Ottoman illustration of Lala Mustafa Pasha
|Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire|
28 April 1580 - 7 August 1580
|Koca Sinan Pasha|
Sokolovi?i, Sanjak of Bosnia, Ottoman Empire
|Died||7 August 1580 (aged 79-80)|
Constantinople, Ottoman Empire
|Relations||Sokollu Mehmed Pasha (cousin) Ferhad Pasha Sokolovi? (cousin or brother)|
|Occupation||Military strategist and Grand Vizier|
He was born around 1500, near the Glasinac in Rudo Plateau in Bosnia to a Christian family, the younger brother of Deli Husrev Pasha, who apparently helped him rise through the system's ranks more quickly. He was of Bosnian origin.
The honorific "Lala" means "tutor to the Sultan"; he was tutor to Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent's sons, including ?ehzade Bayezid. He also had a long-standing feud with his cousin, Sokollu Mehmed Pasha.
He commanded the Ottoman land forces during the conquest of previously Venetian Cyprus in 1570/71, and in the campaign against Georgia and Persia in 1578. During the campaign on Cyprus, Lala Mustafa Pasha, who was known for his cruelty towards vanquished opponents, ordered the Venetian commander of Famagusta Marco Antonio Bragadin flayed alive and other Venetian military officers killed in sight or executed, even though he had promised safe passage upon surrendering the city to the Turkish army. It also meant that Mustafa had indicated his aggressive intentions to the Sultan's court.
He was a Damat ("bridegroom") to the Imperial family through his marriage to Hüma?ah Sultan, a daughter of ?ehzade Mehmed, son of Suleiman the Magnificent and his consort Hurrem Sultan. The two together had a son named Sultanzade Abdülbaki Bey.
In the final three months of his life, he was Grand Vizier from 28 April 1580 until his death. He is buried in the courtyard of the Eyüp Sultan Mosque in Istanbul. His tomb was designed by Ottoman architect Mimar Sinan.
He has a street named after him in cities including Larnaca,Cyprus. His invasion and brutal treatment of the Venetian leaders in Cyprus led to Pope Pius V promoting a Roman Catholic coalition against the Ottomans which turned into the Battle of Lepanto in 1571. He is well known in Bosnia as a Grand Vizier and a famous Bosniak from the Ottoman period in Bosnia and Herzegovina.