Lamphun Province
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Lamphun Province
Lamphun

Khun Tan Tunnel of Khun Tan Railway Station in Mae Tha District, a part of Khun Tan Range
Flag of Lamphun
Flag
Official seal of Lamphun
Seal
Nickname(s): 
La Phun
Map of Thailand highlighting Lamphun Province
Map of Thailand highlighting Lamphun Province
CountryThailand
CapitalLamphun town
Government
 o GovernorPongrat Piromrat
(since October 2019)[1]
Area
 o Total4,506 km2 (1,740 sq mi)
Area rankRanked 48th
Population
(2018)[3]
 o Total405,955
 o Rank Ranked 64th
 o Density90/km2 (200/sq mi)
 o Density rankRanked 52nd
Human Achievement Index
 o HAI (2017)0.6795 "high"
Ranked 3rd
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Postal code
51xxx
Calling code052 & 053
ISO 3166 codeTH-51
Websitewww.lamphun.go.th

Lamphun (Thai: , pronounced [l?m.p:n]) is one of Thailand's seventy-six provinces (changwat), lies in upper northern Thailand. Neighboring provinces are (from north clockwise) Chiang Mai, Lampang, and Tak.

Geography

Lamphun is in the Ping River valley. It is surrounded by mountain chains, with the Thanon Thong Chai Range in the west and the Khun Tan Range in the east of the province. It is some 670 kilometres from Bangkok and 26 kilometres from Chiang Mai. Lamphun is regarded as the smallest province of northern region of Thailand.

History

Under its old name of Haripunchai, Lamphun was the northernmost city of the Mon kingdom of the Dvaravati period,[5] and also the last to fall to the Thai. In the late-12th century it came under siege from the Khmer, but did not fall. However, in 1281 King Mengrai of Lan Na finally seized the city, and made it part of his kingdom. After Burmese expansion in the 16th century, Lamphun was under Burmese rule for two centuries. In the 18th century, with the rise of Thonburi and Bangkok against Burmese rule, local leaders from Lampang agreed to be their allies. Lamphun was finally freed from the Burmese and ruled by relatives of Lampang's leader, gaining vassal status from Bangkok. Eventually, after the administrative reform of Bangkok government in the late-19th century, Lamphun became part, as a province, of Siam.[6]

Symbols

The provincial seal shows the temple Wat Phra That Haripunchai, which was already the main temple of the city Lamphun during Mon times. The gold-covered chedi is said to contain a relic of Buddha. The provincial flower is the Flame of the Forest (Butea monosperma), and the provincial tree is the Rain Tree (Samanea saman).

Transport

Foods

  • Kaeng khae, a spicy curry consisting mainly of vegetables with chicken, frog, fish or snails.[7]
  • Kuaitiao lamyai, stewed pork noodles soup with dried longan, originated in Lamphun.[8]

Administrative divisions

Map of eight districts

Provincial government

The province is divided into eight districts (amphoes). These are further divided into 51 subdistricts (tambons) and 551 villages (mubans).

For national elections the province is divided into three constituencies. Constituency 1 covers the Mueang District except Tambon Makhuea Chae; Constituency 2 the districts Pa Sang, Mae Tha, and Tambon Makhuea Chae of Mueang District; and Constituency 3 the districts Ban Hong, Thung Hua Chang, and Li.

Local government

As of 26 November 2019 there are[9]: one Lamphun Provincial Administration Organisation (ongkan borihan suan changwat) and 40 municipal (thesaban) areas in the province. Lamphun has town (thesaban mueang) status. Further 39 subdistrict municipalities (thesaban tambon). The non-municipal areas are administered by 17 Subdistrict Administrative Organisations - SAO (ongkan borihan suan tambon).[3]

Human achievement index 2017

Health Education Employment Income
Health icon Thai.png Round Landmark School Icon - Transparent.svg Employment icon.png Numismatics and Notaphily icon.png
67 12 5 40
Housing Family Transport Participation
586-house-with-garden.svg
Parents, enfants, famille.png
Groundtransport inv.svg Icon Sociopolítica y relaciones internacionales (wikiproyect, es.wp).png
15 36 19 1
Province Lamphun, with an HAI 2017 value of 0.6795 is "high", occupies place 3 in the ranking.

Since 2003, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Thailand has tracked progress on human development at sub-national level using the Human achievement index (HAI), a composite index covering all the eight key areas of human development. National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB) has taken over this task since 2017.[4]

Rank Classification
  1 - 15 "high"
16 - 30 "somewhat high"
31 - 45 "average"
45 - 60 "somewhat low"
61 - 77 "low"

Gallery

Notes

Reports (data) from Thai government are "not copyrightable" (Public Domain), Copyright Act 2537 (1994), section 7.

References

  1. ^ " " [Announcement of the Prime Minister's Office regarding the appointment of civil servants] (PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette. 136 (Special 242 Ngor). 21. 28 September 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  2. ^ Advancing Human Development through the ASEAN Community, Thailand Human Development Report 2014, table 0:Basic Data (PDF) (Report). United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Thailand. pp. 134-135. ISBN 978-974-680-368-7. Retrieved 2016, Data has been supplied by Land Development Department, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, at Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ a b "? ?.?.2561" [Statistics, population and house statistics for the year 2018]. Registration Office Department of the Interior, Ministry of the Interior (in Thai). 31 December 2018. Retrieved 2019.
  4. ^ a b Human achievement index 2017 by National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB), pages 1-40, maps 1-9, retrieved 14 September 2019, ISBN 978-974-9769-33-1
  5. ^ "Historic Lamphun: Capital of the Mon Kingdom of Haripunchai", in: Forbes, Andrew, and Henley, David, Ancient Chiang Mai Volume 4. Chiang Mai, Cognoscenti Books, 2012. ASIN: B006J541LE
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-01-29. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ Lamphun food : Kaeng Khae Kai
  8. ^ " () " [Longan stewed pork noodles (Wiang Yong) behind Wat Phra That Hariphunchai, Lamphun]. mu-ku-ra.com (in Thai). 2018-10-25.
  9. ^ "Number of local government organizations by province". dla.go.th. Department of Local Administration (DLA). 26 November 2019. Retrieved 2019. 53 Lamphun: 1 PAO, 1 Town mun., 39 Subdistrict mun., 17 SAO.

External links

Coordinates: 18°34?45?N 99°0?23?E / 18.57917°N 99.00639°E / 18.57917; 99.00639


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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