List of Manchu Clans
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List of Manchu Clans

This is an alphabetical list of Manchu clans:

History

When the Jurchens were reorganized by Nurhaci into the Eight Banners, many Manchu clans were artificially created as a group of unrelated people founded a new Manchu clan (mukun) using a geographic origin name such as a toponym for their hala (clan name).[1]

Extinct Manchu clans

The Qing dynasty completely annihilated the Manchu clan Hoifan (Hoifa) in 1697 and the Manchu tribe Ula in 1703 after they revolted against the Qing.[2]

Han Chinese origin Manchu clans

Select groups of Han Chinese bannermen were mass transferred into Manchu Banners by the Qing, changing their ethnicity from Han Chinese to Manchu. Han Chinese bannermen of Tai Nikan (watchpost Han) and Fusi Nikan (Fushun Han)[3] backgrounds into the Manchu banners in 1740 by order of the Qing Qianlong emperor.[4] It was between 1618-1629 when the Han Chinese from Liaodong who later became the Fusi Nikan and Tai Nikan defected to the Jurchens (Manchus).[5] These Han Chinese origin Manchu clans continue to use their original Han surnames and are marked as of Han origin on Qing lists of Manchu clans.[6][7][8][9]

Han Chinese transfrontiersmen and other non-Jurchen origin people who joined the Later Jin very early were put into the Manchu Banners and were known as "Baisin" in Manchu, and not put into the Han Banners to which later Han Chinese were placed in.[10][11] An example was the Tokoro Manchu clan in the Manchu banners which claimed to be descended from a Han Chinese with the surname of Tao who had moved north from Zhejiang to Liaodong and joined the Jurchens before the Qing in the Ming Wanli emperor's era.[12][13][14][15] The Han Chinese Banner Tong ? clan of Fushun in Liaoning falsely claimed to be related to the Jurchen Manchu Tunggiya clan of Jilin, using this false claim to get themselves transferred to a Manchu banner in the reign of the Kangxi emperor.[16]

A

  • Aangang Hala ()
  • Acigecalr Hala (?)
  • Aha Gioro Hala ()
  • Aihui Hala ()
  • Aisin Gioro Hala ()
  • Aiyi Hala ()
  • Aiyos Hala (?)
  • Akjan Hala (?)
  • Ala Hala ()
  • Alai Hala ()
  • Alar Hala (?)
  • Albaki Hala ()
  • Altanemok Hala (?)
  • Alte Hala (?)
  • Amuharnu Hala ()
  • Amunibutas Hala (?)
  • Amuru Hala (?)
  • Andara Hala (?)
  • Angiya Hala ()
  • Aogiya Hala ()
  • Aora Hala ()
  • Aoratosin Hala ()
  • Arabiancian Hala ()
  • Arakcou Hala ()
  • Arakta Hala ()
  • Arbentcang Hala ()
  • Arbu Hala (?)
  • Ardan Hala (?)
  • Argi Hala (?)
  • Ariha Hala (?)
  • Arla Hala (?)
  • Artas Hala ()
  • Aru Hala ()
  • Arurote Hala ()
  • Arute Hala (?)
  • Asuke Hala (?)
  • Asute Hala (?)
  • Atamu Hala (?)
  • Aturamo Hala ()
  • Ayan Gioro Hala ()
  • Ayantatar Hala ()

B

  • Ba Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Bagiri Hala (?)
  • Bai Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Bai Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Baica Hala ()
  • Baican Hala ()
  • Baidar Hala (?)
  • Baidu Hala ()
  • Baige Hala ()
  • Baigiya Hala ()
  • Baigiyara Hala (?)
  • Baijin Hala ()
  • Baksang Hala (?)
  • Barda Hala (?)
  • Bari Hala ()
  • Barin Hala ()
  • Barra Hala (?)
  • Barut Hala (?)
  • Basun Hala ()
  • Bayak Hala (?)
  • Bayan Hala ()
  • Bayantu Hala (?)
  • Bayara Hala (?)
  • Bayarki Hala ()
  • Bayingeri Hala ()
  • Bayot Hala (?)
  • Bayotu Hala (?)
  • Beisu Hala ()
  • Beisut Hala (?)
  • Bektu Hala (?)
  • Bian Hala ()
  • Biangiya Hala ()
  • Biaot Hala ()
  • Bira Hala ()
  • Biru Hala ()
  • Birure Hara (?)
  • Birya Hala (?)
  • Bodisi Hala (?)
  • Boduot Hala (?)
  • Boduri Hala (?)
  • Bogulot Hala ()
  • Bohelok Hala ()
  • Bohite Hala (?)
  • Boholo Hala (?)
  • Bohori Hala (?)
  • Boljok Hala ()
  • Bolo Hala ()
  • Bolot Hala (?)
  • Boogi Hala ()
  • Boogiya Hala ()
  • Boorigit Hala ()
  • Borgi Hala (?)
  • Borgigin Hala ()
  • Borgik Hala ()
  • Borgisi Hala ()
  • Borgun Hala (?)
  • Borhigis Hala ()
  • Borholo Hala ()
  • Borjigin Hala (?)
  • Borjigit Hala ()
  • Bork Hala (?)
  • Borkit Hala ()
  • Borsut Hala ()
  • Bosoo Hala ()
  • Budara Hala (?)
  • Bugirgen Hala ()
  • Bugulut Hala ()
  • Bukur Hala (?)
  • Bulamu Hala (?)
  • Bulca Hala (?)
  • Buldurben Hala ()
  • Bulhaci Hala ()
  • Bulni Hala (?)
  • Bultu Hala (?)
  • Buni Hala ()
  • Burhacit Hala ()
  • Burut Hala (?)
  • Busa Hala ()
  • Busai Hala ()
  • Busi Hala ()
  • Busuk Hala (?)
  • Buyamuci Hala ()

C

  • C'ygiya Hala ()
  • Ca Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Cagiya Hala ()
  • Cahar Hala (?)
  • Cai Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Cai Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Caigiya Hala ()
  • Calagiolo Hala ()
  • Canggiya Hala ()
  • Cao Hala ()
  • Caodan Hala ()
  • Caogiya Hala ()
  • Caomut Hala (?)
  • Ce Hala ()
  • Cemgun Hala (?)
  • Cen Hala ()
  • Ceng Hala ()
  • Cenggiya Hala ()
  • Cengiya Hala ()
  • Cengni Hala ()
  • Ceyere Hala (?)
  • Ci Hala ()
  • Ci Hala ()
  • Cian Hala ()
  • Ciangiya Hala ()
  • Ciao Hala ()
  • Ciaogamuk Hala ()
  • Ciaogiya Hala ()
  • Cibogio Hala (?)
  • Cibucut Hala ()
  • Cibukit Hala ()
  • Cidare Hala (?)
  • Cideri Hala (?)
  • Cidumu Hala (?)
  • Cigiya Hala ()
  • Cikteng Hala (?)
  • Cileng Hala ()
  • Cilik Hala (?)
  • Cimketu Hala ()
  • Cimo Hala ()
  • Cimos Hala (?)
  • Cimot Hala (?)
  • Cimuk Hala (?)
  • Cin Hala ()
  • Cinera Hala (?)
  • Cinggeri Hala (?)
  • Ciog Hala ()
  • Ciog Hala ()
  • Ciogiya Hala ()
  • Cio?uri Hala (?)
  • Cirbosu Hala ()
  • Cirgote Hala ()
  • Citela Hala (?)
  • Ciu Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Ciu Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Ciugiya Hala ()
  • Ciwangiya Hala ()
  • Ciya Hala ()
  • Ciyahiri Hala (?)
  • Ciyakala Hala (?)
  • Ciyala Hala ()
  • Ciyarya Hala (?)
  • Ciyat Hala ()
  • Cogira Hala (?)
  • Cogoru Hala (?)
  • Cokcin Hala (?)
  • Colo Hala ()
  • Colos Hala (?)
  • Congnile Hala (?)
  • Cu Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Cui Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Cuigiya Hala ()
  • Cuihokin Hala ()
  • Cuijuk Hala (?)
  • Cuimulu Hala (?)
  • Cukule Hala (?)
  • Cibukinut Hala ()
  • Cilei Hala ()
  • Ciyogamut Hala ()

D

  • Dagiya Hala ()
  • Dahuri Hala (?)
  • Dai Hala ()
  • Daibolo Hala (?)
  • Daicit Hala (?)
  • Daigiya Hala ()
  • Dalaminan Hala ()
  • Dalok Hala (?)
  • Dalute Hala (?)
  • Daputu Hala (?)
  • Darcongga Hala ()
  • Darkun Hala (?)
  • Dartao Hala (?)
  • Dedun Hala ()
  • Dedure Hala (?)
  • Deng Hala ()
  • Detecit Hala ()
  • Ding Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Dinggiri Hala (?)
  • Dkdari Hala ()
  • Docin Hala ()
  • Dogin Hala ()
  • Dohing Hala ()
  • Dolar Hala (?)
  • Dolo Hala ()
  • Dolohog Hala (?)
  • Dolok Hala (?)
  • Dong Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Dongga Hala ()
  • Donggiya Hala ()
  • Donggo Hala ()
  • Donggor Hala (?)
  • Dorgun Hala (?)
  • Dortara Hala ()
  • Du Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Duan Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Ducile Hala (?)
  • Dugiya Hala ()
  • Dukda Hala (?)
  • Dulara Hala (?)
  • Duneheng Hala (?)
  • Dure Hala ()
  • Durha Hala (?)
  • Duri Hala ()
  • Durre Hala (?)
  • Duru Hala ()
  • Dusan Hala ()
  • Duwargiya Hala ()
  • Duyar Hala (?)

E

  • Elhuiejet Hala (?)
  • Ecin Hala ()
  • Ecolo Hala (?)
  • Egiri Hala (?)
  • Egit Hala (?)
  • Eje Hala ()
  • Ejet Hala (?)
  • Ejo Hala ()
  • Eju Hala ()
  • Ejut Hala (?)
  • Elakun Hala (?)
  • Elcolo Hala ()
  • Elgeji Hala ()
  • Elgetu Hala ()
  • Elhe Hala (?)
  • Elo Hala ()
  • Emit Hala (?)
  • Emok Hala (?)
  • Emoto Hala (?)
  • Emuco Hala (?)
  • Emutri Hala ()
  • Engite Hala ()
  • Eno Hala ()
  • Eraben Hala (?)
  • Ercin Hala (?)
  • Erdun Hala (?)
  • Erge Hala (?)
  • Ergeten Hala ()
  • Ergi Hala (?)
  • Ergis Hala ()
  • Ergonote Hala ()
  • Erik Hala (?)
  • Erimusu Hala ()
  • Erket Hala ()
  • Erkule Hala ()
  • Ertu Hala (?)
  • Ertut Hala ()
  • Ese Hala ()
  • Esolo Hala (?)
  • Esurhu Hala ()
  • Esuri Hala (?)
  • Eto Hala ()
  • Etung Hala ()
  • Eyisu Hala (?)
  • Eyo Hala ()
  • Eyot Hala (?)

F

  • Fan Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Fang Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Fang Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Fanggiya Hala ()
  • Fangiya Hala ()
  • Fedosimori Hala ()
  • Fei Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Feigiya Hala ()
  • Feimo Hala ()
  • Feiya Hala ()
  • Feiyangu Hala (?)
  • Feng Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Fenggiya Hala ()
  • Fu Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Fuca Hala ()
  • Fucen Hala ()
  • Fuciri Hala (?)
  • Fugiya Hala ()
  • Fujuri Hala (?)
  • Fulha Hala (?)
  • Fulkuru Hala ()
  • Fuse Hala ()
  • Fusere Hala (?)
  • Fusi Hala ()
  • Fusuhu Hala (?)
  • Fusuku Hala (?)
  • Futa Hala ()

G

  • Gilaminemat Hala (?)
  • Giranggiwarka Hala (?)
  • Girgi Hala (?)
  • Giyamhugiolo Hala ()
  • Gi Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Gi Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Gi Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Giagiya Hala ()
  • Giao Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Gibucu Hala (?)
  • Gigiya Hala ()
  • Gilara Hala (?)
  • Gilat Hala (?)
  • Gilut Hala (?)
  • Gin Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Gin Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Gin Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Ging Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Gingciri Hala (?)
  • Ginggeri Hala (?)
  • Ginggi Hala ()
  • Ginggigi Hala (?)
  • Ginggiya Hala ()
  • Gingiya Hala () (of Korean booi aha origin from the Jin (Kim) family of Imperial Noble Consort Shujia, a concubine of the Qing Qianlong emperor)
  • Ginmit Hala (?)
  • Giocan Hala ()
  • Giogiya Hala ()
  • Giolocan Hala (?)
  • Giorca Hala (?)
  • Girbis Hala ()
  • Giri Hala ()
  • Giritu Hala (?)
  • Giru Hala ()
  • Git Hala ()
  • Giya Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Giya Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Giyabutala Hala ()
  • Giyagiri Hala (?)
  • Giyagiya Hala ()
  • Giyahama Hala (?)
  • Giyajan Hala ()
  • Giyamhu Hala (?)
  • Giyang Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Giyang Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Giyang Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Giyanggi Hala ()
  • Giyanggiya Hala ()
  • Giyanggiya Hala ()
  • Gogiya Hala ()
  • G?walgiya Hala (?)

H

  • Hegiya Hala ()
  • He?eri Hala (?)
  • Hinggiya Hala ()
  • Hitara Hala (?)

I

  • Ilrgi Hala ()
  • I Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • I Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Ibe Hala ()
  • Ibucit Hala ()
  • Iin Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Iingiya Hala ()
  • Ijar Hala (?)
  • Ikderi Hala ()
  • Ikminga Hala ()
  • Ikulu Hala (?)
  • Ilaci Hala (?)
  • Ilan Hala ()
  • Ilari Hala (?)
  • Ilmen Hala (?)
  • Ilmu Hala (?)
  • Imu Hala ()
  • Imutu Hala (?)
  • Inde Hala ()
  • Io Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Ioge Hala ()
  • Iogiya Hala ()
  • Iohulu Hala (?)
  • Iongloku Hala (?)
  • Iongsebu Hala (?)
  • Irgen Gioro Hala ()
  • Irgiya Hala (?)
  • Irha Hala (?)
  • Irkule Hala ()
  • Isu Hala ()
  • Itemo Hala (?)
  • Itumo Hala (?)

J

  • Jayajala Hala ()
  • Joyan Hala ()
  • Jurgitemok Hala ()
  • Jahacit Hala ()
  • Ja Hala (?)
  • Jahama Hala (?)
  • Jahasucin Hala ()
  • Jaigiya Hala ()
  • Jakta Hala (?)
  • Jaku Hala ()
  • Jakuta Hala (?)
  • Jala Hala ()
  • Jalai Hala ()
  • Jalar Hala (?)
  • Jalari Hala (?)
  • Jalarora Hala ()
  • Jaluca Hala (?)
  • Jalut Hala (Sinicized*)
  • Jamtai Hala (?)
  • Jamuken Hala (?)
  • Jamur Hala (?)
  • Jamuya Hala (?)
  • Jancuhun Hala (?)
  • Jang Hala (Sinicized*?) (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Jang Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Jangci Hala ()
  • Janggin ()
  • Janggiya Hala ()
  • Jangjar Hala (?)
  • Jangmu Hala ()
  • Jangturi Hala (?)
  • Janni Hala ()
  • Jarit Hala (?)
  • Jas'huuri Hala ()
  • Jasuri Hala (?)
  • Jatehei Hala (?)
  • Jebe Hala ()
  • Jeng Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Jenggiya Hala ()
  • Jengnelut Hala ()
  • Jerde Hala (Sinicized*)
  • Jergi Hala (?)
  • Jeri Hala ()
  • Jo Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Jobalut Hala ()
  • Joceng Hala ()
  • Joci Hala ()
  • Jocicubut Hala ()
  • Jocis Hala (?)
  • Jodomu Hala (?)
  • Jogin Hala ()
  • Jogiya Hala ()
  • Jok Hala ()
  • Jokgiya Hala (?)
  • Jong Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Jong Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Jonggi Hala ()
  • Jonggiya Hala ()
  • Joo Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Joo Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Joobar Hala (?)
  • Joodarhan Hala ()
  • Joogiya Hala ()
  • Joogiya Hala ()
  • Joogiya Hala ()
  • Jookit Hala (?)
  • Joole Hala ()
  • Joolot Hala (?)
  • Jooyut Hala (?)
  • Jorgut Hala ()
  • Jorhecin Hala ()
  • Jort Hala (?)
  • Josan Hala ()
  • Ju Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Juge Hala ()
  • Jugede Hala (?)
  • Jugiya Hala ()
  • Jugiya Hala ()
  • Juhere Hala (?)
  • Jurgen Hala (?)
  • Jurgun Hala (?)
  • Jurk Hala (?)
  • Jurki Hala (?)
  • Jurkit Hala ()
  • Jursu Hala (?)
  • Juru Hala ()
  • Jusiri Hala (?)
  • Juweci Hala ()
  • Juweta Hala ()
  • Juwete Hala ()
  • Juyala Hala (?)

K

  • Kacut Hala (?)
  • Kagelr Hala ()
  • Kailun Hala ()
  • Kaiyan Hala ()
  • Kaksiri Hala ()
  • kala Hala ()
  • Kaldasu Hala ()
  • Kang Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Kanggeda Hala (?)
  • Kangsiri Hala (?)
  • Kangyili Hala (?)
  • Karcin Hala (?)
  • Karja Hala (?)
  • Karku Hala (?)
  • Karla Hala (?)
  • Karlaha Hala ()
  • Karnot Hala ()
  • Karnuk Hala ()
  • Kartagir Hala ()
  • Kay Hala ()
    • Kertelr Hala ()
  • Keben Hala ()
  • Keciri Hala (?)
  • Kein Hala ()
  • Kelde Hala (?)
  • Kemucu Hala (?)
  • Kemucut Hala ()
  • Kemukit Hala ()
  • Kercin Hala (?)
  • Kerde Hala (?)
  • Kere Hala ()
  • Kerit Hala (?)
  • Kersun Hala (?)
  • Kerut Hala (?)
  • Kesiketeng Hala ()
  • Kete Hala ()
  • Keyere Hala (?)
  • Keykere Hala ()
  • Kodai Hala ()
  • Kode Hala ()
  • Koken Hala ()
  • Kong Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Konggolo Hala (?)
  • Kongkeri Hala (?)
  • Kongnila Hala (?)
  • Koocoli Hala (?)
  • Kubuke Hala (?)
  • Kubut Hala (?)
  • Kubut Hala (?)
  • Kuicelik Hala ()
  • Kuigiya Hala ()
  • Kuilong Hala ()
  • Kumutu Hala (?)
  • Kundule Hala (?)
  • Kuwarda Hala (?)
  • Kuyala Hala (?)

L

  • Lai Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Laibu Hala ()
  • Laimo Hala ()
  • Lakule Hala (?)
  • Lang Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Langgiya Hala ()
  • Layan Hala ()
  • Ledi Hala ()
  • Lei Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Lengburcin Hala ()
  • Li Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Liang Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Lianggiya Hala ()
  • Ligiya Hala ()
  • Liu Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Lin Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Linggirl Hala (?)
  • Lingiya Hala ()
  • Liugiya Hala ()
  • Litari Hala (?)
  • Liyala Hala (?)
  • Liyu Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Lo Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Loca Hala ()
  • Logiya Hala ()
  • Long Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Loyo Hala ()
  • Lu Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Lu Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Luruhuo Hala (?)

M

  • Morjigite Hala ()
  • Ma Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Maca Hala ()
  • Magiya Hala ()
  • Magus Hala (?)
  • Magut Hala (?)
  • Mahalr Hala ()
  • Majak Hala (?)
  • Malakur Hala ()
  • Malalr Hala ()
  • Malangga Hala (?)
  • Malara Hala (?)
  • Manggenut Hala ()
  • Manggico Hala (?)
  • Manggiya Hala ()
  • Manggo Hala ()
  • Mangin Hala ()
  • Mangnut Hala (?)
  • Manja Hala ()
  • Maoyi Hala ()
  • Mardan Hala (?)
  • Margit Hala ()
  • Martun Hala (?)
  • Mei Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Meigiya Hala ()
  • Meiheri Hala (?)
  • Meile Hala ()
  • Meileng Hala ()
  • Meng Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Mengero Hala (?)
  • Menggiya Hala ()
  • Menggosi Hala (?)
  • Menggucu Hala (?)
  • Menggurgi Hala ()
  • Mengkyire Hala ()
  • Mengnat Hala (?)
  • Miao Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Migiya Hala ()
  • Mija Hala ()
  • Min Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Minggan Hala ()
  • Mo Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Mogiya Hala ()
  • Mohuri Hala (?)
  • Mokele Hala (?)
  • Moketing Hala (?)
  • Moketo Hala (?)
  • Molci Hala (?)
  • Molciri Hala ()
  • Moldire Hala ()
  • Moljere Hala ()
  • Moneher Hala ()
  • Mongeso Hala (?)
  • Monggo Hala ()
  • Monggu Hala ()
  • Mongguri Hala (?)
  • Morci Hala (?)
  • Morcin Hala (?)
  • Morcit Hala ()
  • Mordaja Hala ()
  • Mordi Hala (?)
  • Mordin Hala (?)
  • More Hala ()
  • Morgi Hala (?)
  • Morho Hala (?)
  • Mosire Hala (?)
  • Moyolo Hala (?)
  • Mu Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Mu Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Muca Hala ()
  • Mudaci Hala (?)
  • Mugiya Hala ()
  • Muhelin Hala (?)
  • Mukderi Hala ()
  • Muki Hala ()
  • Muktu Hala (?)
  • Mulde Hala (?)
  • Muliyalian Hala ()
  • Murca Hala (?)
  • Muru Hala ()
  • Musecen Hala (?)
  • Muya Hala ()
  • Muyan Hala ()

N

  • Nahata Hala (?)
  • Naikiri Hala (?)
  • Naikite Hala (?)
  • Naiman Hala ()
  • Nakta Hala (?)
  • Nalgiya Hala (?)
  • Namdulu Hala ()
  • Namutu Hala (?)
  • Nanfulu Hala (?)
  • Nanggiya Hala ()
  • Nanggiyat Hala (?)
  • Nara Hala ()
  • Narai Hala ()
  • Nata Hala ()
  • Naya Hala ()
  • Nayi Hala ()
  • Nedi Hala ()
  • Nere Hala ()
  • Ni Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Nigele Hala (?)
  • Nigiya Hala ()
  • Niheri Hala (?)
  • Nijuhun Hala (?)
  • Nikiri Hala (?)
  • Nila Hala ()
  • Nimaca Hala (?)
  • Nimaci Hala (?)
  • Nimaha Hala (?)
  • Nimanggi Hala (?)
  • Ning Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Ning Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Ninggeri Hala (?)
  • Ninggiya Hala ()
  • Ninggiya Hala ()
  • Ninggiyat Hala (?)
  • Ningguta Hala (?)
  • Ninju Hala ()
  • Nio Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Nio Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Niogiya Hala ()
  • Niohe Hala ()
  • Niohere Hala (?)
  • Niohule Hala (?)
  • Niohuru Hala (?)
  • Niohurubu Hala ()
  • Niohut Hala (?)
  • Niolun Hala ()
  • Niotu Hala ()
  • Niowanggiyan Hala (?)
  • Nioyan Hala ()
  • Niri Hala ()
  • Nisa Hala ()
  • Nisiri Hala (?)
  • Niyangniya Hala ()
  • Niyngtu Hala (?)
  • Niyongt Hala (?)
  • Nolo Hala ()
  • Nonggile Hala (?)
  • NonrHala ()
  • Noulet Hala (?)
  • Nouliet Hala (?)
  • Nulu Hala ()
  • Nurhan Hala (?)
  • Nutelun Hala (?)

P

  • Pan Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Pang Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Panggiya Hala ()
  • Pei Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Peigiya Hala ()
  • Peng Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Piao Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Piaogiya Hala ()
  • Po Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Pogiya Hala ()
  • Pugiya Hala ()

R

  • Rao Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Raoguo Hala ()
  • Ru Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Ruburi Hala (?)
  • Ruyere Hala (?)

S

  • Sailgi Hala (?)
  • Saiynsartu Hala ()
  • Salatuluteng Hala ()
  • Selje Hala (?)
  • Sereri Hala (?)
  • Sernoloyasu Hala (?)
  • Socala Hala (?)
  • Suduri Hala (?)
  • Saca Hala ()
  • Saca Giorca Hala ()
  • Sacahai Hala (?)
  • Sadala Hala (?)
  • Sahalgi Hala ()
  • Sahalian Hala (?)
  • Saharca Hala ()
  • Saiheri Hala (?)
  • Saiktu Hala (?)
  • Saimire Hala (?)
  • Sakca Hala (?)
  • Sakda Hala (?)
  • Sala Hala ()
  • Salatak Hala ()
  • Salatjo Hala ()
  • Salatu Hala (?)
  • Saljut Hala ()
  • Samala Hala (?)
  • Samargi Hala ()
  • Samusir Hala ()
  • Sang Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Sang Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Sanggiya Hala ()
  • Sardu Hala (?)
  • Sartu Hala (?)
  • Sartuk Hala ()
  • Sartun Hala (?)
  • Sarut Hala (?)
  • Sayot Hala (?)
  • Sece Hala ()
  • Semukiri Hala ()
  • Sen Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Senggiya Hala ()
  • Sengiya Hala ()
  • Senmuri Hala (?)
  • Seyan Hala ()
  • Si Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Si Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Si Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Si Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Si Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Sia Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Siandacan Hala (?)
  • Siang Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Siboocan Hala (?)
  • Siburu Hala (?)
  • Sibusu Hala (?)
  • Sicigir Hala ()
  • Sie Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Sifaci Hala (?)
  • Sifuca Hala (?)
  • ?igiya Hala ()
  • ?igiya Hala ()
  • Sija Hala ()
  • Sikde Hala (?)
  • Sikegira Hala ()
  • Sikteri Hala ()
  • Silde Hala (?)
  • Silergi Hala ()
  • Silin Hala ()
  • Sirin Gioro Hala ()
  • Siltu Hala (?)
  • Siluk Hala (?)
  • Silut Hala (?)
  • Simara Hala (?)
  • Simolie Hala (?)
  • Simulu Hala (?)
  • Sin Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Sinaminga Hala ()
  • Sinecuk Hala ()
  • Sinet Hala (?)
  • Sing Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Sinurhu Hala ()
  • Sio Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Sio Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Sira Hala ()
  • Sirbi Hala (?)
  • Sirdet Hala ()
  • Sire Hala ()
  • Sirgiya Hala (?)
  • Sirha Hala (?)
  • Sirhin Hala (?)
  • Sirtu Hala (?)
  • Sisar Hala (?)
  • Sisiya Hala ()
  • Sitara Hala (?)
  • Siu Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Siu Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Siuca Hala ()
  • Siugi Hala ()
  • Siugiya Hala ()
  • Siuncaol Hala (?)
  • Siungin Hala ()
  • Siuniyaote Hala ()
  • Siyogiya Hala ()
  • Siyoheri Hala (?)
  • Siyomori Hala (?)
  • So Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Soca Hala ()
  • Soceri Hala (?)
  • Soceri Hala (?)
  • Socoro Hala (?)
  • Socor Hala (?)
  • Sodoli Hala (?)
  • Sogiya Hala ()
  • Sogiyala Hala ()
  • Soiehogin Hala ()
  • Solocia Hala (?)
  • Solongar Hala ()
  • Solongus Hala ()
  • Sonotu Hala (?)
  • Sordo Hala (?)
  • Sorgi Hala (?)
  • Su Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Suan Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Sue Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • ?ufaca Hala (?)
  • Sugiya Hala ()
  • ?ugiya Hala ()
  • Sugiya Hala ()
  • Suigiya Hala ()
  • Sukca Hala (?)
  • ?ukduri Hala ()
  • Sulara Hala (?)
  • ?ulu Hala ()
  • Sumari Hala (?)
  • Sumir Hala (?)
  • Sumuca Hala (?)
  • Sumuk Hala (?)
  • ?umur Hala (?)
  • ?umuri Hala (?)
  • ?umuri Hala (?)
  • ?umuru Hala (?)
  • Sun Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Sunbulu Hala (?)
  • Suncor Hala (?)
  • Sung Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Sung Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Sunggi Hala ()
  • Sunggiya Hala ()
  • Sungyan Hala ()
  • Sunit Hala (?)
  • ?urdu Hala (?)
  • Surgiya Hala (?)
  • ?uru Hala ()
  • ?u?an Gioro Hala ()
  • ?u?u Gioro Hala ()

T

  • Tegi Hala ()
  • Tie Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Tabennutuk Hala ()
  • Taicu Hala ()
  • Taicuru Hala (?)
  • Taicut Hala (?)
  • Taihut Hala (?)
  • Taisinara Hala ()
  • Talbacik Hala ()
  • Tamuca Hala (?)
  • Tan Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Tan Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Tang Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Tang Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Tangda Hala ()
  • Tanggiya Hala ()
  • Tanggu Hala ()
  • Tanggur Hala (?)
  • Tanggut Hala (?)
  • Tangni Hala ()
  • Tangyan Hala ()
  • Tankai Hala ()
  • Tao Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Taogiya Hala ()
  • Tara Hala ()
  • Tarhunut Hala ()
  • Tatan Hala ()
  • Tatar Hala (?)
  • Tatara Hala (?)
  • Tergir Hala ()
  • Tian Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Tiangiya Hala ()
  • Tohercin Hala ()
  • Tohoro Hala (?)
  • Tolgiya Hala (?)
  • Tolot Hala (?)
  • Tomo Hala ()
  • Tong Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Tongiya Hala ()
  • Tongala Hala (?)
  • Tongelo Hala (?)
  • Tonggosu Hala (?)
  • Tongnigot Hala ()
  • Tongniyot Hala ()
  • Tongyangiolo Hala ()
  • Tori Hala ()
  • Tsanggiya Hala ()
  • Tsangmargi Hala ()
  • Tu Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Tu Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Tubot Hala (?)
  • Tubusu Hala (?)
  • Tugiya Hala ()
  • Tukcinara Hala ()
  • Tukdun Hala (?)
  • Tuktan Hala (?)
  • Tulolut Hala ()
  • Tulri Hala (?)
  • Tumen Hala ()
  • Tumot Hala (?)
  • Tunggiya Hala ()
  • Tungki Hala ()
  • Tungsaire Hala (?)
  • Tungsairi Hala (?)
  • Turdun Hala (?)
  • Turge Hala (?)
  • Turgiya Hala (?)
  • Turtara Hala ()
  • Tusala Hala (?)
  • Tuseri Hala (?)

U

  • U Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Ucala Hala (?)
  • Ucehe Hala (?)
  • Uceku Hala (?)
  • Ucere Hala (?)
  • Ucikiri Hala ()
  • Ucikit Hala ()
  • Uciyarkan Hala ()
  • Ucuke Hala (?)
  • Ugigiyala Hala ()
  • Ugiket Hala ()
  • Ugiya Hala ()
  • Ugiya Hala ()
  • Uhe Hala ()
  • Uja Hala ()
  • Ujaku Hala (?)
  • Ujalhu Hala ()
  • Ujara Hala (?)
  • Ujigit Hala ()
  • Ukeding Hala (?)
  • Ukudenggi Hala ()
  • Ukuri Hala (?)
  • Ula Hala ()
  • Ulan Hala ()
  • Ulanghai Hala (?)
  • Ulanghaigilmo Hala (?)
  • Ulanghat Hala ()
  • Ulat Hala (?)
  • Ulatehake Hala ()
  • Ulhanga Hala ()
  • Ulie Hala ()
  • Uligin Hala (?)
  • Ulin Hala ()
  • Uling'a Hala (?)
  • Ulri Hala (?)
  • Ulsi Hala (?)
  • Uluri Hala (?)
  • Ulut Hala (?)
  • Umi Hala ()
  • Umu Hala ()
  • Unat Hala (?)
  • Unehucin Hala ()
  • Unemur Hala ()
  • Unin Hala ()
  • Uninci Hala (?)
  • Unuci Hala (?)
  • Unuhu Hala (?)
  • Urda Hala (?)
  • Urgeci Hala ()
  • Urgucen Hala ()
  • Urgunkele Hala ()
  • Urhan Hala (?)
  • Urhugi Hala ()
  • Urisu Hala (?)
  • Urit Hala (?)
  • Uru Hala ()
  • Uru Hala ()
  • Use Hala ()
  • Usi Hala ()
  • Usira Hala (?)
  • Usujan Hala (?)
  • Usun Hala ()
  • Usuri Hala (?)
  • Uya Hala ()
  • Uyaca Hala (?)
  • Uyan Hala ()
  • Uyanki Hala (?)
  • Uyara Hala (?)
  • Uyo Hala ()
  • Uyu Hala ()

W

  • Wa Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Walan Hala ()
  • Walgiya Hala (?)
  • Wamo Hala ()
  • Wan Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Wang Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Wang Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Wanggi Hala ()
  • Wanggiya Hala ()
  • Wanggiya Hala ()
  • Wanggurcin Hala ()
  • Wangjabu Hala (?)
  • Wangjar Hala (?)
  • Wang?ut Hala (?)
  • Wanlioha Hala (?)
  • Wargi Hala (?)
  • Wari Hala ()
  • Warka Hala (?)
  • Wasan Hala ()
  • Wase Hala ()
  • Wegi Hala ()
  • Wei Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Wei Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Weigiya Hala () (of Han Chinese origin)
  • Weigut Hala (?)
  • Weilalr Hala ()
  • Wen Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Wen Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Wenca Hala ()
  • Wencara Hala (?)
  • Wenceheng Hala (?)
  • Wenda Hala ()
  • Wende Hala ()
  • Wendenge Hala (?)
  • Wendu Hala ()
  • Wengari Hala (?)
  • Wenggilgin Hala ()
  • Wenggit Hala (?)
  • Wenggori Hala (?)
  • Wenggot Hala (?)
  • Wengiya Hala ()
  • Wengket Hala (?)
  • Wengniolo Hala (?)
  • Wengniri Hala (?)
  • Wengnit Hala (?)
  • Wengnot Hala (?)
  • Wengsejan Hala (?)
  • Wenja Hala ()
  • Wentehe Hala (?)
  • Wentun Hala ()

Y

  • Ya Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Yagiya Hala ()
  • Yan Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Yan Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Yan Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Yan Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Yang Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Yangai Hala ()
  • Yangeri Hala (?)
  • Yanggi Hala ()
  • Yanggiya Hala ()
  • Yangi Hala ()
  • Yangiri Hala (?)
  • Yangiya Hala ()
  • Yangna Hala ()
  • Yanja Hala ()
  • Yanju Hala ()
  • Yao Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Yaogiya Hala ()
  • Yarhu Hala (?)
  • Yarsara Hala ()
  • Yasu Hala ()
  • Ye Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Yegulut Hala ()
  • Yehe Hala ()
  • Yehele Hala (?)
  • Yekejong Hala (?)
  • Yekuri Hala (?)
  • Yelu Hala ()
  • Yemole Hala (?)
  • Yemu Hala ()
  • Yiogeri Hala (?)
  • Yng Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Yngai Hala ()
  • Ynggiya Hala ()
  • Yngiya Hala ()
  • Yo Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Yoca Hala ()
  • Yokre Hala (?)
  • Yolocin Hala (?)
  • Yonot Hala (?)
  • Yu Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Yu Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Yuan Hala () (of Han Chinese Tai Nikan origin)
  • Yugiya Hala ()
  • Yugiya Hala ()
  • Yuhuru Hala (?)
  • Yukmo Hala (?)
  • Yukure Hala (?)
  • Yulu Hala ()
  • Yur Hala ()
  • Yurku Hala (?)
  • Yurkure Hala ()
  • Yutumo Hala (?)

Sources

  • ?oo
  • o
  • ?o
  • Gorelova, Liliya M., ed. (2002). Handbook of Oriental Studies. Section 8 Uralic & Central Asian Studies, Manchu Grammar. Volume Seven Manchu Grammar. Brill Academic Pub. ISBN 9004123075. Retrieved 2014.

References

  1. ^ Sneath, David (2007). The Headless State: Aristocratic Orders, Kinship Society, and Misrepresentations of Nomadic Inner Asia (illustrated ed.). Columbia University Press. pp. 99-100. ISBN 978-0231511674.
  2. ^ Gorelova 2002, p. 36.
  3. ^ Elliott, Mark C. (2001). The Manchu Way: The Eight Banners and Ethnic Identity in Late Imperial China (illustrated, reprint ed.). Stanford University Press. p. 84. ISBN 0804746842.
  4. ^ Crossley, Pamela Kyle (2000). A Translucent Mirror: History and Identity in Qing Imperial Ideology. University of California Press. p. 128. ISBN 0520928849.
  5. ^ Crossley, Pamela Kyle (2000). A Translucent Mirror: History and Identity in Qing Imperial Ideology. University of California Press. pp. 103-5. ISBN 0520928849.
  6. ^ https://zhidao.baidu.com/question/84183523.html. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  7. ^ "·?-?-51Cto".
  8. ^ http://yukunid.blog.sohu.com/16777875.html. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  9. ^ ""?"__?".
  10. ^ Ch?ing Shih Wen T?i, Volume 10, Issues 1-2. Society for Qing Studies. 1989. p. 71.
  11. ^ Crossley, Pamela Kyle (2000). A Translucent Mirror: History and Identity in Qing Imperial Ideology. University of California Press. p. 82. ISBN 0520928849.
  12. ^ Ch?ing Shih Wen T?i, Volume 10, Issues 1-2. Society for Qing Studies. 1989. p. 71.
  13. ^ Crossley, Pamela Kyle (2000). A Translucent Mirror: History and Identity in Qing Imperial Ideology. University of California Press. p. 48. ISBN 0520928849.
  14. ^ : 1644-1912 (reprint ed.). ?. 1943. p. 780.Via brill.com
  15. ^ Hummel, Arthur William, ed. (1991). "Tuan-Fang". Eminent Chinese of the Ch'ing period (1644-1912), Volume 2; Volume 5. United States Government Printing Office. p. 780. ISBN 9576380669.Via Dartmouth.edu
  16. ^ Crossley, Pamela (June 1983). "restricted access The Tong in Two Worlds: Cultural Identities in Liaodong and Nurgan during the 13th-17th centuries". Ch'ing-shih Wen-t'i. Johns Hopkins University Press. 4 (9): 21-46.

Further reading

  • A partial list of clans, with brief information on each one as they existed ca. 1915, can be found in: Shirokogorov, Sergei Mikhailovich (1924), Social organization of the Manchus. A study of the Manchu clan organization, Shanghai: Royal Asiatic society. North China branch

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

List_of_Manchu_clans
 



 



 
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