent, Wizz Air,[13] though the airlines has since expanded its flight network from the airport, with twenty destinations to be served by August 2017.[]

Between 14 and 24 May 2017, the airport was closed for runway improvement work.[14]

On 22 March 2018, the Kyiv City Council officially renamed the airport International Airport "Kyiv" (Zhulyany) Igor Sikorsky in honor of Igor Sikorsky.[15][16] Nevertheless, the airport continued to be referred to as Zhuliany.[17]

Airlines and destinations

The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights to and from Kyiv International Airport (Zhuliany):[18]

Neighboring aviation facilities

  • In 2003, the Ukraine State Aviation Museum was created in one of the industrial estates neighboring the airport. It is the largest aviation museum in Ukraine, exhibiting some unique Soviet examples including original prototypes for famous airliners.

Statistics

The original, Soviet-built passenger terminal served as the domestic terminal until mid-2013.
Year Passengers Change
2002 258,800[26] -
2016 1,127,500[27] Increase019.4%
2017 1,851,700[28] Increase067.3%
2018 2,812,300[29] Increase051.9%
2019 2,617,900[30] Decrease06.9%

Ground transportation

Road

The Airport is connected to the city's main highway infrastructure via the Povitroflotskyi Avenue, and served by a number of city transport routes, including:[31]

As well as private bus routes. Car parking facilities at the airport itself are limited, however, long stay parking can be found in the airport's immediate vicinity. Taxis can often be found waiting directly outside the terminal, in the passenger drop-off/pick-up area.

Rail

The airport's old passenger terminal is located about 0.5 km away from the Kyiv-Volynskyi rail station - a stop for elektrichka commuter trains as well as for the intracity Urban Electric Train service.[]

See also

References

  1. ^ Code IATA «IeV» from old soviet transliteration Kiev. KIE was already used by Kieta Airport
  2. ^ "Wizzair wickelt Ukraine-Tochter ab" [Wizzair handles Ukrainian subsidiary] (in German). aero.de. 27 March 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  3. ^ ? IEV (in Ukrainian).
  4. ^ "" - ["Juliani" set up to do business] (in Russian). Kommersant.ua. 7 December 2012. Retrieved 2015.
  5. ^ Wizz Air ? ? ? [Wizz Air has transferred its flights from Boryspil to Juliani]. News.bigmir.net (in Russian). 25 September 2014. Retrieved 2015.
  6. ^ ? [The capital's airports are operating in normal mode]. Kiev.unian.net (in Ukrainian). 14 February 2012. Retrieved 2015.
  7. ^ ? ?: ? , ? [Problem at Zhuliany: Airline complains about the runway, airport implies crew error]. Korrespondent.net (in Russian). 13 July 2013. Retrieved 2013.
  8. ^ "Kolesnikov opens new terminal at Kyiv Airport". Kyiv Post. 17 May 2012. Archived from the original on 17 May 2012. Retrieved 2015.
  9. ^ "Digital Journal: Ukraine opens second airport in Kyiv". Kyiv Post. 22 May 2012. Archived from the original on 23 May 2012. Retrieved 2015.
  10. ^ a b ? ? 2013 [Juliani Airport boasting a three-fold increase in passenger traffic in 2013]. Korrespondent.net (in Russian). 9 July 2013. Retrieved 2013.
  11. ^ ? ? ?. ? - ? [Kyiv is heading for the skies. Juliani airport is turning to the success of its younger brother, Boryspil] (in Russian). Korrespondent.net. 13 May 2013. Retrieved 2015.
  12. ^ "Kyiv international airport opens business terminal". Kyiv Post. 13 December 2013. Retrieved 2014.
  13. ^ "Wizz Air Further Restructures Ukrainian Operations". Wizzair.com. 26 March 2015. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  14. ^ "" . 5 (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2017.
  15. ^ " "?" ? ? '?" [Kyiv airport received a new name], ? , 22 March 2018, retrieved 2018
  16. ^ "Kyiv International Airport officially named after Ihor Sikorsky", Kyiv Post, 22 March 2018, retrieved 2018
  17. ^ "Construction of new section of Zhuliany airport's international terminal begins", Kyiv Post, 30 July 2018, retrieved 2018
  18. ^ iev.aero - Flight search retrieved 14 November 2020
  19. ^ " ? ". chartershop.com.ua.
  20. ^ " ? ". chartershop.com.ua.
  21. ^ wizzair.com - Flights to Kyiv retrieved 14 November 2020
  22. ^ https://www.uvidpustku.com/wizz-air-ukraine-italy/
  23. ^ https://www.uvidpustku.com/wizz-air-ukraine-italy/
  24. ^ https://www.uvidpustku.com/wizz-air-ukraine-italy/
  25. ^ https://www.uvidpustku.com/wizz-air-ukraine-italy/
  26. ^ " ? : ?, ?, , ?". Aviation Today. Retrieved 2018.
  27. ^ " ? ? 2016 ?". Retrieved 2017.
  28. ^ "? "?", ? 2017. ?". Archived from the original on 13 March 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  29. ^ " ? ? ? ? 3 ?". Retrieved 2019.
  30. ^ "? IEV".
  31. ^ iev.aero - Directions to airport retrieved 21 June 2018

External links

Media related to Kyiv International Airport (Zhuliany) at Wikimedia Commons

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Weather Service.


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