List of Boston Red Sox Captains
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List of Boston Red Sox Captains
Jason Varitek, retired Red Sox captain, with the captain insignia on his chest.

Eighteen different players have been full-time captains of the Boston Red Sox, an American professional baseball franchise also known previously as the Boston Americans. The list was created from scratch by baseball historian Howard W. Rosenberg in 2004. The Red Sox front office contacted Rosenberg in advance of Jason Varitek being named captain that year, after learning that Rosenberg, author of a 2003 book featuring captains in 19th-century baseball, had disputed the official count of captains in New York Yankees franchise history.[1][2]

In Major League Baseball, a captain is an honorary title given to the member of the team primarily responsible for strategy and teamwork while the game is in progress on the field. This role has been particularly important during eras and situations in which managers and coaches have been precluded by the rules from interacting with players on the field while the game is in progress.[3] As is the case with the National Hockey League, then- and now-retired captain Varitek wore a distinctive "C" on the left side of his jersey.[3]


Carl Yastrzemski at-bat in Tiger Stadium, Detroit, Michigan, 1983
Player Position Years active Years as captain Reference
Boston Americans (until 1907)
Jimmy Collins ? 3B 1895–1908 1901–1905


Chick Stahl OF 1897–1906 1906


Bob Unglaub 1B 1904–1910 1907


Boston Red Sox (1907 to present)
Deacon McGuire C 1884–1912 1908


Doc Gessler RF 1903–1911 1909


Harry Lord 3B 1903–1911 1910


Heinie Wagner SS 1902–1918 1911


Jake Stahl 1B 1903–1912 1912
Heinie Wagner SS 1902–1918 1913–1914


Jack Barry 2B 1908–1919 1915–1917
Dick Hoblitzell 1B 1908–1918 1918


Harry Hooper ? OF 1908–1925 1919–1920


Everett Scott SS 1914–1926 1921
Del Pratt 2B 1914–1926 1922


George Burns 1B 1914–1929 1923
Mike Menosky LF 1914–1923 1923[a]

No captain 1924–1939[6]

Jimmie Foxx ? 1B 1925–1945 1940–1942

No captain 1943–1965[6]

Carl Yastrzemski ? OF 1961–1983 1966

No captain 1967–1968[6]

Carl Yastrzemski ? OF 1961–1983 1969–1983

No captain 1984[6]

Jim Rice ? OF 1974–1989 1985–1989


No captain 1990–2004[6]

Jason Varitek C 1997–2011 2005–2011

See also


  • a Served as acting captain for one game.


  1. ^ Mallozzi, Vincent. "Author Says Yankees Are Missing Something". The New York Times. Retrieved .
  2. ^ Heuschkel, David. "It's Now Captain Varitek". The Hartford Courant. Retrieved .
  3. ^ a b Hoch, Bryan. "Trio of captains treasure role". Archived from the original on 2008-06-24. Retrieved .
  4. ^ Abrams, Rodger (February 15, 2007). "Jimmy Collins: Pride of the Irish". National Baseball Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on August 20, 2007. Retrieved .
  5. ^ "The Boston Pilgrims". Celebrate Boston. Retrieved .
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l unknown; Glen Stout; Richard Johnson (2000). Red Sox Century: The Definitive History of Baseball's Most Storied Franchise. Houghton Mifflin Books. ISBN 0-618-42319-2.
  7. ^ Flietz, David (2008). Shoeless: The Life and Times of Joe Jackson. McFarland & Company. ISBN 0-7864-3312-4.
  8. ^ "Gessler to be Captain of Red Sox". The New York Times. January 19, 1909. Retrieved .
  9. ^ a b Lieb, Frederick G. and McNally, John The Boston Red Sox. Southern Illinois University Press. 2003. ISBN 0-8093-2493-8.
  10. ^ Richardson, Bob (March 23, 2008). "Visionary views: Several innovators get credit for the evolution of managing". The Boston Globe. Retrieved .
  11. ^ "Jack Barry Laid Up". The New York Times. September 26, 1915. Retrieved .
  12. ^ a b Wood, Allan (2000). Babe Ruth and the 1918 Red Sox. iUniverse. ISBN 0-595-14826-3.
  13. ^ unknown; David S. Neft; Michael L. Neft; Bob Carroll; Richard M. Cohen (2005). The Boston Red Sox Fan Book. Macmillan. ISBN 0-312-34849-5.
  14. ^ Daniel, W. Harrison (2004). Jimmie Foxx: The Life and Times of a Baseball Hall of Famer. McFarland. ISBN 0-7864-1867-2.
  15. ^ a b McBroom, Kathleen (1981). The Lincoln Library of Sports Champions. Frontier Press Co. ISBN 0-912168-07-2.
  16. ^ Edes, Gordon (December 24, 2004). "Sox re-sign Varitek, name him captain". The Boston Globe. Retrieved .

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