Liberal Party (Japan, 1998)
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Liberal Party Japan, 1998
Liberal Party

PresidentIchir? Ozawa
Takeshi Noda
Founded1 January 1998
Dissolved26 September 2003
Split fromNew Frontier Party
Merged intoDemocratic Party of Japan
Political positionCentre-right[1]

The Liberal Party (, Jiy?-t?) was a political party in Japan formed in 1998 by Ichir? Ozawa and Hirohisa Fujii. It is now defunct, having joined the Democratic Party of Japan in 2003.


The Liberal Party was formed from remnants of the New Frontier Party after it dissolved in 1998. The party did do quite well for a new party, joining the opposition led by the Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ) and also including the New K?meit?, the Social Democratic Party and Japanese Communist Party, and thus helped contest elections against the ruling conservative Liberal Democratic Party (LDP).

In January 1999, it formed a coalition with the ruling LDP under Keiz? Obuchi.[2]Takeshi Noda as Minister for Home Affairs became its only member in the realigned Obuchi cabinet, later replaced by Toshihiro Nikai as Minister of Transportation. Later that year, the New K?meit? joined the coalition as well, and party president Ichir? Ozawa decided to lead the Liberal Party back into the opposition as he saw his party's position endangered.[3] However, some members of the coalition wanted to stay in the government and eventually formed the breakaway New Conservative Party.[4]

In October 2003, because of the upcoming election, the Liberal Party finally merged with the DPJ[5] and all its members joined the new party, making an influential grouping within the party. The DPJ did tremendously well, and Hirohisa Fujii became the Secretary General of the Democratic Party of Japan, while Ichiro Ozawa led the Liberal Party faction within the DPJ. In 2016, the name was revived by Ozawa, on his renaming of the People's Life Party to the Liberal Party.

Presidents of LP

No. Name Term of office
Took Office Left Office
Preceding partiy: New Frontier Party
1 Ichir? Ozawa 1 January 1998 26 September 2003
Successor party: Democratic Party (1998)

Election results

General election results

Election Leader # of candidates # of seats won # of Constituency votes % of Constituency vote # of PR Block votes % of PR Block vote
2000 Ichir? Ozawa 75 22 2,053,736 3.37% 6,589,490 11.01%

Councillors election results

Election Leader # of seats total # of seats won # of National votes % of National vote # of Prefectural votes % of Prefectural vote
1998 Ichir? Ozawa 12 6 5,207,813 9.28% 980,249 1.75%
2001 Ichir? Ozawa 8 6 4,227,148 7.72% 3,011,787 5.54%


  1. ^ Jeff Kingston (2013). Japan in Transformation, 1945-2010. Routledge. p. 19. ISBN 978-1-317-86192-8.
  2. ^ "Obuchi puts happy face on minority coalition launch". The Japan Times. 1999-01-14. Retrieved .
  3. ^ "Liberal Party left in limbo after abandonment of bill". The Japan Times. 1999-12-15. Retrieved .
  4. ^ "Noda faction names party Conservative". The Japan Times. 2000-04-04. Retrieved .
  5. ^ "The Democratic Party of Japan". Democratic Party of Japan. 2006. Retrieved .

See also

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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