Rome-Fiumicino International Airport "Leonardo da Vinci"
Aeroporto Internazionale di Roma–Fiumicino "Leonardo da Vinci"
|Operator||Aeroporti di Roma|
|Opened||20 August 1960|
15 January 1961
|Focus city for|
|Elevation AMSL||15 ft / 5 m|
Rome-Fiumicino International Airport "Leonardo da Vinci" (Italian: Aeroporto Internazionale di Roma–Fiumicino "Leonardo da Vinci"; IATA: FCO, ICAO: LIRF) is an international airport in Rome and the major airport in Italy. It is one of the busiest airports in Europe by passenger traffic with over 43.5 million passengers served in 2019.
The airport serves as the main hub for Alitalia, the largest Italian airline, and Vueling, a Spanish low-cost carrier owned by International Airlines Group. Based on total passenger numbers, it is the eighth-busiest airport in Europe and was the world's 47th-busiest airport in 2017. It covers an area of 16 km2 and is named after polymath Leonardo da Vinci who, in 1480, designed a flying machine with wings and the first proto helicopter.
During construction the remains of Caligula's Giant Ship were found.
The airport was officially opened on 15 January 1961, with two runways, replacing the smaller Rome Ciampino Airport, which remains in service for some low-cost airlines as well as domestic and charter operations. Despite being officially opened in 1961, Leonardo da Vinci-Fiumicino Airport had actually been in use since 20 August 1960. This was to help relieve air traffic that was congesting Rome Ciampino Airport during the 1960 Summer Olympics.
During the 1960s, home-carrier Alitalia invested heavily in the new airport, building hangars and maintenance centres; in the same period a third runway was added (16L/34R).
Security Services transferred from the Polizia di Stato (Italian State Police) to Aeroporti di Roma S.p.A. in 2000. Aeroporti di Roma created ADR Security S.r.l. (100%-owned) to provide these services as well as security services to airlines (in competition with other security companies such as IVRI). Airport Security is supervised by Polizia di Stato, Guardia di Finanza (Italian Customs Police), Italian Civil Aviation Authority and Aeroporti di Roma S.p.A.. Ground handling services were provided by Aeroporti di Roma until 1999, when it created Aeroporti di Roma Handling (to serve all airlines except for Alitalia, which continued to be handled by Aeroporti di Roma itself). Alitalia provided passenger assistance even before 1999. In 2001, Alitalia created "Alitalia Airport" and started providing ground handling for itself and other airlines. Aeroporti di Roma Handling remains the biggest handler in terms of airlines handled, but Alitalia Airport is the biggest handler in terms of airplanes handled as Alitalia aircraft account for 50% of the ones at Fiumicino. In May 2006, Italy's Civil Aviation Authority announced that it took off the limitation of 3 ramp handlers in Rome Leonardo da Vinci airport. ARE Group and Aviapartner announced that they would create a company called Aviapartner (51% Aviapartner; 49% ARE Group) to serve Milan Malpensa and Rome Leonardo da Vinci.
Since 2005, the airport operates a category III B instrument landing system (ILS). Further improvement work was implemented in 2007 to enable the airport to handle 30 takeoffs/landings per hour, up from 10, in the event of thick fog. Three runways presently operate at Leonardo da Vinci airport: 16L/34R and 16R/34L (separated by a distance of 4,000 m (13,000 ft), and 07/25, used only westwards for takeoffs owing to the prevailing winds. The airport used to have a fourth runway, 16C/34C which was located alongside 16L/34R, it was mostly used as a taxiway or as a backup for 16L/34R; the runway is now designated as Taxiway "D".
In 2010, the new single baggage handling system for more efficient luggage delivery began operations.
Several projects are planned. These include the construction of an environmentally-friendly cogeneration system, which would allow the airport to produce its own energy; construction of Pier C (dedicated to international flights) with 16 additional loading bridges, to handle the expected growth from 38 million passengers per year in 2014 to 55 million by 2018; and the "Masterplan Fiumicino Nord", involving four new terminals and two new runways to be built in the future handling 100 million passengers per year.
The airport currently features three passenger terminals, of which two are operational.
The terminals were upgraded during the 1990s and 2000s. In 1991, the domestic Pier A with 12 gates opened, followed in 1995 by the international Pier B with 10 gates and in 1999 by the international Satellite C with 14 gates. In 2000, the new domestic Terminal A opened, and the terminal buildings, then consisting of Terminal A (with Pier A), Terminal AA, Terminal B (with Pier B) and Terminal C (with Satellite C), were reorganized.
The dedicated Cargo City terminal was added in 2004, while the check-in counters for American carriers and El Al in Terminal 5 opened in 2008, with passengers then being bused to what was then called Satellite C. In 2009, the terminals were renamed - A was renamed T1, AA was renamed T2, B and C became T3, and T5 stayed the same. The former Terminal 2 closed permanently on 15 December 2017 to make way for the expansion of Terminal 1.
An automated people mover (APM) called SkyBridge opened in 1999 along with the Satellite C. It consists of two stations, one in the third floor of Terminal 3, and the other in the second floor of gate area E31-44. This shuttle train is the only means of transport for passengers between the two parts of the terminal. The westbound service, from T3 to Gates E31-44, is for departing passengers only, while the eastbound service is for arriving passengers only. Arriving passengers are not permitted to take the train back, as they need to pass through a transfer security checkpoint to reenter the departure area. Likewise, departing passengers are not permitted to take the train back to Terminal 3.
The following airlines operate regular scheduled, seasonal and charter flights to and from Fiumicino:
|Aegean Airlines|| Athens |
Seasonal: Mykonos (resumes 17 June 2021),Santorini (resumes 28 May 2021)
|Aerolíneas Argentinas||Buenos Aires-Ezeiza|
|Air Cairo||Sharm El Sheikh|
|Air Canada||Montréal-Trudeau, Toronto-Pearson|
|Air China||Beijing-Capital, Hangzhou|
|Air France||Paris-Charles de Gaulle|
|Air France Hop||Bordeaux, Lyon|
|Air Serbia||Belgrade, Ni?|
|Air Transat||Seasonal: Montréal-Trudeau|
|Alitalia|| Alghero, Algiers, Amsterdam, Athens, Barcelona, Bari, Beirut, Bergamo, Berlin, Bologna, Boston, Brindisi, Brussels, Budapest, Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Cagliari, Cairo, Casablanca, Catania, Delhi, Florence, Frankfurt, Geneva, Genoa, Johannesburg-O. R. Tambo, Kyiv-Zhuliany, Lamezia Terme, London-Heathrow, Los Angeles, Madrid, Málaga, Malta, Marseille, Mexico City, Miami, Milan-Linate, Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Munich, Naples, New York-JFK, Nice, Olbia, Palermo, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Pisa, Prague, Reggio Calabria, Rio de Janeiro-Galeão, São Paulo-Guarulhos, Sofia, Tel Aviv, Tirana, Tokyo-Haneda, Tokyo-Narita, Toronto-Pearson, Toulouse, Trieste, Tunis, Turin, Valencia, Venice, Verona, Warsaw-Chopin, Washington-Dulles,Zürich |
Seasonal: Amman-Queen Alia, Chicago-O'Hare, Corfu, Dubrovnik, Havana, Heraklion, Ibiza, Kefalonia, Lampedusa, Larnaca, Malé, Mauritius, Menorca, Mykonos, Palma de Mallorca, Pantelleria, Rhodes, Saint Petersburg, San Francisco, Split, Tenerife-South
|American Airlines|| Dallas/Fort Worth, New York-JFK, Philadelphia |
Seasonal: Charlotte, Chicago-O'Hare
|Blue Air||Bac?u,Bucharest,Cluj-Napoca (begins 1 June 2021)|
|Blue Panorama Airlines|| Cayo Largo, Havana, La Romana, Santiago de Cuba |
Seasonal: Ibiza, Lampedusa, Mombasa
|British Airways||London-Gatwick, London-Heathrow|
|Cabo Verde Airlines||Sal|
|Cathay Pacific||Hong Kong|
|China Eastern Airlines||Shanghai-Pudong, Wenzhou|
|China Southern Airlines||Guangzhou, Wuhan|
|Croatia Airlines|| Split, Zagreb |
|Delta Air Lines|| Atlanta, New York-JFK |
Seasonal: Boston (begins 27 May 2021),Detroit
|easyJet||Amsterdam, Basel/Mulhouse, Berlin, Bristol, Geneva, London-Gatwick, Lyon, Manchester, Nantes, Nice, Paris-Orly, Toulouse|
|EGO Airways||Bergamo (begins 4 June 2021)|
|El Al||Tel Aviv|
|Ethiopian Airlines||Addis Ababa|
|Etihad Airways||Abu Dhabi|
|Eurowings||Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Hamburg, Stuttgart|
|Hainan Airlines||Chongqing, Shenzhen, Xi'an|
|Iran Air||Tehran-Imam Khomeini|
|Israir Airlines||Tel Aviv|
|Jet2.com|| Birmingham, Manchester |
Seasonal: Glasgow,Leeds/Bradford, Newcastle upon Tyne
|Kenya Airways||Nairobi-Jomo Kenyatta|
|LOT Polish Airlines||Seasonal: Gda?sk, Kraków, Pozna?, Warsaw-Chopin, Wroc?aw|
|Middle East Airlines||Beirut|
|Neos|| Boa Vista, Cancún, Malé, Marsa Alam, Sal, Sharm El Sheikh, Tenerife-South |
Seasonal: Fuerteventura, Heraklion, Ibiza, La Romana, Marsa Matruh, Menorca, Mombasa, Mykonos, Nosy Be, Rhodes, Salalah, Zanzibar
|Norwegian Air Shuttle|| Copenhagen, Helsinki, Oslo, Stockholm-Arlanda |
|Pegasus Airlines||Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen|
|Royal Air Maroc||Casablanca|
|Royal Jordanian||Amman-Queen Alia|
|Ryanair|| Alicante, Barcelona, Bari, Brindisi, Brussels, Catania, Málaga, Malta, Marseille, Palermo, Seville, Vienna |
|Scandinavian Airlines|| Aarhus, Copenhagen |
|TAP Air Portugal||Lisbon|
|Transavia|| Nantes, Rotterdam/The Hague |
|Turkish Airlines||Ankara, Istanbul|
|United Airlines|| Newark |
Seasonal: Chicago-O'Hare, Washington-Dulles
|Ural Airlines||Moscow-Zhukovsky, Yekaterinburg|
|Uzbekistan Airways|| Tashkent |
|Vueling|| Alicante, Barcelona, Bilbao, London-Gatwick, Málaga, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Paris-Orly, Seville, Tenerife-South, Valencia |
Seasonal: Corfu, Dubrovnik, Heraklion, Ibiza, Kefalonia, Menorca, Mykonos, Palma de Mallorca, Preveza, Rhodes, Santorini, Split, Zadar, Zakynthos
|WestJet||Seasonal: Calgary (begins 1 May 2021)|
|Wizz Air||Bac?u,Budapest, Catania, Kraków, Kutaisi, Kyiv-Zhuliany,Odessa,Vienna, Warsaw-Chopin|
|1||Catania, Sicily||1,976,230||Alitalia, Ryanair, Vueling|
|2||Palermo, Sicily||1,663,453||Alitalia, Ryanair, Vueling|
|5||Bari, Apulia||740,186||Alitalia, Ryanair|
|6||1||Brindisi, Apulia||529,365||Alitalia, Ryanair|
|7||1||Turin, Piedmont||516,969||Alitalia, Blue Panorama Airlines|
|9||1||Lamezia Terme, Calabria||455,605||Alitalia|
|11||1||Olbia, Sardinia||325,838||Air Italy, Meridiana|
|14||3||Alghero, Sardinia||281,128||Blue Air|
|16||2||Trieste, Friuli-Venezia Giulia||260,527||Alitalia|
|17||4||Milan-Malpensa, Lombardy||242,114||Air Italy, Alitalia|
|18||Verona, Veneto||203,717||Alitalia, Neos|
|19||2||Reggio Calabria, Calabria||183,115||Alitalia|
|1||Barcelona, Spain||1,327,312||Alitalia, Ryanair, Vueling|
|2||1||Madrid, Spain||1,218,462||Air Europa, Alitalia, Iberia, Vueling|
|3||1||Paris-Charles de Gaulle, France||1,207,436||Alitalia, Joon, Vueling|
|4||1||London-Heathrow, United Kingdom||1,075,100||Alitalia, British Airways|
|5||3||Amsterdam, Netherlands||1,064,254||Alitalia, KLM, easyJet, Vueling|
|6||Paris-Orly, France||741,093||easyJet, Vueling|
|7||2||Munich, Germany||725,483||Alitalia, Lufthansa, Vueling|
|8||1||Brussels, Belgium||719,056||Alitalia, Brussels Airlines, Ryanair|
|9||1||Frankfurt am Main, Germany||718,684||Alitalia, Lufthansa|
|10||London-Gatwick, United Kingdom||693,885||British Airways, easyJet, Vueling|
|11||Athens, Greece||571,935||Aegean Airlines, Alitalia|
|12||1||Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Russia||518,044||Aeroflot, Alitalia|
|13||1||Zurich, Switzerland||477,394||Alitalia, Swiss International Air Lines|
|14||Lisbon, Portugal||427,352||TAP Portugal|
|15||11||Vienna, Austria||401,344||Eurowings, Laudamotion, Vueling, Wizz Air|
|16||Istanbul-Atatürk, Turkey||399,669||Turkish Airlines|
|17||4||Luqa, Malta||367,718||Air Malta, Alitalia, Ryanair|
|18||3||Geneva, Switzerland||343,211||Alitalia, easyJet|
|19||1||Tirana, Albania||330,545||Alitalia, Blue Panorama Airlines, Ernest Airlines|
|20||2||Nice, France||320,514||Alitalia, easyJet|
|1||1||Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Israel||813,363||Alitalia, El Al, Norwegian Air Shuttle, Vueling, Ryanair|
|2||1||New York-John F. Kennedy, United States||754,088||Alitalia, American Airlines, Delta Air Lines|
|3||Dubai, United Arab Emirates||607,288||Emirates|
|4||1||Seoul-Incheon, South Korea||420,872||Alitalia, Asiana Airlines, Korean Air|
|5||9||São Paulo-Guarulhos, Brazil||403,276||Alitalia, LATAM Brasil|
|6||1||Doha, Qatar||382,292||Qatar Airways|
|7||3||Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates||372,266||Alitalia, Etihad Airways|
|8||2||Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Argentina||352,692||Aerolíneas Argentinas, Alitalia|
|9||1||Toronto-Pearson, Canada||342,957||Alitalia, Air Canada, Air Transat|
|10||15||Newark, United States||291,841||Norwegian Air Shuttle, United Airlines|
|11||2||Cairo, Egypt||284,924||Alitalia, EgyptAir|
|12||Tunis, Tunisia||241,850||Alitalia, Tunisair|
|13||2||Atlanta, United States||224,958||Delta Air Lines|
|14||1||Chicago-O'Hare, United States||215,099||Alitalia, American Airlines, United Airlines|
|15||5||Beijing-Capital, China||214,536||Air China|
|16||22||Delhi, India||214,506||Air India, Alitalia|
|17||2||Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen, Turkey||205,216||Pegasus Airlines, Turkish Airlines|
|18||12||Los Angeles, United States||202,335||Alitalia, Norwegian Air Shuttle|
|20||Montréal-Trudeau, Canada||182,677||Air Canada, Air Transat|
|Owner||Aeroporti di Roma|
|Locale||Leonardo da Vinci-Fiumicino Airport, Italy|
|Rolling stock||2 Bombardier Innovia APM 100 vehicles|
|Track length||0.55 km|
|Character||Serves sterile parts of the airport|
Fiumicino Aeroporto railway station is served by the Leonardo Express train operated by Trenitalia, available at the airport terminal. It takes 30 minutes to get to Termini Station in a non-stop trip that is provided every 15 minutes. Alternatively, local trains (FL1 line) leave once every 15 minutes, stopping at all stations. However, these trains do not head to Termini station. Passengers have to change at Trastevere, Ostiense (Metro Piramide) or Tuscolana. The railway opened in December 1989, with nonstop and several stop services available.
Leonardo da Vinci is about 35 km (22 mi) by car from Rome's historic city centre. The airport is served by the six-lane Autostrada A91 motorway and numerous buses and taxis.
From the 1960s until the 1980s, the airport experienced significant aircraft hijackings as well as being the scene of two major terrorist attacks and the port of origin for an aircraft bombing in flight--some engendered by Palestinians as part of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
... ran on to the apron and two phosphorus bombs were thrown into the front and rear entrances of a Pan American 707 Celestial Clipper, with 170 passengers on board