Larnaca International Airport
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Larnaca International Airport

Larnaca International Airport

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Hermes airports logo.png
LCA Terminal outside.jpg
Summary
Owner/OperatorHermes Airports Ltd.
ServesLarnaca Limassol Nicosia Ayia Napa
LocationLarnaca
Hub for
Elevation AMSL3.35 m / 11 ft
Coordinates34°52?44?N 033°37?49?E / 34.87889°N 33.63028°E / 34.87889; 33.63028Coordinates: 34°52?44?N 033°37?49?E / 34.87889°N 33.63028°E / 34.87889; 33.63028
Websitewww.hermesairports.com
Map
LCA is located in Cyprus
LCA
LCA
Location within Cyprus
LCA is located in Europe
LCA
LCA
LCA (Europe)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
04/22 3,000 9,823 Asphalt
Statistics
Passengers (2019)Increase 8,229,346
Aircraft movements (2011)Increase 50,329
Cargo tonnage (2008)Increase 37,529
Sources: Hermes Airports,[2] Cypriot AIP at EUROCONTROL[3]

Larnaca International Airport - Glafcos Clerides[a] (IATA: LCA, ICAO: LCLK) is an international airport located 4 km (2.5 mi) southwest of Larnaca, Cyprus.[3] Larnaca International Airport is Cyprus' main international gateway and the larger of the two commercial airports in the area controlled by the Republic of Cyprus, the other being Paphos International Airport on the island's southwestern coast. The airport was given its current name in July 2016, in honour of former President of Cyprus (1993 - 2003) Glafcos Clerides.[4]

History

Larnaca Airport was hastily developed towards the end of 1974 after the invasion of Cyprus by Turkey on 20 July of the same year,[5] which forced the closure of the Nicosia International Airport. The site on which it was built (near the Larnaca Salt Lake) had been previously used as an airfield[which?] in the 1930s and, subsequently, as a military installation[which?] by British forces. Larnaca International opened on 8 February 1975, with only limited infrastructure facilities and a prefabricated set of buildings comprising separate halls for departures and arrivals. The first airlines to use the new airport were Cyprus Airways, using Viscount 800s leased from British Midland, and Olympic Airways, using NAMC YS-11s. Initially, the runway at Larnaca International was too short for jet aircraft.[]

On 19 February 1978, Larnaca Airport was the scene of the Egyptian raid on Larnaca International Airport: a 1-hour gun battle between Unit 777, an Egyptian military counter-terrorism force, who had raided Larnaca International, and the Cypriot National Guard.

The crisis had begun the previous day, when Youssef Sebai, editor of a prominent Egyptian newspaper and friend of Egyptian President Anwar El Sadat, was assassinated at the Nicosia Hilton hotel by two gunmen as he was preparing to address the Afro-Asian Peoples' Solidarity Organization (AAPSO) conference being held at the hotel. The gunmen, a Jordanian and a Kuwaiti, opposed to the Sadat regime, took 50 hostages among the conference attendees, including two representatives of the PLO who happened to be attending the conference. Non-Arab delegates and women were released shortly. Yasser Arafat, with the Cypriot president's agreement, dispatched an unarmed force of 16 to assist with negotiations and any possible rescue operation.

Through negotiations with the Cypriot government, the two attackers were allowed to board a plane to escape with their 15 remaining hostages, including the two PLO hostages. They forced the plane to approach several countries including Libya and Syria but each time their request to land was refused, so after refueling in Djibouti, the plane was forced to return to Larnaca Airport. Egypt then dispatched its entire antiterrorist squad aboard a C-130 Hercules to deal with the hijacking; however, they did so without the knowledge or consent of the Cypriot government.

On landing in Larnaca, the commandos launched an all-out assault on the DC-8, even as Cypriot negotiators had secured the hostage-takers' surrender. Cypriot President Spyros Kyprianou and other senior officials observing the events on site were forced to retreat from the airport control tower after it was hit by bullets. Eventually the Egyptian commandos surrendered to the Cypriot forces. The two hijackers were persuaded by the British pilots to give up. The hostages exited the aircraft unharmed once the shooting was over. The Cypriots counted eight wounded. 15 members of the 74-man Egyptian Unit 777 died. President Kyprianou offered reconciliation and apologies, but maintained that Cyprus could not have allowed the Egyptians to act. Egypt and Cyprus each withdrew their diplomatic missions, and frosty relations between the two countries persisted for some time. The two hijackers were condemned to death by a Cypriot court, but the sentence was commuted by Kyprianou and the hijackers released.[6][7][8][9]

Operations

The status of Cyprus as a major tourist destination means that air traffic has steadily risen to over 5 million passengers a year.[10] This is double the capacity the airport was first designed for. For this reason, a tender was put out in 1998 to develop the airport further and increase its capacity (see below). Already completed elements of the expansion include a new control tower, fire station, runway extension, and additional administrative offices. The surrounding road network was improved by upgrading the B4 road and by completing the A3 Motorway.[] A new junction has been constructed near the new terminal. The new terminal was built some 500-700 m (1,600-2,300 ft) west of the old terminal, adjacent to the new control tower, with new aprons and jetways. The old terminal building is slated to be partially demolished and refurbished as a cargo centre, and is currently used as a private terminal for visiting heads of state, VIPs, and private aircraft operators.[]

The airport's geographic location in-between Europe, Africa, Russia and the Middle East facilitates it as an airline hub for traffic and flight operations between these locations.[11][12][13][14] It currently holds domestic, regional and international passenger and cargo services by over 30 airlines.[15] Notably, Gulf Air used to provide a non-stop service to New York-JFK twice a week.[16]

Facilities

LCA entrance

The airport has one primary state-of-the-art passenger terminal. Departures are accommodated on the upper level, while arrivals at the ground level. The old terminal serves as a "VIP terminal", which is used for visiting heads of state, some private aviation, and for cargo. The airport utilises a single large apron for all passenger aircraft. The concept architectural design of the passenger terminal was developed by French architects at Aéroports de Paris (ADP) with Sofréavia in France.[]

A EUR650 million upgrade of the Larnaca and Paphos airports was completed in 2006.[17] The international tender was won by Hermes Airports, a French-led group. The consortium is made up of Bouygues Batiment International (22%) Egis Projects (20%), the Cyprus Trading Corporation (a local retail group-10%), Iacovou Brothers (a local contractor-10%), Hellenic Mining (10%), Vancouver Airport Services (10%), Ireland's Dublin Airport Authority (Aer Rianta International) (10%), Charilaos Apostolides (a local construction company-5%) and Nice Côte d'Azur Airport (3%). Hermes Airports built new passenger terminals and plans to extend the runways at both airports under a 25-year concession.[]

A new terminal building opened on 7 November 2009.[18] It has 16 jetways (boarding bridges), 67 check in counters, 8 self check-in kiosks, 48 departure gates, and 2,450 parking spots. The new terminal can handle 7.5 million passengers per year. Infrastructure also features a large engineering hangar, a cargo terminal, and separate facilities for fuelling and provisioning light aircraft. There is a second, smaller apron where cargo aircraft and private aircraft are often parked. There are also spaces for smaller aircraft for flying schools and privately owned aircraft separate from the main two aprons.[]

Airlines and destinations

Passenger

The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights to and from Larnaca:[19]

AirlinesDestinations
Aegean Airlines[20] Athens, Tel Aviv, Thessaloniki
Seasonal: Chania, Heraklion, Kos, Mykonos, Rhodes, Santorini
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo, St. Petersburg
Air Moldova Seasonal: Chi?in?u
Air Serbia Belgrade
airBaltic Riga
Aircompany Armenia Seasonal charter: Yerevan[21][22]
AirExplore Seasonal charter: Ko?ice[23]
Alrosa Seasonal charter: Mineralnye Vody[24]
Arkia Tel Aviv
ASL Airlines France Seasonal charter: Paris-Charles de Gaulle[25]
Austrian Airlines[26] Vienna
Azur Air[27][28] Seasonal charter: Moscow-Vnukovo, St. Petersburg
Belavia Minsk
Blue Air[29] Bac?u, Bucharest, Cluj-Napoca (begins 3 June 2021)[30]
Bluebird Airways[31] Seasonal: Tel Aviv
British Airways London-Heathrow
Seasonal: London-Gatwick
Bulgaria Air Sofia
Buzz Seasonal charter: Katowice,[32]Pozna?[32]
Chair Airlines Seasonal: Zürich
Condor[33] Seasonal: Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Leipzig/Halle, Munich, Zürich (begins 2 May 2021)[34]
Seasonal charter: Tel Aviv[35]
Cyprus Airways[36] Athens, Heraklion, Moscow-Domodedovo, Tel Aviv
Seasonal: Geneva, Rhodes, Skiathos, Zürich
easyJet[37] Berlin-Brandenburg, London-Gatwick
Seasonal: Basel/Mulhouse, Bristol, Liverpool, Milan-Malpensa
Edelweiss Air Seasonal: Zürich
EgyptAir Cairo
El Al Tel Aviv
Emirates Dubai-International
Enter Air Seasonal charter: Warsaw-Chopin[32]
Eurowings[38] Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf (begins 13 February 2021),[39]Hamburg, Munich (begins 29 March 2021),[40]Stuttgart
GetJet Airlines Seasonal charter: Vilnius[41]
Gulf Air[42] Bahrain
Israir Airlines Haifa, Tel Aviv
Jet2.com London-Stansted
Seasonal: Birmingham, East Midlands, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Leeds/Bradford, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne
Jordan Aviation[43] Amman-Queen Alia
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw-Chopin
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Mahan Air Seasonal charter: Tehran-Imam Khomeini[44]
Middle East Airlines Beirut
Nordwind Airlines Seasonal: Moscow-Sheremetyevo
Norwegian Air Shuttle Oslo-Gardermoen, Stockholm-Arlanda
Seasonal: Copenhagen, Helsinki
Seasonal charter: Bergen,[45]London-Gatwick,[46]Luleå,[47]Stavanger[48]
Pobeda Moscow-Vnukovo
Qatar Airways Doha
Qeshm Airlines Seasonal charter: Tehran-Imam Khomeini[49]
Red Wings Airlines[50][28] Seasonal charter: Kazan, Mineralnye Vody, Nizhny Novgorod, Rostov-on-Don, Samara, Tyumen, Ufa, Voronezh
Rossiya Airlines[51] Charter: Moscow-Sheremetyevo, St. Petersburg
Seasonal charter: Kazan, Nizhny Novgorod, Novosibirsk, Perm, Rostov-on-Don, Samara, Tyumen, Ufa, Voronezh, Yekaterinburg
Royal Jordanian Amman-Queen Alia
Ryanair[52] Brussels, Vienna
S7 Airlines[53] Moscow-Domodedovo
Seasonal: Novosibirsk
Scandinavian Airlines Seasonal charter: Bergen,[54]Copenhagen,[55]Gothenburg,[56]Kristiansand,[48]Oslo-Gardermoen,[57]Stockholm-Arlanda,[56]Trondheim,[48]Umeå[47]
Sky Express Athens (begins 22 February 2021)[58]
SkyUp[59] Kyiv-Boryspil
Seasonal: Kharkiv, Zaporizhzhia
SmartLynx Airlines Seasonal charter: Riga,[60]Tallinn[61]
Sunclass Airlines Seasonal charter: Billund,[62]Copenhagen,[62]Gothenburg,[63]Helsinki,[64]Malmö,[63]Oslo-Gardermoen,[65]Stockholm-Arlanda,[63]Växjö[63]
Sundair[66] Seasonal: Leipzig/Halle
[67] Seasonal: Geneva
TAROM Seasonal: Bucharest
Transavia Amsterdam
TUI Airways[46] Seasonal: Birmingham, Bristol, Cardiff, Doncaster/Sheffield, East Midlands, Edinburgh, Exeter, Glasgow, London-Gatwick, London-Stansted, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne
TUI fly Deutschland[68] Seasonal: Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Hannover
TUI fly Nordic Seasonal charter: Gothenburg,[47]Stockholm-Arlanda[47]
Kyiv-Boryspil
Ural Airlines[69] Krasnodar, Moscow-Domodedovo
Seasonal: Mineralnye Vody, Yekaterinburg
Widerøe Seasonal charter: Bergen[70]
Windrose Airlines[71] Seasonal: Kyiv-Boryspil
Wizz Air[72] Abu Dhabi, Athens, Bac?u, Beauvais, Belgrade, Bergen (begins 28 March 2021),[73]Billund, Budapest, Cardiff (begins 27 March 2021),[74]Chi?in?u, Cluj-Napoca, Copenhagen, Doncaster/Sheffield, Dortmund, Eindhoven (begins 30 March 2021),[75]Heraklion, Gda?sk, Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden (begins 29 March 2021),[76]Katowice, Kraków, Kyiv-Zhuliany, Kutaisi, London-Luton, Lviv, Memmingen, Prague, Salzburg (begins 28 March 2021),[77]Skopje, Sofia, Suceava, Thessaloniki, Turku, Varna, Vienna, Vilnius, Warsaw-Chopin, Wroc?aw, Yerevan (begins 29 March 2021)[78]
Seasonal: Debrecen
Yamal Airlines[79][28] Seasonal charter: Bryansk, Surgut

Cargo

Statistics

LCA check-in area
LCA departure gate area
Number of passengers[2] Percentage change
2006 4,927,986
2007 5,284,159 Increase07.2%
2008 5,488,319 Increase03.8%
2009 5,169,224 Decrease05.8%
2010 5,367,724 Increase03.8%
2011 5,507,552 Increase02.6%
2012 5,166,224 Decrease06.1%
2013 4,863,577 Decrease05.8%
2014 5,247,291 Increase07.8%
2015 5,330,914 Increase01.5%
2016 6,637,692 Increase24.5%
2017 7,734,290 Increase16.5%
2018 8,067,037 Increase04.3%
2019 8,229,346 Increase02.0%

Access

The airport can be reached by car, taxi and public transport system. There is a shuttle bus system from/to Limassol,[88] Nicosia, Protaras, Paralimni and Ayia Napa.[89] Local buses are available at the airport to various locations in Larnaca.

Incidents and accidents

Notes

  1. ^ Greek: ? A? (Diethnís Aeroliménas Lárnakas). Turkish: Larnaka Uluslararas? Havaalan?).

References

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  6. ^ "The 1978 Battle of Larnaca Airport, Cyprus, and UK Diplomacy". Gloria-center.org. Retrieved 2017.
  7. ^ Rescuing Nationals Abroad Through Military Coercion and Intervention on Grounds of Humanity by Ronzitti, Natalino (p.40-41), 1985, Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff, ISBN 90-247-3135-6
  8. ^ Political Terrorism: Theory, Tactics and Counter-Measures, by Grant Wardlow, (page 60), 1989, Publisher: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0521368413
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External links

Media related to Larnaca International Airport at Wikimedia Commons


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