Liberalism and Radicalism in Bulgaria
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Liberalism and Radicalism in Bulgaria

This article gives an overview of liberalism and radicalism in Bulgaria. It is limited to liberal and radical parties with substantial support, mainly proved by having had a representation in parliament. The sign => denotes another party in that scheme. For inclusion in this scheme it is not necessary that parties label themselves as a liberal party.

Background

Liberalism was a dominant political force at the end of the nineteenth century. The current got strongly divided.

History

After the restoration of democracy in 1990, some parties got a liberal character. Liberalism is now represented by the mainly Turkish minority party Movement for Rights and Freedoms (Dvi?enie za prava i svobodi, observer LI, member ELDR) and the National Movement for Simeon II (Nacionalno Dvi?enie Simeon Vtori, member LI, ELDR), both taking a more or less liberal position.

From Liberal Party to Democratic Party

  • 1879: Liberal forces united in the Liberal Party (Liberalna Partija)
  • 1884: A right-wing faction formed the => Progressive Liberal Party
  • 1886: Another right-wing faction formed the => People's Liberal Party
  • 1887: A third faction formed the => Radoslav Liberal Party
  • 1896: The party is renamed into Democratic Party (Demokrati?eska Partija)
  • 1905: A radical faction seceded as the => Radical Democratic Party
  • 1923: A faction joined the Democratic Alliance (Demokrati?eski Sgovor)
  • 1934: The party is banned by the dictatorship
  • 1945: The party is revived
  • 1947: The party is banned by the communist dictatorship
  • 1989: The party is revived as a Christian conservative party

Progressive Liberal Party

  • 1884: A right-wing faction of the => Liberal Party formed the Progressive Liberal Party (Progresivnoliberalna Partija)
  • 1920: The party merged into the United National Progressive Party (Obedinena Narodnoprogresivna Partija)

People's Liberal Party

  • 1886: A right-wing faction of the => Liberal Party formed the People's Liberal Party (Narodnoliberalna Partija)
  • 1920: The party merged into the => National Liberal Party

Radoslavist Liberal Party / National Liberal Party

  • 1887: A right-wing faction of the => Liberal Party formed the Radoslav Liberal Party (Liberalna-Radoslavistka Partija)
  • 1904: A right-wing faction seceded as the => Tonchevist Young Liberal Party
  • 1920: The party merged with the => Tonchevist Young Liberal Party and the => People's Liberal Party into the National Liberal Party (Nacionalliberalna Partija)
  • 1934: The party is banned by the dictatorship

Tonchevist Young Liberal Party

  • 1904: A right-wing faction of the => Radoslav Liberal Party seceded as the Tonchevist Young Liberal Party (Mladoliberalna Partija-Ton?evisti)
  • 1920: The party merged into the => National Liberal Party

Radical (Democratic) Party

  • 1905: A radical faction of the => Democratic Party seceded as the Radical Democratic Party (Radikaldemokrati?eska Partija)
  • 1922: The party is renamed Radical Party (Radikalna Partija)
  • 1923: A faction joined the Democratic Alliance (Demokrati?eski Sgovor)
  • 1934: The party is banned by the dictatorship
  • 1945: The party is revived
  • 1949: The party is banned by the communist dictatorship
  • 1989: The party is refounded as the Radical Democratic Party (Radikaldemokrati?eska Partija)
  • 1990s: The party took part in various electoral alliances with decreasing success

Movement for Rights and Freedoms

  • 1990: Representatives of the Turkish minority formed the Movement for Rights and Freedoms (Dvi?enie za Prava i Svobodi), that develops in a more or less liberal direction

National Movement for Simeon II

  • 2001: Followers of the ex-king formed the personalist National Movement for Simeon II (Nacionalno Dvi?enie Simeon Vtori), that takes a more or less liberal position in the spectrum

Liberal leaders

See also


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Liberalism_and_radicalism_in_Bulgaria
 



 



 
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