List of Maronite Patriarchs of Antioch
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List of Maronite Patriarchs of Antioch

This is a list of the Maronite Patriarchs of Antioch and all the East, the primate of the Maronite Church, one of the Eastern Catholic Churches. After becoming patriarch of the Maronite Catholic Patriarchate of Antioch, they assume the name "Peter" (Boutros in Arabic, ? ), after the first Bishop of Antioch, St. Peter, who was also the head of the Apostles. The official title that the Maronite Patriarch assumes is "Patriarch of Antioch and All the East".

For the Patriarchs of Antioch before John Maron, see List of Patriarchs of Antioch.

Maronite Patriarchs of Antioch, from John Maron

A famous list of Maronite Patriarchs of Antioch was written and published by Giuseppe Simone Assemani,[1] and Simon Awad, which follows the Series of Maronite Patriachs written by Patriarch Estephan El Douaihy in the 17th century,[2] but it is incomplete for the first centuries. Besides the Assemani's list, another more detailed list was written in Bejjeh in 1766 by Georges Saad.[3]

In the list here below the names shifted on the right are not included in the incomplete Assemani's list and derive from the Bejjeh list.

Patriarchs during the Marada States, 686-1099

Order Name of Patriarch Notes
English Arabic
1 John Maron (Youhanna Maroun) 63rd after Saint Peter. First of the Maronite patriarchs (b. 628, consecrated 686, d. 707)
2 Kyros Son of Saint John Maron's sister
3 Gabriel ? Last patriarch to reside in Kfarhi monastery
4 Youhanna Maroun II Also known as John Maron II. At this point the Patriarchate moved to Yanou', Jbeil (Byblos)
5 Youhanna I Originating from Jbeil (Byblos), also known as John I (or John III considering John Maron I and John Maron II)
6 Gregorius I -
7 Stephanos I -
8 Mark ? -
9 Eusebius (Hoaushab) Also known as Hoaushab (?)
10 Youhanna II Also known as John II of Hama (or John IV considering Youhanna Maron, Youhanna Maron II and Youhanna I). During his reign, the Fourth Council of Constantinople convened in the year 869
11 Yeshu I ?
12 Daoud I -
13 Gregorius II -
14 Theophilactus ? Also known as Habib or John V Habib
15 Yeshu II ? Yeshu II of Damascus
16 Domitius Domitius of Beirut
17 Ishaq ? -
18 Youhanna III Also known as John III (John VI)
19 Sham'un I Also known as Semaan ()
20 Urmia I Also known as Jeremiah I
21 Youhanna IV Also known as John IV (John VII)
22 Sham'un II -
23 Sham'un III -

Patriarchs during the Crusades 1099-1305[3]

Order Name of Patriarch Birthplace Period Position Notes
English Arabic
24 Youssif al Jirjissi ? ? - 1100-1120 - First contact with the Crusaders
25 Butros I ? - 1120-1130 - Patriarchate moves to Mayfuq, Jbeil
26 Gregorius I Halat, Jbeil 1130-1141 - -
27 Ya'qub I Ramat, Batroun 1141-1151 - -
28 Youhanna V Lehfed, Jbeil 1151-1154 - Also known as John V (John VIII)
29 Butros II ? - 1154-1173 - -
30 Butros III ? - 1173-1189 - -
31 Butros IV ? - 1189-1199 - -
32 Urmia II Amchiti Amchit, Jbeil 1199-1230 - Also known as Jeremiah II. Took part in the Fourth Lateran Council in Rome
33 Daniel Shamat, Jbeil 1230-1239 - -
34 Youhanna VI Jaj, Jbeil 1239-1245 - Also known as John VI (John IX)
35 Sham'un IV Bilaouza Jibbet 1245-1277 - -
36 Ya'qub II - 1277-1278 - Also known as Jacob II
37 Daniel II Hadchit, Bsharri 1278-1282 - -
38 Luqa I ? Benahran, Koura 1282-? - Schism and two rival patriarchs
39 Urmia III Demalsa, Jbeil 1283-1297 - Also known as Jeremiah III

Patriarchs during the Mamluk rule, 1305-1516

Order Name of Patriarch Birthplace Period Position Notes
English Arabic
40 Sham'un V - 1297-1339 Bishop of Cyprus -
41 Youhanna VII Aqura, Jbeil 1339-1357 - Also known as John VII
42 Gabriel II ? Hjoula, Jbeil 1357-1367 - Martyred at the hand of the Mamluks
43 Daoud II - 1367-1404 - -
44 Youhanna VIII el-Jaji Jaj, Jbeil 1404-1445 Patriarchal emissary (? ?) Also known as John VIII. At this time the Patriarchate moved to Kannoubine
45 Ya'qub III el-Hadathi Hadath El Jebbeh, Besharri 1445-1468 Bishop of Mar. Yohanna, Besharri Also known as Jacob of Hadath
46 Youssef II el-Hadathi ? Hadath El Jebbeh, Besharri 1468-1492 Patriarchal emissary (? ?) Known as Joseph of Hadath and Ibn Hassan

Patriarchs during the Ottomans, 1516-1918

Order Name of Patriarch Birthplace Period Position Notes
English Arabic
47 Semaan el-Hadathi Hadath El Jebbeh, Besharri 1492-1524 Patriarchal emissary (? ?) -
48 Mousa Saade el-Akari ? Kafroun, Akkar 1524-1567 Bishop of Sayyde and Houqa -
49 Mikhail I el-Rizzi ? Bkoufa, Ehden 1567-1581 Bishop of Mar; Antonios Kozhaya -
50 Sarkis el-Rizzi Bkoufa, Ehden 1581-1597 Patriarchal emissary -
51 Youssef III el-Rizzi ? Bkoufa, Ehden 1597-1608 Patriarchal emissary -
52 Youhanna IX Makhlouf Ehden, Zghorta 1608-1633 Patriarchal emissary Also known as John IX
53 Gewargios I Omaira El Douaihy ? Ehden, Zghorta 1633-1644 Bishop of Ehden -
54 Youssef IV Halib el-Akouri ? ? Aqoura, Jbeil 1644-1648 Bishop of Saida and Sour -
55 Youhanna X el-Bawwab Safra, Keserwan 1648-1656 Patriarchal emissary Also known as John X
56 Gerges II Beseb'ely ? Sebaal, Zghorta 1656-1670 Patriarchal emissary -
57 Estephanus II El Douaihy ? Ehden, Zghorta 1670-1704 Bishop of Cyprus
58 Jibrail II ? Blouzan, Keserwan 1704-1705 Bishop of Aleppo Also known as Gabriel II of Blaouza
59 Ya'qub IV Awad Hasroun, Bsharri 1705-1733 Bishop of Tripoli -
60 Youssef V El Khazen ? Jounieh, Keserwan 1733-1742 Bishop of Ghosta
61 Semaan VII Awad Hasroun, Bsharri 1742-1756 Bishop of Damascus -
62 Tobias El Khazen Beqaata, Keserwan 1756-1766 Bishop of Cyprus -
63 Youssef VI Estephan ? Ghosta, Keserwan 1766-1793 Bishop of Beirut -
64 Mikhail II Fadel ? ? Beirut 1793-1795 Bishop of Beirut -
65 Philipus Gemayel ? Bikfaya, Metn 1795-1796 Bishop of Cyprus -
66 Youssef VII Tyan ? Beirut 1796-1809 Bishop of Damascus; ? -
67 Youhanna XI Helou Ghosta, Keserwan 1809-1823 Bishop of Haifa; ? -
68 Youssef VIII Hobaish ? ? Sahel Alma, Keserwan 1823-1845 Bishop of Tripoli Patriarchate moved to Bkerke
69 Youssef IX El Khazen ? Ajaltoun, Keserwan 1845-1854 Bishop of Tripoli 1845 events
70 Boulos I Massad ? ? Ashqout, Keserwan 1854-1890 Patriarchal emissary (? ?) 1860 events
71 Youhanna XII El Hajj Dlebya, Batroun 1890-1898 Bishop of Baalbek -

Patriarch during modern Lebanon, 1918-present

Order Name of Patriarch Birthplace Period Position Notes
English Arabic
72 Elias Peter Hoayek ? ? Halta, Batroun 1898-1931 Bishop of Haifa; ? ? Birth of Greater Lebanon
73 Anthony Peter Arida ? Becharri 1931-1955 Bishop of Tripoli -
74 Paul Peter Meouchi ? ? ? Jezzine 1955-1975 Bishop of Sour (Tyre)
75 Anthony Peter Khoraish ? ? Ain Ebel, Bint Jbeil 1975-1986 ? ? Resigned
76 Nasrallah Boutros Sfeir ? ? ? Rayfoun, Kesrwan 1986-2011 Bishop of Sarba and Damascus Resigned

Patriarch Emeritus, Cardinal of the Catholic Church

77 Bechara Boutros al-Rahi ? Hemlaya, Metn 2011-present Bishop of Jbeil Incumbent Patriarch

Gallery

See also

Notes

  1. ^ J.S.Assemani Serie chronologica Patriarchorum Antionchiae, edited and integrated by Joanne Darauni, Rome 1881
  2. ^ Graf, Georg (1960). "90.5". Geschichte der christlichen arabischen Literatur, Volume 3. Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana. p. 371.
  3. ^ a b Dau, Butros (1984). Religious, cultural and political history of the Maronites. Lebanon. pp. 228-238.

External links

  • List of all Maronite Patriarchs by GCatholic.org
  • [The Maronite Church Roots and Mission] By His Excellency Bishop Antoine Charbel Tarabay, Fr. Antoine Daou, Fr. Hani Mattar, Fr. Boulous Sfeir, Dr. Youssef Kamal El Haje and George Arab

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