List of French Consorts
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List of French Consorts

Queen Marie Antoinette, wife of King Louis XVI, was beheaded during the French Revolution.

This is a list of the women who were queens or empresses as wives of French monarchs from the 843 Treaty of Verdun, which gave rise to West Francia, until 1870, when the French Third Republic was declared.

Carolingian dynasty

Name Father Birth Marriage Became queen Coronation Ceased to be queen Death Spouse
Ermentrude of Orléans Odo, Count of Orléans 823 842 869 Charles the Bald
Richilde of Provence Bivin of Gorze c. 845 870 5/6 October 877 2 June 910
Adelaide of Paris Adalard of Paris c. 850-853 February 875 5/6 October 877 10 April 879 10 November 901 Louis the Stammerer
Richardis Erchanger, Count of Nordgau c. 840 862 12 December 884 13 January 888 18 September, 894-896 Charles the Fat
Théodrate of Troyes 868 before 885 February 888 1 January 898 903 Odo
Frederonne 887 907 917 Charles the Simple
Eadgifu of Wessex Edward the Elder 902 7 October 919 922 after 955
Beatrice of Vermandois Herbert I, Count of Vermandois c. 880 895 922 923 after 931 Robert I
Emma of France Robert I of France 894 921 13 July 923 934 Rudolph
Gerberga of Saxony Henry the Fowler c. 913 939 10 September 954 5 May 984 Louis IV
Emma of Italy Lothair II of Italy c. 948 965 26 March 986 ? Lothair
Name Father Birth Marriage Became queen Coronation Ceased to be queen Death Spouse

Capetian dynasty

Direct Capetians

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became queen Coronation Ceased to be queen Death Spouse Arms
Adelaide of Aquitaine William III, Duke of Aquitaine c. 945 970 3 July 987 24 October 996 1004 Hugh
Rozala of Italy Berengar II of Italy c. 937 988/989 996 996 7 February 1003 Robert II
Bertha of Burgundy Conrad I of Burgundy c. 952 996 1000 1035?
Constance of Arles William I, Count of Provence 986 1003 20 July 1031 25 July 1034
Matilda of Frisia Liudolf, Margrave of Frisia c. 1024 1034 1044 Henry I
Anne of Kiev Yaroslav I, Grand Prince of Kiev c. 1024 19 May 1051 4 August 1060 1075
Bertha of Holland Floris I, Count of Holland c. 1055 1072 1092 1094 Philip I
Bertrade de Montfort Simon I de Montfort c. 1070 15 May 1092 29 July 1108 1117
Adelaide of Maurienne Humbert II, Count of Savoy 1092 3 August 1115 1 August 1137 18 November 1154 Louis VI
Aleanor of Aqutaine and Henri II 1.jpg Eleanor of Aquitaine William X, Duke of Aquitaine 1122 22 July 1137 1137 25 December 1137 21 March 1152
annulment
1 April 1204 Louis VII
Constance Castile odLouise7.jpg Constance of Castile Alfonso VII of León and Castile 1141 1154 1154 1160
Adela of Champagne Theobald II, Count of Champagne c. 1140 1164 ? 18 September 1180 4 June 1206
Isabella of Hainault Baldwin V, Count of Hainaut 5 April 1170 1180 29 May 1180 1190 Philip II Arms of the Kings of France (France Ancien).svgBlason fr Hainaut ancien.svg
Ingeborg of denmark.jpg Ingeborg of Denmark Valdemar I of Denmark 1175 15 August 1193 25 August 1193 5 November 1193
separated
29 July 1236 Arms of the Kings of France (France Ancien).svgInsigne Danicum.svg
Agnes of Merania Berthold IV, Duke of Merania about 1175 June 1196 ? 1200
repudiated
20 July 1201 Arms of the Kings of France (France Ancien).svgCOA family de Méranie.svg
Ingeborg of denmark.jpg Ingeborg of Denmark Valdemar I of Denmark 1175 15 August 1193 1200
restored
14 July 1223
husband's death
29 July 1236 Arms of the Kings of France (France Ancien).svgInsigne Danicum.svg
Blanche of Castile Alfonso VIII of Castile 4 March 1188 22 May 1200 14 July 1223 6 August 1223 8 November 1226 26 November 1252 Louis VIII Arms of the Kings of France (France Ancien).svgRoyal Arms of Castille (1214-15th Century).svg
Margaret of Provence Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Provence c. 1221 27 May 1234 ? 25 August 1270 21 December 1295 Louis IX Arms of the Kings of France (France Ancien).svgRoyal arms of Aragon.svg
Isabella of Aragon James I of Aragon 1247 28 May 1262 25 August 1270 Not crowned 28 January 1271 Philip III Arms of the Kings of France (France Ancien).svgRoyal arms of Aragon.svg
Maria of Brabant Henry III, Duke of Brabant 1254 21 August 1274 24 June 1275 5 October 1285 10 January 1322 COA franch queen Marie de Brabant.svg
Joan I of Navarre Henry I of Navarre 14 January 1273[1] 16 August 1284 5 October 1285 5 January 1286 4 April 1305 Philip IV Arms of Jeanne de Champagne.svg
Marketa pecet.jpg Margaret of Burgundy Robert II, Duke of Burgundy 1290 23 September 1305 29 November 1314 uncrowned 15 August 1315 Louis X [2]
Clémence d'Anjou.jpg Clementia of Hungary Charles Martel of Anjou 1293 19 August 1315 24 August 1315 5 June 1316 12 October 1328 Arms of Clemence de Hongrie.svg
Jeanne II, Countess of Burgundy, Queen of France and Navarre.jpg Joan II, Countess of Burgundy Otto IV, Count of Burgundy 1291 1307 20 November 1316 9 January 1317 3 January 1322 21 January 1330 Philip V of France Coat of Arms of Joan II and Blanche of Burgundy as Queens Consort of Navarre.svg
Blanka hlava.jpg Blanche of Burgundy c. 1296 1308 3 January 1322 uncrowned 19 May 1322 April 1326 Charles IV [3]
Marieluxembourgfrenchqueen.jpg Marie of Luxembourg Henry VII, Holy Roman Emperor 1304 21 September 1322 15 May 1323 26 March 1324 Coat of Arms of Marie of Luxembourg as Queen Consort of Navarre.svg
Jeanne d'Évreux mini.jpg Jeanne d'Évreux Louis, Count of Évreux 1310 5 July 1325 11 May 1326 1 February 1328 husband's death 4 March 1371 Coat of Arms of Jeanne d'Évreux as Queen Consort of Navarre.svg
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became queen Coronation Ceased to be queen Death Spouse Arms

House of Valois

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became queen Coronation Ceased to be queen Death Spouse Arms
Jeanne de Bourgogne et Jean de Vignay.jpg Joan the Lame Robert II, Duke of Burgundy 24 June 1293 July 1313 1 April 1328 29 May 1328 12 September 1348 Philip VI Coat of Arms of Jeanne of Bourgogne (1293-1349).svg
Trojice Saint Denis.jpg Blanche of Navarre Philip III of Navarre 1330-1333 29 January 1350 not crowned 22 August 1350 husband's death 5 October 1398 Arms of Blanche de Navarre.svg
Jan jana.jpg Joanna I of Auvergne William XII, Count of Auvergne 8 May 1326 13 February 1349 22 August 1350 26 September 1350 29 September 1360 John II Coat of Arms of Jeanne of Auvergne.svg
Johana Bourbon.jpg Joanna of Bourbon Peter I, Duke of Bourbon 3 February 1338 April 1350 8 April 1364 19 May 1364 6 February 1378 Charles V Coat of Arms of Joan of Bourbon.svg
Christine de Pisan and Queen Isabeau detail.jpg Isabeau of Bavaria Stephen III, Duke of Bavaria c. 1370 17 July 1385 1389 21 October 1422
husband's death
24 September 1435 Charles VI Coat of Arms of Isabeau of Bavaria (round shild).svg
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became queen Coronation Ceased to be queen Death Spouse Arms

House of Lancaster

Some sources refer to Margaret of Anjou as Queen of France,[4] but her right to enjoy that title is disputed. She was briefly recognized only in English-controlled territories of France. (See also: Dual monarchy of England and France)

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became queen Coronation Ceased to be queen Death Spouse Arms
MargaretAnjou.jpg Margaret of Anjou René of Naples 23 March 1430 23 April 1445 not crowned as Queen of France 19 October 1453
defeat of the English in the Hundred Years' War
25 August 1482 Henry VI of England Arms of Margaret of Anjou.svg
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became queen Coronation Ceased to be queen Death Spouse Arms

Capetian dynasty

House of Valois

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became queen Coronation Ceased to be queen Death Spouse Arms
Marie of Anjou Louis II of Naples 14 October 1404 18 December 1422 ? 22 July 1461
husband's death
1463 Charles VII CoA of Marie of Anjou.png
Charlotte de Savoie.jpg Charlotte of Savoy Louis, Duke of Savoy 1443 14 February 1451 22 July 1461 ? 30 August 1483
husband's death
1 December 1483 Louis XI CoA of Charlotte of Savoy.png
BNF - Latin 9474 - Jean Bourdichon - Grandes Heures d'Anne de Bretagne - f. 3r - Anne de Bretagne entre trois saintes (détail).jpg Anne of Brittany Francis II, Duke of Brittany 25 January 1477 6 December 1491 8 February 1492 7 April 1498
husband's death
9 January 1514 Charles VIII Coat of Arms of Anne de Bretagne.svg
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became queen Coronation Ceased to be queen Death Spouse Arms

House of Valois-Orléans

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became queen Coronation Ceased to be queen Death Spouse Arms
St. Jeanne de Valois.jpg Joan of Valois Louis XI of France 23 April 1464 8 September 1476 7 April 1498
husband's ascension
Not crowned 17 December 1498
annulment
4 February 1505 Louis XII CoA of Joan of France.png
BNF - Latin 9474 - Jean Bourdichon - Grandes Heures d'Anne de Bretagne - f. 3r - Anne de Bretagne entre trois saintes (détail).jpg Anne of Brittany Francis II, Duke of Brittany 25 January 1477 8 January 1499 18 November 1504 9 January 1514 Coat of Arms of Anne de Bretagne.svg
1496 Mary Tudor.jpg Mary Tudor Henry VII of England 18 March 1496 9 October 1514 5 November 1514 1 January 1515
husband's death
25 June 1533 CoA of Mary of England.png
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became queen Coronation Ceased to be queen Death Spouse Arms

House of Valois-Angoulême

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became queen Coronation Ceased to be queen Death Spouse Arms
Claude of France, Duchess of Brittany.jpg Claude of France Louis XII of France 14 October 1499 18 May 1514 1 January 1515
husband's ascension
10 May 1517 20 July 1524 Francis I Coat of Arms of Claude de France.svg
Joos van Cleve 003.jpg Eleanor of Austria Philip I of Castile 15 November 1498 4 July 1530 5 March 1532 31 March 1547
husband's death
25 February 1558 CoA of Eleanor of Austria.png
Catherine-de-medici.jpg Catherine de' Medici Lorenzo II de' Medici, Duke of Urbino 13 April 1519 28 October 1533 31 March 1547
husband's ascension
10 June 1549 10 July 1559
husband's death
5 January 1589 Henry II CoA of Catherine de' Medici.png
François Clouet - Mary, Queen of Scots (1542-87) - Google Art Project.jpg Mary, Queen of Scots James V of Scotland 8 December 1542 24 April 1558 10 July 1559
husband's ascension
Not crowned as queen of France 5 December 1560
husband's death
8 February 1587 Francis II Royal Arms of the Kingdom of Scotland (1559-1560).svg
Elizabeth d Autriche by Francois Clouet 1510 1572.jpg Elisabeth of Austria Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor 5 June 1554 26 November 1570 25 March 1571 30 May 1574
husband's death
22 January 1592 Charles IX CoA of Elizabeth of Austria (queen of France).png
In the manner of François Clouet - Louise de Lorraine - Google Art Project.jpg Louise of Lorraine Nicholas, Duke of Mercoeur 30 April 1553 13 February 1575 Not crowned 2 August 1589
husband's death
29 January 1601 Henry III CoA of Louise of Lorraine-Vaudemont.png
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became queen Coronation Ceased to be queen Death Spouse Arms

House of Bourbon

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became queen Coronation Ceased to be queen Death Spouse Arms
Reine Marguerite de Valois.jpg Margaret of Valois Henry II of France 14 May 1553 18 August 1572 2 August 1589
husband's accession
Not crowned 17 December 1599
marriage annulled
27 March 1615 Henry IV CoA of Marguerite of France.png
Maria de' Medici Frans Pourbus the Younger (detail).jpg Marie de' Medici Francesco I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany 26 April 1575 17 December 1600 13 May 1610 14 May 1610
husband's death
3 July 1642 CoA of Marie of Medicis.png
Anna of Austria by Rubens (1622-1625, Norton Simon Museum).jpg Anne of Austria Philip III of Spain 22 September 1601 24 November 1615 Not crowned 14 May 1643
husband's death
20 January 1666 Louis XIII CoA of Anne of Austria.png
Detail of Marie Thérèse d'Autriche by Nocret.jpg Maria Theresa of Spain Philip IV of Spain 10 September 1638 9 June 1660 Not crowned 30 July 1683 Louis XIV CoA of Marie Thérèse of Austria.png
Carle Van Loo - Marie Leszczinska, reine de France (1703-1768) - Google Art Project.jpg Marie Leszczy?ska Stanis?aw Leszczy?ski 23 June 1703 4 September 1725 Not crowned 24 June 1768 Louis XV Marie Leczsinska.png
Gautier-Dagoty - Marie-Antoinette, 1775.jpg Marie Antoinette Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor 2 November 1755 19 April 1770 (by proxy)
16 May 1770
10 May 1774
husband's ascension
Not crowned 21 September 1792
husband's deposition
16 October 1793
executed
Louis XVI CoA of Marie-Antoinette of Austria.png
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became queen Coronation Ceased to be queen Death Spouse Arms

Françoise d'Aubigné, Marquise de Maintenon, who secretly married Louis XIV in 1683, was never publicly acknowledged as his wife.

Bonaparte dynasty

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became empress Coronation Ceased to be empress Death Spouse Arms
EmpressJosephine.jpg Joséphine de Beauharnais Joseph-Gaspard Tascher 23 June 1763 9 March 1796 18 May 1804
husband's ascension
2 December 1804 10 January 1810
divorce
29 May 1814 Napoleon I Blason Imperatrice Josephine.svg
Marie Louise of Austria.jpg Marie Louise of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor 12 December 1791 11 March 1810 (by proxy)
1 April 1810
Not crowned 6 April 1814
husband's abdication
17 December 1847 Blason de Marie-Louise d'Autriche, Impératrice des Français.svg
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became empress Coronation Ceased to be empress Death Spouse Arms

Capetian dynasty

House of Bourbon

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became queen Coronation Ceased to be queen Death Spouse Arms
Duchess d'Angouleme.jpg Marie Thérèse of France Louis XVI of France 19 December 1778 10 June 1799 2 August 1830 for 20 minutes Not crowned 2 August 1830
husband's abdication
19 October 1851 Louis XIX CoA of Marie-Thérèse of France.png

House of Orléans

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became queen Coronation Ceased to be queen Death Spouse Arms
Maria Amalia of Naples and Sicily by Louis-Édouard Rioult.jpg Maria Amalia of Naples and Sicily Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies 26 April 1782 25 November 1809 9 August 1830
husband's ascension
Not crowned 24 February 1848
husband's abdication
24 March 1866 Louis-Philippe Coat of arms of Marie Amélie of the Two Sicilies as Queen of the French.png

Bonaparte dynasty

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became empress Coronation Ceased to be empress Death Spouse Arms
Eugénie; keizerin der Fransen (2).jpg Eugénie de Montijo Cipriano de Palafox y Portocarrero, Count of Montijo 5 May 1826 30 January 1853 Not crowned 4 September 1870
husband's deposition
11 July 1920 Napoleon III Grand coat of arms of Empress Eugenie.svg

See also

References

  1. ^ "Joan I | Facts & Biography". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2020.
  2. ^ Imprisoned during her husband's reign due to the Tour de Nesle Affair. Coat of arms unknown
  3. ^ Imprisoned during her husband's reign due to the Tour de Nesle Affair. Coat of arms unknown
  4. ^ Mary Ann Hookham: "The life and times of Margaret of Anjou, queen of England and France ", 1872

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