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Geographical rangeNorthwest Europe
PeriodUpper Paleolithic
Datesc. 43,000 years BP
The Paleolithic
? Pliocene (before Homo)
? Mesolithic

Lincombian-Ranisian-Jerzmanowician (LRJ) was a culture or technocomplex (industry) dating to the beginning Upper Paleolithic, about 43,000 years ago. It is characterised by leaf points made on long blades, which are thought to have been made by the last Neanderthals, although some researchers have suggested that it could be a culture of the first anatomically modern humans in Europe. It is rarely found, but extends across northwest Europe from Wales to Poland.[1][2]


  1. ^ Ashton, Nick (2017). Early Humans. London: William Collins. p. 315. ISBN 978-0-00-815035-8.
  2. ^ Flas, Damien (5 December 2011). "The Middle to Upper Paleolithic transition in Northern Europe: the Lincombian-Ranisian-Jerzmanowician and the issue of acculturation of the last Neanderthals". World Archaeology. 43 (4): 605-627. doi:10.1080/00438243.2011.624725.

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