Lala Kara Mustafa Pasha
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Lala Kara Mustafa Pasha


Mustafa

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Ottoman illustration of Lala Mustafa Pasha
Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire

28 April 1580 - 7 August 1580
MonarchMurat III
?emsi Pasha
Koca Sinan Pasha
Personal details
Bornc. 1500
Sokolovi?i, Sanjak of Bosnia, Ottoman Empire
Died7 August 1580 (aged 79-80)
Constantinople, Ottoman Empire
NationalityBosnian
Spouse(s)Hüma?ah Sultan
RelationsSokollu Mehmed Pasha (cousin) Ferhad Pasha Sokolovi? (cousin or brother)
OccupationMilitary strategist and Grand Vizier

Lala Mustafa Pasha (c. 1500 - 7 August 1580), also known by the additional epithet Kara, was an Ottoman and Bosnian general and Grand Vizier from the Sanjak of Bosnia.

Life

He was born around 1500, near the Glasinac in Rudo Plateau in Bosnia to a Christian family, the younger brother of Deli Husrev Pasha, who apparently helped him rise through the system's ranks more quickly. He was of Bosnian origin.

Mustafa Pasha briefly served as kaymakam (acting governor) of Egypt Eyalet in 1549.[1] He had risen to the position of Beylerbeyi of Damascus and then to that of Fifth Vizier.

The honorific "Lala" means "tutor to the Sultan"; he was tutor to Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent's sons, including ?ehzade Bayezid. He also had a long-standing feud with his cousin, Sokollu Mehmed Pasha.[2]

He commanded the Ottoman land forces during the conquest of previously Venetian Cyprus in 1570/71, and in the campaign against Georgia and Persia in 1578. During the campaign on Cyprus, Lala Mustafa Pasha, who was known for his cruelty towards vanquished opponents, ordered the Venetian commander of Famagusta Marco Antonio Bragadin flayed alive and other Venetian military officers killed in sight or executed, even though he had promised safe passage upon surrendering the city to the Turkish army. It also meant that Mustafa had indicated his aggressive intentions to the Sultan's court.[3][4]

He was a Damat ("bridegroom") to the Imperial family through his marriage to Hüma?ah Sultan, a daughter of ?ehzade Mehmed, son of Suleiman the Magnificent and his consort Hurrem Sultan. The two together had a son named Sultanzade Abdülbaki Bey.[5]

In the final three months of his life, he was Grand Vizier from 28 April 1580 until his death. He is buried in the courtyard of the Eyüp Sultan Mosque in Istanbul. His tomb was designed by Ottoman architect Mimar Sinan.

Death

Lala Mustafa Pasha died in 1580 in Constantinople due to his old age or a heart attack, his tomb is located in Eyup Sultan. He was succeeded by the famous Albanian Koca Sinan Pasha.

Legacy

Tomb of Lala Mustafa Pasha in Eyup Sultan

He has a street named after him in cities including Larnaca,[6]Cyprus. His invasion and brutal treatment of the Venetian leaders in Cyprus led to Pope Pius V promoting a Roman Catholic coalition against the Ottomans which turned into the Battle of Lepanto in 1571. He is well known in Bosnia as a Grand Vizier and a famous Bosniak from the Ottoman period in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

See also

References

  1. ^ Hamilton Alexander Rosskeen Gibb; Johannes Hendrik Kramers; Bernard Lewis; Charles Pellat; Joseph Schacht (1992). The Encyclopaedia of Islam. Brill. p. 721.
  2. ^ http://www.biyografi.info/kisi/lala-mustafa-pasa
  3. ^ Kinross, Lord (2002). Ottoman Centuries. Harper Perennial. ISBN 978-0-688-08093-8.
  4. ^ Abulafia, David (2011). The Great Sea: A Human History of the Mediterranean. Oxford University Press. pp. 449. ISBN 019975263X.
  5. ^ Allahverdi, Reyhan ?ahin (2016). An Orphan Sultan: Foundations of ?ehzade Mehmed's Daughter Hümasah Sultan. p. 3.
  6. ^ Road & Tourist Map of Larnaka. SELAS LTD. ISBN 978-9963-566-92-1.

Sources

  • Bicheno, Hugh. Crescent and Cross: the Battle of Lepanto 1571. Phoenix, London, 2003. ISBN 1-84212-753-5.
  • Currey, E. Hamilton, Sea-Wolves of the Mediterranean,, London, 1910
  • Foglietta, U. The sieges of Nicosia and Famagusta. London: Waterlow, 1903.
Political offices
Preceded by
Davud Pasha
as Governor
Ottoman Governor of Egypt (acting)
1549
Succeeded by
Semiz Ali Pasha
as Governor
Preceded by
?emsi Pasha
Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
28 April 1580 - 7 August 1580
Succeeded by
Koca Sinan Pasha

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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