List of Dail By-elections
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List of D%C3%A1il By-elections

Coat of arms of Ireland

politics and government of
the Republic of Ireland

This is a list of by-elections to Dáil Éireann, the house of representatives of the Oireachtas, the Irish legislature. By-elections in Ireland occur to fill vacant seats which can be caused by the death, resignation, disqualification or expulsion of a sitting Teachta Dála (member of parliament). Under the Electoral (Amendment) Act 2011, the writ for the by-election must be issued within six months of the vacancy.[1]

There have been 131 by-elections since 1923, to fill 133 vacancies. 92 of these were caused by the death of a sitting Teachta Dála (TD). There were seven by-elections during the lifetime of the 31st Dáil. There were no by-elections during the 3rd, 7th, 9th, 11th, 22nd, 25th and 26th Dála. The longest period without a by-election was almost 10 years between 1984 and 1994. The largest number of by-elections on one day was on 11 March 1925, when seven constituencies filled nine vacancies caused by the National Party's split from Cumann na nGaedheal. Those seven by-elections included two which filled two vacancies, via the single transferable vote. All the other by-elections have used its single-winner analogue, the alternative vote.

Twenty-three TDs who were elected at a by-election were not subsequently re-elected at a general election. The only person twice elected at by-elections was Thomas Hennessy.

First and Second Dáil

The First Dáil was established by Sinn Féin members returned in the 1918 election to the House of Commons of the United Kingdom. Convention in the Commons was that the writ for a by-election be moved by a party colleague of the vacating member, which was impossible for the abstentionist Sinn Féin. There were three by-elections held for Westminster constituencies vacated by Unionist members during the lifetime of the First Dáil, all of whom took their seats in Westminster. The Second Dáil comprised those returned in the 1921 elections to the House of Commons of Southern Ireland and the House of Commons of Northern Ireland. There were no by-elections to either body during the lifetime of the Second Dáil.

Winner Party Constituency Date Outgoing Party Reason for vacancy Notes
Hugh T. Barrie U North Londonderry 4 March 1919 Hugh Anderson U Resignation This was the only by-election contested by Sinn Féin, Patrick McGilligan losing.[2]
Ind U East Antrim 27 May 1919 U Appointed commander of the Irish Guards
William Jellett U University of Dublin 28 July 1919 Arthur Samuels U Appointed to the High Court of Justice in Ireland

By-elections since 1923

By-elections in which seats changed hands are indicated with a grey background.

Winner Party Constituency Date Dáil Outgoing Party Reason for vacancy

Hugh Kennedy[a] CnaG Dublin South 27 October 1923 4th Dáil Michael Hayes CnaG Elected for two constituencies; chose to represent the NUI[3]
Patrick McGilligan CnaG NUI 3 November 1923 4th Dáil Eoin MacNeill CnaG Elected for two constituencies; chose to represent Clare.[4]
James O'Mara[a] CnaG Dublin South 12 March 1924 4th Dáil Philip Cosgrave CnaG Death
Batt O'Connor CnaG Dublin County 19 March 1924 4th Dáil Michael Derham CnaG Death
Richard O'Connell CnaG Limerick 28 May 1924 4th Dáil Richard Hayes CnaG Resignation
Michael Noonan[a] CnaG Cork East 18 November 1924 4th Dáil Thomas O'Mahony CnaG Death
Seán Lemass Rep Dublin South 18 November 1924 4th Dáil Hugh Kennedy CnaG Incompatible office: appointed as Chief Justice
John Madden Rep Mayo North 18 November 1924 4th Dáil Henry Coyle CnaG Disqualification
Michael Egan CnaG Cork Borough 19 November 1924 4th Dáil Alfred O'Rahilly CnaG Resignation
Denis McCullough[a] CnaG Donegal 20 November 1924 4th Dáil Peter J. Ward CnaG Resignation
Thomas Bolger[a] CnaG Carlow-Kilkenny 11 March 1925 4th Dáil Seán Gibbons CnaG Resignation
John Joe O'Reilly CnaG Cavan 11 March 1925 4th Dáil Seán Milroy CnaG Resignation
Patrick Leonard CnaG Dublin North[b] 11 March 1925 4th Dáil Francis Cahill CnaG Resignation
Oscar Traynor Rep Dublin North[b] 11 March 1925 4th Dáil Seán McGarry CnaG Resignation
Thomas Hennessy CnaG Dublin South 11 March 1925 4th Dáil Daniel McCarthy CnaG Resignation
Samuel Holt Rep Leitrim-Sligo[b] 11 March 1925 4th Dáil Thomas Carter CnaG Resignation
Martin Roddy CnaG Leitrim-Sligo[b] 11 March 1925 4th Dáil Alexander McCabe CnaG Resignation
Michael Tierney CnaG Mayo North 11 March 1925 4th Dáil Joseph McGrath CnaG Resignation
Martin Conlon CnaG Roscommon 11 March 1925 4th Dáil Henry Finlay CnaG Resignation
William Norton Lab Dublin County 18 February 1926 4th Dáil Darrell Figgis Ind Death
James Dwyer CnaG Leix-Offaly 18 February 1926 4th Dáil Seán McGuinness Rep Disqualification

Gearóid O'Sullivan CnaG Dublin County 24 August 1927 5th Dáil Kevin O'Higgins CnaG Death (assassination)
Thomas Hennessy CnaG Dublin South 24 August 1927 5th Dáil Constance Markievicz FF Death

Denis Gorey CnaG Carlow-Kilkenny 3 November 1927 6th Dáil W. T. Cosgrave CnaG Elected for two constituencies; chose to represent Cork Borough[5]
Vincent Rice CnaG Dublin North 3 April 1928 6th Dáil James Larkin IWL Disqualification due to bankruptcy
Thomas F. O'Higgins CnaG Dublin North 14 March 1929 6th Dáil Alfie Byrne Ind Incompatible office: elected to Seanad Éireann
Seán Mac Eoin CnaG Leitrim-Sligo 7 June 1929 6th Dáil Samuel Holt FF Death
James Geoghegan FF Longford-Westmeath 13 June 1930 6th Dáil James Killane FF Death
Thomas Finlay CnaG Dublin County 9 December 1930 6th Dáil Bryan Cooper CnaG Death
Thomas Harris FF Kildare 29 June 1931 6th Dáil Hugh Colohan Lab Death

Robert Rowlette[a] Ind University of Dublin 13 October 1933 8th Dáil James Craig Ind Death
Cecil Lavery FG Dublin County 17 June 1935 8th Dáil Batt O'Connor FG Death
Eamon Corbett FF Galway 19 June 1935 8th Dáil Martin McDonogh FG Death
Martin Neilan[a] FF Galway 13 August 1936 8th Dáil Patrick Hogan FG Death
Denis Allen FF Wexford 17 August 1936 8th Dáil Osmond Esmonde FG Death

John McCann FF Dublin South 6 June 1939 10th Dáil James Beckett FG Death
John J. Keane[a] FF Galway West 30 May 1940 10th Dáil Seán Tubridy FF Death

Donal O'Donoghue[a] FF Kerry South 10 November 1944 12th Dáil Fionán Lynch FG Incompatible office: appointed as a Judge
Patrick Shanahan[a] FF Clare 4 December 1945 12th Dáil Patrick Burke FG Death
Vivion de Valera FF Dublin North-West 4 December 1945 12th Dáil Seán T. O'Kelly FF Incompatible office: elected as President
Honor Crowley FF Kerry South 4 December 1945 12th Dáil Frederick Crowley FF Death
Bernard Commons CnaT Mayo South 4 December 1945 12th Dáil Micheál Clery FF Incompatible office: appointed as County Registrar of Dublin
Brendan Corish Lab Wexford 4 December 1945 12th Dáil Richard Corish Lab Death
Patrick McGrath FF Cork Borough 14 June 1946 12th Dáil William Dwyer Ind Resignation
Seán MacBride CnaP Dublin County 29 October 1947 12th Dáil Patrick Fogarty FF Death
Patrick Kinane CnaP Tipperary 29 October 1947 12th Dáil William O'Donnell CnaT Death
John Ormonde FF Waterford 29 October 1947 12th Dáil Michael Morrissey FF Death

Neil Blaney FF Donegal East 7 December 1948 13th Dáil Neal Blaney FF Death
William J. Murphy[a] Lab Cork West 15 June 1949 13th Dáil Timothy J. Murphy Lab Death
Patrick O'Donnell FG Donegal West 16 November 1949 13th Dáil Brian Brady FF Death

John Carew FG Limerick East 26 June 1952 14th Dáil Daniel Bourke FF Death
Phelim Calleary FF Mayo North 26 June 1952 14th Dáil P. J. Ruttledge FF Death
William Kenneally FF Waterford 26 June 1952 14th Dáil Bridget Redmond FG Death
Thomas Byrne Ind Dublin North-West 12 November 1952 14th Dáil A. P. Byrne Ind Death
Richard Barry FG Cork East 18 June 1953 14th Dáil Seán Keane Lab Death
Mark Deering FG Wicklow 18 June 1953 14th Dáil Thomas Brennan FF Death
Robert Lahiffe FF Galway South 21 August 1953 14th Dáil Frank Fahy FF Death
Stephen Barrett FG Cork Borough 3 March 1954 14th Dáil Thomas F. O'Higgins FG Death
George Coburn FG Louth 3 March 1954 14th Dáil James Coburn FG Death

Michael Colbert FF Limerick West 13 December 1955 15th Dáil David Madden FG Death
Kathleen O'Connor[a] CnaP Kerry North 29 February 1956 15th Dáil Johnny Connor CnaP Death
Patrick Byrne Ind Dublin North-East 30 April 1956 15th Dáil Alfie Byrne Ind Death
Kieran Egan FF Leix-Offaly 30 April 1956 15th Dáil William Davin Lab Death
John Galvin FF Cork Borough 2 August 1956 15th Dáil Patrick McGrath FF Death
Martin Medlar FF Carlow-Kilkenny 14 November 1956 15th Dáil Thomas Walsh FF Death
Noel Lemass FF Dublin South-West 14 November 1956 15th Dáil Peadar Doyle FG Death

Frank Sherwin Ind Dublin North-Central 14 November 1957 16th Dáil Colm Gallagher FF Death
Anthony Millar FF Galway South 30 May 1958 16th Dáil Patrick Beegan FF Death
Patrick Cummins FF Dublin South-Central 25 June 1958 16th Dáil Jack Murphy Ind Resignation
Seán Ó Ceallaigh FF Clare 22 July 1959 16th Dáil Éamon de Valera FF Incompatible office: elected as President
Richie Ryan FG Dublin South-West 22 July 1959 16th Dáil Bernard Butler FF Death
Henry Johnston[a] FF Meath 22 July 1959 16th Dáil James Griffin FF Death
Patrick Teehan[a] FF Carlow-Kilkenny 23 June 1960 16th Dáil Joseph Hughes FG Death
Joseph McLoughlin FG Sligo-Leitrim 1 March 1961 16th Dáil Stephen Flynn FF Death

Paddy Belton FG Dublin North-East 30 May 1963 17th Dáil Jack Belton FG Death
Sheila Galvin[a] FF Cork Borough 19 February 1964 17th Dáil John Galvin FF Death
Terence Boylan FF Kildare 19 February 1964 17th Dáil William Norton Lab Death
Joan Burke FG Roscommon 8 July 1964 17th Dáil James Burke FG Death
John Donnellan FG Galway East 3 December 1964 17th Dáil Michael Donnellan CnaT Death
Eileen Desmond Lab Cork Mid 10 March 1965 17th Dáil Dan Desmond Lab Death

John O'Leary FF Kerry South 7 December 1966 18th Dáil Honor Crowley FF Death
Fad Browne FF Waterford 7 December 1966 18th Dáil Thaddeus Lynch FG Death
Seán French FF Cork Borough 9 November 1967 18th Dáil Seán Casey Lab Death
Gerry Collins FF Limerick West 9 November 1967 18th Dáil James Collins FF Death
Sylvester Barrett FF Clare 14 March 1968 18th Dáil William Murphy FG Death
Godfrey Timmins FG Wicklow 14 March 1968 18th Dáil James Everett Lab Death
Desmond O'Malley FF Limerick East 22 May 1968 18th Dáil Donogh O'Malley FF Death

Seán Sherwin[a] FF Dublin South-West 4 March 1970 19th Dáil Seán Dunne Lab Death
Patrick Malone FG Kildare 14 April 1970 19th Dáil Gerard Sweetman FG Death
Patrick Cooney FG Longford-Westmeath 14 April 1970 19th Dáil Patrick Lenihan FF Death
Patrick Delap[a] FF Donegal-Leitrim 2 December 1970 19th Dáil Patrick O'Donnell FG Death
Larry McMahon FG Dublin County South 2 December 1970 19th Dáil Kevin Boland FF Resignation
Gene Fitzgerald FF Cork Mid 2 August 1972 19th Dáil Paddy Forde FF Death

Brendan Toal[a] FG Monaghan 27 November 1973 20th Dáil Erskine H. Childers FF Incompatible office: elected as President
Seán Brosnan FF Cork North-East 13 November 1974 20th Dáil Liam Ahern FF Death
Michael P. Kitt FF Galway North-East 4 March 1975 20th Dáil Michael F. Kitt FF Death
Máire Geoghegan-Quinn FF Galway West 4 March 1975 20th Dáil Johnny Geoghegan FF Death
Enda Kenny FG Mayo West 12 November 1975 20th Dáil Henry Kenny FG Death
Paddy Keaveney[a] IFF Donegal North-East 10 June 1976 20th Dáil Liam Cunningham FF Death
Brendan Halligan[a] Lab Dublin South-West 10 June 1976 20th Dáil Noel Lemass FF Death

Liam Burke FG Cork City 7 November 1979 21st Dáil Patrick Kerrigan Lab Death
Myra Barry FG Cork North-East 7 November 1979 21st Dáil Seán Brosnan FF Death
Clement Coughlan FF Donegal 6 November 1980 21st Dáil Joseph Brennan FF Death

Liam Skelly FG Dublin West 25 May 1982 23rd Dáil Richard Burke FG Resignation
Noel Treacy FF Galway East 20 July 1982 23rd Dáil Johnny Callanan FF Death

Cathal Coughlan[a] FF Donegal South-West 13 May 1983 24th Dáil Clement Coughlan FF Death
Tom Leonard FF Dublin Central 23 November 1983 24th Dáil George Colley FF Death
Brian Cowen FF Laois-Offaly 14 June 1984 24th Dáil Bernard Cowen FF Death

Eric Byrne DL Dublin South-Central 9 June 1994 27th Dáil John O'Connell FF Resignation
Michael Ring FG Mayo West 9 June 1994 27th Dáil Pádraig Flynn FF Resignation
Kathleen Lynch DL Cork North-Central 10 November 1994 27th Dáil Gerry O'Sullivan Lab Death
Hugh Coveney FG Cork South-Central 10 November 1994 27th Dáil Pat Cox Ind Resignation
Mildred Fox Ind Wicklow 29 June 1995 27th Dáil Johnny Fox Ind Death
Cecilia Keaveney FF Donegal North-East 2 April 1996 27th Dáil Neil Blaney IFF Death
Brian Lenihan Jnr FF Dublin West 2 April 1996 27th Dáil Brian Lenihan Snr FF Death

Jan O'Sullivan Lab Limerick East 11 March 1998 28th Dáil Jim Kemmy Lab Death
Seán Ryan Lab Dublin North 11 March 1998 28th Dáil Ray Burke FF Resignation
Simon Coveney FG Cork South-Central 23 October 1998 28th Dáil Hugh Coveney FG Death
Mary Upton Lab Dublin South-Central 27 October 1999 28th Dáil Pat Upton Lab Death
Séamus Healy Ind Tipperary South 22 June 2000 28th Dáil Michael Ferris Lab Death
Tom Hayes FG Tipperary South 30 June 2001 28th Dáil Theresa Ahearn FG Death

Catherine Murphy Ind Kildare North 11 March 2005 29th Dáil Charlie McCreevy FF Resignation
Shane McEntee FG Meath 11 March 2005 29th Dáil John Bruton FG Resignation

George Lee[a] FG Dublin South 5 June 2009 30th Dáil Séamus Brennan FF Death
Maureen O'Sullivan Ind Dublin Central 5 June 2009 30th Dáil Tony Gregory Ind Death
Pearse Doherty SF Donegal South-West 25 November 2010 30th Dáil Pat "the Cope" Gallagher FF Incompatible office: elected to the European Parliament
Patrick Nulty Lab Dublin West 27 October 2011 31st Dáil Brian Lenihan Jnr FF Death
Helen McEntee FG Meath East 27 March 2013 31st Dáil Shane McEntee FG Death
Ruth Coppinger SP Dublin West 23 May 2014 31st Dáil Patrick Nulty Ind Resignation
Gabrielle McFadden[a] FG Longford-Westmeath 23 May 2014 31st Dáil Nicky McFadden FG Death
Paul Murphy AAA Dublin South-West 10 October 2014 31st Dáil Brian Hayes FG Incompatible office: elected to the European Parliament
Michael Fitzmaurice Ind Roscommon-South Leitrim 10 October 2014 31st Dáil Luke 'Ming' Flanagan Ind Incompatible office: elected to the European Parliament
Bobby Aylward FF Carlow-Kilkenny 22 May 2015 31st Dáil Phil Hogan FG Resignation
Pádraig O'Sullivan FF Cork North-Central 29 November 2019 32nd Dáil Billy Kelleher FF Incompatible office: elected to the European Parliament
Joe O'Brien GP Dublin Fingal 29 November 2019 32nd Dáil Clare Daly I4C Incompatible office: elected to the European Parliament
Mark Ward SF Dublin Mid-West 29 November 2019 32nd Dáil Frances FitzGerald FG Incompatible office: elected to the European Parliament
Malcolm Byrne[a] FF Wexford 29 November 2019 32nd Dáil Mick Wallace I4C Incompatible office: elected to the European Parliament


Vacancies not filled

When Pierce McCan died on 6 March 1919, his East Tipperary seat was left vacant at Westminster. In April 1919 a Dáil committee considering how to fill the vacancy considered allowing nomination by the Labour Party (which had stood aside in the 1918 election to avoid splitting the nationalist vote)[6] before recommending that the Sinn Féin constituency organisation should nominate.[7] However, in June 1919 the Dáil decided that "it was due to the memory of the late Pierce McCann that his place should not be filled at present".[8] Later vacancies were also left unfilled; when Diarmuid Lynch resigned his seat in 1920, Arthur Griffith said "as the letter of resignation was addressed to the people of South-East Cork, the next step in the matter lay with the South-East Cork Executive of Sinn Fein".[9] Asked in the Civil War about filling Third Dáil vacancies, W. T. Cosgrave as Chairman of the Provisional Government stated "the condition of the country scarcely warrants the holding of elections".[10]

In the first Dáil, four Sinn Féin TDs represented two separate constituencies: Éamon de Valera, Arthur Griffith, Eoin MacNeill and Liam Mellowes. Ordinarily, this would prompt them to choose one constituency to represent, and to move a writ for a by-election in the other constituency.

Dáil Constituency Outgoing TD Party Reason for vacancy Date of vacancy Date of next election
1st Tipperary East Pierce McCan Sinn Féin Death in prison 6 March 1919 24 May 1921
1st Cork South East Diarmuid Lynch Sinn Féin Resignation 6 August 1920 24 May 1921
1st Cork Mid Terence MacSwiney Sinn Féin Death on hunger strike 25 October 1920 24 May 1921
1st North Wexford Roger Sweetman Sinn Féin Resignation 27 January 1921[11] 24 May 1921
2nd Waterford-Tipperary East Frank Drohan Sinn Féin Resignation 5 January 1922 16 June 1922
2nd Dublin County Frank Lawless Sinn Féin Death 16 April 1922 16 June 1922
2nd Longford-Westmeath Joseph McGuinness Sinn Féin Death 31 May 1922 16 June 1922
3rd Waterford-Tipperary East Cathal Brugha Sinn Féin (Anti-Treaty) Shot during the Civil War 7 July 1922 27 August 1923
3rd Mayo South-Roscommon South Harry Boland Sinn Féin (Anti-Treaty) Shot during the Civil War 1 August 1922 27 August 1923
3rd Cavan Arthur Griffith Sinn Féin (Pro-Treaty) Death 12 August 1922 27 August 1923
3rd Cork Mid, North, South, South East and West Michael Collins Sinn Féin (Pro-Treaty) Shot during the Civil War 22 August 1922 27 August 1923
3rd Sligo-Mayo East James Devins Sinn Féin (Anti-Treaty) Shot during the Civil War 20 September 1922 27 August 1923
3rd Cork Mid, North, South, South East and West Sean Hales Sinn Féin (Pro-Treaty) Shot during the Civil War 7 December 1922 27 August 1923
3rd Clare Patrick Brennan Sinn Féin (Pro-Treaty) Resigned 13 December 1922 27 August 1923
3rd Tipperary Mid, North and South Joseph MacDonagh Sinn Féin (Anti-Treaty) Death on hunger strike 25 December 1922 27 August 1923
6th Carlow-Kilkenny Peter de Loughry Cumann na nGaedheal Death[12] 23 October 1931 16 February 1932
6th Leix-Offaly William Aird Cumann na nGaedheal Death[12] 31 October 1931 16 February 1932
7th Cork East John Daly Cumann na nGaedheal Death[13] 23 February 1932 24 January 1933
7th Donegal Frank Carney Fianna Fáil Death[14] 19 October 1932 24 January 1933
7th Dublin County Thomas Finlay Cumann na nGaedheal Death[15] 22 November 1932 24 January 1933
8th Cork West James Burke Fine Gael Death[16] 10 September 1936 1 July 1937
9th Cork West Eamon Rice Fianna Fáil Death[17] 7 November 1937 17 June 1938
10th Wicklow Séamus Moore Fianna Fáil Death[18] 14 June 1940 23 June 1943
10th Cork South-East Brook Brasier Fine Gael Death[19] 31 August 1940 23 June 1943
10th Mayo North John Munnelly Fianna Fáil Death[20] 18 October 1941 23 June 1943
10th Cork Borough Thomas Dowdall Fianna Fáil Death[21] 7 April 1942 23 June 1943
10th Dublin South Thomas Kelly Fianna Fáil Death[22] 20 April 1942 23 June 1943
12th Carlow-Kildare James Hughes Fine Gael Death[23] 1 January 1948 4 February 1948
12th Sligo Martin Roddy Fine Gael Death[23] 8 January 1948 4 February 1948
12th Kilkenny Eamonn Coogan Fine Gael Death[23] 22 January 1948 4 February 1948
13th Wexford John Esmonde Fine Gael Resignation[24] 1 May 1951 30 May 1951
16th Carlow-Kilkenny Francis Humphreys Fianna Fáil Death[25] 19 April 1961 4 October 1961
17th Longford-Westmeath Michael Kennedy Fianna Fáil Death[26] 14 February 1965 7 April 1965
18th Wexford James Kennedy Fianna Fáil Death[27] 13 September 1968 18 June 1969
18th Tipperary South Don Davern Fianna Fáil Death[28] 2 November 1968 18 June 1969
19th Tipperary South Patrick Hogan Fine Gael Death[29] 5 October 1972 28 February 1973
19th Clare Patrick Hillery Fianna Fáil Resignation on his appointment as EC Commissioner 6 January 1973 28 February 1973
20th Dublin County South Richard Burke Fine Gael Resignation on his appointment as EC Commissioner[30] 25 January 1977 16 June 1977
20th Dublin South-West Declan Costello Fine Gael Resignation on his appointment as High Court judge[31] 19 May 1977 16 June 1977
21st Tipperary North Michael O'Kennedy Fianna Fáil Resignation on his appointment as EC Commissioner[32] 27 January 1981 11 June 1981
22nd Cavan-Monaghan Kieran Doherty Anti H-Block Death on hunger strike[33] 2 August 1981[34][35] 18 February 1982
24th Donegal South-West Cathal Coughlan Fianna Fáil Death[36] 21 June 1986 17 February 1987
25th Sligo-Leitrim Ray MacSharry Fianna Fáil Resignation on his appointment as EC Commissioner[37] 25 January 1989 15 June 1989
30th Dublin South George Lee Fine Gael Resignation[38] 8 February 2010 25 February 2011
30th Waterford Martin Cullen Fianna Fáil Resignation[39] 24 March 2010 25 February 2011
30th Donegal North-East Jim McDaid Fianna Fáil Resignation[40] 2 November 2010 25 February 2011
30th Dublin South-Central Seán Ardagh Fianna Fáil Resignation[41] 28 January 2011 25 February 2011
31st Galway West Brian Walsh Fine Gael Resignation[42] 14 January 2016 26 February 2016
32nd Cork North-Central Dara Murphy Fine Gael Resignation[43] 3 December 2019 8 February 2020

Footnotes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x TDs who were never subsequently re-elected.
  2. ^ a b c d A single by-election to fill two vacancies in the same constituency.

References

  • Walker, Brian M, ed. (1992). Parliamentary election results in Ireland, 1918-92. Dublin: Royal Irish Academy. ISBN 0-901714-96-8. ISSN 0332-0286.
  • "Dáil Éireann By Elections 1923-2013". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 2019.

Notes

  1. ^ "Electoral (Amendment) Act 2011: Section 2, Amendment of section 39 of Electoral Act 1992". Irish Statute Book. 25 July 2001. Retrieved 2019.
  2. ^ Laffan, Michael (1999). The Resurrection of Ireland: The Sinn Féin Party, 1916-1923. Cambridge University Press. p. 309. ISBN 9781139426299. Retrieved 2018.
  3. ^ Dáil Éireann debate - Wednesday, 19 Sep 1923
  4. ^ Dáil Éireann debate - Wednesday, 3 Oct 1923
  5. ^ Dáil Éireann debate - Wednesday, 12 Oct 1927
  6. ^ Mitchell, Arthur (1995). Revolutionary Government in Ireland: Dáil Éireann, 1919-22. Gill & MacMillan. p. 24. ISBN 9780717114818.
  7. ^ "East Tipperary Vacancy". Dáil Éireann debate. Oireachtas. 17 June 1919. Retrieved 2018.
  8. ^ "Report of Select Committee on East Tipperary Vacancy". Dáil Éireann debate. Oireachtas. 17 June 1919. Retrieved 2018.
  9. ^ "Resignation Of Deputy For South-East Cork". Dáil Éireann debate. Oireachtas. 6 August 1920. Retrieved 2018.
  10. ^ Cosgrave, W. T. (19 September 1922). "[Questions] Vacant seats in the Dáil". Dáil Éireann (3rd Dáil) debates. Oireachtas. Retrieved 2020.
  11. ^ Sweetman, R. M. (28 January 1921). "Mr. Roger Sweetman's Position". The Irish Times. p. 4. Retrieved 2020.
  12. ^ a b "Dáil Éireann debate - Wednesday, 4 November 1931: Death of Deputies - Message of Condolence". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 2019.
  13. ^ "Dáil Éireann debate - Wednesday, 9 March 1932: Death of Former Members of Dáil". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 2019.
  14. ^ "Dáil Éireann debate - Wednesday, 19 October 1932: Death of Deputy F. Carney". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 2019.
  15. ^ "Dáil Éireann debate - Wednesday, 23 November 1932: Death of Deputy Thomas A. Carney". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 2019.
  16. ^ "Dáil Éireann debate - Wednesday, 4 November 1936: Death of Deputy J.M. Burke". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 2019.
  17. ^ "Dáil Éireann debate - Wednesday, 10 November 1937: Death of Deputy Eamonn Rice". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 2019.
  18. ^ "Dáil Éireann debate - Wednesday, 19 June 1940: Death of a Deputy". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 2019.
  19. ^ "Dáil Éireann debate - Wednesday, 2 October 1942: Death of a Deputy". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 2019.
  20. ^ "Dáil Éireann debate - Wednesday, 29 October 1941: Bás an Teachta Seán ó Muinghile". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 2019.
  21. ^ "Dáil Éireann debate - Wednesday, 14 April 1942: Death of Deputy T.P. Dowdall". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 2019.
  22. ^ "Dáil Éireann debate - Tuesday, 21 April 1942: Death of Deputy T. Kelly". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 2019.
  23. ^ a b c "Dáil Éireann debate - Wednesday, 18 February 1948: Deceased Deputies". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 2019.
  24. ^ "Dáil Éireann debate - Tuesday, 1 May 1951: Resignation of Deputy". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 2019.
  25. ^ "Dáil Éireann debate - Tuesday, 20 April 1961: Death of Member: Expression of Sympathy". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 2019.
  26. ^ "Dáil Éireann debate - Tuesday, 16 February 1965: Death of Member: Expression of Sympathy". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 2019.
  27. ^ "Dáil Éireann debate - Wednesday, 23 October 1968: Death of Member: Expression of Sympathy". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 2019.
  28. ^ "Dáil Éireann debate - Tuesday, 5 November 1968: Death of Member: Expression of Sympathy". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 2019.
  29. ^ "Dáil Éireann debate - Wednesday, 25 October 1972: Death of Member: Expression of Sympathy". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 2019.
  30. ^ "Dáil Éireann debate - Tuesday, 25 January 1977: Resignation of Member". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 2019.
  31. ^ "Dáil Éireann debate - Thursday, 19 May 1977: Resignation of Member". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 2019.
  32. ^ "Dáil Éireann debate - Tuesday, 25 January 1977: Resignation of Member". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 2019.
  33. ^ "Dáil Éireann debate - Tuesday, 20 October 1981: Expressions of Sympathy". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 2019.
  34. ^ "Dáil Éireann debate - Wednesday, 21 October 1981: Issue of Writ: Motion". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 2019.
  35. ^ "Dáil Éireann debate - Tuesday, 26 January 1982: Issue of Writ: Cavan-Monaghan By-Election". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 2019.
  36. ^ "Dáil Éireann debate - Wednesday, 24 June 1986: Death of Member: Expression of Sympathy". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 2019.
  37. ^ "Dáil Éireann debate - Wednesday, 25 January 1977: Resignation of Member". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 2019.
  38. ^ "Dáil Éireann debate - Tuesday, 9 February 2010: Resignation of Member". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 2019.
  39. ^ "Dáil Éireann debate - Wednesday, 24 March 2010: Resignation of Member". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 2019.
  40. ^ "Dáil Éireann debate - Tuesday, 2 November 2010: Resignation of Member". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 2019.
  41. ^ "Dáil Éireann debate - Tuesday, 1 February 2011: Announcement of Business". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 2019.
  42. ^ "Dáil Éireann debate - Thursday, 14 January 2016: Resignation of Member". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 2019.
  43. ^ "Dáil Éireann debate - Wednesday 4 December 2019: Resignation of Member". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 2019.

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