Lane Evans
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Lane Evans
Lane Evans
Lane Evans.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Illinois's 17th district

January 3, 1983 - January 3, 2007
George M. O'Brien
Phil Hare
Personal details
Born
Lane Allen Evans

(1951-08-04)August 4, 1951
Rock Island, Illinois
DiedNovember 5, 2014(2014-11-05) (aged 63)
East Moline, Illinois
Political partyDemocratic
ResidenceRock Island, Illinois
Alma materAugustana College, Georgetown University
OccupationAttorney

Lane Allen Evans[1] (August 4, 1951 - November 5, 2014) was a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives from 1983 until 2007, representing the 17th District of Illinois. Evans announced that he would not seek reelection in November 2006 and retired at the end of the 109th Congress, due to the increasingly debilitating effects of Parkinson's disease.

Background

Evans was born in 1951 in Rock Island, Illinois,[1] and attended Alleman High School and Augustana College there. He served in the United States Marine Corps during the Vietnam War, stationed in Okinawa. After leaving the Marines in 1971, Evans enrolled at Augustana College in Rock Island, graduating in 1974. He earned a Juris Doctor degree from Georgetown University in 1977[1] and he started his legal career as an attorney with the Quad Cities Legal Clinic [Mid America Law Offices, Ltd.] in Moline.[2]

In 1982, Evans ran for and won the Democratic nomination for Illinois' 17th congressional district, which included most of Illinois' share of the Quad Cities area. It had been renumbered from the 19th District since Illinois lost two districts after the 1980 census. The district had been in Republican hands for all but two years since 1939. However, the brand of Republicanism that prevailed in the district had traditionally been a moderate one. Evans got a significant boost when 16-year incumbent Tom Railsback was defeated for renomination by the more conservative Republican, State Senator Kenneth McMillan. Taking advantage of hardships from that year's recession, Evans won by around 5 percentage points. Evans earned the highest opposition (90%) to President Reagan's agenda of any congress member during his first congressional session[3] and then handily defeated McMillan in a 1984 rematch. Despite Ronald Reagan's gigantic 1984 landslide victory that year, Evans pulled in 57% to Reagan's 54% -besting the president by more than 5,000 votes in the 17th Congressional District. "This was one of the few congressional districts where Reagan's percentage in the two-way was lower than the three-way in 1980.[4]

Evans faced opposition in his next four campaigns, and beat his republican 1990 opponent by more than 50,000 votes with 67% of the vote.[5] In 1994, Republicans retook the House, yet Evans held his seat and won by nine points over a little-known Republican, Jim Anderson, who spent almost no money. This emboldened the Republicans for 1996, when Evans faced Mark Baker, an anchor at WGEM-TV in Quincy (the third-largest city in the district). Presidential candidate Bill Clinton carried the district by a healthy 30,000 votes, and Evans defeated Baker by 11,000 votes. A 1998 rematch was closer, with Evans only winning by 6,000 votes. A third run by Baker in 2000 saw Evans win by 10 points. Redistricting after the 2000 census made Evans safer. Decatur and part of Springfield were added while some more rural areas were taken out. The redistricting process, guided by House Speaker and 14th District Congressman Dennis Hastert and 3rd District Congressman Bill Lipinski, solidified the holdings of many Illinois incumbents. Evans was re-elected in 2002 and 2004.

Evans is credited with passage of the Agent Orange Act of 1991 which he sponsored. In 1995 he was awarded the Silver Helmet award from American Veterans Group (AMVETS).[6] Evans was also instrumental in the election of Barack Obama during the 2004 United States Senate election in Illinois. [7]

Beginning in 1995, Evans battled Parkinson's disease. While his previous opponents did not make an issue of it, his 2004 opponent, Andrea Zinga (a former anchorwoman at KWQC-TV and WQAD-TV in the Quad Cities) claimed he was not able to fully represent the members of his district due to his health concerns.[8] However, this tactic backfired, and Evans won handily. During his tenure, Evans was one of the most liberal members of the House, and probably Illinois' most liberal congressman from outside Chicago. A founding member of the Congressional Progressive Caucus, and the House Populist Caucus [9] he had a near-perfect lifetime rating from Americans for Democratic Action, while the American Conservative Union gave him its lowest rating of any congressman outside Chicago.[]

In 2019 his biography "Guts: The Lane Evans Story" was published by Strong Arm Press, authored by Devin Hansen.[10]

FEC actions

On June 27, 2005, Evans' campaign committee agreed to pay $185,000 to settle an investigation by the Federal Election Commission. The inquiry stemmed from allegations of illegal coordination between the 17th District Victory Fund, the Rock Island Democratic Central Committee and the congressman's campaign during the 1998 and 2000 election cycles. According to the FEC press release:[11]

The FEC contended that the Evans Committee created the Victory Fund during the 1998 election cycle in order to assist with the Congressman's reelection campaign. The Evans Committee then largely directed the Victory Fund's operations during the 1998 and 2000 election cycles. During this period the Victory Fund raised and spent more than $500,000. Congressman Evans and his staff raised a majority of the money contributed to the Victory Fund, including more than $200,000 in labor union treasury funds, which are prohibited in federal campaigns.

The Victory Fund spent at least $330,000 on voter identification and get-out-the-vote activities promoting Congressman Evans. The FEC found that these campaign focused activities were so closely coordinated with the campaign that they represented contributions from the Victory Fund to Evans. The contributions exceeded federal limits and included funds from prohibited sources, in violation of FECA.

The Rock Island Democratic Central Committee, for its part, agreed to a civil penalty of $30,000.[11]

Retirement and death

Evans won the Democratic primary in 2006 and was poised for a rematch against Zinga. On March 28, 2006, Evans announced that he would not stand for a 13th term in November 2006. He made a brief return to Washington in June 2006. His withdrawal from the general election left local Democrats with the task of finding a replacement candidate. Their choice was Congressman Evans' district director, Phil Hare, who was elected.[12] In 2007, Congressman Evans' papers and other materials were donated to the Archives and Special Collections Unit at Western Illinois University Libraries.[]

On November 5, 2014, Evans died at the age of 63 in a nursing home in East Moline, Illinois, from complications brought on by Parkinson's disease.[13]

Electoral history

  • Election of November 2, 1982
  • Election of November 6, 1984
    • D. Lane Evans -- 128,273 57%
    • R. Kenneth McMillan -- 98,069 43%
  • Election of November 4, 1986
    • D. Lane Evans -- 85,442 56%
    • R. Sam McHard -- 68,101 44%
  • Election of November 8, 1988
  • Election of November 6, 1990
    • D. Lane Evans -- 102,062 67%
    • R. Dan Lee -- 51,380 33%
  • Election of November 3, 1992
  • Election of November 8, 1994
  • Election of November 5, 1996
  • Election of November 3, 1998
    • D. Lane Evans -- 100,128 52%
    • R. Mark W. Baker -- 94,072 48%
  • Election of November 7, 2000
    • D. Lane Evans -- 132,494 55%
    • R. Mark W. Baker -- 108,853 45%
  • Election of November 5, 2002
  • Election of November 2, 2004

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c United States Congress. "EVANS, Lane Allen, (1951 - 2014) (id: E000250)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved .
  2. ^ Profile, qctimes.com; accessed December 16, 2014.
  3. ^ Congressional Quarterly Almanac - 1983. Congressional Quarterly, Inc. pp. 22-C. ISBN 0-87187-314-1.
  4. ^ The Almanac of American Politics 1986. The National Journal. pp. 429-431. ISBN 0-89234-032-0.
  5. ^ The Almanac of American Politics 1994. The National Journal. p. 427. ISBN 0-89234-058-4.
  6. ^ Hansen, Devin (2019). Guts: The Lane Evans Story. Strong Arm Press. p. 130. ISBN 978-1947492400.
  7. ^ Hansen, Devin (2019). Guts: The Lane Evans Story. Strong Arm Press. p. 130. ISBN 978-1947492400.
  8. ^ https://nwpf.org/stay-informed/news/2004/10/a-congressman-with-parkinson's-disease-finds-his-health-an-issue-in-campaign/
  9. ^ Hansen, Devin (2019). Guts: The Lane Evans Story. Strong Arm Press. p. 130. ISBN 978-1947492400.
  10. ^ Hansen, Devin (2019). Guts: The Lane Evans Story. Strong Arm Press. p. 130. ISBN 978-1947492400.
  11. ^ a b "The Friends of Lane Evans agree to pay $185,000 civil penalty". FEC release (Press release). Archived from the original on 2005-11-30. Retrieved .
  12. ^ "News, sports and weather for Belleville, IL". Belleville.com. Retrieved .
  13. ^ Ed Tibbetts. "Former U.S. Rep. Lane Evans dies". The Quad-City Times. Retrieved 2014.

External links


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