List of Defense Ministers of France
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List of Defense Ministers of France

Minister of the Armed Forces
Ministre des armées
Marque mindef.svg
Honor flag & Naval jack of the Minister
(Florence Parly) 190907-D-BN624-0170 (48694393657) (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Florence Parly

since 21 June 2017
Ministry of the Armed Forces
Member ofGovernment
Reports toPresident
Prime Minister
SeatHôtel de Brienne,
Paris 7e, France
NominatorPrime Minister
AppointerPresident
Term lengthNo fixed term
Precursor
Formation21 November 1945 (1945-11-21)
First holderEdmond Michelet
DeputySecretary of State for Veterans
Chief of the Defence Staff
Salary10,135EUR per month
Websitewww.defense.gouv.fr

The Minister of the Armed Forces (French: Ministre des armées, lit. 'Minister of the Armies') is the leader and most senior official of the French Ministry of the Armed Forces, tasked with running the French Armed Forces. The minister is the third highest civilian[1] having authority over France's military, behind only the President of the Republic[2] and the Prime Minister.[3] Based on the governments, they may be assisted by a minister or state secretary for veterans' affairs.

The office is considered to be one of the core positions of the Government of France.

Since 21 June 2017, the Minister of the Armed Forces has been Florence Parly, the 44th person to hold the office.

History

The minister in charge of the Armed Forces has evolved within the epoque and regimes. The Secretary of State of War was one of the four specialised secretaries of state established in France in 1589. This State Secretary was responsible for the French Army (similarly, the Naval Ministers of France and the Colonies was created in 1669). In 1791, the Secretary of State of War became Minister of War, with this ministerial function being abolished in 1794 and re-established in 1795. Since 1930, the position was often referred to as Minister of War and National Defence. In 1947, two years after World War II, the ministry merged with the Ministry of the Navy and the Ministry of Air (created in 1930), while being headed by a Minister of National Defence responsible for the French Armed Forces, often referred to as Minister of the Armies and since 1947 until 2017, designated as Minister of Defence.

Powers and functions

As the head of the military, the minister is part of the Council of Defence.[4] In addition to their authority over the armed forces, the minister also heads the external and military intelligence community.[1] In this capacity, they are also a member of the National Council of Intelligence.[5]

Although the Minister of the Armed Forces is the official responsible for veterans affairs[6], they usually delegate their powers to a dedicated subordinate minister or state secretary.

The direct military subordinates of the minister are the:[7]

Officeholders

Provisional Government

No. Portrait Name Term Government President Ref.
Took office Left office Time in office
Ministry established
Minister of the Armed Forces
(Ministre des Armées)
1 Edmond Michelet em visita ao Brasil (1960).tif Edmond Michelet
serving with Minister of National Defence Charles de Gaulle
1 year, 25 days de Gaulle II
Gouin
Bidault I
Charles de Gaulle
Félix Gouin
Georges Bidault
Vincent Auriol
[8]
Minister of National Defence
(Ministre de la Défense nationale)
2 André Le Troquer.png André Le Troquer 37 days Blum III Léon Blum [9]

Fourth Republic

No. Portrait Name Term Government President Ref.
Took office Left office Time in office
Minister of National Defence
(Ministre de la Défense nationale)
3 François Billoux.png François Billoux
serving with
War Minister Paul Coste-Floret
Navy Minister Louis Jacquinot
Air Minister André Maroselli
102 days Ramadier I Vincent Auriol [10]
Interim by Yvon Delbos, Minister of State, from 4 May 1947 to 22 October 1947. [11]
Minister of the Armed Forces - Merger of the War, Navy and Air ministries[12]
(Ministre des Forces armées)
4 Pierre-Henri Teitgen.jpg Pierre-Henri Teitgen 278 days Ramadier II
Schuman I
Vincent Auriol [13]
Minister of National Defence
(Ministre de la Défense nationale)
5 Rene Mayer.jpg René Mayer 47 days Marie
Schuman II
Vincent Auriol [14]
6 Paul Ramadier.jpg Paul Ramadier 1 year, 47 days Queuille I [15]
7 Rene Pleven.jpg René Pleven 257 days Bidault II-III
Queuille II
[16]
8 Jules Moch.jpg Jules Moch 1 year, 30 days Pleven I
Queuille III
[17]
9 Georges Bidault.jpg Georges Bidault 210 days Pleven II
Faure I
[18]
10 Rene Pleven.jpg René Pleven 2 years, 103 days Pinay
Mayer
Laniel I-II
[19]
René Coty
Minister of National Defence and the Armed Forces
(Ministre de la Défense nationale et des Forces armées)
11 Bezoek van de Franse generaal J.P. Koenig aan de Stormschool Bloemendaal. NL-HlmNHA 54004047 (cropped).JPG Pierre Koenig 56 days Mendès-France René Coty [20]
Interim by Emmanuel Temple, Minister of Veterans and War Victims, from 14 August 1954 to 3 September 1954. [21]
12 Blanco portrait.svg Emmanuel Temple 139 days Mendès-France René Coty [22]
Minister of the Armed Forces
(Ministre des Armées)
13 Bourgès-Maunoury - Levi Eshkol 1958 (cropped).jpg Maurice Bourgès-Maunoury
serving with Minister of National Defence Jacques Chevallier
34 days Mendès-France René Coty [23]
Minister of National Defence and the Armed Forces
(Ministre de la Défense nationale et des Forces armées)
14 Bezoek van de Franse generaal J.P. Koenig aan de Stormschool Bloemendaal. NL-HlmNHA 54004047 (cropped).JPG Pierre Koenig 225 days Faure II René Coty [24]
15 General Pierre Billotte (1957).jpg Pierre Billotte 118 days [25]
16 Bourgès-Maunoury - Levi Eshkol 1958 (cropped).jpg Maurice Bourgès-Maunoury 1 year, 132 days Mollet [26]
17 Blanco portrait.svg André Morice 146 days Bourgès-Maunoury [27]
18 Jacques Chaban-Delmas-1.jpg Jacques Chaban-Delmas 189 days Gaillard [28]
19 Blanco portrait.svg Pierre de Chevigné 18 days Pflimlin [29]
Minister of the Armed Forces
(Ministre des Armées)
20 Blanco portrait.svg Pierre Guillaumat
serving with Minister of National Defence Charles de Gaulle
221 days de Gaulle III René Coty [30]

Fifth Republic

No. Portrait Name Term Government President Ref.
Took office Left office Time in office
Minister of the Armed Forces
(Ministre des Armées)
21 Blanco portrait.svg Pierre Guillaumat 1 year, 28 days Debré Charles de Gaulle [31]
22 Pierre Messmer01 (cropped 2).JPG Pierre Messmer 9 years, 137 days Debré
Pompidou I-II-III-IV
Couve de Murville
[32]
Interim : Alain Poher
Minister of National Defence
(Ministre de la Défense nationale)
23 Michel Debré.jpg Michel Debré 3 years, 287 days Chaban-Delmas
Messmer I
Georges Pompidou [33]
Minister of the Armed Forces
(Ministre des Forces armées)
24 Blanco portrait.svg Robert Galley 1 year, 53 days Messmer II-III Georges Pompidou
Alain Poher
[34]
Minister of Defence
(Ministre de la Défense)
25 Blanco portrait.svg Jacques Soufflet 248 days Chirac I Valéry Giscard d'Estaing [35]
26 Yvon Bourges (cropped).jpg Yvon Bourges 5 years, 245 days Chirac I
Barre I-II-III
[36]
27 Blanco portrait.svg Joël Le Theule 81 days Barre III [37]
28 Blanco portrait.svg Robert Galley 151 days [38]
29 Charles Hernu.jpg Charles Hernu 4 years, 121 days Mauroy I-II-III
Fabius
François Mitterrand [39]
30 Paul Quilès.jpg Paul Quilès 181 days Fabius [40]
31 André Giraud 1987 (cropped).jpg André Giraud 2 years, 53 days Chirac II [41]
32 Jean-Pierre chevenement et général jb pinatel à Valmy septembre 1989 (cropped).jpg Jean-Pierre Chevènement 2 years, 262 days Rocard I-II [42]
33 Pierre Joxe - Février 2013.jpg Pierre Joxe 2 years, 39 days Rocard II
Cresson
Bérégovoy
[43]
34 Beregovoy.jpg Pierre Bérégovoy 21 days Bérégovoy [44]
35 François Léotard 1988 (cropped).jpg François Léotard 2 years, 49 days Balladur [45]
36 William S. Cohen - Charles Millon (cropped).jpg Charles Millon 2 years, 17 days Juppé I-II Jacques Chirac [46]
37 Alain Richard.jpg Alain Richard 4 years, 337 days Jospin [47]
38 Michèle Alliot-Marie, French Minister of Foreign and European Affairs (5277700729) (cropped).jpg Michèle Alliot-Marie 5 years, 11 days Raffarin I-II-III
de Villepin
[48]
[49]
39 Defense.gov News Photo 100208-D-7203C-003 (cropped).jpg Hervé Morin 3 years, 180 days Fillon I-II Nicolas Sarkozy [50]
[51]
Minister of Defence and Veterans
(Ministre de la Défense et des Anciens Combattants)
40 Alain Juppé in Washington DC (cropped).jpg Alain Juppé 105 days Fillon III Nicolas Sarkozy [52]
[53]
41 Gerard Longuet (cropped).jpg Gérard Longuet 1 year, 79 days [54]
[55]
Minister of Defence
(Ministre de la Défense)
42 Reuven Rivlin at a meeting with Jean-Yves Le Drian, March 2018 (9730) (cropped).jpg Jean-Yves Le Drian 5 years, 1 day Ayrault I-II
Valls I-II
Cazeneuve
François Hollande [56]
[57]
Minister of the Armed Forces
(Ministre des Armées)
43 Hearing of Sylvie Goulard (France) , candidate commissioner for internal market (48832160786) (cropped).jpg Sylvie Goulard 35 days Philippe I Emmanuel Macron [58]
[59]
44 (Florence Parly) 190907-D-BN624-0170 (48694393657) (cropped).jpg Florence Parly 3 years, 121 days Philippe II
Castex
[60]
[61]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Defence Code - Article L1142-1".
  2. ^ "Defence Code - Article L1121-1".
  3. ^ "Defence Code - Article L1131-1".
  4. ^ "Defence Code - Article R*1122-2".
  5. ^ "Defence Code - Article R*1122-7".
  6. ^ "Defence Code - Article R*1142-2".
  7. ^ "Defence Code - Article R*3111-1".
  8. ^ Provisional Government of the French Republic (21 November 1945). "Decree on the composition of the government". gallica.bnf.fr (in French). Retrieved 2020.
  9. ^ Provisional Government of the French Republic (16 December 1946). "Decree on the composition of the government (N°294, Page 10691)" (in French). Missing or empty |url= (help)
  10. ^ Government of the French Republic (22 January 1947). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 2020.
  11. ^ Government of the French Republic (4 May 1947). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 2020.
  12. ^ Government of the French Republic (31 October 1947). "Décret n°47-2110 relatif aux attributions du ministre des forces armées". gallica.bnf.fr. Retrieved 2019.
  13. ^ Government of the French Republic (22 October 1947). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 2020.
  14. ^ Government of the French Republic (26 July 1948). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 2020.
  15. ^ Government of the French Republic (11 September 1948). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 2020.
  16. ^ Government of the French Republic (28 October 1949). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 2020.
  17. ^ Government of the French Republic (12 July 1950). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 2020.
  18. ^ Government of the French Republic (11 August 1951). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 2020.
  19. ^ Government of the French Republic (8 March 1953). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 2020.
  20. ^ Government of the French Republic (19 June 1954). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 2020.
  21. ^ Government of the French Republic (14 August 1954). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 2020.
  22. ^ Government of the French Republic (3 September 1954). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 2020.
  23. ^ Government of the French Republic (20 January 1955). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 2020.
  24. ^ Government of the French Republic (23 February 1955). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 2020.
  25. ^ Government of the French Republic (6 October 1955). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 2020.
  26. ^ Government of the French Republic (1 February 1956). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 2020.
  27. ^ Government of the French Republic (13 June 1957). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 2020.
  28. ^ Government of the French Republic (6 November 1957). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 2020.
  29. ^ Government of the French Republic (14 May 1958). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 2020.
  30. ^ Government of the French Republic (1 June 1958). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 2020.
  31. ^ Government of the French Republic (8 January 1959). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 2020.
  32. ^ Government of the French Republic (5 February 1960). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 2020.
  33. ^ Government of the French Republic (22 June 1969). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 2020.
  34. ^ Government of the French Republic (5 April 1973). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 2020.
  35. ^ Government of the French Republic (28 May 1974). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 2020.
  36. ^ Government of the French Republic (31 January 1975). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 2020.
  37. ^ Government of the French Republic (2 October 1980). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 2020.
  38. ^ Government of the French Republic (22 December 1980). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 2020.
  39. ^ Government of the French Republic (22 May 1981). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 2020.
  40. ^ Government of the French Republic (20 September 1985). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 2020.
  41. ^ Government of the French Republic (20 March 1986). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 2020.
  42. ^ Government of the French Republic (12 May 1988). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 2020.
  43. ^ Government of the French Republic (29 January 1991). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 2020.
  44. ^ Government of the French Republic (9 March 1993). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 2020.
  45. ^ Government of the French Republic (30 March 1993). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 2020.
  46. ^ Government of the French Republic (18 May 1995). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 2020.
  47. ^ Government of the French Republic (4 June 1997). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 2020.
  48. ^ Government of the French Republic (7 May 2002). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 2020.
  49. ^ "Lebanon army starts to move south". BBC. 17 August 2006. Retrieved 2020.
  50. ^ Government of the French Republic (18 May 2007). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 2020.
  51. ^ Elitsa Vucheva (2 October 2008). "EU peacekeepers to leave Bosnia". EUobserver. Retrieved 2020.
  52. ^ Government of the French Republic (14 November 2010). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 2020.
  53. ^ Steven Erlanger (14 November 2010). "Sarkozy Appoints a More Rightist Cabinet in Reshuffle". The New York Times. Retrieved 2020.
  54. ^ Government of the French Republic (27 February 2011). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 2020.
  55. ^ "French Foreign Minister Alliot-Marie quits over Tunisia". BBC. 27 February 2011. Retrieved 2020.
  56. ^ Government of the French Republic (16 May 2012). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 2020.
  57. ^ "New Socialist cabinet takes power in France". France 24. 16 May 2012. Retrieved 2020.
  58. ^ Government of the French Republic (17 May 2017). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 2020.
  59. ^ Alissa J. Rubin (17 May 2017). "Macron's Cabinet Gives Glimpse of How He Plans to Govern France". The New York Times. Retrieved 2020.
  60. ^ Government of the French Republic (21 June 2017). "Decree on the composition of the government". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 2020.
  61. ^ "Macron reshuffles cabinet, boosts women to top posts". France 24. 21 June 2017. Retrieved 2020.

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List_of_Defense_Ministers_of_France
 



 



 
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