List of Coptic Orthodox Popes of Alexandria
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List of Coptic Orthodox Popes of Alexandria

The following is a list of all of the Coptic Orthodox Popes of Alexandria who have led the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria and have succeeded the Apostle Mark the Evangelist in the office of Bishop of Alexandria, who founded the Church in the 1st century, and marked the beginning of Christianity in Africa.

The Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria is one of the Oriental Orthodox churches (not to be confused with the Byzantine Orthodox group of churches) and is presided over by the Pope and Patriarch of Alexandria who is the body's spiritual leader. This position is held since 2012 by Pope Tawadros II, Pope of Alexandria and Patriarch of all Africa on the Holy See of St. Mark.

The Oriental Orthodox believe that they are the "one, holy, catholic, and apostolic" Church of the ancient Christian creeds.

Title "pope"

Historically, the title "pope" was first adopted by Pope Heraclas, the 13th Alexandrine Archbishop (232-249 AD), three centuries before it was assumed by John I, the Roman Bishop (523-526), who ratified the Alexandrian computation of the date of Easter. Bestowing the title on Rome's pontiff did not strip it from Alexandria's, and the Roman Catholic Church recognizes this.[]

The full ecclesiastical title is Papa Abba, and the person who bears it stands for the devotion of all monastics, from Pentapolis in the west to Constantinople in the east, to his guidance. Within the denomination, it is the most powerful designation, for all monks in the East to voluntarily follow his spiritual authority, and it is said that it should be assumed that he is a bearer of Christ.

For the Patriarchs of Alexandria prior to the schism after the Council of Chalcedon, see List of Patriarchs of Alexandria. For the patriarchs of the Byzantine Orthodox church after the split with the Oriental Orthodox church, see List of Greek Orthodox Patriarchs of Alexandria.

Note that not all of the dates given are certain. The dates below are according to the Gregorian calendar. Some of the dates disagree with those given in Coptic publications such as The English Katameros. In some cases, publications errors caused the difference and have been corrected. In other cases, calendar differences between the Julian and the Gregorian calendars have caused some confusion.

Dioscorus I served as Patriarch of Alexandria since 444 until he was deposed and exiled by the Council of Chalcedon in 451, but he was still recognized as the Coptic Pope until his death in 454.

Chronological list of popes and patriarchs

1st century

Apostolic Throne Portrait Popes and Patriarchs of Alexandria
English o Coptic o Arabic
Name before Patriarchate Place of Birth Notes
30 or 33 AD.
(Apostle of Christ)
60 or 61 AD.
(Evangelist of Egypt)
8 May 68
(Martyr)
StMarkcoptic.jpg St. Mark the Apostle, Evangelist and Martyr
Marcos o o ?
Yohanan (Hebrew)
Marcos (Greek)
Cyrene, Pentapolis (North Africa) The Evangelist of the Land of Egypt. He was martyred at Baucalis (East of Alexandria) during the persecution of Copts led by the Roman Emperor Nero.
62
- 29 November 83
(21 years)
St. Anianus
Anianos o ? o ?
Anianos Alexandria, Egypt St. Anianus turned his house into a church, and it is said that it is the one known as the church of St. Mark which stands today in Alexandria.
13 December 83
- 11 September 95
(11 years, 9 months)
St. Avilius
Milieos o o
Milieos Alexandria, Egypt He was elected Pope of Alexandria during the persecution against Copts by the Roman Emperor Domitian.
18 September 95
- 8 June 106
(10 years, 9 months, 10 days)
St. Kedron
Kerdonou o o ?
Kerdonou Alexandria, Egypt He was martyred during the persecution of Copts led by the Roman Emperor Trajan.

2nd century

Apostolic Throne Portrait Popes & Patriarchs of Alexandria
English o Coptic o Arabic
Name before Patriarchate Place of Birth Notes
29 June 106
- 9 August 118
(13 years, 1 month, 12 days)
St. Primus
Epriemou o o ?
Epriemou Alexandria, Egypt He was one of the three who were ordained priest by St. Mark the Apostle.
23 September 118
- 19 June 129
(10 years, 10 months)
St. Justus
Iostos o o ?
Iostos Alexandria, Egypt He was the first Dean of the Catechetical School of Alexandria appointed by St. Mark the Apostle. He was elected Pope of Alexandria during the persecution against Copts by the Roman Emperor Hadrian.
18 July 129
- 19 October 141
(12 years, 3 months)
St. Eumenius
Oumenios o o
Oumenios Alexandria, Egypt Second Dean of the Catechetical School of Alexandria. He was elected Pope of Alexandria during the persecution against Copts by the Roman Emperor Hadrian.
17 November 141
- 14 January 152
(10 years, 2 months)
St. Markianos
Markianos o o
Markianos Alexandria, Egypt Third Dean of the Catechetical School of Alexandria. During his Patriarchy, the Copts were persecuted by the Roman Emperor Antonius Pius.
29 January 152
- 16 July 166
(14 years, 6 months)
St. Celadion
Kalavtianos o o
Kalavtianos Alexandria, Egypt He was elected Pope of Alexandria during the persecution against Copts by the Roman Emperor Antonius Pius.
1 August 166
- 12 February 178
(11 years, 6 months, 5 days)
St. Agrippinus
Aghreppinios o ? o
Aghreppinios Alexandria, Egypt He was elected Pope of Alexandria during the persecution against Copts by the Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius.
18 March 178
- 17 March 188
(10 years)
St. Julian
Yulianos o o
Yulianos Alexandria, Egypt He was elected Pope of Alexandria during the persecution against Copts by the Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius.
17 March 188
- 22 October 230
(42 years, 7 months, 5 days).
Pope Demetrius of Alexandria.jpg St. Demetrius the Vinedresser
Demetrios o o
Demetrios Alexandria, Egypt During his Patriarchy, the Copts were persecuted by the Roman Emperor Septimius Severus.

3rd century

Apostolic Throne Portrait Popes & Patriarchs of Alexandria
English o Coptic o Arabic
Name before Patriarchate Place of Birth Notes
18 November 230
- 17 December 246
(16 years, 1 month)
Martyr Eraclus of Antioch.jpg St. Heraclas
Yaraklas o o
Yaraklas Alexandria, Egypt He is the first Patriarch to carry the hierarchy title "Pope". Which the Bishop of Rome did not use until the sixth century. During his Patriarchy, the Copts were persecuted by the Roman Emperor Maximus the Tharacian.
28 December 246
- 22 March 264
(17 years, 2 months, 10 days)
Dionisii alek.jpg St. Dionysius the Great
Dionysios o o
Dionysios Alexandria, Egypt He was the Dean of the Catechetical School of Alexandria. He was elected Pope of Alexandria during the great persecution against Copts by the Roman Emperor Decius.
9 November 264
- 22 April 282
(17 years, 5 months)
St. Maximus
Maximos o ? o ?
Maximos Alexandria, Egypt He participated in the Synods of Antioch against the heresies of Paul of Samosata. During his Patriarchy, the Copts were persecuted by the Roman Emperor Aurelian.
11 December 282
- 10 January 301
(19 years, 1 month)
St. Theonas
Theona o o
Theona Alexandria, Egypt Eusebius the Historian calls him a "pillar of the Church".

4th century

Apostolic Throne Portrait Popes & Patriarchs of Alexandria
English o Coptic o Arabic
Name before Patriarchate Place of Birth Notes
8 February 302
- 8 December 311
(9 years, 10 months)
Pope Peter of Alexandria.jpg St. Peter the Seal of the Martyrs
Petros o o ?
Petros Alexandria, Egypt He was the last martyred during The Great Persecution led by the Roman Emperors Diocletian and Galerius.
24 December 311
- 26 June 312
(6 months)
St. Achillas
Archelaos o o
Archelaos Alexandria, Egypt He was the Dean of the Catechetical School of Alexandria, defending the teachings of Orthodoxy. And was elected Pope of Alexandria during the reign of the Emperor Constantine the Great.
10 July 312
- 30 April 328
(15 years, 9 months, 20 days)
Veljusa Monastery St. Alexander of Alexandria.jpg St. Alexander I
Alexanderos o ? o
Alexanderos Alexandria, Egypt On 18 November 325 AD, St. Alexandros, 19th Pope & Patriarch of Alexandria attended the 1st Ecumenical Council at Nicaea, and was accompanied by his Archdeacon, St. Athanasius the Apostolic.
5 May 328
- 15 May 373
(45 years)
St Athanasius the Apostolic.jpg St. Athanasius the Apostolic
Athanasios o o
Athanasios El Balyana,
Sohag Governorate, Egypt
Attended the 1st Ecumenical Council at Nicaea as a Deacon and wrote the Nicene Creed also known as the Orthodox Creed or Athanasius Creed. He is regarded by majority Western Protestants, scholars, and theologians as the greatest leader of Christianity.
27 May 373
- 27 February 379
(5 years, 9 months)
St. Peter II
Petros o o ?
Petros Alexandria, Egypt
14 March 379
- 2 August 385
(6 years, 4 months, 6 days)
St. Timothy I
Timotheos o o
Timotheos Alexandria, Egypt Attended the 2nd Ecumenical Council at Constantinople.
28 August 385
- 28 October 412
(27 years, 2 months)
Goleniscev Papyrus - Theophilus on Serapeion (crop).jpg
St. Theophilus
Theophilos o o ?
Theophilos Alexandria, Egypt St. Theophilus fought against the pagans, the Arians and the Anthropomorphists, supported by Emperor Theodosius. St. Theophilus was succeeded on the Apostolic Throne by his nephew St. Cyril, 24th Pope of Alexandria.

5th century

Apostolic Throne Portrait Popes & Patriarchs of Alexandria
English o Coptic o Arabic
Name before Patriarchate Place of Birth Notes
17 October 412
- 10 July 444
(31 years, 8 months, 10 days)
St. Cyril of Alexandria.jpg St. Cyril the Pillar of Faith
Kyrillos o o
Kyrillos Alexandria, Egypt Known as the "Pillar of Faith" and "Lamp of the Orthodox Church". On 22 September 431 AD, St. Cyril attended the 3rd Ecumenical Council at Ephesus, which he rebuked and excommunicated Nestorius, Patriarch of Constantinople who denied the Virgin as Theotokos ('God-bearer').
8 August 444
- 17 September 454
(10 years, 1 month, 9 days)
St. Dioscorus.jpg St. Dioscorus the Champion
of Orthodoxy

Dioscoros o o ?
Dioscoros Alexandria, Egypt Known as the "Champion of Orthodoxy". Last Pope & Patriarch of Alexandria to attend a Western council, the 4th Ecumenical Council at Chalcedon and was accompanied by St. Marcarius, Bishop of Edkow. They were exiled by Emperor Marcianus and the Empress Pulcheria to the Island of Gangra, where St. Dioscorus departed and was laid to rest.
13 October 455
- 13 August 477
(21 years, 10 months)
St. Timothy II
Timotheos o o
Timotheos Alexandria, Egypt
14 September 477
- 11 November 489
(13 years, 1 month, 29 days)
St. Peter III
Petros o o ?
Petros Alexandria, Egypt
11 December 489
- 30 September 496
(6 years, 9 months, 20 days)
St. Athanasius II
Athanasios o o
Athanasios Alexandria, Egypt
29 September 496
- 12 May 505
(8 years, 7 months)
St. John I
Yoannis o ? o
Yoannis Alexandria, Egypt

6th century

Apostolic Throne Portrait Popes & Patriarchs of Alexandria
English o Coptic o Arabic
Name before Patriarchate Place of Birth Notes
29 May 505
- 4 June 516
(10 years, 11 months, 23 days)
St. John II
Yoannis o ? o
Yoannis Alexandria, Egypt
10 June 516
- 27 October 518
(2 years, 4 months, 15 days)
St. Dioscorus II
Dioscoros o o ?
Dioscoros Alexandria, Egypt
10 November 518
- 20 February 536
(17 years, 3 months)
St. Timothy III
Timotheos o o
Timotheos Alexandria, Egypt
22 February 536
- 5 July 567
(31 years, 4 months, 15 days)
St. Theodosius I
Theodosios o ? o ?
Theodosios Alexandria, Egypt
25 July 567
- 2 July 569
(1 year, 10 months, 25 days)
St. Peter IV
Petros o o ?
Petros Alexandria, Egypt
26 June 569
- 25 June 605
(35 years, 11 months, 16 days)
Pope Damian of Alexandria.jpg St. Damian
Damianos o o
Damianos Syria

7th century

Apostolic Throne Portrait Popes & Patriarchs of Alexandria
English o Coptic o Arabic
Name before Patriarchate Place of Birth Notes
9 July 605
- 31 December 616
(11 years, 6 months)
St. Anastasius
Anastasios o ? o
Anastasios Alexandria, Egypt
2 January 617
- 16 January 623
(6 years, 14 months)
St. Andronicus
Andronikos o ? o ?
Andronikos Alexandria, Egypt
17 September 623
- 16 January 662
(39 years)
St. Benjamin I
Binyamin o o ?
Binyamin Barshüt,
Beheira Governorate, Egypt
During his Patriarchy in 639, an army of 4,000 Arabs led by Amr Ibn Al-Aas sent by the Caliph Umar, successor to Muhammad, invaded Egypt and defeated Byzantine Emperor Heraclius. Thus ended 200 years of Byzantine persecution of Coptic Orthodox Christians since the Council of Chalcedon. Within the Coptic Church, Pope Benjamin I is regarded as the Greatest Pope of all time.[]
22 September 662
- 26 October 680
(18 years, 9 months, 3 days)
St. Agathon
Aghathon o o
Agathon Mariout, Alexandria, Egypt
10 December 680
- 10 December 689
(9 years)
Pope John III
Yoannis o ? o
Hanna Samanoud, Gharbia Governorate, Egypt
16 January 690
- 18 November 692
(2 years, 10 months, 2 days)
St. Isaac
Ishaac o o ?
Ishaac El-Borolos, Kafr El Sheikh Governorate, Egypt
19 December 692
- 31 July 700
(7 years, 7 months)
St. Simeon I
Simeon o o
Simon Syria

8th century

Apostolic Throne Portrait Popes & Patriarchs of Alexandria
English o Coptic o Arabic
Name before Patriarchate Place of Birth Notes
8 May 704
- 14 February 729
(25 years, 9 months, 7 days)
St. Alexander II
Alexanderos o ? o
Alexanderos Banna Abu Sir, Gharbia Governorate, Egypt The Umayyad Caliph Al-Walid I did not limit himself to taxing the Copts' finances; he also taxed their patience. He publicly reviled Jesus and once, during a procession, he even spat in the face of an image of the Virgin Mary. When the Copts protested to the Caliph about the level of taxation he responded with more seizure of property and higher taxes. Such behavior continued under Al-Walid's successors; Yazid II not only reinstated all the earlier taxes, he also ordered the destruction of all crosses and sacred images in churches. He also ordered all his subjects to wear a leaden identification badge around their necks, and required that all Copts who wished to engage in business activity have the mark of a lion branded on their hands. Anyone caught without the mark would have his hand cut off.[1]
26 March 729
- 10 June 730
(1 year, 3 months)
St. Cosmas I
Kosma o o ?
Kosma Banna Abu Sir,
Gharbia Governorate, Egypt
8 July 730
- 14 February 742
(11 years, 7 months, 7 days)
St. Theodore I
Tawadros o o ?
Tadros Egypt
14 September 743
- 25 March 767
(23 years, 6 months)
St. Michael I
Khail o ? o
Khail Egypt He was thrown into prison by Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan ibn Musa bin Nusayr. Hence, King Kyriakos of Makuria marched north into Egypt at the head of an army said to number 100,000 men to free the Pope. However, once the Makurian army reached Egypt, the Pope was released from prison.[2]
9 April 767
- 7 February 776
(8 years, 10 months)
Pope Mina I
Mina o ? o ?
Mena Samanoud,
Gharbia Governorate, Egypt
24 January 777
- 24 January 799
(22 years)
St. John IV
Yoannis o ? o
Yoannis Banna Abu Sir,
Gharbia Governorate, Egypt
26 January 799
- 30 April 819
(20 years, 2 months, 21 days)
St. Mark II
Marcos o o ?
Marcos Alexandria, Egypt During his Patriarchy, the Copts were persecuted by the Abbasid Sultan, Harun al-Rashid

9th century

Apostolic Throne Portrait Popes & Patriarchs of Alexandria
English o Coptic o Arabic
Name before Patriarchate Place of Birth Notes
12 May 819
- 21 February 830
(10 years, 9 months, 9 days)
St. James
Yakobos o ? o
Yakobos Nabaroh, Dakahlia Governorate, Egypt In 829, the Copts of the entire Nile Delta rebelled against the Muslim authorities because of excessive taxation and religious persecution. The revolt spread to Upper Egypt. This was the greatest, the most widespread and the most broad based Egyptian rebellion in the history of Egypt under Islam.
28 February 830
- 13 October 830
(5 months, 17 days)
St. Simeon II
Simeon o o
Simon Alexandria, Egypt
30 November 831
- 2 November 849
(17 years, 11 months, 2 days)
St. Joseph
Yousab o o
Youssef Menouf, Monufia Governorate, Egypt In 831, Al-Ma'mun, Caliph of the Abbasid Caliphate asked the Pope to pacify the rebels. The Pope asked the people for calm and obedience to the oppressor. All heeded him except the Bashmurians in the northernmost part of the Nile Delta, who refused his advice. Al-Ma'mun finally had to bring a large army with elephants from Turkey to conquer the Bashmurians. Without the help of Upper Egypt the Bashmurians revolt ended up in defeat, a blood bath, and widespread destruction in the marshland of the lower delta. All the surviving population of that area was removed by force to Syria.
20 November 849
- 30 April 851
(1 year, 4 months, 28 days)
St. Michael II
Khail o ? o
Egypt
21 July 851
- 30 November 858
(7 years, 4 months, 9 days)
St. Cosmas II
Kosma o o ?
Samanoud, Gharbia Governorate, Egypt
8 January 859
- 2 May 880
(21 years, 3 months, 11 days)
St. Shenouda I
Shenoute o o
Shenouda Samanoud, Gharbia Governorate, Egypt
25 April 880
- 29 March 907
(27 years, 1 month, 9 days)
St. Michael III
Khail o ? o
Khail Egypt In 882, the governor of Egypt, Ahmad ibn Tulun, forced the Pope to pay heavy contributions, forcing him to sell a church and some attached properties to the local Jewish community. This building was at one time believed to have later become the site of the Cairo Geniza.

10th century

Apostolic Throne Portrait Popes & Patriarchs of Alexandria
English o Coptic o Arabic
Name before Patriarchate Place of Birth Notes
29 May 909
- 28 February 920
(10 years, 9 months)
St. Gabriel I
Gabriel o ? o
Gabriel Shibin El Kom, Monufia Governorate, Egypt
28 February 920
- 12 March 932
(12 years)
St. Cosmas III
Kosma o o ?
Kosma Egypt
9 April 932
- 2 April 952
(19 years, 11 months, 23 days)
St. Macarius I
Macarius o o ?
Alexandria, Egypt
1 August 952
- 19 December 956
(4 years, 4 months, 11 days)
St. Theophilus
Theophilos o n o
Theophilos Alexandria, Egypt
20 December 956
- 25 November 974
(17 years, 11 months, 6 days)
Pope Mina II
Mina o n? o ?
Mena Sandela, Kafr El Sheikh Governorate, Egypt
28 November 975
- 16 December 978
(3 years, 11 months)
Pope Abraham of Alexandria.jpg St. Abraham
Avraam o o ?
Abraam ibn Zeraa Syria Al-Mu'iz, Caliph of the Fatimid Caliphate challenged Pope Abraham "if you have faith as a mustard seed, you will say to this mountain, 'Move from here to there,' and it will move" (Matt 17:20 & Mark 11:23). After 3 days of prayers and fasting the Pope with St. Simon the Tanner moved the Mokattam Mountain east of Cairo. The story of this miracle can be found in the History of the Patriarchs of Alexandria written by the historian Severus Ibn al-Muqaffa.
10 April 979
-21 November 1003
(24 years, 7 months, 10 days)
Pope Philotheos
Philotheos o o
Philotheos Egypt

11th century

Apostolic Throne Portrait Popes & Patriarchs of Alexandria
English o Coptic o Arabic
Name before Patriarchate Place of Birth Notes
28 September 1004
- 22 November 1032
(27 years, 11 months, 12 days)
St. Zacharias
Zacharias o o ?
Zacharias Alexandria, Egypt During his Patriarchy, the Copts were persecuted for nine years by the Caliph Al-Hakim. More than 30,000 churches were demolished, including the burning of the Church of the Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem. Al-Hakim had seized the Pope, smeared his clothes with the blood of a slaughtered sheep and cast him to hungry lions, but they did not harm him. The Caliph marvelled and ordered that the Pope be allowed to rebuild churches and restore those that were destroyed.
13 December 1032
- 29 October 1046
(14 years, 7 months, 11 days)
Pope Shenouda II
Shenoute o o
Shenouda Minya El Qamh, Sharqia Governorate, Egypt
24 December 1046
- 23 December 1077
(31 years)
St. Christoldoulos
Khristodoulos o o
Khristodoulos Manzala, Port Said Governorate, Egypt In the year 1047 the Seat of the Coptic Orthodox Pope of Alexandria was moved from Alexandria to Cairo.
18 March 1078
- 19 June 1092
(14 years, 2 months, 20 days)
St. Cyril II
Kyrillos o o
Guirguis Egypt
9 October 1092
- 7 June 1102
(9 years, 7 months, 17 days)
St. Michael IV
Mikhail o o ?
Mikhail Sakha, Kafr El Sheikh Governorate, Egypt

12th century

Apostolic Throne Portrait Popes & Patriarchs of Alexandria
English o Coptic o Arabic
Name before Patriarchate Place of Birth Notes
22 November 1102
- 14 September 1128
(26 years, 1 month, 11 days)
St. Macarius II
Macarios o o ?
Egypt
3 February 1131
- 18 April 1145
(14 years, 2 months, 2 days)
St. Gabriel II
Gabriel o ? o
Ela ibn Turaik Fustat, Egypt
29 July 1145
- 11 April 1146
(8 months)
St. Michael V
Mikhail o o ?
Mikhail Daqadus, Dakahlia Governorate, Egypt
25 August 1147
- 12 May 1166
(18 years, 8 months, 4 days)
St. John V
Yoannis o ? o
Yoannis Egypt
25 June 1166
-14 January 1189
(22 years, 6 months, 19 days)
Pope Mark III
Marcos o o ?
Farag ibn Abu al-Saad ibn Zarah Alexandria, Egypt
21 February 1189
- 22 January 1216
(26 years, 11 months, 8 days)
Pope John VI
Yoannis o ? o
Yoannis Egypt After his departure, the Apostolic Throne remained vacant for nineteen years. This is the longest vacancy in the history of the Coptic Orthodox Church.

13th century

Apostolic Throne Portrait Popes & Patriarchs of Alexandria
English o Coptic o Arabic
Name before Patriarchate Place of Birth Notes
30 July 1235
- 23 March 1243
(7 years, 8 months, 23 days)
St. Cyril III
Kyrillos o o
Daoud ibn Laqlaq Faiyum,
Faiyum Governorate, Egypt
After his departure, the Apostolic Throne remained vacant for seven years and seven months because of the intense persecution which did not allow the Copts to elect a successor.
15 October 1250
- 10 December 1261
(11 years, 1 month, 18 days)
Pope Athanasius III
Athanasios o o
Bolis Egypt
3 November 1268
- 14 January 1271
(2 years, 2 months, 10 days)
St. Gabriel III
Gabriel o ? o
Gabriel ibn Fakhry Egypt With support from some of the Bishops, Pope Gabriel III replaced Pope John VII and reigned for three years until his death, when Pope John VII was reinstated. This is the only occasion in history when the Coptic Orthodox Church had two Popes at the same time.
14 January 1262
- 2 November 1269

15 January 1271
- 21 April 1293
(29 years, 1 month, 8 days)

St. John VII
Yoannis o ? o
Youhanna ibn Said as-Sukari Cairo, Egypt With support from some of the bishops, Pope John VII was replaced for three years by Pope Gabriel III, who was originally one of the candidates for pope. Pope John VII was restored as pope after the death of Pope Gabriel III. This is the only occasion in history when the Coptic Orthodox Church had two popes at the same time.
17 July 1294
- 13 January 1300
(5 years, 5 months, 28 days)
Pope Theodosius II
Theodosios o ? o ?
Abdelmasih ibn Ruwail Bani-Khosaim,
Minya Governorate, Egypt

14th century

Apostolic Throne Portrait Popes & Patriarchs of Alexandria
English o Coptic o Arabic
Name before Patriarchate Place of Birth Notes
26 February 1300
- 11 June 1320
(20 years, 3 months, 15 days)
St. John VIII
Yoannis o ? o
Youhanna ibn Absal Binyamin Bani-Khosaim,
Minya Governorate, Egypt
During his Patriarchy, the Copts were persecuted by the Mamluk Sultan, Al-Nasir Muhammad ibn Qalawun. The Sultan decreed that whoever kills a Christian could have his possessions.
11 October 1320
- 10 April 1327
(6 years, 6 months, 1 day)
St. John IX
Yoannis o ? o
Yoannis Nephia,
Monufia Governorate, Egypt
On 8 May 1321, Muslims destroyed and burned over 60 Coptic churches and monasteries throughout Egypt.
23 May 1327
- 19 January 1339
(11 years, 7 months, 26 days)
Pope Benjamin II
Binyamin o o ?
Binyamin Dimikarat,
Luxor Governorate, Egypt
14 January 1340
- 21 July 1348
(8 years, 6 months, 6 days)
St. Peter V
Petros o o ?
Boutros Daoud Egypt
15 July 1348
- 13 February 1363
(14 years, 4 months, 26 days)
Pope Mark IV
Marcos o o ?
Farag Allah Qalyub, Qalyubia Governorate, Egypt
20 May 1363
- 26 July 1369
(6 years, 2 months, 7 days)
St. John X
Yoannis o ? o
Youhanna Damascus, Syria He was the fourth and last Syrian elected Pope of Alexandria. The other three popes elected from among the Syrians are as followed Pope Damian the 35th, Pope Simeon the 42nd, Pope Abraam the 62nd.
19 January 1370
- 11 May 1378
(8 years, 3 months, 22 days)
St. Gabriel IV
Gabriel o ? o
Egypt During his Patriarchy, the Coptic Orthodox Christians were indiscriminately persecuted by Crusaders.
7 August 1378
- 13 January 1408
(30 years, 5 months, 6 days)
Pope Matthew
Matheos o o
Matta Bani Ruh, Ashmunein,
Minya Governorate, Egypt
Also known as El Meskin ("The Poor") for his charitable deeds to the poor. During his Patriarchy, a great number of Coptic Orthodox Christians were indiscriminately persecuted by the Crusaders.

15th century

Apostolic Throne Portrait Popes & Patriarchs of Alexandria
English o Coptic o Arabic
Name before Patriarchate Place of Birth Notes
4 May 1409
- 16 January 1427
(17 years, 8 months, 12 days)
Pope Gabriel V
Gabriel o ? o
Giza,
Giza Governorate, Egypt
11 May 1427
- 17 May 1452
(24 years, 11 months, 23 days)
St. John XI
Yoannis o ? o
Farag El-Maksa,
Cairo, Egypt
In 1441, the Ethiopian Emperor Zara Yaqob threatened the Burji Sultan Sayf ad-Din Jaqmaq to cut the flow of the Nile because of the destruction of monasteries and persecution against Copts led by the Sultan Jaqmaq. However, the Emperor refrained from doing so for the human suffering it would cause.
23 September 1452
- 23 September 1465
(13 years)
St. Matthew II
Matheos o o
Sulayman Upper Egypt
1466
-28 December 1474
(8 years, 10 months, 6 days)
Pope Gabriel VI
Gabriel o ? o
Egypt
2 March 1477
- 23 February 1478
(1 year, 3 days)
Pope Michael VI
Mikhail o o ?
Samalut,
Minya Governorate, Egypt
1 May 1480
- 17 September 1483
(3 years, 4 months, 17 days)
Pope John XII
Yoannis o ? o
Naqada,
Qena Governorate,
Egypt
22 February 1484
- 18 February 1524
(39 years, 11 months, 26 days)
Pope John XIII
Yoannis o ? o
Sodfa,
Asyut Governorate, Egypt

16th century

Apostolic Throne Portrait Popes & Patriarchs of Alexandria
English o Coptic o Arabic
Name before Patriarchate Place of Birth Notes
14 October 1525
- 17 July 1568
(43 years, 25 days)
St. Gabriel VII
Gabriel o ? o
Roufail El-Qusiya,
Asyut Governorate, Egypt
17 April 1571
- 8 September 1586
(15 years, 4 months, 19 days)
St. John XIV
Yoannis o ? o
Manfalut,
Asyut Governorate, Egypt
20 June 1587
- 17 May 1603
(15 years, 10 months, 24 days)
St. Gabriel VIII
Gabriel o ? o
Shenouda Meir,
Asyut Governorate, Egypt

17th century

Apostolic Throne Portrait Popes & Patriarchs of Alexandria
English o Coptic o Arabic
Name before Patriarchate Place of Birth Notes
3 July 1603
- 11 September 1619
(16 years, 2 months, 9 days)
Pope Mark V
Marcos o o ?
El Bayadeya,
Asyut Governorate, Egypt
Arabic becomes Egypt's official language. Islamic rulers threatened to cut the tongues of any Egyptian that was found speaking in the Coptic language. Despite the persecutions, the Coptic Popes are credited for preserving the Coptic language.
18 September 1619
- 10 September 1629
(9 years, 11 months, 22 days)
St. John XV
Yoannis o ? o
Mallawi,
Minya Governorate, Egypt
Buried at St.Anba Bishih Monastery in El-Bayadia, Egypt.
7 September 1631
- 3 April 1646
(14 years, 6 months, 23 days)
St. Matthew III
Matheos o o
Tadros Toukh El-Nasarah, Monufia Governorate, Egypt
20 April 1646
- 20 April 1656
(10 years)
St. Mark VI
Marcos o o ?
Tadros Bahgourah,
Qena Governorate, Egypt
6 December 1660
- 22 August 1675
(14 years, 8 months, 9 days)
St. Matthew IV
Matheos o o
Guirguis Meir,
Asyut Governorate, Egypt
5 May 1676
- 17 June 1718
(42 years, 3 months)
St. John XVI
Yoannis o ? o
Ibrahim Toukh El-Nasarah, Monufia Governorate, Egypt

18th century

Apostolic Throne Portrait Popes & Patriarchs of Alexandria
English o Coptic o Arabic
Name before Patriarchate Place of Birth Notes
21 August 1718
- 4 April 1726
(7 years, 7 months, 11 days)
St. Peter VI
Petros o o ?
Morgan Asyut
Asyut Governorate, Egypt
12 January 1727
- 21 April 1745
(18 years, 3 months, 8 days)
St. John XVII
Yoannis o ? o
Abdelsayed Mallawi,
Minya Governorate, Egypt
30 May 1745
- 18 May 1769
(23 years, 11 months, 18 days)
St. Mark VII
Marcos o o ?
Simeon Klosna, El Bahnasa,
Minya Governorate, Egypt
During his Patriarchy, there was an attempt from the Catholic Church to take over the Coptic Church. They ordained a monk from Jerusalem to be a Catholic Bishop in Egypt, but he was unable to come to Egypt and stayed in Jerusalem. They also ordained Raphael Al Tokhi as their bishop for Upper Egypt, but he was unable to stay there, so the Pope of Rome called him to Rome to stay there. Pope Mark VII wrote many books about the Coptic Church.

23 October 1769
- 9 June 1796
(26 years, 7 months, 14 days)
St. John XVIII
Yoannis o ? o
Youssef Faiyum,
Faiyum Governorate, Egypt
During his Patriarchy, Pope Pius VI of Rome sent an envoy to Pope John XVIII of Alexandria asking him to unite the Church of Alexandria with the Roman Catholic Church under the proceedings of the Council of Chalcedon. Pope John XVIII and all the Bishops in Egypt unanimously refuted the Tome of Leo and defended "One Nature-the Logos Incarnate," of the full humanity and full divinity. The famous scholar and theologian Joseph el-Abbah, Bishop of Girga responded to Pope Pius VI message and rejected the proceedings of the Council of Chalcedon in which Leo, the Archbishop of Rome preached Christ "in two natures".
4 October 1796
- 21 December 1809
(13 years, 2 months, 19 days)
Pope Mark VIII.jpg St. Mark VIII
Marcos o o ?
Youhanna Tima,
Sohag Governorate, Egypt
During his Patriarchy, the French invaded Egypt. His seat at Haret Al Rum was transferred to Saint Mark's Coptic Orthodox Cathedral, Azbakeya in the year 1800.

19th century

Apostolic Throne Portrait Popes & Patriarchs of Alexandria
English o Coptic o Arabic
Name before Patriarchate Place of Birth Notes
24 December 1809
- __ ________ 1852
(42-43 years)
Pope Peter VII.jpg St. Peter VII
Petros o o ?
Mankarius Gawli, Manfalut,
Asyut Governorate, Egypt
A Russian ambassador offered the Patriarch Peter VII the protection from the Emperor of Russia, Nicholas I, however the patriarch thanked the Emperor, saying no other protection was needed than God.
5 June 1853
- 31 January 1862
(6 years, 7 months, 13 days)
Cyril IV of Alexandria.jpg Pope Cyril IV
Kyrillos o o
Daoud Sawamaa, Girga, Sohag Governorate, Egypt He established a Coptic School in Haret El-Sakkayeen. As well as a printing house and printed many church books.
17 June 1862
- 18 January 1870
(7 years, 7 months, 3 days)
Pope Demetrius II.jpg Pope Demetrius II
Demetrios o o
Mikhail Galda,
Minya Governorate, Egypt
1 November 1874
- 7 August 1927
(52 years, 9 months, 6 days)
Cyril V of Alexandria.jpg Pope Cyril V
Kyrillos o o
Youhanna Tezment, Beni Suef Governorate, Egypt Longest-serving pope in the history of the Coptic Orthodox Church. In 1908, Marcus Simaika Pasha obtained the approval of the pope to build the Coptic Museum which was inaugurated on 14 March 1910.

20th century

Apostolic Throne Portrait Popes & Patriarchs of Alexandria
English o Coptic o Arabic
Name before Patriarchate Place of Birth Notes
16 December 1928
- 21 June 1942
(13 years, 6 months, 5 days)
John XIX of Alexandria.jpg Pope John XIX
Yoannis o ? o
Dair Tasa,
Asyut Governorate, Egypt
First ever Bishop or Metropolitan ordained Pope.
19 February 1944
- 31 August 1945
(1 year, 6 months, 19 days)
114th Pope of Alexandria.jpg Pope Macarius III
Macarius o o ?
El-Mahalla El-Kubra, Gharbia Governorat, Egypt Was ordained metropolitan for Assiut at 24 years old.
26 May 1946
- 14 November 1956
(10 years, 5 months, 17 days)
Joseph II of Alexandria.jpg Pope Joseph II
Yousab o o
Naghamish,
Sohag Governorate, Egypt
Foundation of the Higher Institute of Coptic Studies.
10 May 1959
- 9 March 1971
(11 years, 9 months, 29 days)
Cyril VI of Alexandria.jpg St. Cyril VI
Kyrillos o o
Azer Youssef Atta Damanhur,
Beheira Governorate, Egypt
Pope Cyril VI (also known in Arabic as "the man of prayer") gave a humble, public image for the Coptic church. One of the more recent popes to become involved in politics, Pope Cyril VI had good relations with Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser. In the tenth year of his papacy, the holy church celebrates the inauguration of the new St. Mark Cathedral in Dair El-Anba Rowais, which was known also as Dair El-Khandaq. For this occasion and for the return of the relics of St. Mark the Apostle from Rome, after being in the city of Venice in Italy for eleven centuries, a great religious celebration was organized. The celebration was headed by Pope Kyrillos the Sixth and was attended by President Gamal Abdel Naser, President of the Arab Republic of Egypt, Emperor Haile Selassie the First, Emperor of Ethiopia, and many of the heads of different religions and representatives of churches from all around the world. Among those religious leaders was Mar Ignatius Yacoub the Third, the Antiochian Patriarch for the Syrian Orthodox. He is revered very highly today, and continues to perform numerous miracles especially for students in need.
14 November 1971
- 17 March 2012
(40 years, 4 months, 3 days)
Pope Shenouda III of Alexandria by Chuck Kennedy (Official White House Photostream).jpg Pope Shenouda III
Shenouda o o
Nazeer Gayed Roufail Abnub,
Asyut Governorate, Egypt
First Pope to visit the Patriarchs of Rome and Constantinople since 451 AD. Most notably, Pope Shenouda III's reign also saw the rapid diaspora of Coptic people throughout the whole world for the first time in centuries (including the establishment of hundreds of churches in the United States, Australia, Canada, Switzerland, and several other countries.) Pope Shenouda III had the greatest impact on the Coptic Church's canon, modernizing several regulations to fit not only the needs of the Coptic people, but the traditions of the Church as well. He is formally known as "the man of ministry".

21st century

Apostolic Throne Portrait Popes & Patriarchs of Alexandria
English o Coptic o Arabic
Name before Patriarchate Place of Birth Notes
18 November 2012
- Present
(Since 2012)
Tawadros II of Alexandria.jpg Pope Tawadros II
Tawadros o o ?
Wagih Subhi Baqi Sulayman Mansoura, Dakahlia Governorate, Egypt In August 2013, Churches and monasteries in Upper Egypt (built in the 4th and 5th centuries) were forced to cancel Sunday Mass for the first time in 1,600 years due to the intense persecution led by the Muslim Brotherhood.[3] Persecution also carried out by the Islamic State, including the 2015 kidnapping and beheading of Copts in Libya, 2018 Minya bus attack, Botroseya Church bombing, Palm Sunday church bombings and the attack on Saint Menas church.

References

General
  • Meinardus, Otto F.A. (2002). "Appendix B: The Patriarchs of the Coptic Church and the Rulers of Egypt". Two Thousand Years of Coptic Christianity. American University in Cairo Press. pp. 273-279. ISBN 978-977-424-757-6.
Specific
  1. ^ Atiya, Aziz S.. The Coptic Encyclopedia. New York:Macmillan Publishing Company, 1991. ISBN 0-02-897025-X.
  2. ^ Derek A. Welsby, The Medieval Kingdoms of Nubia (London, 2002), p. 73; B.T.A. Evetts (translator), The Churches and Monasteries of Egypt and Some Neighboring Countries attributed to Abu Salih, the Armenian, with added notes by Alfred J. Butler (Oxford, 1895), pp. 267ff
  3. ^ "Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights: List of attacks on churches, religious buildings and Christians' private property from 14 August to 17 August 2013". Archived from the original on 8 December 2015.

External links


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