List of Governors of Connecticut
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List of Governors of Connecticut
Governor of Connecticut
Seal of the Governor of Connecticut.svg
Seal of the Governor
Governor Ned Lamont of Connecticut, official portrait (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Ned Lamont

since January 9, 2019
StyleHis Excellency
ResidenceConnecticut Governor's Residence
Term lengthFour years
Inaugural holderJonathan Trumbull
DeputyLieutenant Governor of Connecticut
Salary$150,000 (2013)[1]
Websitewww.ct.gov/governor

The Governor of Connecticut is the elected head of the executive branch of Connecticut's state government, and the commander-in-chief of the state's military forces. The governor has a duty to enforce state laws, and the power to either approve or veto bills passed by the Connecticut General Assembly and to convene the legislature.[2] Unusual among U.S. governors, the Governor of Connecticut has no power to pardon.[3] The Governor of Connecticut is automatically a member of the state's Bonding Commission. He is an ex-officio member of the Board of Trustees of the University of Connecticut and Yale University.

There have been 68 post-Revolution governors of the state, serving 72 distinct spans in office. The longest terms in office were in the state's early years, when four governors were elected to nine or more one-year terms. The longest was that of the first governor, Jonathan Trumbull, who served over 14 years, but 7 of those as colonial governor; the longest-serving state governor -- with no other position included in the term -- was his son, Jonathan Trumbull Jr., who served over 11 years. The shortest term was that of Hiram Bingham III, who served only one day before resigning to take an elected seat in the U.S. Senate. Lowell P. Weicker Jr., is noted for a rare third party win in American politics, having been elected to a term in 1990 representing A Connecticut Party.

The current governor is Ned Lamont, a Democrat who took office on January 9, 2019.

Governors

For the period before independence, see the list of colonial governors of Connecticut.

Connecticut was one of the original Thirteen Colonies and was admitted as a state on January 9, 1788.[4] Before it declared its independence, Connecticut was a colony of the Kingdom of Great Britain.

Connecticut did not create a state constitution for itself until several decades after it became a state; until 1818, the state operated under the provisions of its colonial charter. The charter called for the election of a governor every year, but not more than once every two years, with the term commencing on the second Thursday in May.[5]

The current Constitution of Connecticut, ratified in 1965, calls for a four-year term for the governor,[6] commencing on the Wednesday after the first Monday in the January following an election.[7] The previous constitution of 1818 originally had only a one-year term for governor; this was increased to two years in 1875,[8] and four years in 1948.[9] The 1875 amendment also set the start date of the term to its current date; before then, it was the first Wednesday in the May following an election.[10] The constitution provides for the election of a lieutenant governor for the same term as the governor. The two offices are elected on the same ticket; this provision was added in 1962.[11] In the event of a vacancy in the office of governor, the lieutenant governor becomes governor.[12] Before the adoption of the 1965 constitution, the lieutenant governor only acted as governor.[13] There is no limit of any kind on the number of terms one may serve.

Governors of the State of Connecticut[a]
No.[b] Governor Term in office Party Election Lt. Governor[c][d]
16 JohnTrumbull.jpg   Jonathan Trumbull October 10, 1776

May 13, 1784
(not candidate for election)
No party 1776[e]   Matthew Griswold
1777
1778
1779
1780
1781
1782
1783
17 Matthew Griswold May 13, 1784

May 11, 1786
(lost election)[16]
Federalist 1784 Samuel Huntington
1785
18 Samuel Huntington - Charles Willson Peale.jpg Samuel Huntington May 11, 1786

January 5, 1796
(died in office)
Federalist 1786 Oliver Wolcott
1787
1788
1789
1790
1791
1792
1793
1794
1795
19 Oliver Wolcott Ralph Earl.jpeg Oliver Wolcott January 5, 1796

December 1, 1797
(died in office)
Federalist Lieutenant
Governor
acting as
Governor
Acting as Governor
1796 Jonathan Trumbull Jr.
1797
20 JonathanTrumbull.jpg Jonathan Trumbull Jr. December 1, 1797

August 7, 1809
(died in office)
Federalist Lieutenant
Governor
acting as
Governor
Acting as Governor
1798 John Treadwell
1799
1800
1801
1802
1803
1804
1805
1806
1807
1808
1809
21 John Treadwell (Connecticut Governor).jpg John Treadwell August 7, 1809

May 9, 1811
(lost election)[17]
Federalist Lieutenant
Governor
acting as
Governor
Acting as Governor
1810 Roger Griswold
22 Roger Griswold May 9, 1811

October 25, 1812
(died in office)
Federalist 1811 John Cotton Smith
1812
23 John Cotton Smith engraving.png John Cotton Smith October 25, 1812

May 8, 1817
(lost election)
Federalist Lieutenant
Governor
acting as
Governor
Acting as Governor
1813 Chauncey Goodrich
(died August 18, 1815)
1814
1815
Vacant
1816 Jonathan Ingersoll[f]
(died January 12, 1823)
24 Oliver Wolcott Jr by Gilbert Stuart circa 1820.jpeg Oliver Wolcott Jr. May 8, 1817

May 2, 1827
(lost election)
Toleration
Republican
1817
1818
1819
1820
1821
1822
Vacant
1823 David Plant[g]
1824
1825
1826
25 Gideon Tomlinson (Conn. Rep., Gov., US Sen.).jpg Gideon Tomlinson May 2, 1827

March 2, 1831
(resigned)[h]
Democratic-
Republican
1827 John Samuel Peters[g]
1828
1829
1830
26 JohnSamuelPeters (cropped).jpg John Samuel Peters March 2, 1831

May 1, 1833
(lost election)
National
Republican
Lieutenant
Governor
acting as
Governor
Acting as Governor
1831 Thaddeus Betts
1832
27 HenryEdwards.jpg Henry W. Edwards May 1, 1833

May 7, 1834
(lost election)
Democratic 1833 Ebenezer Stoddard
28 Samuel Augustus Foot.jpg Samuel A. Foot May 7, 1834

May 6, 1835
(lost election)
Whig 1834 Thaddeus Betts
29 HenryEdwards.jpg Henry W. Edwards May 6, 1835

May 2, 1838
(not candidate for election)
Democratic 1835 Ebenezer Stoddard
1836
1837
30 William Wolcott Ellsworth.jpeg William W. Ellsworth May 2, 1838

May 4, 1842
(lost election)
Whig 1838 Charles Hawley
1839
1840
1841
31 Chauncey Fitch Cleveland (Connecticut Governor).jpg Chauncey Fitch Cleveland May 4, 1842

May 1, 1844
(lost election)
Democratic 1842 William S. Holabird
1843
32 GovRogerBaldwin.jpg Roger Sherman Baldwin May 1, 1844

May 6, 1846
(not candidate for election)
Whig 1844 Reuben Booth
1845
33 Isaac Toucey - Brady-Handy.jpg Isaac Toucey May 6, 1846

May 5, 1847
(not candidate for election)
Democratic 1846 Noyes Billings
34 Clark Bissell professor of law Yale and Governor of Connecticut.jpg Clark Bissell May 5, 1847

May 2, 1849
(not candidate for election)
Whig 1847 Charles J. McCurdy
1848
35 Joseph Trumbull Connecticut Governor.jpg Joseph Trumbull May 2, 1849

May 4, 1850
(not candidate for election)
Whig 1849 Thomas Backus
36 ThomasHartSeymour.jpg Thomas H. Seymour May 4, 1850[i]

October 13, 1853
(resigned)[j]
Democratic 1850 Charles H. Pond
1851 Green Kendrick
1852 Charles H. Pond
1853
37 Charles H. Pond (Connecticut Governor).jpg Charles H. Pond October 13, 1853

May 3, 1854
(not candidate for election)
Democratic Lieutenant
Governor
acting as
Governor
Acting as Governor
38 Henry Dutton (Connecticut Governor).jpg Henry Dutton May 3, 1854

May 2, 1855
(lost election)
Whig 1854 Alexander H. Holley
39 William T. Minor.jpg William T. Minor May 2, 1855

May 6, 1857
(not candidate for election)
American 1855 William Field
1856 Albert Day
40 Alexander H. Holley (Connecticut Governor).jpg Alexander H. Holley May 6, 1857

May 5, 1858
(not candidate for election)
Republican 1857 Alfred A. Burnham
41 William A. Buckingham (Connecticut Governor).jpg William Alfred Buckingham May 5, 1858

May 2, 1866
(not candidate for election)
Republican 1858 Julius Catlin
1859
1860
1861 Benjamin Douglas
1862 Roger Averill
1863
1864
1865
42 Joseph Roswell Hawley - Brady-Handy.jpg Joseph Roswell Hawley May 2, 1866

May 1, 1867
(lost election)
Republican 1866 Oliver Winchester
43 JEEnglish.jpg James E. English May 1, 1867

May 5, 1869
(lost election)
Democratic 1867 Ephraim H. Hyde
1868
44 Marshall Jewell - Brady-Handy.jpg Marshall Jewell May 5, 1869

May 4, 1870
(lost election)
Republican 1869 Francis Wayland III
45 JEEnglish.jpg James E. English May 4, 1870

May 16, 1871
(lost election)[k]
Democratic 1870 Julius Hotchkiss
46 Marshall Jewell - Brady-Handy.jpg Marshall Jewell May 16, 1871

May 7, 1873
(not candidate for election)
Republican 1871[k] Morris Tyler
1872
47 Charles R. Ingersoll (Connecticut Governor).jpg Charles Roberts Ingersoll May 7, 1873

January 3, 1877
(not candidate for election)
Democratic 1873 George G. Sill
1874
1875[l]
48 Richard D. Hubbard (Connecticut Governor).jpg Richard D. Hubbard January 3, 1877

January 9, 1879
(lost election)
Democratic 1876[m] Francis Loomis
49 Charles B. Andrews (Connecticut Governor).jpg Charles B. Andrews January 9, 1879[n]

January 5, 1881
(not candidate for election)
Republican 1878 David Gallup
50 Hobart Baldwin Bigelow (Connecticut Governor).jpg Hobart B. Bigelow January 5, 1881

January 3, 1883
(not candidate for election)
Republican 1880 William H. Bulkeley
51 Thomas M. Waller (Connecticut Governor).jpg Thomas M. Waller January 3, 1883

January 8, 1885
(lost election)
Democratic 1882 George G. Sumner
52 Henry Baldwin Harrison (Connecticut Governor).jpg Henry Baldwin Harrison January 8, 1885[o]

January 7, 1887
(not candidate for election)
Republican 1884 Lorrin A. Cooke
53 Phineas C. Lounsbury (Connecticut Governor).jpg Phineas C. Lounsbury January 7, 1887[p]

January 10, 1889
(not candidate for election)
Republican 1886 James L. Howard
54 Bulkeley Morgan 2.jpg Morgan Bulkeley January 10, 1889[q]

January 4, 1893
(not candidate for election)
Republican 1888 Samuel E. Merwin
1890[r]
55 Luzon B. Morris (Connecticut Governor).jpg Luzon B. Morris January 4, 1893

January 9, 1895
(not candidate for election)
Democratic 1892 Ernest Cady
56 Owen Vincent Coffin (Connecticut Governor).jpg Owen Vincent Coffin January 9, 1895

January 6, 1897
(not candidate for election)
Republican 1894 Lorrin A. Cooke
57 Lorrin A. Cooke (Connecticut Governor).jpg Lorrin A. Cooke January 6, 1897

January 4, 1899
(not candidate for election)
Republican 1896 James D. Dewell
58 George E. Lounsbury.jpg George E. Lounsbury January 4, 1899

January 9, 1901
(not candidate for election)
Republican 1898 Lyman A. Mills
59 George P. McLean.jpg George P. McLean January 9, 1901

January 7, 1903
(not candidate for election)
Republican 1900 Edwin O. Keeler
60 Abiram Chamberlain (Connecticut Governor).jpg Abiram Chamberlain January 7, 1903

January 4, 1905
(not candidate for election)
Republican 1902 Henry Roberts
61 Henry Roberts (Connecticut Governor).jpg Henry Roberts January 4, 1905

January 9, 1907
(not candidate for election)
Republican 1904 Rollin S. Woodruff
62 Rollin S. Woodruff (Connecticut Governor).jpg Rollin S. Woodruff January 9, 1907

January 6, 1909
(not candidate for election)
Republican 1906 Everett J. Lake
63 GeorgeLLilley.jpg George L. Lilley January 6, 1909

April 21, 1909
(died in office)
Republican 1908 Frank B. Weeks
64 Frank B. Weeks (Connecticut Governor).jpg Frank B. Weeks April 21, 1909

January 4, 1911
(not candidate for election)
Republican Lieutenant
Governor
acting as
Governor
Acting as Governor
65 Simeon Eben Baldwin.jpg Simeon Eben Baldwin January 4, 1911

January 6, 1915
(not candidate for election)
Democratic 1910 Dennis A. Blakeslee[s]
1912 Lyman T. Tingier
66 Marcus H. Holcomb (Connecticut Governor).jpg Marcus H. Holcomb January 6, 1915

January 5, 1921
(not candidate for election)
Republican 1914 Clifford B. Wilson
1916
1918
67 Everett J. Lake (Connecticut Governor).jpg Everett J. Lake January 5, 1921

January 3, 1923
(not candidate for election)
Republican 1920 Charles A. Templeton
68 Charles A. Templeton (Connecticut Governor).jpg Charles A. Templeton January 3, 1923

January 7, 1925
(not candidate for election)
Republican 1922 Hiram Bingham III
69 HirambinghamIII.jpg Hiram Bingham III January 7, 1925

January 8, 1925
(resigned)[t]
Republican 1924 John H. Trumbull
70 John H. Trumbull January 8, 1925

January 7, 1931
(not candidate for election)
Republican Lieutenant
Governor
acting as
Governor
Acting as Governor[u]
1926 J. Edwin Brainard
1928 Ernest E. Rogers
71 Wilbur L Cross sitting in chair.jpg Wilbur Lucius Cross January 7, 1931

January 4, 1939
(lost election)
Democratic 1930 Samuel R. Spencer[s]
1932 Roy C. Wilcox[s]
1934 T. Frank Hayes
1936
72 Raymond Earl Baldwin.jpg Raymond E. Baldwin January 4, 1939

January 8, 1941
(lost election)
Republican 1938 James L. McConaughy
73 Robert A. Hurley January 8, 1941

January 6, 1943
(lost election)
Democratic 1940 Odell Shepard
74 Raymond Earl Baldwin.jpg Raymond E. Baldwin January 6, 1943

December 27, 1946
(resigned)[v]
Republican 1942 William L. Hadden
1944 Charles Wilbert Snow[w]
75 Charles Wilbert Snow December 27, 1946

January 8, 1947
(successor took office)
Democratic Lieutenant
Governor
acting as
Governor
Acting as Governor
76 James L. McConaughy January 8, 1947

March 7, 1948
(died in office)
Republican 1946 James C. Shannon
77 James C. Shannon March 7, 1948

January 5, 1949
(lost election)
Republican Lieutenant
Governor
acting as
Governor
Acting as Governor[x]
78 Chester Bowles (Connecticut Governor and Congressman).jpg Chester Bowles January 5, 1949

January 3, 1951
(lost election)
Democratic 1948 William T. Carroll
79 John Davis Lodge.jpg John Davis Lodge January 3, 1951

January 5, 1955
(lost election)
Republican 1950[y] Edward N. Allen
80 Abraham ribicoff.jpg Abraham Ribicoff January 5, 1955

January 21, 1961
(resigned)[z]
Democratic 1954 Charles W. Jewett
1958 John N. Dempsey
81 John Dempsey Connecticut.jpg John N. Dempsey January 21, 1961

January 6, 1971
(not candidate for election)
Democratic Lieutenant
Governor
acting as
Governor
Acting as Governor[aa]
1962 Samuel J. Tedesco
(resigned January 15, 1966)
Fred J. Doocy
1966 Attilio R. Frassinelli
82 Thomas Meskill.jpg Thomas Meskill January 6, 1971

January 8, 1975
(not candidate for election)
Republican 1970 T. Clark Hull
(resigned June 1, 1973)
Peter L. Cashman
83 Ella Grasso.jpg Ella Grasso January 8, 1975

December 31, 1980
(resigned)[ab]
Democratic 1974 Robert K. Killian
1978 William A. O'Neill
84
W A ONeill.jpg
William A. O'Neill December 31, 1980

January 9, 1991
(not candidate for election)
Democratic Succeeded from
Lieutenant
Governor
Joseph J. Fauliso
1982
1986
85 Lweicker.jpg Lowell Weicker January 9, 1991

January 4, 1995
(not candidate for election)
A Connecticut Party 1990 Eunice Groark
86 John Rowland (cropped).jpg John G. Rowland January 4, 1995

July 1, 2004
(resigned)[ac]
Republican 1994 Jodi Rell
1998
2002
87 FEMA - 29383 - Photograph by Debra Young taken on 04-19-2007 in Connecticut.jpg Jodi Rell July 1, 2004

January 5, 2011
(not candidate for election)
Republican Succeeded from
Lieutenant
Governor
Kevin Sullivan[w]
2006 Michael Fedele
88 Dannel Malloy 2016.jpg Dannel Malloy January 5, 2011

January 9, 2019
(not candidate for election)
Democratic 2010 Nancy Wyman
2014
89 Governor Ned Lamont of Connecticut, official portrait (cropped).jpg Ned Lamont January 9, 2019

present[ad]
Democratic 2018 Susan Bysiewicz

Succession

Notes

  1. ^ Data is sourced from the National Governors Association, unless supplemental references are required.
  2. ^ According to the Connecticut State Library, the official listing goes back to the first governor of Connecticut Colony in 1639, and did not include repeat governors serving non-consecutive terms in the colonial period; this makes Trumbull the 16th governor.[14] The official numbering since statehood includes repeat and acting governors.
  3. ^ The office of Lieutenant Governor was known as Deputy-Governor under the colonial charter, but the name 'Lieutenant Governor' was predominantly used after independence.[5]
  4. ^ Lieutenant governors represented the same party as their governor unless noted.
  5. ^ The Connecticut General Assembly approved the United States Declaration of Independence on October 10, 1776, and resolved that the state's government would continue as established under the charter. So, as colonial governor, Jonathan Trumbull became state governor, serving roughly 14 years total.[15]
  6. ^ Represented the Democratic-Republican Party
  7. ^ a b Represented the National Republican Party
  8. ^ Tomlinson resigned to take an elected seat in the United States Senate.[18]
  9. ^ The constitutional start date for the term in 1850 was May 1; the delay may be because Seymour was chosen by the legislature after a close election.[19]
  10. ^ Seymour resigned to be U.S. Minister to Russia.[19]
  11. ^ a b James English won the popular vote, but a canvassing committee found the election was fraudulent, and named Jewell governor several days into the term.[20]
  12. ^ This term was lengthened by 7 months due to a constitutional amendment moving the election schedule.[8]
  13. ^ First term under a constitutional amendment which lengthened terms to two years.[8]
  14. ^ The constitutional start date for the term in 1879 was January 8; the delay may be because Andrews was chosen by the legislature after a close election.[21][22]
  15. ^ The constitutional start date for the term in 1885 was January 7; the delay may be because Harrison was chosen by the legislature after a close election.[23]
  16. ^ The constitutional start date for the term in 1887 was January 5; the delay may be because Lounsbury was chosen by the legislature after a close election.[24]
  17. ^ The constitutional start date for the term in 1889 was January 9; the delay may be because Bulkeley was chosen by the legislature after a close election.[25]
  18. ^ Morgan Bulkeley did not run for re-election in 1890, but due to such a close contest and controversies, the results were not certified, and the legislature spent two years debating the issue; Bulkeley essentially served as governor by default.[25]
  19. ^ a b c Represented the Republican Party
  20. ^ Bingham resigned to take an elected seat in the United States Senate.[26]
  21. ^ Since Trumbull took over only one day into the term, nearly all sources describe J. Edwin Brainard as lieutenant governor during this term; however, constitutionally, he would have remained president of the senate and only acted as lieutenant governor. At least one contemporary news source describes him as such.[27]
  22. ^ Baldwin resigned to take an elected seat in the United States Senate.[28]
  23. ^ a b Represented the Democratic Party
  24. ^ Robert E. Parsons is always listed as serving as lieutenant governor during this term, but constitutionally he likely would have remained president of the senate. However, questions were raised over whether or not they should fully succeed to the next office.[29]
  25. ^ First term under a constitution amendment which lengthened terms to four years.[9]
  26. ^ Ribicoff resigned to become United States Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare.[30]
  27. ^ Anthony J. Armentano is always listed as serving as lieutenant governor during this term, but constitutionally he likely would have remained president of the senate. This is the last time such a confusion would exist, as the 1965 constitution established a solid line of succession.
  28. ^ Grasso resigned due to ovarian cancer.[31]
  29. ^ Rowland resigned due to a federal corruption investigation;[32] he later pleaded guilty to corruption.[33]
  30. ^ Lamont's first term expires on January 4, 2023.

References

General
  • "Governors of Connecticut". National Governors Association. Retrieved 2019.
  • "Roster of Connecticut Governors". Connecticut State Library. Retrieved 2018.
  • Loomis, Dwight; Joseph Gilbert Calhoun (1895). The Judicial and Civil History of Connecticut. The Boston History Company. pp. 114-117. Retrieved 2010.
  • Sobel, Robert (1978). Biographical directory of the governors of the United States, 1789-1978, Vol. I. Meckler Books. ISBN 9780930466015. Retrieved 2019.
Constitutions
Specific
  1. ^ "CSG Releases 2013 Governor Salaries". The Council of State Governments. June 25, 2013. Retrieved 2014.
  2. ^ CT Const. art. IV
  3. ^ "Pardons Power in Connecticut". Archived from the original on June 13, 2008. Retrieved 2008.
  4. ^ "Today in History: January 9". Library of Congress. Retrieved 2009.
  5. ^ a b 1662 Charter
  6. ^ CT Const. art. IV, § 1
  7. ^ CT Const. art. IV, § 2
  8. ^ a b c 1818 Const. amendment XVI
  9. ^ a b 1818 Const. amendment XLV
  10. ^ 1818 Const. art. IV § 1
  11. ^ 1818 Const. new amendment VII
  12. ^ CT Const. art. IV § 19
  13. ^ 1818 Const. art. IV § 14
  14. ^ "Roster of Connecticut Governors". Connecticut State Library. Retrieved 2008.
  15. ^ "Jonathan Trumbull". Connecticut State Library. Archived from the original on 2008-12-26. Retrieved .
  16. ^ "Matthew Griswold". Connecticut State Library. Retrieved 2018.
  17. ^ "John Treadwell". Connecticut State Library. Retrieved 2018.
  18. ^ "Gideon Tomlinson". National Governors Association. Retrieved 2019.
  19. ^ a b "Thomas H. Seymour". National Governors Association. Retrieved 2019.
  20. ^ "James Edward English". National Governors Association. Retrieved 2019.
  21. ^ "Charles Bartlett Andrews". National Governors Association. Retrieved 2019.
  22. ^ "Governor Andrews' First Message". New York Herald. New York City. January 10, 1879. Retrieved 2018.
  23. ^ "Henry Baldwin Harrison". National Governors Association. Retrieved 2019.
  24. ^ "Phineas Chapman Lounsbury". National Governors Association. Retrieved 2019.
  25. ^ a b "Morgan Gardner Bulkeley". National Governors Association. Retrieved 2019.
  26. ^ "Hiram Bingham". National Governors Association. Retrieved 2019.
  27. ^ "Unknown title". Hartford Courant. Hartford, Connecticut. January 11, 1925. Retrieved 2018. Acting Lieutenant-Governor Brainard, once a foundry hand...
  28. ^ "Raymond Early Baldwin". National Governors Association. Retrieved 2019.
  29. ^ "Doubt Cast on Parsons's Right to Title". Hartford Courant. Hartford, Connecticut. March 31, 1948. Retrieved 2018.
  30. ^ "Abraham Alexander Ribicoff". National Governors Association. Retrieved 2019.
  31. ^ "Ella T. Grasso". National Governors Association. Retrieved 2019.
  32. ^ William Yardley; Stacey Stowe; Avi Salzman and Alison Leigh Cowan (June 22, 2004). "Connecticut's Governor Steps Down". The New York Times.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  33. ^ Robert D. McFadden (December 24, 2004). "An Ex-Governor Says He's Guilty". The New York Times.

External links


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List_of_Governors_of_Connecticut
 



 



 
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