Get Lechitic Languages essential facts below. View Videos or join the Lechitic Languages discussion. Add Lechitic Languages to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Kashubian (ISO 639-2 code: csb), used today by over 110,000 people (2011 census) in the eastern part of Pomerania. Sometimes it is considered a dialect of Polish;
Silesian (ISO 639-3 code: szl), used today by over 530,000 people (2011 census) in Polish Silesia and by some more people in Czech Silesia. The different varieties of Silesian are generally considered to be dialects of Polish and Czech.
Development of proto-Slavic?, e, ? into a, o, ? before hard alveolar consonants (or other similar differentiations of these vowels depending on dialect). This gives rise to alternations such as modern Polish lato ("summer", nominative) vs. lecie (locative), pi?? ("five") vs. pi?ty ("fifth").
Vocalization of the syllabic consonantsr, r', l', l. Compare modern Polish gard?o ("throat") with Czech hrdlo.
Transposition of or, ol, er, el into ro etc. in many words between consonants. Compare Polish mleko ("milk") with Russian (moloko).
Retention of Proto-Slavic *dz as an affricate, rather than a plain fricative z.
Lack of the g -> ? transition. Compare Polish góra, Czech hora ("mountain").
The so-called fourth palatalization of velars in Polish and Kashubian: /k g/ > [k? g?] before the front vowel /e/.
The term Lechitic is applied both to the languages of this group and to Slavic peoples speaking these languages (known as Lechites). The term is related to the name of the legendary Polish forefather Lech and the name Lechia by which Poland was formerly sometimes known. For more details, see Lechites.
^Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Lechitic". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.