List of North American Tornadoes and Tornado Outbreaks
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List of North American Tornadoes and Tornado Outbreaks

Parent article: List of tornadoes and tornado outbreaks

These are some notable tornadoes, tornado outbreaks, and tornado outbreak sequences that have occurred in North America.

  1. The listing is U.S.-centric, with greater and more consistent information available for U.S. tornadoes. Some North American outbreaks affecting the U.S. may only include tornado information from the U.S.
  2. Exact death and injury counts are not possible, especially for large events and events before 1955.
  3. Prior to 1950 in the United States, only significant tornadoes are listed for the number of tornadoes in outbreaks.
  4. Due to increasing detection, particularly in the U.S., numbers of counted tornadoes have increased markedly in recent decades although number of actual tornadoes and counted significant tornadoes has not. In older events, the number of tornadoes officially counted is likely underestimated.
  5. Historical context: Much of the tornado activity in the American Midwestern area is relatively unknown and significantly under-reported prior to the middle of the 1800s as few people lived there to record the yearly activity outside of Native Americans whom did not keep much, if any written records. The American government did not acquire the Midwestern states area until the 1803 Louisiana Purchase from the French government. The Louisiana Purchase area included major tornado activity areas of north Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, Nebraska, Arkansas, Missouri, Iowa, South Dakota, and lower Minnesota. Large groups of settlers and pioneers only began populating there as the American government began organizing this acquired territory during the 1820-1860s. The other areas east of the Mississippi River and west of the original thirteen colonies that have more frequent tornado activity of Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Tennessee, Louisiana, Mississippi and Alabama didn't begin having larger groups of settlers populating these areas until the earlier 1800s. As these areas began being more populated, existing tornado activity there became more known and reported through newspaper and telegraph.

United States


List of United States tornado outbreaks - Pre-1900
Outbreak Dates Region Tornadoes Casualties Notes
Lynn and Hampton, Massachusetts tornado July 5, 1643 Massachusetts - 1 fatality Potential earliest recorded U.S. tornado and fatality. Event was recorded by Massachusetts Bay Colony governor John Winthrop. "There arose a sudden gust at N.W. so violent for half an hour as it blew down multitudes of trees. It lifted up their meeting house at Newbury, the people being in it. It darkened the air with dust, yet through God's great mercy it did no hurt, but only killed one Indian with the fall of a tree. It was straight between Linne [Lynn] and Hampton."[1]
Rehoboth, Massachusetts tornado August 1671 Massachusetts - 0 fatalities Earliest confirmed U.S. tornado.
Cambridge, Massachusetts tornado July 8, 1680 Massachusetts - 1 fatality Earliest confirmed U.S. tornado with a fatality.
1761 Charleston, South Carolina tornado May 4, 1761 Charleston, South Carolina >2 8 fatalities Earliest recorded U.S. tornado with multiple fatalities. A large tornado temporarily emptied the Ashley River and sank five warships lying offshore
Four-State Tornado Swarm August 15, 1787 New England - 2 fatalities First recorded U.S tornado outbreak.
1811 Charleston, South Carolina tornado September 10, 1811 Charleston, South Carolina - 20 fatalities Associated with the 1811 hurricane that hit Charleston, SC.[2]
1814 Washington, D.C. tornado August 25, 1814 Washington, D.C. - c. 30 fatalities Killed several British soldiers occupying the city. The British subsequently abandoned the city.
September 1821 New England tornado outbreak Sep 9, 1821 New England >5 8 fatalities One of the most destructive New England outbreaks ever documented. Produced a deadly multiple-vortex tornado in New Hampshire.
1835 New Brunswick, New Jersey tornado June 19, 1835 Mid-Atlantic - 5 fatalities Deadliest tornado in New Jersey history.
Great Natchez Tornado May 7, 1840 Southeastern United States >1 317+ fatalities, 109+ injuries Second-deadliest tornado in U.S. history
September 1845 New York outbreak September 20, 1845 New York, Vermont >5 - Multiple long-track tornadoes crossed upstate New York
September 1851 Tornado August 22, 1851 Waltham, Medford, West Cambridge Massachusetts 1 - The center of Arlington, MA was devastated by a strong tornado.[3][4]


List of United States tornado outbreaks - Pre-1900
Outbreak Dates Region Tornadoes Casualties Notes
June 1860 Mid-Mississippi Valley tornado outbreak June 3, 1860 Middle Mississippi Valley - >=148 fatalities, >=409 injuries Very violent outbreak. Produced a deadly tornado or tornado family that struck Camanche, Iowa. (7 violent, 6 killer)
1865 Viroqua, Wisconsin tornado June 28, 1865 Viroqua, Wisconsin >1 >=22 fatalities One of Wisconsin's first killer tornadoes. Also one of the first documentations of a multiple-vortex tornado.


List of United States tornado outbreaks - Pre-1900
Outbreak Dates Region Tornadoes Casualties Notes
1871 St. Louis tornado March 8, 1871 Middle Mississippi Valley >=1 9 fatalities, 60 injuries Estimated F3 tornado killed nine people in St. Louis.
May 1873 Midwest tornado outbreak May 22, 1873 Midwestern United States >=7 18 fatalities, >= 93 injuries At least three tornadoes recorded
March 1875 Southeast tornado outbreak March 19-20, 1875 Southeastern United States >=19 >=96 fatalities, >=367 injuries Outbreak produced seven estimated F4 tornadoes. The worst of the damage and most of the fatalities took place in Georgia. (15 significant, 7 violent, 12 killer)
May 1875 Southeast tornado outbreak May 1, 1875 Southeastern United States - 58 fatalities, 195 injuries Included several long-tracked, (estimated) F3 tornado families. (1 violent, 7 killer)
1878 Wallingford tornado August 9, 1878 Connecticut - 34 fatalities, >=70 injuries Deadliest tornado in Connecticut history. Estimated to have been an F4.
May 1879 Central Plains tornado outbreak May 29-30, 1879 Central Great Plains - >=36 fatalities, >=186 injuries (>=15 significant, 6 violent, >=9 killer)


List of United States tornado outbreaks - Pre-1900
Outbreak Dates Region Tornadoes Casualties Notes
April 1880 tornado outbreak April 18, 1880 Mississippi Valley - Great Plains >=22 >=165 fatalities, >=511 injuries 99 people killed in and near Springfield and Marshfield, Missouri. Three long-tracked F4s in Missouri. (>22 significant, 5 violent, 14 killer)
1880 West Prairie-Christian County tornado April 24, 1880 West Prairie-Christian County, IL 1 6 fatalities Many "well built" homes were leveled and farms vanished. Its victims (both people and cattle) were reportedly carried up to half a mile. This is the earliest estimated F5 that can be verified in the U.S. according to Grazulis. (The 1953 Waco tornado is the earliest officially rated - see below.) The F5 rating is widely accepted.
June 1881 tornado outbreak June 11-12, 1881 Great Plains - Midwest >=11 20 fatalities, >=141 injuries Produced five violent tornadoes across three states, one of which was an F4 that destroyed the community of Floral, Kansas. Another F4 that hit near Hopkins, Missouri, may have been an F5. (11 significant, 5 violent, 7 killer)
1881 Minnesota tornado outbreak July 15-16, 1881 Minnesota >= 6 24 fatalities, >=123 injuries Produced a destructive F4 (possibly F5) tornado in New Ulm, Minnesota, along with other killer tornadoes in rural areas, including one that killed four people. (6 significant, 2 violent, 2 killer)
1882 Grinnell tornado June 17, 1882 Grinnell, Iowa 1 65 fatalities 16 farms were blown away and the town of Grinnell was devastated, as well as the Grinnell College campus. Debris was carried 100 mi (160 km). Estimated F5. Caused 68 fatalities according to Grazulis.
April 1883 Southeast tornado outbreak April 22-23, 1883 Southeastern United States - >=109 fatalities, >=755 injuries Produced several killer F3+ tornadoes in Mississippi and Georgia. (17 significant, 3 violent, 13 killer)
May 1883 tornado outbreak May 18, 1883 Middle-Lower Mississippi Valley - >=64 fatalities, >=386 injuries One of the most intense outbreaks ever to hit Illinois, where five F4s struck. (>=21 significant, 6 violent, 16 killer)
1883 Rochester tornado August 21, 1883 Rochester, Minnesota 1 37 fatalities, 200+ injured Estimated F5 tornado led to the formation of the Mayo Clinic.[5]
1884 Enigma tornado outbreak February 19-20, 1884 Central - Eastern United States >51 >178 fatalities, >=1056 injuries Among largest known outbreaks ever recorded. Produced violent and killer tornadoes across a large portion of the Southeastern United States, killing well over 170 people. Long-track F4 tornado moved through Alabama and Georgia, killing 30 people. Another F4--the deadliest in North Carolina history--hit Rockingham, North Carolina, and killed 23. (>=37 significant, 4 violent, >=27 killer)
1884 March tornado outbreak March 24-25, 1884 Southeastern United States - Ohio Valley >29 32 fatalities (29 significant, 11 killer)
1884 Oakville tornado April 1, 1884 Oakville, Indiana 1 8 fatalities Among contemporary meteorologists, this was considered one of the most intense tornadoes observed up to that time. Parts of Oakville "vanished," with house debris scattered for miles. Estimated F5.
1884 Howard, South Dakota tornado August 28, 1884 Howard, South Dakota 1 4 fatalities, 2 injuries One of the oldest known tornado photographs.[1][6]
April 1885 tornado outbreak April 1885 Texas - 60 fatalities, 4 injuries One tornado struck Waco.
1886 Sauk Rapids tornado April 14, 1886 Central Minnesota 1 72 fatalities, 200+ injuries Deadliest tornado in Minnesota history. Estimated to have been an F4.
1887 Grand Forks tornado June 16, 1887 Grand Forks North Dakota - At the time, Fargo, North Dakota was believed to be the northern limit of potential tornado activity by the United States Signal Service. Grand Forks is located another 75 miles north of Fargo in North Dakota. The tornado there lead a rethinking of the potential northern boundary of tornado activity in the United States at the time. [7]


List of United States tornado outbreaks - Pre-1900
Outbreak Dates Region Tornadoes Casualties Notes
1890 St. Louis tornado outbreak January 12, 1890 Middle Mississippi Valley - 16 fatalities, 91 injuries (>=1 violent, 3 killer)
March 1890 middle Mississippi Valley tornado outbreak March 27, 1890 Middle Mississippi Valley - >=146 fatalities, >=847 injuries Deadly tornado outbreak killed at least 146 people across the Midwest. An F4 that struck downtown Louisville killed 76 people alone. Four other F4s, including a long-tracked tornado family that killed 21 people in southern Indiana and northern Kentucky. (>=24 significant, 6 violent, 16 killer)
1890 Lawrence tornado July 26, 1890 Lawrence, Massachusetts - 8 fatalities, 63 injuries Touched down shortly after 9am, estimated F3 strength. Path 11 mi (18 km) long through the city.
1890 Wilkes-Barre tornado August 19, 1890 Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania 1 16 fatalities, 50 injuries It's believed that the tornado touched down west of Nanticoke as an estimated F0. The storm intensified as it traveled northeast towards the City of Wilkes-Barre. After 5:00 pm, it tore through the heart of Wilkes-Barre as an estimated F3. The tornado killed 16 people, injured 50, damaged or destroyed 260 buildings, and cost at least $240,000 (in 1890 money). The tornado then traveled east and ended in a heavily wooded region just outside the city.[8]
1892 Southern Minnesota tornado June 15, 1892 Minnesota - 12 fatalities, 72 injuries Entire farms were obliterated, and house timbers were embedded into the ground 3 mi (4.8 km) away from the foundations. Estimated to have been F5 intensity.
1893 Willow Springs tornado May 22, 1893 Willow Springs, Wisconsin - 3 fatalities Two farm complexes were completely swept away. Estimated to be an F5.
1893 Pomeroy tornado July 6, 1893 Pomeroy, Iowa - 71 fatalities Grass was scoured from the ground, and a metal bridge was torn from its supports. A well pump and 40 feet (12 m) of pipe were pulled out of the ground. Estimated to be an F5.
1894 Upper Mississippi Valley tornado outbreak September 21-22, 1894 Upper Mississippi Valley - >63 fatalities, >253 injuries Included a long-tracked F4 tornado family in Wisconsin and Iowa. In Kossuth County Iowa, five farms and a home were swept away, leaving little trace) and Wisconsin. (>9 significant, 4 violent, 5 killer)
1895 Kansas-Iowa tornado outbreak May 1-3, 1895 Central-Northern Great Plains - >18-35 fatalities, >67 injuries Seven people killed in schools in Ireton-Hull, Iowa. In Harvey County Kansas on May 1, an estimated F5 hit where farms "entirely vanished," with debris carried for miles. In Sioux County Iowa on May 3, an estimated F5 hit where farms "entirely vanished," with debris carried for miles. (2 F5s, 3 killer)
May 1896 tornado outbreak sequence May 15-28, 1896 Upper Mississippi Valley - Great Lakes (Ontario) - >=484 fatalities, >2,000 injuries The deadliest tornado outbreak sequence in American history. Killer tornadoes touched down from Texas to Pennsylvania. Produced at least three F5 tornadoes and several F4s, including an F4 that killed at least 255 people and injured 1,236 in the St. Louis area. In Sherman Texas on May 15, one of the most intense tornadoes of the 19th century according to Grazulis struck. "Extraordinary" damage occurred to farms and 20 homes that were completely obliterated and swept away. An iron-beam bridge was torn apart and scattered, with one of the beams deeply embedded into the ground. Trees were reduced to debarked stumps, and grass was scoured from lawns in town as well. Several headstones at a cemetery were shattered or thrown up to 250 yards through the air, and a trunk lid from Sherman was found 35 miles away. Reliable reports said that numerous bodies were carried hundreds of yards, and that multiple deaths occurred in 17 different families; seven deaths were in one family alone. In Seneca Kansas on May 17, an opera house was swept away along with some farms. Entire farms were reportedly swept clean of debris, leaving the areas "bare as the prairie. In Ortonville-Oakwood Michigan on May 25th, houses and farms were leveled and swept away, with debris carried up to 12 mi (19 km) away. Trees were completely debarked, with even small twigs stripped bare in some cases. (>38 significant, 3 F5, 9 violent, >=22 killer)
1898 Fort Smith, Arkansas tornado January 11, 1898 Lower Mississippi Valley - >=56 fatalities, >=119 injuries Devastating F4 tornado struck Fort Smith. In Marathon County, Wisconsin on May 18th, an estimated F5 tornado flattened 12 farms. (1 violent, 2 killer)
May 1898 Mississippi Valley tornado outbreaks May 17-18, 1898 Middle-Upper Mississippi Valley - 55 fatalities, >=380 injuries In Salix, Iowa on June 11th, an estimated F5 tornado struck and impacted several farms. (5 violent, 10 killer)
1899 New Richmond tornado June 11-12, 1899 Upper Midwest - >=117 fatalities, >=203 injuries Devastating (Estimated) F5 destroyed the town of New Richmond, Wisconsin. Deadliest Wisconsin tornado on record, ninth deadliest in US history.


List of United States tornado outbreaks - 1900-1909
Outbreak Dates Region Tornadoes Casualties Notes
1900 Plains tornado outbreak May 5-6, 1900 Nebraska-Texas-Missouri - >=3 fatalities, >=16 injuries May 6 named "day of the cyclones" by the press. (>=19 significant, 2 killer)
1902 Goliad, Texas tornado May 18, 1902 South Central U.S. - 114 fatalities, >=279 injuries Tied with the Waco tornado as deadliest in Texas history. Estimated F4.
1904 Chappaqua tornado July 16, 1904 New York 1 2 fatalities F3 struck upstate New York.
1904 St. Louis tornado August 19, 1904 Missouri - Illinois 1 3 fatalities, >=10 injuries Heavy damage in downtown St. Louis.
1904 Upper Midwest tornado outbreak August 20, 1904 Minnesota - South Dakota -- Wisconsin >=8 14 fatalities, >=100 injuries Severe damage throughout the Twin Cities.
1905 Snyder, Oklahoma tornado May 10, 1905 Oklahoma >=1 97 fatalities, >=150 injuries F5 largely destroyed Snyder, Oklahoma.
1908 Dixie tornado outbreak April 23-25, 1908 Southeastern United States - 324 fatalities, >=1,720 injuries Tied with the 2011 Super Outbreak for fourth-deadliest US tornado outbreak. Produced numerous violent tornadoes in the Southern United States and Great Plains, including an F5 in Nebraska. One long-track tornado killed 143 people alone in Louisiana and Mississippi. See, e.g., Wilmer, Louisiana. (>=34 significant, >=6 violent, >=13 killer)
Late-April 1909 tornado outbreak April 29 - May 1, 1909 Mississippi - Tennessee Valley - >=165 fatalities, >=696 injuries Produced numerous killer tornadoes across the Southern United States. Two tornadoes in Mississippi and Alabama killed 29 each. (>=35 significant, >=4 violent, >=23 killer)


List of United States tornado outbreaks - 1910-1919
Outbreak Dates Region Tornadoes Casualties Notes
November 1911 tornado outbreak November 11, 1911 Midwestern United States >=9 13 fatalities, 117 injuries Outbreak was produced by a large and dynamic storm system. F4 struck Janesville, Wisconsin, and killed nine people. Other killer tornadoes occurred in Illinois and Michigan. (9 significant, 1 violent, 3 killer)
Tornado outbreak of April 20-22, 1912 April 20-22, 1912 Southern-Central Great Plains - Middle Mississippi Valley - Southeastern United States - >=56 fatalities, injuries Numerous violent tornadoes in North Texas, Oklahoma, and Kansas, including what is now the Dallas-Fort Worth metroplex. (>=30 significant, 9 violent, >=19 killer)
Tornado outbreak of April 27-29, 1912 April 27-29, 1912 Southern-Central Great Plains - Red River basin - Ark-La-Miss region - >=45 fatalities, 167 injuries Violent tornadoes struck portions of the Great Plains, mainly in Oklahoma. (25 significant, 8 violent, 15 killer)
Regina Cyclone June 30, 1912 Saskatchewan, Canada - Canadian Prairies - 1 28 fatalities, hundreds injured Deadliest tornado in Canada, F4 left 2,500 people homeless.
Mid-March 1913 tornado outbreak March 13-14, 1913 Southeastern United States - Middle Mississippi Valley - 78 fatalities, >=492 injuries Produced deadly, long-tracked F3+ tornadoes in Tennessee. (20 significant, 3 violent, 16 killer)
March 1913 tornado outbreak sequence March 20-23, 1913 Southeastern United States - Central Great Plains - Middle Mississippi Valley - >= 241 fatalities, >= 1,535 injuries Produced the devastating Omaha tornado (103 deaths), among several other violent and deadly tornadoes in Nebraska. Other violent tornadoes killed numerous people in Alabama and one in Terre Haute, Indiana, killed 21. (19 significant, 7 violent, 15 killer)
June 1916 tornado outbreak June 5-6, 1916 Mississippi Valley - Southern U.S. - 112 fatalities, 741 injuries Produced numerous killer tornadoes in Arkansas, including one that killed 25 people. An F3 killed 13 people in the northern suburbs of Jackson, Mississippi. (35 significant, 1 violent, 23 killer)
February 1917 Southeast tornado outbreak February 23, 1917 Southeastern United States - 17 fatalities, 81 injuries Six strong tornadoes touched down across the South. (>=6 significant, >=3 killer)
March 1917 tornado outbreak March 23, 1917 Ohio Valley >9 47 fatalities, 311 injuries F4 tornado devastated New Albany, Indiana. Destroyed two schools and a wood shop. At least 300 homes were destroyed, some swept away. (>=9 significant, 1 violent, 2 killer)
May-June 1917 tornado outbreak sequence May 25 - June 1, 1917 Central - Southeastern United States >= 73 >382 fatalities One of the deadliest tornado outbreak sequences in US history. An F5 killed 23 people in Kansas. One tornado family in Illinois killed 101 people alone. A long-track tornado killed 67 people, mostly in Kentucky. (63 significant, 15 violent, 35 killer)
May 1918 tornado outbreak sequence May 18-21, 1918 Central-Northern Great Plains - Upper Midwest - 44 fatalities, 340 injuries (>=34 significant, 5 violent, 13 killer)
1918 Tyler tornado August 21, 1918 Tyler, Minnesota - 36 killed, 225 injured F4 tornado killed 36 people in and near Tyler.
March 1919 tornado outbreak March 14-16, 1919 Central United States - 53 fatalities, 219 injuries (4 violent, 18 killer)
April 1919 tornado outbreak April 8-9, 1919 Southern Great Plains - 92 fatalities, 412 injuries Unusual nocturnal outbreak produced numerous violent, large, long-tracked tornadoes in East Texas. (4 violent, 10 killer)
1919 Fergus Falls tornado June 22, 1919 Fergus Falls, Minnesota - 57 fatalities, 200 injured F5 tornado leveled many homes in Fergus Falls, killing 57 people. 35 of the deaths were at the three story Grand Hotel, which was completely destroyed.


List of United States tornado outbreaks - 1920-1929
Outbreak Dates Region Tornadoes Casualties Notes
1920 Palm Sunday tornado outbreak March 28, 1920 Midwest - Southeast - >=380 fatalities, >=1215 injuries First and deadliest of the Palm Sunday outbreaks; one of the deadliest outbreaks in US history. Tornadoes devastated the Great Lakes and Ohio Valley, including parts of the Chicago metropolitan area. Other long-track killer tornadoes tore across the Southern states. Official death toll is uncertain and may be considerably higher than what is listed. (32 significant, 8 violent, 19 killer)
April 1920 tornado outbreak April 19-21, 1920 Southeastern United States - 224 fatalities, 1374 injuries Several violent, long-track tornadoes touched down across the South, killing numerous people. Mississippi and Alabama were the hardest hit, with multiple tornadoes producing double-digit death tolls, including one that killed 88 people alone. (14 significant, 7 violent, 9 killer)
April 1921 tornado outbreak April 15-16, 1921 Southern U.S. - 90 fatalities, 676 injuries Violent, long-tracked tornado killed 59 people in Texas and Arkansas. (34 significant, 1 violent, 17 killer)
1922 Austin twin tornadoes May 4, 1922 Texas 2 13 fatalities, 50 injuries (Deadliest tornadoes in Austin history) (1 violent, 2 killer)
April 1923 tornado outbreak sequence April 4, 1923 High Plains - 14 fatalities, 68 injuries (2 violent, 4 killer)
May 1923 Great Plains tornado outbreak May 2, 1923 Great Plains 4 17 fatalities, 68 injuries (1 violent, 4 killer)
April 1924 tornado outbreak April 30, 1924 Southeastern United States - 110 fatalities, 1133 injuries Long-tracked tornado family killed seven people at a school in Horrell Hill, South Carolina. Multiple violent killer tornadoes struck the Carolinas and Georgia. (28 significant, 2 violent, 16 killer)
1924 Lorain-Sandusky tornado June 28, 1924 Eastern Great Lakes - 90 fatalities, 349 injuries Deadliest tornado in Ohio history, estimated to have been an F4. (6 significant, 1 violent, 4 killer)
Tri-State Tornado March 18, 1925 Middle Mississippi - Ohio Valley >= >=747 fatalities, >=2298 injuries Part of a deadly outbreak, including the deadliest and longest-tracked tornado in US history. A massive F5 tornado traveled 219 mi (352 km) across the three states of Missouri, Illinois, and Indiana, killing 695 people. Third-costliest US tornado ever. Other violent tornadoes hit Kentucky and Tennessee, including a long-tracked F4 that killed 38 people. (>=9 significant, 3 violent, 8 killer)
1926 La Plata, Maryland tornado outbreak November 9, 1926 Mid-Atlantic - 17 fatalities, 65 injuries 17 people killed at schools in La Plata. An F4 tornado also hit the area on April 28, 2002.
Late-November 1926 tornado outbreak November 25-26, 1926 South - 107 fatalities, 451 injuries Deadliest November tornado outbreak in the US, produced several long-tracked, strong, killer tornadoes. (27 significant, 2 violent, 18 killer)
1927 Rocksprings, Texas tornado April 12, 1927 Southern Great Plains - 74 fatalities, 205 injuries A large F5 tornado struck Rocksprings, Texas, destroying 235 of 247 buildings in town. (1 violent, 1 killer)
April 1927 Southern Plains-Midwest tornado outbreak April 18-19, 1927 Southern Great Plains - Midwest - >=46 fatalities, >=235 injuries (16 significant, 3 violent, 5 killer)
May 1927 tornado outbreak May 8-9, 1927 Great Plains - Mississippi Valley 22 217 fatalities, 1156 injuries One of the most prolific outbreaks in US history. A long-tracked F5 on May 7 in Kansas killed 10 people and injured 300. Other deadly tornadoes hit Missouri, Illinois, and Arkansas including an F4 on May 9 that devastated Poplar Bluff, Missouri, killing 98 people. (32 significant, 8 violent, 17 killer)
1927 St. Louis tornado outbreak September 29, 1927 Middle-Lower Mississippi Valley - 82 fatalities, 620 injuries Produced a devastating tornado that struck St. Louis and killed 79 people. Estimated to have been an F3, but may have been an F4. (11 significant, 3 killer)
September 1928 Upper Plains-Midwest tornado outbreak September 13-14, 1928 Upper Great Plains - Midwest - 23 fatalities, 197 injuries Most intense September outbreak in US history. Several violent tornadoes, including one F4 that hit Rockford, Illinois. (15 significant, 3 violent, 3 killer)
January 1929 Mid-Mississippi Valley tornado outbreak January 18, 1929 Middle Mississippi Valley - 10 fatalities, 46 injuries (7 significant, 5 killer)
1929 Slocum, Texas-Statesboro, Georgia tornado outbreaks April 24-25, 1929 Great Plains - Midwest - Southeast - 63 fatalities, 567 injuries (15 significant, 4 violent, 7 killer)
1929 Rye Cove, Virginia tornado outbreak May 1-2, 1929 Southern - Eastern United States - 44 fatalities, 349 injuries 13 people killed at school in Rye Cove, Virginia. (17 significant, 10 killer)


List of United States tornado outbreaks - 1930-1939
Outbreak Dates Region Tornadoes Casualties Notes
May 1930 tornado outbreak sequence May 1-2 & 5-6, 1930 Great Plains - Mississippi Valley - 94 fatalities, 520 injuries Very intense and prolific outbreak sequence including a deadly F4 tornado in Frost, Texas, which resulted in 41 fatalities. (51 significant, 11 violent, 15 killer)
November 1930 Southern Plains tornado outbreak November 19, 1930 Southern Great Plains - 24 fatalities, 162 injuries Morning F4 tornado kills 23 people in Bethany, Oklahoma. (8 significant, 1 violent, 2 killer)
1932 Deep South tornado outbreak March 21-22, 1932 Southeastern United States - >=330 fatalities, 2145 injuries One of the most intense outbreaks in US history, produced 10 violent tornadoes. Third-deadliest continuous tornado outbreak in US history. Hundreds of people were killed by violent tornadoes across the Southern United States. Deadliest Alabama outbreak with 268 fatalities. (36 significant, 10 violent, 27 killer)
March 1933 Nashville tornado outbreak March 14, 1933 Tennessee Valley - 44 fatalities, 461 injuries Destructive F3 tornado through downtown Nashville, killing 11 people. Other tornadoes touched down across the Ohio Valley, including an F4 that killed 12. (>=5 significant, 1 violent, >=4 killer)
Late-March 1933 tornado outbreak March 30-31, 1933 Southeast - 87 fatalities, 620 injuries (30 significant, 1 violent, 16 killer)
Early-May 1933 tornado outbreak sequence May 4-10, 1933 South 128 fatalities Produced an F4 that struck Tompkinsville, Kentucky, and killed 36 people. Another F4 struck rural Tennessee and killed 35. Numerous other killer tornadoes touched down across the Southern United States. (27 significant, 3 violent, 10 killer)
1936 Cordele-Greensboro tornado outbreak April 1-2, 1936 Southeast - 45 fatalities, 568 injuries Produced multiple killer tornadoes in Georgia and the Carolinas. An F4 tornado in Cordele, Georgia, killed 23 people. (8 significant, 3 violent, 10 killer)
1936 Tupelo-Gainesville tornado outbreak April 5-6, 1936 Southeastern United States 17 454 fatalities, 2498 injuries Second-deadliest continuous tornado outbreak in US history. Several strong and deadly tornadoes were observed across the South. Two of the individual tornadoes killed well over 200 people each. (12 significant, 3 violent, 11 killer)
1938 Bakerville, Missouri tornado outbreak March 15, 1938 Mississippi Valley - 24 fatalities, 200 injuries (14 significant, 2 violent, 6 killer)
Late-March 1938 tornado outbreak March 30-31, 1938 Southern Plains - Mississippi Valley - 40 fatalities, 548 injuries An F3 tornado in South Pekin, Illinois destroyed the town and killed 9. Remains Central Illinois' deadliest tornado after 75 years, (26 significant, 3 violent, 9 killer)
1938 Oshkosh, Nebraska tornado outbreak April 26, 1938 Great Plains - 6 fatalities, 39 injuries F5 near Oshkosh killed three students at a leveled school. Several other strong tornadoes were observed that day, killing three others. (9 significant, 2 violent, 2 killer)
1938 Charleston, South Carolina tornadoes September 29, 1938 South Carolina - 32 fatalities, 100 injuries (2 killers)
April 1939 tornado outbreak sequence April 14-17, 1939 Great Plains - Mississippi Valley - 57 fatalities, 316 injuries Included a long-tracked F5 tornado family on April 14 in Oklahoma and Kansas that killed seven people. (25 significant, 3 violent, 11 killer)


List of United States tornado outbreaks - 1940-1949
Outbreak Dates Region Tornadoes Casualties Notes
February 1942 tornado outbreak February 5-6, 1942 Southeast - 22 fatalities, 330 injuries (22 significant, 9 killer)
March 1942 tornado outbreak March 16, 1942 Central - Southern U.S. - 148 fatalities, >=1284 injuries Produced a deadly tornado family in Mississippi that killed 63 people. An F5 struck Lacon, Illinois, killing eight people. A long-tracked F4 killed 15 people in Tennessee. (25 significant, 7 violent, 18 killer)
April-May 1942 tornado outbreak sequence April 27-30 & May 2, 1942 Great Plains - 123 fatalities, >=839 injuries Included six F4s that devastated northeast Oklahoma and southeast Kansas on May 2. (20 significant, 11 violent, 17 killer)
January 1944 Oklahoma tornado outbreak January 26. 1944 Southern Great Plains - 2 fatalities, 40 injuries (8 significant, 2 killer)
1944 Appalachians tornado outbreak June 22-23, 1944 Great Lakes - Mid-Atlantic - 163 fatalities, >=1044 injuries 100 died in a single tornado in West Virginia, the deadliest in the state's history. Other deadly tornadoes were observed in Pennsylvania and Maryland. First of two violent outbreaks in Pennsylvania, the other occurring on May 31, 1985, with an F5 tornado hitting Wheatland, Pennsylvania. (>=7 significant, 3 violent, >=6 killer)
April 1945 tornado outbreak April 12, 1945 Southern Great Plains - Mississippi Valley - 128 fatalities, 1001 injuries A large and deadly F5 struck Antlers, Oklahoma, killing at least 67 people. (17 significant, 5 violent, 10 killer).
1945 Jamestown Tornado June 10, 1945 Jamestown, New York, - 0 deaths, 14 injured A tornado touched down in Jamestown at 9:30 pm, with many factory buildings losing their roofs and in some cases even their top floors, and causing significant damage to hundreds of homes. $85M in damage (2019 dollars).
1946 Windsor-Tecumseh tornado June 17, 1946 River Rouge, Michigan, Windsor, Ontario - 17 dead, dozens injured Third-deadliest tornado in Canadian history, formed in River Rouge, Michigan. May have been an F5.
January 1947 tornado outbreak January 29-30, 1947 Mississippi Valley - Southeast - 8 fatalities, 155 injuries (15 significant, 1 violent, 5 killer)
1947 Glazier-Higgins-Woodward tornadoes April 9-10, 1947 Southern Great Plains - 181 fatalities, 980 injuries Deadly tornado family devastated multiple towns in Texas and Oklahoma, producing F5 damage. Entire communities were either partly or totally swept away in both states. (>=8 significant, >=2 violent, >=1 killer)
1947 New Year's Eve tornado outbreak December 31, 1947 Southern U.S. - 20 fatalities, 256 injuries (7 significant, 1 violent, 3 killer)
1948 Alton-Bunker Hill-Gillespie tornado outbreak March 18-19, 1948 Great Plains - Middle Mississippi Valley - 43 fatalities, >=566 injuries Early-morning F4 killed 33 people in Illinois. (25 significant, 3 violent, 5 killer)
1948 Tinker Air Force Base tornadoes March 20 & 25, 1948 Oklahoma City - First successful tornado prediction in history by Maj. Ernest J. Fawbush and Capt. Robert C. Miller who were on duty at Tinker Air Force Base in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.[1]
Late-March 1948 tornado outbreak March 25-27, 1948 Central United States - 37 fatalities, 321 injuries (19 significant, 3 violent, 5 killer)


List of United States tornado outbreaks - 1950-1959
Outbreak Dates Region Tornadoes Casualties Notes
February 1950 tornado outbreak February 12, 1950 Lower-Middle Mississippi Valley 13 36 fatalities, 169+ injuries A tornado outbreak caused several long-tracked, deadly tornadoes that touched down in Louisiana, Texas, Mississippi, and Arkansas. (14 significant, 1 violent, 8 killer)
March 1952 Southern United States tornado outbreak March 21-22, 1952 Lower-Middle Mississippi Valley 34 209 fatalities Fourth-most violent outbreak in U.S. since 1950 with 11 F4 tornadoes, most intense ever in Arkansas. F4 tornadoes that struck Judsonia and Cotton Plant killed a total of 79 people. Other F4s struck Tennessee and northern Mississippi. First time the word "tornado" was used during a public television weather broadcast. Done by Oklahoma City WKY-TV's weatherman Harry Volkman. Tornado had been a banned word by the FCC at the time.[1] (>=30 significant, >=11 violent, 20 killer).
April - May 1953 tornado outbreak sequence April 28 - May 2, 1953 Southeastern United States 24[9][10][11][12][13] 37 fatalities, 366 injuries (17 significant, 5 violent, 9 killer)
1953 Waco tornado outbreak May 9-11, 1953 Southern-Central Great Plains / Upper Mississippi Valley 33 144 fatalities, 901 injuries Produced an F5 tornado in Waco, Texas, killing 114 people. Tied for deadliest tornado in Texas history and eleventh deadliest in United States. Other deadly tornadoes struck Hebron, Nebraska, and San Angelo, Texas. (17 significant, 5 violent, 6 killer)
Flint-Worcester tornado outbreak sequence June 7-9, 1953 Central Great Plains - Great Lakes - New England 46 247 fatalities Numerous tornadoes struck the Great Plains and Midwestern United States. The Flint-Beecher F5 produced the last 100+ death toll for a single tornado in US history until the 2011 Joplin tornado. A tornado that struck Worcester, Massachusetts, killed 94 people and may have been an F5 as well. A tornado family killed 18 people in northern Ohio as well. (26 significant, 6 violent, 8 killer)
1953 Vicksburg, Mississippi tornadoes December 5, 1953 Louisiana - Mississippi 4 38 fatalities Small outbreak produced a violent tornado that struck downtown Vicksburg. Produced one of only two official December F5 tornadoes in US history, though the rating is disputed. (4 significant, 1 violent killer)
April 1954 tornado outbreak April 1954 Antlers, Oklahoma 40 40 fatalities Some of the damage incurred in this outbreak echoed that previously incurred in the April 1945 tornado outbreak.
1955 Great Plains tornado outbreak May 25-26, 1955 Great Plains - Midwest - Mississippi Valley 47 102 fatalities One of the deadliest Plains outbreaks on record. An F5 tornado struck Blackwell, Oklahoma, killing 20 people. Another F5 from the same storm struck Udall, Kansas, killing 80. (19 significant, 3 violent, 3 killer)
February 1956 tornado outbreak February 24-25, 1956 Central United States 23[14][15] 6 fatalities (14 significant, 2 violent killers)
April 1956 tornado outbreak April 2-3, 1956 Central United States 47 40 fatalities An F5 tornado struck the suburbs of Grand Rapids, Michigan on April 3, killing 17 people. Other significant tornadoes struck Oklahoma and Kansas on April 2 and the Great Lakes region on April 3. (33 significant, 6 violent, 8 killer)
1956 McDonald Chapel tornado April 14-15, 1956 Southern Great Plains - Great Lakes - Southeastern United States 5 25 fatalities F4 tornado struck the Birmingham suburbs on April 15, killing 25 people. (2 significant, 1 violent killer)
Early-April 1957 tornado outbreak sequence April 2, 1957 Texas - Oklahoma 28 17 fatalities A widely photographed and -filmed F3 tornado struck Dallas and killed 10 people. Other violent and deadly tornadoes struck Oklahoma. (>=33 significant, >=2 violent, >=8 killer)
April 1957 Southeastern United States tornado outbreak April 8, 1957 Alabama - Georgia - North Carolina - South Carolina - Tennessee - Virginia >=18 7 fatalities Produced several destructive tornadoes across the Southern United States and the Carolinas. The town of Jefferson, South Carolina, was devastated. (>=15 significant, >=2 violent, 3 killer)
1957 Lubbock tornado outbreak April 21, 1957 Texas 11 0 fatalities Violent tornadoes took unusual paths to the north-northwest. (4 significant, 2 violent)
1957 Silverton, Texas tornado outbreak May 15, 1957 Texas 12 21 fatalities F4 tornado struck Silverton, Texas. (6 significant, 1 violent, 2 killer)
May 1957 Central Plains tornado outbreak May 19-21, 1957 Central Great Plains - Middle-Upper Mississippi Valley 57 59 fatalities Produced numerous tornadoes across the Great Plains states, including an F5 that ripped through several Kansas City suburbs and killed 44 people. Other deadly tornadoes touched down in Missouri. (31 significant, 4 violent, >=3 killer)
Late-May 1957 tornado outbreak May 24-25, 1957 New Mexico and southern Great Plains 37 4 fatalities Produced several strong tornadoes across the southern Great Plains. An F3 caused severe damage in Olton, Texas, and an F4 killed four people near Lawton, Oklahoma. (>=11 significant, 1 violent killer)
1957 Fargo tornado June 20, 1957 Northern Great Plains - 10 fatalities May have been one of the most intense tornadoes in US history, an F5 that killed 10 people in Fargo, North Dakota.
November 1957 tornado outbreak November 7-8, 1957 Southeastern United States 20 12 fatalities (12 significant, 1 violent, 5 killer)
December 1957 tornado outbreak sequence December 18-19, 1957 Missouri, Illinois, Arkansas, Tennessee, Alabama 37 19 fatalities Includes the most intense December outbreak in the contiguous United States and the most intense Illinois tornado outbreak in any month. Long-track F4 struck several of the towns hit by the Tri-State Tornado and an F5 completely destroyed Sunfield, Illinois. (29 significant, 4 violent, 6 killer)
April 1958 Florida tornado outbreak April 15, 1958 Florida and Georgia 5 0 fatalities, 65-72 injuries Produced one of only two known F4 tornadoes in Florida. (3 significant, 1 violent)
1958 Colfax, Wisconsin tornado outbreak June 4, 1958 Minnesota - Wisconsin 10 28 fatalities Produced a series of strong and destructive tornadoes in Wisconsin, including an F5 that devastated the town of Colfax. (6 significant, 3 violent killer)
April 1959 tornado outbreak April 1959 Great Plains - 36 0 fatalities (14 significant)


List of United States tornado outbreaks - 1960-1969
Outbreak Dates Region Tornadoes Casualties Notes
May 1960 tornado outbreak sequence May 4-6, 1960 Southern Great Plains, South, Midwest 66 33 fatalities Produced numerous violent and killer tornadoes, especially in Oklahoma. An F5 tornado killed five people and produced extreme damage near Prague and Iron Post. An F4 tornado struck Wilburton and killed 16. (41 significant, 5 violent, 8 killer)
Hurricane Carla September 1961 Southern U.S. 8 - Produced several strong tornadoes, including an F4 killer tornado that hit Galveston, Texas. (>=8 significant, >=1 violent, >=2 killer)
1964 Wichita Falls Tornado April 3, 1964 Wichita Falls, Texas 33 7 dead, 111 injured Was rated F5. First tornado ever captured on live television. First of two violent tornadoes to hit Wichita Falls, the other--an F4 tornado that killed 42--occurring on April 10, 1979. (13 significant, 1 violent killer)
1964 Michigan tornado May 8, 1964 Metro Detroit 1 11 fatalities F4 tornado struck suburban areas of metropolitan Detroit in Macomb and St. Clair Counties, before continuing into Lambton County in Ontario.[16]
February 1965 South Florida tornado outbreak February 23, 1965 Southern Florida 4 0 fatalities, 8 injuries Produced an unusually strong tornado in South Florida, an F3 tornado that hit Fort Lauderdale. (2 significant, 0 violent, 0 killer)
1965 Palm Sunday tornado outbreak April 11-12, 1965 Central United States 47 256-271 fatalities Among the most intense outbreaks ever recorded. Numerous violent and long-track tornadoes, some possibly reaching F5 intensity, tore across the Great Lakes states, killing hundreds of people. Two violent F4 tornadoes hit Dunlap, Indiana, killing 51 people there. Two F4 tornadoess with parallel paths in Michigan killed 44 people. Deadly tornadoes also impacted the Cleveland and Toledo areas. National Weather Service adopts standard broadcast language of "tornado watch" and "tornado warning" to use for public warnings of tornadoes following the aftermath of this storm.[1] (32 significant, 17 violent, 21 killer).
Early-May 1965 tornado outbreak sequence May 6-8, 1965 Minnesota, Front Range, Great Plains 50 17 fatalities Included the 1965 Twin Cities tornado outbreak, in which a series of violent tornadoes struck the Twin Cities metro area on May 6, devastating Fridley and Golden Valley. A violent outbreak occurred on May 8 in Nebraska and South Dakota, including a massive F5 tornado in Tripp County and two long-tracked F4 tornadoes, one of which almost obliterated Primrose, killing four people. (28 significant, 7 violent, 5 killer)
Late-May 1965 tornado outbreak May 25-26, 1965 Great Plains 51 0 fatalities Produced multiple strong tornadoes in the Great Plains, including an F3 tornado near Pratt, Kansas. (18 significant)
1966 Candlestick Park tornado March 3, 1966 Mississippi - Alabama 1 58 fatalities Extremely violent F5 tornado or tornado family that killed 57 people and traveled 202.5 mi (325.9 km) across Mississippi and Alabama, one of the longest such paths on record. One of only four official F5 tornadoes to hit Mississippi.
1966 Tampa tornado family April 4, 1966 Central Florida, I-4 corridor 2 11 fatalities Third-deadliest tornado event in Florida, behind those of February 2, 2007, and February 22-23, 1998. Produced at least two long-tracked tornadoes, including one of only two F4 tornadoes in Florida history, killing 11 people. Affected major urban areas in Tampa and Greater Orlando, but crossed the entire state as well. (2 significant, 1 violent killer)
June 1966 tornado outbreak sequence June 8-9, 1966 Kansas - Illinois 57 18 fatalities Outbreak sequence produced a series of tornadoes across the Great Plains states. An F5 tornado devastated downtown Topeka, Kansas, killing 16 people and disproving myths about the city's being protected. A large F3 tornado also hit Manhattan, Kansas. (>=23 significant, >=3 violent, 3 killer)
1967 St. Louis tornado outbreak January 24, 1967 Midwest 32 6 fatalities One of the most intense January outbreaks ever documented. F3+ tornadoes occurred as far north as Wisconsin. An F4 tornado killed three in the St. Louis suburbs, paralleling the paths of earlier tornadoes in 1896 and 1927. Two students were killed at a high school in Orrick, Missouri. (25 significant, 2 violent, 4 killer)
1967 Oak Lawn tornado outbreak April 21, 1967 Midwest 45 58 fatalities One of the most intense outbreaks to hit the Chicago metropolitan area. An F4 tornado devastated Belvidere, Illinois, killing 13 people in a school (one of the highest such tolls in US history. Another very destructive F4 hit Oak Lawn, killing 33 people in rush-hour traffic. Other violent tornadoes touched down in Missouri and Michigan. (25 significant, 5 violent, 3 killer)
1967 Iowa-Minnesota tornado outbreak April 30, 1967 Iowa, Minnesota, South Dakota 21 13 fatalities Only one tornado below F2 strength in Minnesota. The towns of Albert Lea and Waseca were devastated by deadly F4 tornadoes. (17 significant, 4 violent, 3 killer)
Hurricane Beulah September 19-24, 1967 Texas - Mexico 125 5 fatalities One of the largest tropical cyclone-related tornado outbreaks recorded. Produced several strong tornadoes, some of which were deadly. Also set the record for most tornadoes in one state within a 24-hour period. (6 significant, 2 killer)
1968 Wheelersburg, Ohio tornado outbreak April 23, 1968 Ohio Valley 14 14 fatalities Outbreak produced several violent and killer tornadoes across the Ohio Valley, including two F4 tornadoes--one possibly reaching F5 intentsiy. An F5 tornado struck Wheelersburg and Gallipolis as well. The F5 rating is, however, disputed by some sources. (9 significant, 3 violent killer)
May 1968 tornado outbreak May 15-16, 1968 Mississippi Valley 46 74 fatalities Two F5 tornadoes struck Iowa on the same day, killing 18 people. Two deadly F4 tornadoes struck Arkansas, including one that killed 35 people in Jonesboro. (21 significant, 4 violent, 8 killer)
1968 Tracy tornado June 13, 1968 Minnesota 1 9 fatalities Powerful but narrow F5 tornado killed nine people and injured 150 in Tracy, Minnesota.
1969 Hazlehurst, Mississippi tornado outbreak January 23, 1969 Southeastern United States 3 32 fatalities Devastating pre-dawn F4 tornado hit Hazlehurst and other towns, killing 32 people on a long path across southern Mississippi. (2 significant, 1 violent killer)
Tornado outbreak sequence of June 1969 June 21-26, 1969 Midwestern United States 63 7 fatalities, 169 injuries Significant tornadoes struck the Midwest for six consecutive days. An F3 tornado caused major damage in Salina, Kansas, injuring 60 people. Two F4 tornadoes struck western Missouri, killing 6 people and injuring 77. (24 significant, 3 violent, 3 killer)
1969 Minnesota tornado outbreak August 6, 1969 Minnesota 13 15 fatalities, 109 injuries Mid-summer outbreak produced several destructive tornadoes in Minnesota. An F4 tornado killed 12 people near Outing. (11 significant, 1 violent, 3 killer)
August 1969 Cincinnati tornado outbreak August 9, 1969 Indiana - Ohio 10 4 fatalities F3 tornado killed 4 in the Cincinnati suburbs. Other strong tornadoes occurred in Indiana and Virginia. (6 significant, 1 killer)


List of United States tornado outbreaks - 1970-1979
Outbreak Dates Region Tornadoes Casualties
Tornado outbreak sequence of April 17-19, 1970 April 17-19, 1970 Southern Great Plains 15 23 fatalities Produced multiple violent, long-tracked tornadoes in the Llano Estacado and the Texas Panhandle. (7 significant, 4 violent, 3 killer)
1970 Lubbock tornado May 11, 1970 West Texas 2 26 fatalities An F5 tornado struck downtown Lubbock, Texas, killing 26 people. Studies of this tornado led to the formation of the Fujita scale.
June 10-16, 1970 tornado outbreak sequence June 10-16, 1970 Central United States 82 3 fatalities 82 tornadoes touched down across the Great Plains and Midwest. The outbreak sequence featured a long-tracked F3 tornado that struck Springdale, Arkansas and an F4 tornado near Bynumville, Missouri. One tornado near Macon, Missouri, featured an oddity where a welcome mat made an imprint on the side of a house. (26 significant, 1 violent, 3 killer)
February 1971 Mississippi Delta tornado outbreak February 21, 1971 Southern Mississippi Valley 19 123 fatalities Deadly outbreak produced multiple long-track, violent tornadoes across Mississippi Delta region, including the only known F5 in Louisiana history. One of the tornadoes traveled 202 mi (325 km) across northern and central Mississippi, destroying several entire communities and killing 58 people, including 21 alone in Pugh City, which was entirely destroyed and never rebuilt. Additionally, the F5 Louisiana tornado continued into Mississippi and killed 21 people in Inverness, a large section of which was also destroyed. (13 significant, 3 violent, 5 killer)
1971 Springfield, Missouri tornado outbreak December 14-15, 1971 Central United States 40 2 fatalities (10 significant, 2 killer)
1972 Portland-Vancouver tornado April 5, 1972 Pacific Northwest 4 6 fatalities Deadliest West Coast tornado event ever documented.
Hurricane Agnes tornado outbreak June 18-19, 1972 Florida and Georgia 30 7 fatalities, >= 140 injuries Third-deadliest tropical cyclone-related outbreak in the U.S. since 1900 and is the largest Florida tornado outbreak with 28 tornadoes in state. (12 significant, 2 killer)
1972 Waukegan - North Chicago Tornado outbreak September 28, 1972 Midwest 20 1 injury F4 tornado hit the Chicago suburbs, destroying military barracks. Rating disputed. (>=6 significant, 1 violent)
Tornado outbreak of April 1-2, 1974 April 1-2, 1974 Southern U.S. - Mississippi Valley 23 4 fatalities Outbreak ended only 17 hours before Super Outbreak began in the same areas. (10 significant, 3 violent, 4 killer)
1974 Super Outbreak April 3-4, 1974 Eastern United States - Ontario 170 315 fatalities The second-largest and most violent tornado outbreak ever documented. At least 50 of them were killers. Violent and deadly tornadoes, several of which were long lived, touched down over a wide area from Alabama to Indiana, affecting major population areas including Louisville, Cincinnati, and Huntsville. A violent F5 destroyed Brandenburg, Kentucky, and killed 31, and another F5 destroyed a large section of Xenia, Ohio, killing 32. Three F5s occurred in Alabama, including one of the strongest tornadoes on record, a long-tracked F5 that obliterated a large section of Guin, killing 28 people, 20 of them in Guin alone. Additionally, two other powerful F5s devastated the town of Tanner a half hour apart and killed total of 50 people. Numerous other violent, killer, long-tracked tornadoes occurred from the Great Lakes to the Gulf Coast, including an extremely long-tracked F4 that traveled almost 110 mi (180 km) and killed 18 people in northern Indiana. Strong, deadly tornadoes occurred as far north as Ontario as well. Outbreak produced 30 violent tornadoes, 23 F4s and seven F5s, with at least 66 more of significant strength.
June 1974 Great Plains tornado outbreak June 8, 1974 Southern Great Plains 39 22 fatalities Several significant tornadoes occurred over the southern Great Plains, including two violent, killer F4 tornadoes that hit Oklahoma and Kansas. One of the tornadoes struck Drumright in Oklahoma, killing 14 people, while the other killed six in and near Emporia, Kansas. Other strong, F3 tornadoes affected the Oklahoma City and Tulsa metropolitan areas. (22 significant, 2 violent, 3 killer)
Great Storm of 1975 January 9-12, 1975 Southeastern United States 45 12 fatalities January outbreak produced a violent F4 that killed nine people in McComb, Mississippi. An F3 east of Birmingham, Alabama, destroyed numerous homes and killed one person. (16 significant, 1 violent, 4 killer)
1975 Omaha tornado outbreak May 6, 1975 Northern Great Plains 36 3 fatalities Omaha F4 killed three people and was one of the costliest tornado disasters in US history. Another F4 destroyed the town of Magnet, Nebraska. (19 significant, 2 violent, 1 killer)
1975 Canton, Illinois tornado July 23, 1975 Illinois 2 2 fatalities High-end F3 destroyed downtown Canton, Illinois. (2 significant, 1 killer)
March 1976 tornado outbreak March 20-21, 1976 Mississippi Valley 66 3 fatalities (18 significant, 3 violent, 3 killer)
April 1977 Birmingham tornado April 4, 1977 Southeastern United States 21 24 fatalities Violent F5 tornado struck the Smithfield area in northern Birmingham, Alabama, sweeping away many homes and killing 22 people. Outbreak extended from Mississippi to North Carolina, with several strong tornadoes documented. The storm system also caused the crash of Southern Airways Flight 242, which happened on the same day, in the same area.
1978 Clearwater, Florida tornado outbreak May 4, 1978 Florida and South Carolina 13 3 fatalities F3 struck an elementary school in Clearwater, Florida, killing three students. An F2 struck Gainesville, Florida (2 significant, 1 killer)
1979 Red River Valley tornado outbreak April 10-11, 1979 Southern Great Plains - Southeastern United States 59 56 fatalities Deadly outbreak produced multiple killer tornadoes across the southern Great Plains states, including a famous, devastating, F4 wedge that killed 42 people in Wichita Falls, Texas. Another deadly F4 occurred in Vernon, Texas. (31 significant, 2 violent, 5 killer)
Windsor Locks, Connecticut tornado October 3, 1979 New England 1 3 fatalities Rare New England and October F4, one of the costliest tornadoes in US history.


List of United States tornado outbreaks - 1980-1989
Outbreak Dates Region Tornadoes Casualties
April 1980 Central United States tornado outbreak April 7-8, 1980 Central United States 59 3 fatalities Many strong tornadoes touched down, including an F3 that struck Round Rock, Texas, killing 1. (31 significant, 2 killer)
1980 Kalamazoo tornado May 13, 1980 Michigan 1 5 fatalities F3 struck downtown Kalamazoo, Michigan, killing 5 people.
1980 Grand Island tornado outbreak June 2-3, 1980 Central - Eastern United States 15 6 fatalities Grand Island, Nebraska, was devastated by a series of damaging tornadoes. Best known for forming three rare anticyclonic tornadoes in one system. Outbreak produced violent tornadoes as far east as Pennsylvania. (15 significant, 3 violent, 3 killer)
Hurricane Allen August 8-11, 1980 Mexico - Texas 29 0 fatalities Costliest tropical cyclone-related tornado in history struck the Austin area.
1981 West Bend tornado April 4, 1981 Wisconsin 1 3 fatalities One of the strongest anticyclonic tornadoes on record, rated F4.
May 1981 tornado outbreak May 22-23, 1981 Great Plains 43 0 fatalities Multiple strong tornadoes touched down across the Great Plains. Spawned the Cordell and Binger, Oklahoma, tornadoes, the latter of which was a violent F4. (14 significant, 1 violent)
April 1982 tornado outbreak April 2-3, 1982 Southern Plains - Mississippi Valley 61 29 fatalities Produced an F5 tornado near Broken Bow, Oklahoma, though the rating is disputed. An F4 tornado also struck Paris, Texas, and another occurred in Arkansas. (24 significant, 4 violent, 10 killer)
May 1982 tornado outbreak May 11-12, 1982 Texas - Oklahoma 70 3 fatalities Produced killer tornadoes in Texas and Oklahoma. (17 significant, 2 killer)
Marion, Illinois tornado outbreak May 29, 1982 Illinois 7 10 fatalities Produced an F4 that killed 10 people in Marion, Illinois. (3 significant, 1 violent killer)
Early-December 1982 tornado outbreak December 2-3, 1982 Lower-Middle Mississippi Valley 43 4 fatalities (16 significant, 2 killer)
1982 Christmas tornado outbreak December 23-25, 1982 Central - Southeastern United States 43 3 fatalities (18 significant, 3 killer)
March 1983 South Florida tornadoes March 17, 1983 Southern Florida 2 0 fatalities Produced an unusually long-lived tornado across the Everglades and urban Broward County, Florida. An F1 tornado also hit Collier County. Other tornadoes may have occurred across southern Florida as well. (2 tornadoes, 1 significant, 3 unconfirmed)
Early-May 1983 tornado outbreak May 1-2, 1983 Mississippi Valley - Great Lakes 63 7 fatalities, 110+ injured Affected 11 states with $200 million in damage, Ohio and western New York hardest hit. (27 significant, 5 killer)
Mid-May 1983 tornado outbreak May 18-20, 1983 Southeastern United States 48 6 fatalities (10 significant, 6 killer)
December 6, 1983, Selma, AL tornado December 6, 1983 Alabama 1 1 fatality, 19 injuries Rated F3.
1984 Carolinas tornado outbreak March 28, 1984 Carolinas 24 57 fatalities, 1200+ injuries Long-lived supercell tracked near the center of a low pressure center and generated 13 tornadoes, 11 of which were F3 or F4 in strength. Two F4s left damage paths more than 2 mi (3.2 km) wide. Worst tornado outbreak ever recorded in the Carolinas. Winnsboro and Bennettsville, South Carolina, along with Red Springs and Greenville, North Carolina, were devastated. (19 significant, 7 violent, 10 killer)
1984 Philipp-Water Valley, Mississippi tornado outbreak April 21, 1984 Southeastern United States 7 15 fatalities Produced a multiple-vortex F3 with an unusual V-shaped path that struck Water Valley, Mississippi, killing 15. (3 significant, 1 killer)
1984 Morris, Oklahoma tornado outbreak April 26-27, 1984 Great Plains - Mississippi Valley 47 16 fatalities Produced many strong to violent tornadoes, especially in Oklahoma and Wisconsin. (20 significant, 8 killer)
1984 Mannford-New Prue, Oklahoma tornado outbreak April 29, 1984 Central United States 42 1 fatality New Prue was devastated by an F4, killing 1. (4 significant, 1 violent killer)
May 1984 tornado outbreak May 2-3, 1984 Southeastern United States 60 5 fatalities (15 significant, 1 killer)
1984 Barneveld tornado outbreak June 7-8, 1984 Central United States 45 13 fatalities Numerous strong tornadoes touched down across the northern Plains states. Late-night F5 killed nine people in Barneveld, Wisconsin. Long-track F4 killed three in Missouri. (29 significant, 2 violent, 3 killer)
1985 United States-Canada tornado outbreak May 31, 1985 U.S. - Canadian Eastern Great Lakes 44 90 fatalities Unusual tornado outbreak was among the most intense recorded, the largest such outbreak in the region. Violent tornadoes devastated towns in Ohio, Pennsylvania, New York, and Ontario. Long-track tornado produced F5 damage in Ohio and Pennsylvania, killing 18. Two F4s occurred in Canada, including one that killed eight people in Barrie, Ontario. (28 significant, 9 violent, 12 killer)
Hurricane Danny August 1985 Southeastern United States 39 1 fatalities Produced an F3 that struck Waco, Texas. (13 significant, 1 killer)
March 10-12, 1986 tornado outbreak March 10-12, 1986 Central - Southeastern United States 41 17 fatalities High-end F2 tornado struck Lexington, Kentucky. (24 significant, 1 violent, >=7 killer)
July 1986 tornado outbreak July 1986 Minnesota 36 2 fatalities Produced F4 tornado struck Minnesota. An F2 which hit the Twin Cities suburbs of Brooklyn Park and Fridley on July 18, 1986, was carried live on KARE-TV and became a media sensation. This twister caused limited damage and no deaths.
1987 Saragosa, Texas tornado May 22, 1987 West Texas 3 30 fatalities Brief but violent F4 tornado devastated the small town of Saragosa, killing 30 people.
Teton-Yellowstone tornado July 21, 1987 Wyoming 1 0 fatalities Rare high-altitude F4 tore through parts of Yellowstone National Park, flattening acres of forest.
1987 Arklatex tornado outbreak November 15-16, 1987 Southeastern United States 50 12 fatalities Produced a series of strong tornadoes across Oklahoma, Texas, and Mississippi. (18 significant, 6 killer)
1987 West Memphis, Arkansas tornado December 14, 1987 Arkansas - Tennessee 1 6 dead, 100 injured Rated F3.
May 1988 tornado outbreak May 8, 1988 Midwest 57 0 fatalities (8 significant)
Hurricane Gilbert September 16-17, 1988 Central - North America 41 1 fatalities Produced several tornadoes in Texas. (2 significant, 1 killer)
1988 Raleigh tornado outbreak November 28, 1988 North Carolina 7 4 fatalities Produced a long-track F4 that struck Raleigh, North Carolina, killing four people. A few other less significant tornadoes occurred as well. (3 significant, 1 violent killer)
May 1989 tornado outbreak May 5, 1989 Mid-Atlantic - Southeast U.S. 16 7 fatalities Produced three killer F4s in the Carolinas. The Charlotte, Winston-Salem, and Durham, North Carolina, areas all sustained major impacts. (9 significant, 3 violent killer)
1989 Northeastern United States tornado outbreak July 10, 1989 Northeastern United States 17 0 fatalities, 142 injured One of the most intense tornado events to ever impact the New England region. Destructive tornadoes touched down in New York and Connecticut, including a violent F4 that devastated Hamden, Connecticut. (6 significant, 2 violent)
November 1989 tornado outbreak November 15-16, 1989 Southeastern United States and Mid-Atlantic States 40 21 fatalities Produced a deadly F4 that struck Huntsville, Alabama, at rush hour. Strong tornadoes touched down as far north as Quebec. (10 significant, 1 violent killer)


List of United States tornado outbreaks - 1990-1999
Outbreak Dates Region Tornadoes Casualties
March 1990 Central United States tornado outbreak March 11-13, 1990 Central United States 64 2 fatalities The most violent March outbreak and the most intense Great Plains outbreak to occur so early in the year. Produced two powerful F5 tornadoes near Hesston and Goessel, Kansas. A long-tracked F4 tornado, possibly a family of tornadoes, occurred near Red Cloud, Nebraska. (27 significant, 4 violent, 2 killer)
June 1990 Lower Ohio Valley tornado outbreak June 2-3, 1990 Central United States 66 9 fatalities Outbreak produced many strong to violent tornadoes across the Ohio Valley. An F4 tornado devastated Petersburg, Indiana, killing six people. Another very long lived F4 tornado was on the ground for 106 miles across Illinois and Indiana. A late night F4 tornado impacted the northern sections of the Cincinnati metro as well. (27 significant, 7 violent, 4 killer)
1990 Plainfield tornado August 28, 1990 Northeastern Illinois 13 29 fatalities Produced some of the most intense vegetation scouring ever documented. Strongest August tornado, though only rated F5 based on corn damage. F4 damage occurred to buildings in Plainfield, Illinois, killing 29 people. Was part of a small outbreak that also produced strong tornadoes in Ontario and New York. (4 significant, 1 violent killer)
Tornado outbreak of April 26, 1991 April 26-27, 1991 Central-Southern Great Plains 58 21 fatalities One of the most intense Plains outbreaks on record, produced five violent tornadoes in Oklahoma and Kansas. A very violent F5 tornado killed 17 people in the Wichita metropolitan area at Andover, Kansas, destroying an entire mobile-home park. A long-tracked F4 tornado near Red Rock, Oklahoma, produced Doppler-indicated winds into the F5 range. Three other F4 tornadoes occurred in Kansas and Oklahoma. (32 significant, 6 violent, 5 killer)
May 1991 Central Plains tornado outbreak May 16, 1991 Central Great Plains 46 0 fatalities (4 significant)
Mid-June 1992 tornado outbreak June 15-16, 1992 Central United States 123 1 fatality Large outbreak produced many strong to violent tornadoes, mainly across the Northern Plains states. A large F5 tornado devastated the town of Chandler, Minnesota, killing one person. (27 significant, 4 violent, 1 killer)
November 1992 tornado outbreak November 21-23, 1992 Southern - Eastern United States 95 26 fatalities The most intense and largest November outbreak on record in U.S. history. Produced strong tornadoes from Texas to North Carolina and into the Ohio Valley, including a long-track F4 tornado that impacted Brandon, Mississippi, and killed 12 people. A series of destructive tornadoes (including one rated F4) devastated the Houston metro area as well. (43 significant, 5 violent, 9 killer)
1993 Catoosa, Oklahoma tornado outbreak April 24, 1993 Oklahoma 13 7 fatalities A rain-wrapped F4 tornado killed seven people in the suburbs of Tulsa, and a destructive F3 tornado paralleled the its path. (4 significant, 1 violent killer)
1993 Virginia tornado outbreak August 6, 1993 Virginia 24 4 fatalities Largest tornado outbreak in Virginia history. Produced a violent F4 tornado that struck downtown Petersburg, Virginia and killed four people. (4 significant, 1 violent killer)
Tornado outbreak of August 8-9, 1993 August 8-9, 1993 Northern Plains 7 2 fatalities Small outbreak that resulted in two fatalities in Minnesota. (1 significant, 1 killer)
1994 Palm Sunday tornado outbreak March 27, 1994 Southeastern United States 29 40 fatalities Produced multiple violent tornadoes across the Southeastern U.S., including one that killed 20 people in a church near Piedmont, Alabama. Last of the three famous Palm Sunday outbreaks. (2 violent, 13 significant, 5 killer)
April 1994 tornado outbreak April 25-27, 1994 Southern Great Plains - Midwest 101 6 fatalities Large and widespread outbreak. An F4 tornado devastated the Dallas suburb of Lancaster, Texas, killing 3 people there. Another F4 tornado that struck West Lafayette, Indiana killed three as well. (12 significant, 2 violent killer)
June 1994 tornado outbreak June 26-27, 1994 - 62 2 fatalities (11 significant, 2 killer)
1994 Thanksgiving Weekend tornado outbreak November 27, 1994 Southeastern United States 19 6 fatalities Produced several strong tornadoes across the South. (32 significant, 6 violent, 5 killer)
May 1995 tornado outbreak sequence May 5-27, 1995 Central United States 351 13 fatalities Very large outbreak sequence produced many strong to violent tornadoes. An F4 tornado struck Harvest, Alabama, and killed one person, and another F4 tornado struck Ethridge, Tennessee, and killed three. A tornado rated F3 killed three people and caused major damage in the Ardmore, Oklahoma area. The outbreak sequence produced an F0 tornado that downed several trees at the National Arboretum in Washington D.C.. (57 significant, 8 violent, 6 killer)
1995 Great Barrington tornado May 29, 1995 Massachusetts 2 3 fatalities Strong tornado caused three fatalities in a vehicle that was thrown near Great Barrington, Massachusetts. (2 significant, 1 violent killer)
March 6, 1996, Selma, Alabama tornado March 6 Alabama 1 4 fatalities, 40 injuries Rated as an F3.
April 1996 tornado outbreak sequence April 19-22, 1996 Texas - Arkansas - Illinois - Indiana - Ontario 117 6 fatalities Large outbreak sequence. Multiple towns in Illinois sustained major damage, with one death occurring in Ogden. An F3-rated tornado devastated downtown Fort Smith, Arkansas, killing 2. Two F3 tornadoes also caused severe damage in Ontario. (29 significant, 4 killer)
May 1996 Kentucky tornado outbreak May 28, 1996 Kentucky 11 0 fatalities Produced a long-track F4 tornado near Louisville. (3 significant, 1 violent)
1996 Oakfield tornado July 18, 1996 Wisconsin 12 1 fatality F5 tornado. Was part of a small mid-Summer outbreak that occurred in Wisconsin. An F2 tornado killed one person in Marytown, Wisconsin. (2 significant, 1 violent, 1 killer)
Late-October 1996 tornado outbreak October 26, 1996 West North Central States 26 11 injuries Unusual late-season outbreak in Minnesota, South Dakota and Nebraska. Homes were destroyed near Lobster Lake, Minnesota and Albany, Minnesota. (5 significant)
January 1997 tornado outbreak January 23-25, 1997 Deep South 16 1 fatality Tornadoes touched down across several states in the Southern United States. An F4 destroyed homes in and near Murfreesboro, Tennessee. An F2 tornado killed one person in Tuscaloosa, Alabama. (10 significant, 1 violent, 1 killer)
March 1997 tornado outbreak February 28-March 1, 1997 Mississippi Valley - Ohio Valley 56 26 fatalities Many strong tornadoes touched down across the south, especially in Arkansas. Produced a devastating F4 tornado that began near Benton and struck Shannon Hills, Arkansas, killing 15 people along the path. An F4 tornado struck Arkadelphia, killing six. (16 significant, 3 violent, 5 killer)
1997 Miami tornado May 12, 1997 Miami, Florida 1 0 fatalities Widely photographed F1 tornado struck downtown Miami, Florida.
1997 Central Texas tornado outbreak May 27, 1997 Texas 20 28 fatalities Produced a remarkably violent, deadly F5 tornado in Jarrell, Texas. Based on the damage, it may have been the strongest tornado ever recorded (though no mobile radar measurements were taken to confirm this). An F4 devastated neighborhoods near Lake Travis, and an F3 tornado caused major damage in Cedar Park. (8 significant, 2 violent killer)
1997 Southeast Michigan tornado outbreak July 1-3, 1997 Southeast Michigan - Southwestern Ontario 52 2 fatalities (+5 non-tornadic) An F2 tornado passed through some Detroit neighborhoods, the suburbs of Hamtramck, and Highland Park. One also touched down near Windsor, Ontario, site of an F3 tornado in the 1974 Super Outbreak. F3 tornadoes caused major damage near Clio and Thetford Center, with a fatality occurring at the latter of the two locations. Other strong tornadoes touched down in Minnesota and New England. (13 significant, 2 killer)
1998 Kissimmee tornado outbreak February 22-23, 1998 Florida 11 42 fatalities Deadliest and most destructive Florida outbreak on record. The outbreak produced three F3 tornadoes, including a long-tracked tornado near Kissimmee that was initially rated F4. Nighttime occurrence made the death toll high. (5 significant, 4 killer)
1998 Gainesville-Stoneville tornado outbreak March 20, 1998 Georgia to Virginia 12 14 fatalities An early-morning F3 tornado passed near Gainesville, Georgia, and killed 12 people. Another F3 tornado struck Mayodan and Stoneville, North Carolina, killing two. (4 significant, 2 killer)
1998 Comfrey - St. Peter tornado outbreak March 29, 1998 Southern Minnesota 16 2 fatalities, 36 injuries Earliest tornado outbreak in Minnesota history. A long-track F4-rated wedge struck Comfrey, Minnesota, killing one person. An F3 tornado struck St. Peter, Minnesota, causing another fatality. Le Center, Minnesota sustained major damage from a large F2 tornado. (7 significant, 1 violent, 2 killer)
Tornado outbreak of April 6-9, 1998 April 6-9, 1998 Metropolitan area of Birmingham, Alabama; also Georgia, Louisiana, Tennessee 62 41 fatalities Produced a violent nighttime F5 tornado that moved through several suburbs of Birmingham, Alabama, killing 32 people. Other killer tornadoes touched down in Georgia. (10 significant, 1 violent, 5 killer)
Tornado outbreak of April 15-16, 1998 April 15-16, 1998 Southeastern United States 63 12 fatalities F3 tornado passed through downtown Nashville, killing one person. Numerous other strong tornadoes occurred across the South, including an extremely violent one rated F5 near Lawrenceburg, Tennessee. An F4 tornado devastated the town of Manila, Arkansas, killing two. (21 significant, 4 violent, 7 killer)
Late-May 1998 tornado outbreak and derecho May 30-31, 1998 South Dakota, Great Lakes, New York, Pennsylvania 60 7 fatalities (+6 non-tornadic) Large and dynamic outbreak produced many strong tornadoes, some of which were embedded in an extremely intense derecho. A large F4 wedge tornado devastated Spencer, South Dakota, killing six. Produced an unusually intense outbreak of tornadoes across Pennsylvania and New York, with multiple F2 and F3-rated tornadoes. (4 significant, 1 violent, 2 killer)
1998 Eastern tornado outbreak June 2, 1998 NY to SC 49 2 fatalities, 80 injuries Unusually severe outbreak affected mainly the northeastern states just days after a similar outbreak affected roughly the same region (see previous event). Produced a large F4 tornado that struck Frostburg, Maryland. Caused $42M in damage. (10 significant, 1 violent, 1 killer)
Tornado outbreak of June 13, 1998 June 13, 1998 Central United States, North Carolina, Wyoming 45 26 injuries Tornadoes affected six different states, with Kansas, Nebraska, and Oklahoma receiving most of the tornadoes. A tornado struck downtown Sabetha, Kansas, and a series of tornadoes struck the North Oklahoma City area. (3 significant)
Upper Great Lakes severe weather outbreak of August 23, 1998 August 23, 1998 Wisconsin, Michigan 3 1 fatality (non-tornadic) Spawned the F3 Door County tornado, the eighth costliest in Wisconsin history. (1 significant)
1998 Lynbrook tornado September 7, 1998 Long Island, New York 1 1 fatality Occurred during the Labor Day derecho event.
Hurricane Georges tornado outbreak September 24-30, 1998 Southern US 47 36 injuries Produced many tornadoes. Most were weak, though an F2 tornado caused major damage in the Live Oak, Florida area. (1 significant)
1998 Oklahoma tornado outbreak October 4, 1998 Oklahoma 19 5 injuries A late-year autumn outbreak, it was the largest October tornado outbreak in Oklahoma history.
(8 significant)
Tornado outbreak of January 17-18, 1999 January 17-18, 1999 Arkansas, Tennessee, Mississippi 24 8 fatalities Strong and deadly tornadoes touched down in Tennessee, including an F3 and an F4 tornado that struck Jackson, killing six. A similar but even larger outbreak occurred just days later (see next event). (6 significant, 1 violent, 3 killer)
Tornado outbreak of January 21-23, 1999 January 21-23, 1999 Louisiana, Arkansas, Tennessee, Mississippi 127 9 fatalities Largest January outbreak on record. An F3 tornado passed near downtown Little Rock, Arkansas, killing three. A tornado rated F3 devastated Beebe, Arkansas, killing two. Other strong tornadoes struck Tennessee and Mississippi. (23 significant, 1 violent, 5 killer)
Easter weekend 1999 tornado outbreak April 2-3, 1999 Southern Plains 17 7 fatalities Small but intense outbreak produced several strong tornadoes. An F4 tornado devastated Benton, Louisiana, killing seven. The town of Logansport, Louisiana was severely damaged by an F3 tornado. (4 significant, 1 violent killer)
Tornado outbreak of April 8-9, 1999 April 8-9, 1999 Ohio Valley/Midwest 54 6 fatalities Produced an F4 tornado that moved through the Cincinnati suburbs, killing 4. Two F4 tornadoes also touched down in Iowa. (15 significant, 3 violent, 3 killer)
1999 Oklahoma tornado outbreak May 2-8, 1999 Southern Great Plains 152 46 fatalities, 665 injuries Produced one of the strongest documented tornadoes, an F5-rated tornado in the Oklahoma City metropolitan area with Doppler winds remotely sensed at 301 mph (484 km/h) near Bridge Creek, among the highest winds known to have occurred near the Earth's surface. First tornado to incur $1 billion in (non-normalized) damages. Other violent tornadoes occurred, including those near Mulhall, Oklahoma, and Wichita, Kansas. (>=20 significant, >=4 violent, >=5 killer)
1999 Salt Lake City tornado August 11, 1999 Utah 1 1 fatality An F2 tornado hit downtown Salt Lake City, causing the first known casualty in a Utah tornado.


List of United States tornado outbreaks - 2000-2009
Outbreak Dates Region Tornadoes Fatalities Notes
2000 Southwest Georgia tornado outbreak February 13-14, 2000 Georgia 17 18 Produced a series of strong and deadly tornadoes that struck areas in and around Camilla, Meigs, and Omega, Georgia. Weaker tornadoes impacted other states.
2000 Fort Worth tornado March 28, 2000 U.S. South 10 2 Small outbreak produced an F3 that hit downtown Fort Worth, Texas, severely damaging skyscrapers and killing two. Another F3 caused major damage in Arlington and Grand Prairie.
2000 Brady, Nebraska tornado May 17, 2000 Nebraska 1 0 Highly photographed F3 passed near Brady, Nebraska.
2000 Granite Falls tornado July 25, 2000 Granite Falls, Minnesota 1 1 F4 struck Granite Falls, causing major damage and killing one person.
December 2000 Tuscaloosa tornado December 16, 2000 Southern United States 24 12 Small outbreak produced an F4 that struck Tuscaloosa, Alabama, killing 11. An F3 devastated Coats Bend, Alabama, and an F2 caused major damage and 1 fatality in Geneva, Alabama.
Tornado outbreak of February 24-25, 2001 February 24-25, 2001 Southern United States 25 7 An F2 killed one person near Union, Arkansas. An F3 caused major damage near Reed, Arkansas, and another long-tracked F3 devastated multiple towns in Mississippi and killed 6 people in Pontotoc.
Tornado outbreak of April 10-11, 2001 April 10-11, 2001 Great Plains Midwest 79 4 Widespread outbreak produced numerous tornadoes, some strong. F2 caused major damage in the town of Agency, Iowa, and killed two people. Other tornado-related fatalities occurred in Missouri and Oklahoma. Outbreak produced one of the worst hailstorms ever documented.
Tornado outbreak of June 13, 2001 June 13, 2001 Central Plains 36 0 Outbreak of mostly weak tornadoes, though a few were strong. An F3 tornado caused major damage near Parkers Prairie, Minnesota, along with a large F2 near Brainerd. An F4 completely destroyed a farmstead near Ruby, Nebraska.
Tornado outbreak of June 18, 2001 June 18, 2001 Iowa, Nebraska, Minnesota, Wisconsin 5 3 An F3 tornado killed three people in Siren, Wisconsin, and caused an estimated US$10 million in damage.
2001 Myrtle Beach tornadoes July 6, 2001 Myrtle Beach, South Carolina 2 0 Two tornadoes of F1 and F2 strength passed through the area, resulting in severe damage.
Tornado outbreak of September 24, 2001 September 24, 2001 Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania 9 2 Multiple-vortex F3 tornado passed through the University of Maryland campus and multiple DC suburbs, killing two people. An F4 also occurred near Rixeyville, Virginia. Other weaker tornadoes were observed as well, including an F1 that struck Washington DC.
Tornado outbreak of October 9, 2001 October 9, 2001 Great Plains 30 0 Unusual October outbreak in the Great Plains produced multiple strong tornadoes in Nebraska and Oklahoma. A large F3 devastated the town of Cordell, Oklahoma.
Tornado outbreak of October 24, 2001 October 24, 2001 Central United States 25 2 Most of the tornadoes in this outbreak were embedded in a squall line. An F3 hit Crumstown, Indiana, killing one. An F2 near LaPorte, Indiana caused a fatality as well.
Tornado outbreak of November 23-24, 2001 November 23-24, 2001 Southeast U.S. 67 13 One of the strongest November outbreaks ever recorded. Produced three F4s, including one that struck Madison, Mississippi, killing 2. An F3 struck Wilmot, Arkansas, killing 3.
2002 Midwest to Mid-Atlantic United States tornado outbreak April 27-28, 2002 Midwest to Mid-Atlantic U.S. 49 6 Produced several strong tornadoes across the Midwest, including an F3 that caused major damage in Dongola, Illinois and killed one person. Also produced a few strong tornadoes in Maryland, including an F4 that devastated the town of La Plata and killed three.
September 2002 Indiana tornado outbreak September 20, 2002 Indiana, Ohio 8 0 A very long-tracked F3 tornado touched down near Elletsville, Indiana, destroying many homes and businesses in the town of Martinsville, which caused 127 injuries. An F2 injured 2 people when striking Washington, Indiana, along with another F2 that caused one injury near Wadesville, Indiana.
2002 Veterans Day Weekend tornado outbreak November 9-11, 2002 Southeastern United States - Ohio Valley 83 36 Very large and deadly outbreak produced multiple killer tornadoes across the Ohio Valley and Southeastern United States. A violent F4 hit Van Wert, Ohio, killing four people. Deadly F3 also hit Mossy Grove, Tennessee, killing seven. Two long-track F3s moved across northern Alabama, killing 11 people.
Tornado outbreak of March 17-20, 2003 March 17-20, 2003 Great Plains - Southern United States 28 7 Camilla, Georgia, was devastated by an F3 for the second time in 4 years, killing 4. An F2 killed 2 people near Bridgeboro, Georgia. Many other weaker tornadoes touched down as well.
May 2003 tornado outbreak sequence May 3-11, 2003 Great Plains - Southern United States 401 42 Large series of strong to violent tornadoes across the Great Plains and South. Two F4s struck the Kansas City metropolitan area, including one that killed two. In Missouri, the towns of Pierce City, Stockton, and Carl Junction were devastated by killer tornadoes. An F4 destroyed Franklin, Kansas, killing four, and another F4 struck downtown Jackson, Tennessee, killing eleven. A large F4 also caused major damage in southeastern Oklahoma City with additional damage in nearby areas.
2003 South Dakota tornado outbreak June 21-24, 2003 South Dakota 125 2 Tied U.S. record for most tornadoes in one state during a 24-hour period, with 67 tornadoes in South Dakota on the 24th. Produced a violent F4 that literally wiped Manchester, South Dakota off the map. In Nebraska, an F4 killed one person near Coleridge, and an F2 caused another fatality in Deshler. An F2 also caused major damage in Buffalo Lake, Minnesota .
Derecho and tornado outbreak of July 21, 2003 July 21, 2003 Indiana, Pennsylvania, New York, Vermont 22 0 $48M in damage. Tornadoes occurred in supercells embedded in a very intense "Super-Derecho" event, which at times took on a tropical cyclone-like appearance. An F3 leveled a farm near Ellisburg, Pennsylvania, and two F2s occurred in upstate New York.
Tornado outbreak of April 20, 2004 April 20, 2004 Illinois - Indiana 31 8 Unexpected outbreak produced an F3 that struck the Illinois towns of Granville and Utica, with 8 fatalities at the latter of the two locations. Many other weaker tornadoes touched down as well.
May 2004 tornado outbreak sequence May 21-31, 2004 Great Plains - Midwest 389 7 Very large outbreak sequence. Produced the second-widest tornado on record, a 2.5 mile-wide F4 that destroyed 95% of Hallam, Nebraska, killing 1. An F3 killed 1 person and destroyed 80% of Marengo, Indiana. An F4 near Weatherby, Missouri killed 3.
See also: List of May 2004 tornado outbreak sequence tornadoes
2004 Roanoke, Illinois tornado July 13, 2004 Central Illinois 4 0 High-end F4 tornado destroyed an industrial plant and swept away several homes.
Hurricane Frances tornado outbreak September 2004 Eastern United States 103 0 Produced a large outbreak of mostly weak tornadoes, though in South Carolina, the towns of Gadsden and Millwood sustained considerable damage from F2s. An F3 touched down near Camden.
Hurricane Ivan tornado outbreak September 2004 Eastern United States 120 7 Largest hurricane-related tornado outbreak ever recorded. An F2 struck Macedonia, Florida, and killed 4. Many strong tornadoes touched down in Virginia, including an F3 that struck Remington.
Tornado outbreak of November 22-24, 2004 November 22-24, 2004 Southern United States 104 4 Produced multiple strong tornadoes across the South. An F3 struck Olla and Standard, Louisiana, killing 1. An F2 severely damaged the Talladega Superspeedway and struck Bynum, resulting in another fatality.
Tornado outbreak of March 21-22, 2005 March 21-22, 2005 Southern United States 26 1 An F3 near Donalsonville, Georgia, killed one person, and an F2 struck Screven, Georgia, resulting in major damage. Many other weaker tornadoes touched down as well.
Tornado outbreak of April 5-7, 2005 April 5-7, 2005 Southern United States 39 0 Several strong tornadoes touched down across the Southern US, including an F3 that struck Mize, Mississippi. Another F3 caused major damage near Monterey, and an F2 struck Port Fourchon, Louisiana.
2005 Hurricane Cindy tornado outbreak July 6-8, 2005 Southeastern - Eastern United States 44 0 Produced an F2 that severely damaged the Atlanta Motor Speedway.
August 2005 Wisconsin tornado outbreak August 18, 2005 Wisconsin - Minnesota 28 1 Largest tornado outbreak in Wisconsin history. An F3 caused major damage in Stoughton and killed 1. An F2 also caused severe damage in Viola.
Hurricane Katrina tornado outbreak August 26-31, 2005 Southeastern - Eastern United States 54 1 Widespread outbreak produced mostly weak tornadoes. Worst damage occurred in Georgia, including an F2 that caused major damage and one fatality near Roopville. The towns of Helen and Fort Valley also sustained major damage from F2s.
Hurricane Rita tornado outbreak September 22-26, 2005 U.S. South 101 1 Produced numerous tornadoes across the South. An F3 caused major damage near Clayton, Louisiana. An F1 killed one person in a mobile home near Isola, Mississippi.
Evansville Tornado of November 2005 November 6, 2005 Middle Mississippi - Ohio Valley 8 25 Nighttime F3 struck the Evansville, Indiana area, killing 25 people. Was part of a small outbreak that also produced strong tornadoes that struck Munfordville and Wheatcroft, Kentucky.
November 2005 Iowa tornado outbreak November 12, 2005 Iowa - Missouri 14 1 Rare November outbreak in the Great Plains. Strong tornadoes struck Ames, Woodward, and Stratford.
Mid-November 2005 tornado outbreak November 15, 2005 Central - Southeastern United States 49 1 F3 devastated a campground near Benton, Kentucky, and killed one person. A multiple-vortex F4 also hit Madisonville and Earlington, Kentucky, causing major damage. An F2 caused severe damage in Paris, Tennessee.
Late-November 2005 tornado outbreak November 27-28, 2005 Central - Southeastern United States 55 2 F3 near Plumerville, Arkansas, tossed multiple cars on a highway, killing one person. An F2 near Briar, Missouri, killed another. Another F3 caused major damage near Cherry Hill, Arkansas.
March 2006 tornado outbreak sequence March 9-13, 2006 Central United States 99 11 Strong outbreak caused deadly tornadoes across the Midwestern United States. Two separate F2s struck Springfield, Illinois, resulting in major damage. An F3 near Renick, Missouri killed 4 people, and a double F4 occurred near Monroe City.
Tornado outbreak of April 2, 2006 April 2, 2006 Central United States 66 28 Long-tracked F3 devastated the towns of Marmaduke, Arkansas, and Caruthersville, Missouri, killing 2. A deadly F3 killed 16 people in Newbern, Tennessee, while another F3 killed 6 in Bradford.
Tornado outbreak of April 6-8, 2006 April 6-8, 2006 Central - Southeastern United States 73 10 Worst damage and all fatalities occurred in Tennessee. An F3 caused major damage near Charlotte, and another F3 devastated the town of Gallatin, killing 7. Two F1s killed 3 people in the McMinnville area as well. Many other weaker tornadoes also touched down.
Easter Week 2006 tornado outbreak sequence April 13-19, 2006 Midwestern United States 54 1 Produced an F2 that struck downtown Iowa City, resulting in major damage. An F1 killed one person in a mobile home near Nichols, Iowa. Multiple other tornadoes affected rural areas, a few of which were strong.
Tornado outbreak of May 9-10, 2006 May 9-10, 2006 Midwestern United States, Southern United States 30 3 An F2 caused considerable damage in Childress, Texas. An F3 near Westminster, Texas, killed 3 people. Other strong tornadoes occurred in Louisiana and Mississippi.
Tornado outbreak of August 24, 2006 August 24, 2006 North Dakota, South Dakota, Minnesota 14 1 Small but intense mid-Summer outbreak produced a long-tracked F3 that struck Nicollet and Kasota, Minnesota, killing one person. Two other F3s caused major damage in rural areas near Eureka and Wolsey, South Dakota.
2006 Westchester County tornado July 12, 2006 Southern New York and Fairfield, Connecticut 1 0 Rare F2 tornado in Westchester County, New York
Late-September 2006 tornado outbreak September 21-23, 2006 Central United States 48 0 Numerous strong tornadoes hit the Midwest, mostly in rural areas. An F4 struck Crosstown, Missouri, and an F3 struck the north edge of Metropolis, Illinois.
Mid-November 2006 tornado outbreak November 2006 Southern United States 32 10 Several strong tornadoes occurred across the South. An F3 killed eight people in Riegelwood, North Carolina, and an F2 caused major damage in Montgomery, Alabama. Two F3s also affected rural areas in Mississippi.
2007 Groundhog Day tornado outbreak February 2, 2007 Florida 4 21 Single supercell produced three of the tornadoes, including two EF3s, and all 21 deaths. Was the second-deadliest tornado event in Florida, behind the outbreak of February 22-23, 1998.
2007 New Orleans tornado outbreak February 13, 2007 Southern United States 19 1 Produced two EF2s that caused major damage and one fatality in New Orleans, Louisiana. Another EF2 also caused major damage near the town of Breaux Bridge.
Tornado outbreak of February 23-24, 2007 February 23-24, 2007 Southern United States 20 0 Produced several strong tornadoes, especially in Arkansas. The town of Dumas was devastated by an EF3. Another EF3 occurred near Strong.
February-March 2007 tornado outbreak sequence February 28 - March 1, 2007 Kansas, Missouri, Alabama, Georgia 49 20 Numerous strong to violent tornadoes across the Midwest and South, including a destructive EF4 in Enterprise, Alabama, that killed 9 people, 8 of which were students at a local high school that was destroyed. Another EF4 struck Millers Ferry killing one, and a nighttime EF3 devastated Americus, Georgia, killing 2. An EF2 destroyed a mobile home park near Newton, Georgia, killing 6.
Late-March 2007 tornado outbreak March 28-31, 2007 Texas, Oklahoma, Nebraska, Kansas, Colorado 80 5 An EF3 tornado devastated the town of Holly, Colorado, killing two people. Other strong tornadoes hit the rural portions of the Great Plains, especially Texas.
April 2007 nor'easter April 13-15, 2007 Southern United States 36 2 Produced a moderate outbreak of tornadoes across the South. An EF1 caused considerable damage and killed one in Fort Worth, Texas. An EF3 caused major damage and caused another fatality near Mayesville, South Carolina.
Tornado outbreak sequence of April 20-26, 2007 April 20-27, 2007 United States, Mexico 92 10 An F4 struck Piedras Negras, Coahuila, killing 3 people. The parent supercell produced an EF3 that struck Eagle Pass, Texas, killing 7 people. The towns of Tulia and Cactus, Texas, sustained major damage from EF2s.
May 2007 tornado outbreak May 3-5, 2007 Kansas, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Colorado, Nebraska, Illinois 123 14 Very large outbreak across the Great Plains. Produced a large and deadly nighttime EF5 that destroyed 95% of Greensburg, Kansas, killing 11. Other strong tornadoes occurred in Oklahoma and elsewhere in Kansas.
Tornado outbreak of August 26, 2007 August 26, 2007 North Dakota, Minnesota 11 1 Localized outbreak produced a large EF4 that devastated the town of Northwood, North Dakota, killing 1. An EF3 caused damage near Rugh Lake, and an EF2 occurred near Reynolds.
Mid-October 2007 tornado outbreak October 17-19, 2007 Midwest, Ohio Valley, Great Lakes, U.S. South 63 5 EF3s caused major damage in Owensboro, Kentucky, and Nappanee, Indiana. Another EF3 affected rural areas near Vesta, Indiana. EF2s caused fatalities in parts of Missouri and Michigan, including one that struck Williamston, Michigan, and killed two people.
January 2008 tornado outbreak January 7-9, 2008 Southwest Missouri, northwest Arkansas, northeast Oklahoma, Midwest, U.S. South 72 4 Rare January outbreak produced strong tornadoes as far north as Wisconsin, where an EF3 caused major damage in the town of Wheatland. Another EF3 caused severe damage in and around Lawrence, Illinois as well. An EF3 killed three people near Strafford, Missouri, and an EF2 killed one near Appleton, Arkansas. Several EF3s impacted Mississippi and Alabama, including one that caused major damage in the town of Caledonia, Mississippi.
2008 Super Tuesday tornado outbreak February 5-6, 2008 Tennessee, Kentucky, Arkansas, Mississippi, Alabama, Indiana, Texas 87 57 One of the deadliest modern outbreaks to hit Dixie Alley struck the Midwest and South, producing many strong and violent tornadoes. Included the longest-lived Arkansas tornado on record, an EF4 that traveled 122 mi (196 km) in two hours, killing 13 people and devastating the towns of Clinton, Mountain View, and Highland. One long-track EF3 tornado caused 22 deaths alone in Tennessee, mainly in Castalian Springs and Lafayette. A pair of EF3 and EF4 tornadoes also struck areas in and around Jackson, Tennessee, killing three in the area, and an EF2 moved through Memphis, killing 3.
2008 Atlanta tornado outbreak March 14-15, 2008 Alabama, Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina 45 3 Strong tornado hit downtown Atlanta for the second time in history, killing one person. An outbreak of tornadoes, some strong, moved across the South the next day, killing two people.
Tornado outbreak of May 1-2, 2008 May 1-3, 2008 Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, Missouri, Iowa, Arkansas, Mississippi Alabama, Tennessee 62 6 Tornadoes struck the Midwest and South, including an EF3 that hit Damascus, Arkansas, killing five people.
Tornado outbreak sequence of May 7-15, 2008 May 7-15, 2008 Oklahoma, Missouri 147 26 A long-track EF4 tornado killed 21 people in Picher, Oklahoma, and Neosho, Missouri. Other strong to violent tornadoes struck the Eastern and Southern states.
See also: List of tornadoes in the tornado outbreak sequence of May 7-15, 2008
Tornado outbreak sequence of May 22-31, 2008 May 22-31, 2008 Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, Oklahoma, Wyoming, North Dakota, South Dakota, Minnesota, Iowa, Texas 239 13 Large outbreak produced strong to violent tornadoes across the Great Plains and Midwest. An EF3 wedge struck Windsor, Colorado, killing one and causing severe damage. An EF5 tornado caused extreme damage in Parkersburg and New Hartford, Iowa, killing 9. A nighttime EF3 killed two people in a vehicle near Cairo, Kansas. Another EF3 also killed one in Hugo, Minnesota, and destroyed many homes.
See also: List of tornadoes in the tornado outbreak sequence of May 22-31, 2008
Tornado outbreak sequence of June 3-11, 2008 June 3-12, 2008 Illinois, Iowa, Nebraska, Kansas 192 7 Third series of widespread tornado outbreaks. Tornadoes hit the Omaha-Council Bluffs area and the Chicago area. An EF3 tornado in Little Sioux, Iowa, struck the Boy Scouts of America's Little Sioux Scout Ranch, killing four people. Additionally, a violent EF4 tornado also hit Manhattan, Kansas. See also : List of tornadoes in the tornado outbreak sequence of June 3-11, 2008
2008 Tropical Storm Fay tornado outbreak August 18-27, 2008 Florida, Georgia, Alabama, South Carolina, North Carolina 50 0 Produced several tornadoes, including an EF2 near Wellington, Florida.
November 2008 Carolinas tornado outbreak November 15, 2008 North Carolina South Carolina 8 2 Small, late-night tornado outbreak killed two people in the Carolinas.
February 2009 tornado outbreak February 10-11, 2009 Oklahoma, Arkansas, Texas, Alabama, Mississippi, Georgia, Tennessee, Indiana 15 8 Produced the strongest February tornado on record since 1950 in Oklahoma. An EF4 hit Lone Grove, killing eight people. Other tornadoes caused damage in the Oklahoma City area.
Mid-February 2009 tornado outbreak February 18-19, 2009 Georgia, Alabama 13 1 Small outbreak produced a few strong tornadoes and killed one person.
March 2009 tornado outbreak sequence March 23-29, 2009 Eastern United States 56 0 Produced the destructive Magee, Mississippi, and Corydon, Kentucky, tornadoes.
Tornado outbreak of April 9-11, 2009 April 9-10, 2009 Oklahoma, Texas, Missouri, Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi Tennessee, Kentucky, Alabama, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina 85 5 Produced numerous strong tornadoes across the South, including an EF3 tornado that hit the Mena, Arkansas, area, killing three people, and an EF4 that hit Murfreesboro, Tennessee, killing two.
May 2009 Southern Midwest derecho May 8, 2009 Kansas, Missouri, Illinois, Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia, North Carolina 39 6 Most of the damage was caused by a derecho.


List of United States tornado outbreaks - 2010-2019
Outbreak Dates Year Region Tornadoes Fatalities Map Event Summary
March 2010 Carolinas tornado outbreak March 28 2010 Southeastern United States, The Bahamas 13 3 Substantial damage to the Piedmont Triad area of North Carolina and three deaths in the Bahamas. A damaging EF3 struck High Point, North Carolina.
Tornado outbreak of April 22-25, 2010 April 22-24 2010 Midwest, Southern United States 88 10 Extremely large, long-tracked tornado moved from Tallulah, Louisiana, to north of West Point, Mississippi. Traveled 149.25 mi (240.19 km), the fourth-longest such path in Mississippi history, killing 10 people, four of them in Yazoo City. Other strong to violent tornadoes occurred as well, causing severe damage.
Tornado outbreak of April 30 - May 2, 2010 April 30-May 2 2010 Midwest, Southern United States 58 5 EF3 killed one person and extensively damaged Scotland, Arkansas. Overnight EF3 killed two people in a mobile home near Ashland, Mississippi, before crossing into Tennessee, killing one more near Pocahontas. The same storm also produced an EF2 with one death near Abbeville, Mississippi.
Tornado outbreak of May 10-13, 2010 May 10-13 2010 Oklahoma, Kansas, Arkansas 91 3 Numerous strong tornadoes touched down, especially in Oklahoma. Violent EF4 near Moore and Choctaw killed two people, destroying many homes, businesses, and automobiles in the area. A separate EF4 also badly damaged areas near Norman and Little Axe, killing one person in a mobile home.
Late-May 2010 tornado outbreak May 22-25 2010 Central United States 79 0 Fairly large tornado outbreak that affected the Great Plains. Most of the tornadoes remained over open country, but some caused considerable damage to rural farms and other structures. This outbreak produced a violent EF4 wedge tornado that caused severe damage near Bowdle, South Dakota.
Tornado outbreak of June 5-6, 2010 June 5-6 2010 Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Michigan 53 8 An EF4 tornado hit Millbury and Lake Township in Ohio, killing seven people and becoming the second-deadliest US tornado of 2010. Several other destructive tornadoes touched down in Illinois, where one other person died.
June 2010 Northern Plains tornado outbreak June 16-17 2010 North Dakota, Minnesota, Iowa 61 3 Was one of the largest Minnesota outbreaks in history and the largest June outbreak in U.S. history. Four large EF4 tornadoes caused extensive damage throughout the states of Minnesota and North Dakota. Several other Northern Plains states also were impacted by strong tornadoes.
2010 Brooklyn/Queens tornadoes September 16 2010 New York 14 2 Two tornadoes (EF1 and EF0) embedded in a large area of damaging winds moved through the New York City area and caused significant damage, killing one person. The tornadoes were part of a small outbreak that affected the Eastern United States and killed two people.
October 2010 Arizona tornado outbreak October 6 2010 Arizona, Utah 9 0 One of the strongest and most prolific tornado events west of the Rocky Mountains. Rare tornado outbreak struck the state of Arizona, producing a few strong and destructive tornadoes, including one rated EF3--one of the most intense ever recorded in the state. One other tornado touched down in Utah as well.
October 2010 North American storm complex October 23-27 2010 Central United States, Eastern United States 69 0 Massive and powerful storm system produced a widespread derecho with 69 embedded tornadoes. System also produced a blizzard and a windstorm.
2010 New Year's Eve tornado outbreak December 31-January 1 2010 Oklahoma, Arkansas, Missouri, Illinois 36 9 2010 New Year's Eve tornado outbreak map.png An early morning EF3 tornado struck Cincinnati, Arkansas, killing four people. Another EF3 struck Fort Leonard Wood in southeastern Pulaski County, Missouri, and another killed two elderly women near Rolla. Additionally, an EF1 tornado killed two women near Lecoma and a high-end EF3 tornado caused extensive damage in Sunset Hills, killing another person.
Derecho and tornado outbreak of April 4-5, 2011 April 4-5 2011 Southern United States, Eastern United States 46 1 April 4-5, 2011 tornado outbreak map.png Many tornadoes, including six EF2s, touched down across the southern and eastern United States. One of the tornadoes killed a person in a mobile home near Eastman, Georgia.
Tornado outbreak of April 9-11, 2011 April 9-11 2011 Iowa, Wisconsin, Texas, Missouri, Alabama 49 0 Produced many strong tornadoes in Iowa and Wisconsin. In Iowa, the towns of Mapleton, Early and Varina sustained major damage. In Wisconsin, Merrill, Cottonville and Kaukauna sustained severe damage as well.
Tornado outbreak of April 14-16, 2011 April 14-16 2011 Midwest, Southern United States 162 38 Very large three-day outbreak produced the largest North Carolina tornado outbreak on record. An EF3 tornado struck downtown Raleigh, killing six people, and another EF3 wedge killed 12 in the small town of Askewville. Deadly EF3s also devastated the towns of Tushka, Oklahoma and Leakesville, Mississippi.
Tornado outbreak sequence of April 19-24, 2011 April 19-24 2011 Midwest 132 0 Large tornado outbreak produced 132 tornadoes, one of which was a destructive EF4 that struck St. Louis. A few other strong tornadoes caused damage in Illinois, Indiana, Missouri, and Ohio, most of which were embedded in a squall line.
April 2011 Super Outbreak April 25-28 2011 Southern United States 360 324 The largest continuous and fourth-deadliest outbreak in U.S. history caused the most tornado-related deaths since 1936. April 27 was also the deadliest tornado day in the U.S. since March 18, 1925, and the second-deadliest Alabama outbreak on record, with 238 deaths in the state, behind only the 268 people killed on March 21, 1932. The outbreak produced 15 violent (EF4-EF5) tornadoes all on April 27, behind only the 1965 Palm Sunday Outbreak (17) and 1974 Super Outbreak (30). Numerous, violent, long-tracked tornadoes, four of them EF5s, and eleven EF4s struck eastern Mississippi, north and central Alabama, northwestern Georgia, and eastern Tennessee. There were a total of 71 more tornadoes of significant strength, 55 of which on 4/27 alone. There were 31 killer tornadoes during the outbreak, 28 of them on 4/27 including 14 of the 15 violent tornadoes. One of the longest-lived tornadoes on record, an EF5 traveled 132 mi (212 km) across northwest Alabama, devastating Hackleburg and other communities, killing 72 people, making it the deadliest Alabama tornado on record. Another long-tracked tornado produced EF4 damage in the Tuscaloosa-Birmingham area, killing 64. This outbreak is called the 2011 Super Outbreak due to the amount of tornadoes in one day (216 on 4/27 CDT), amount of violent tornadoes, and the severity and degree of the outbreak.
Tornado outbreak sequence of May 21-26, 2011 May 21-26 2011 Great Plains, Midwest 241 178 May 21-26, 2011 tornado outbreak sequence map.png Was one of the largest and deadliest U.S. outbreaks on record. A catastrophic, multiple-vortex, rain-wrapped EF5 tornado on May 22 killed 158 people in Joplin, Missouri--the deadliest single tornado in the U.S. since the 1947 Glazier-Higgins-Woodward tornado which killed 181, and the seventh-deadliest U.S. tornado event on record. A major outbreak on May 24 produced two high-end EF4 tornadoes near the Oklahoma City metropolitan area and an extremely violent EF5 tornado that killed nine people near El Reno-Piedmont. Another EF4 on that day struck Denning, Arkansas, killing four people, and a killer EF3 also struck Reading, Kansas.
2011 New England tornado outbreak June 1 2011 New England 7 3 Long-track EF3 tornado struck multiple cities and towns, including Springfield, West Springfield, Westfield, Brimfield, Wilbraham and Monson, Massachusetts, the latter of which was the hardest hit. Caused three deaths in Massachusetts, the first tornado-related deaths there in 16 years. A few other weak tornadoes were also documented.
Tornado outbreak of June 18-22, 2011 June 18-22 2011 Midwest 78 0 Produced a series of strong tornadoes in Nebraska and Kansas, most of which remained in rural areas. However, some of the tornadoes caused severe damage to homes and farmsteads. A series of five tornadoes also damaged the Louisville area.
Tornado outbreak of November 14-16, 2011 November 14-16 2011 Southern United States 23 5 Small but deadly tornado outbreak killed five people in the Carolinas. Other tornadoes caused damage across the South, including an EF2 that caused severe damage in Auburn, Alabama.
Tornado outbreak of January 22-23, 2012 January 22-23 2012 Southern United States 25 2 This outbreak produced its worst damage during the late overnight and early morning hours. In Alabama, multiple strong tornadoes touched down, including an EF3 that severely impacted the Birmingham metro and killed one person. Maplesville, Alabama and Fordyce, Arkansas, sustained major damage from EF2 tornadoes as well.
2012 Leap Day tornado outbreak February 28-29 2012 Great Plains, East South Central States, Ohio Valley 39 15 Several tornadoes formed on February 28 and 29. The strongest tornado, an EF4, hit Harrisburg, Illinois, killing eight people on February 29, just the second F4/EF4 to occur on Leap Day (the other in 1952). An EF2 tornado caused extensive damage in Branson, Missouri. Other deadly tornadoes struck Kansas, Missouri, and Tennessee.
Tornado outbreak of March 2-3, 2012 March 2-3 2012 Southern United States, Ohio Valley 65 41 A major outbreak produced many strong tornadoes from the Great Lakes to the Gulf Coast. A long-track EF4 devastated multiple towns in southern Indiana, especially Henryville, killing 11 people, and a long-tracked high-end EF3 destroyed downtown West Liberty, Kentucky, killing 10. Another EF4 killed four people near Crittenden, Kentucky, and an EF3 killed three people in Moscow, Ohio, destroying 80% of the town. Other strong tornadoes struck Georgia, Alabama and Tennessee.
Tornado outbreak sequence of March 18-24, 2012 March 18-24 2012 Great Plains, Southern United States, Ohio Valley 63 1 Slow-moving system produced 63 tornadoes across the Central and Eastern US, including an EF2 that killed one person in Illinois. Four strong tornadoes also caused damage in the North Platte, Nebraska area.
Tornado outbreak of April 3, 2012 April 3 2012 Texas, Louisiana 20 0 Tornadoes caused severe damage across the Dallas-Fort Worth metroplex, including an EF3 that destroyed many homes in Forney. Arlington and Lancaster also sustained major damage from EF2s.
Tornado outbreak of April 13-16, 2012 April 13-16 2012 Great Plains, Great Lakes region 113 6 EF3 tornadoes caused significant damage in both Wichita, Kansas, and Woodward, Oklahoma, with six people killed in the latter of the two locations. Also, an EF4 tornado destroyed structures near Kanopolis Lake, Kansas.
2012 Tropical Storm Debby tornado outbreak June 23-26 2012 Florida 25 1 Was the second-largest Florida tornado outbreak on record, after the outbreak caused by Hurricane Agnes on June 18-19, 1972. Produced 25 tornadoes and one fatality in Venus, Florida. Severe damage occurred in or near Winter Haven, Pass-a-Grille in St. Pete Beach and Lake Placid.
2012 Hurricane Isaac tornado outbreak August 27-September 4 2012 Midwest, Southern United States, Mid-Atlantic states 34 0 Produced several tornadoes across the eastern U.S., including EF2s in Corning, Arkansas, and Pascagoula, Mississippi.
Late December 2012 North American storm complex December 25-26 2012 Southern United States 26 0 Produced several significant tornadoes, including two EF3 tornadoes in Texas and Mississippi, one of which was long tracked. A large EF2 wedge tornado also struck downtown Mobile, Alabama.
Tornado outbreak of January 29-30, 2013 January 29-30 2013 Midwest, Southern United States 65 1 One of the largest January outbreaks in U.S. history produced tornadoes from Oklahoma to Georgia, including a large EF3 that devastated the town of Adairsville, killing one person, and EF2s that hit the towns of Galatia, Coble and Mt. Juliet, causing severe damage. First tornado-related death in the U.S. since June 24, 2012.
Tornado outbreak of February 10, 2013 February 10 2013 Midwest, Southern United States 8 0 Was a small, localized outbreak, but one that produced a violent, destructive EF4 tornado in Hattiesburg, the first in the area since 1908, destroying many buildings and injuring 82 people, but fortunately no fatalities. An EF2 caused considerable damage in the Pickwick area as well. Six other weak tornadoes were confirmed.
Tornado outbreak of April 7-11, 2013 April 7-11 2013 Midwest, Southern United States 28 1 A destructive EF2 struck Hazelwood, Missouri, and another EF2 caused major damage near Scotland, Arkansas. A long-tracked EF3 affected rural areas of Mississippi and Alabama, killing one person.
Tornado outbreak of May 15-17, 2013 May 15-17 2013 Texas, Louisiana, Alabama 25 6 May 15-17, 2013 tornado outbreak map.png Produced several significant tornadoes, one of which was a large EF4 that killed six people and destroyed numerous homes in Granbury, Texas, the first violent tornado to strike Texas since 1999. Additionally, a large EF3 wedge caused significant damage in the town of Cleburne, while an EF1 heavily damaged downtown Ennis.
Tornado outbreak of May 18-21, 2013 May 18-21 2013 Midwest, West South Central States 67 26 Produced several significant tornadoes, especially in Oklahoma, where two violent tornadoes struck on successive days. An EF4 killed two people in the Shawnee area on May 19 and, only one day later, a devastating EF5 wedge tornado devastated Moore, killing 24 people. Other strong tornadoes struck elsewhere in Oklahoma, particularly in Carney on May 19, and in Kansas, Illinois and Ontario.
Tornado outbreak of May 26-31, 2013 May 26-31 2013 Midwest, West South Central States 115 9 May 26-31, 2013 tornado outbreak map.png Produced the widest tornado on record, a massive, multiple-vortex EF3 on May 31 near El Reno, Oklahoma, killing eight people, including Tim and John Samaras and Carl Young of the TWISTEX team, and producing Doppler-indicated winds greater than 295 mph (475 km/h) over open fields, among the highest winds measured on Earth.[17][18] Additionally, a large, intense EF3 remained nearly stationary for about an hour on May 28 west of Bennington, Kansas, producing Doppler-measured winds into the EF4 range above ground level. Other strong tornadoes struck Nebraska, Michigan, New York, Arkansas (one of which--though rated EF1--killed a person), Illinois and Missouri, as well as across Kansas and Oklahoma.
June 12-13, 2013 derecho series June 12-13 2013 Midwest, Southern United States 26 0 Widespread severe weather event began with a few strong tornadoes in Iowa and Illinois, including an EF3 that caused major damage in the Belmond area. Storms grew into a large derecho with numerous embedded weak tornadoes. A second derecho the following day produced a few embedded tornadoes as well.
October 2013 North American storm complex October 3-7 2013 Midwest, Great Plains 22 0 October 2013 North American storm complex tornado map.png Powerful and dynamic storm system produced a small but intense late-season tornado outbreak, mainly across Nebraska and Iowa. Two of the tornadoes reached EF4 intensity, including one that caused severe damage in Wayne, Nebraska. Other strong tornadoes struck Creighton and Macy.
Tornado outbreak of November 17, 2013 November 17 2013 Midwest 73 8 Many large and strong to violent tornadoes touched down across Illinois, Indiana, Ohio and Kentucky. Two EF4s struck Illinois, one of which devastated the town of Washington and killed three people. The other impacted the New Minden area, killing 2 others. An EF3 struck Brookport, killing three people. The outbreak produced the only known violent (EF4-EF5) tornadoes to strike Illinois in the month of November.
April 2014 North Carolina tornado outbreak April 25 2014 North Carolina 11 1 April 2014 North Carolina tornado outbreak map.png Localized but intense outbreak produced an EF3 that caused major damage near the town of Washington. An EF2 in Edenton resulted in a fatality.
Tornado outbreak of April 27-30, 2014 April 27-30 2014 Midwest, Southern United States 84 35 April 27-30, 2014 tornado outbreak map.png Deadly outbreak that mainly affected the Dixie Alley. A high-end EF4 devastated the towns of Mayflower and Vilonia, Arkansas, killing 16. Another EF4 killed 10 people and caused major damage in Louisville, Mississippi. An EF3 killed 2 when a trailer park was destroyed in Coxey, Alabama. Another EF3 struck Tupelo, Mississippi, killing 1 and causing severe damage. Many other strong tornadoes also occurred.
Tornado outbreak of May 10-12, 2014 May 10-12 2014 Great Plains 44 0 A destructive EF2 damaged 80% of the structures in Orrick, Missouri. An EF3 caused major damage to farms near Sutton, Nebraska, and another very large EF3 damaged every structure in the town of Beaver Crossing, Nebraska.
Tornado outbreak of June 16-18, 2014 June 16-18 2014 Midwest 76 2 Outbreak spawned a cyclic supercell in Nebraska that produced four consecutive EF4s, including two twin tornadoes that devastated the town of Pilger and surrounding areas, killing 2. Three nighttime tornadoes (including an EF3) struck Madison, Wisconsin, and its suburbs. A large and slow-moving EF3 clipped the town of Coleridge, Nebraska. An EF2 caused major damage in Wessington Springs, South Dakota, and a violent EF4 obliterated a farm outside of Alpena.
Tornado outbreak of December 23-24, 2014 December 23-24 2014 Southern United States 10 5 Small but damaging outbreak produced a large EF3 that caused major damage in Columbia, Mississippi, and killed 3 people. An EF2 killed 2 others near Laurel. Another EF2 caused considerable damage near Amite, Louisiana.
2015 Rochelle-Fairdale, Illinois tornado April 8-9 2015 Midwestern United States 24 2 Long-tracked, very high-end EF4 tornado moved across several counties in northern Illinois, causing major damage near Rochelle and devastating the small town of Fairdale, where two people were killed. Was part of a relatively small outbreak of mostly weak tornadoes, though an EF2 caused considerable damage near Mount Selman, Texas.
Tornado outbreak sequence of May 5-10, 2015 May 5-10 2015 Great Plains 127 5 EF3s caused major damage in Bridge Creek, Oklahoma and Oklahoma City. A large EF3 caused significant damage and killed one person near Cisco, Texas, and a high-end EF2 severely damaged the town of Delmont, South Dakota. A nighttime EF3 killed two people and caused major damage in Van, Texas, while an EF2 killed two more at a mobile home park in Nashville, Arkansas.
2015 Texas-Oklahoma flood and tornado outbreak May 23-25 2015 Great Plains 75 16 Produced a destructive early-morning F3 that devastated the Mexican border city of Ciudad Acuña, killing 14 people. An EF2 killed one person near Cameron, Texas, while an EF3 killed another near Blue, Oklahoma. This was the deadliest North American tornado outbreak of 2015, and was accompanied by catastrophic flooding.
Tornado outbreak of June 22-23, 2015 June 22-23 2015 Great Lakes, Midwestern United States 28 0 An EF2 and an EF3 caused significant damage in and around Albia, Iowa. An EF2 caused major damage in Edgington, Illinois, while another EF2 severely damaged a large campground near Sublette. A nighttime EF3 damaged or destroyed numerous homes in Coal City.
Tornado outbreak of November 16-18, 2015 November 16-18 2015 Great Plains 61 0 Unusual nocturnal late-season tornado outbreak spawned multiple strong tornadoes across the lower Great Plains states. Two EF3 tornadoes caused major damage near Pampa, Texas, one of which destroyed a large chemical plant complex. A long-tracked EF3 began near Liberal, Kansas and dissipated near Montezuma, causing significant damage in rural areas.
Tornado outbreak of December 23-25, 2015 December 23-25 2015 Southern United States, Midwestern United States 38 13 Produced multiple strong to violent long-track tornadoes across Mississippi and Tennessee, including an EF4 that tracked through parts of both states, causing major damage in Holly Springs, Mississippi and killing 9 people along its path. A high-end EF3 caused major damage near Clarksdale as well, killing two. Another EF3 destroyed many structures in the small community of Lutts, Tennessee, and an EF2 killed two people near Linden. A high-end EF2 caused considerable damage in the southwestern part of Birmingham, Alabama.
December 2015 North American storm complex December 26-28 2015 Southern United States 32 13 Outbreak of 32 tornadoes severely impacted the Dallas-Fort Worth metroplex. A large EF4 devastated parts of Garland and Rowlett, killing 10 people. An EF3 destroyed many homes in Ovilla and Glenn Heights, while an EF2 killed two people in Copeville. An EF1 killed caused a fatality near Blue Ridge as well.
Tornado outbreak of February 23-24, 2016 February 23-24 2016 Southern United States, Eastern United States 61 7 The second largest February tornado outbreak on record produced many significant tornadoes across the Gulf Coast and East Coast states. An EF2 caused major damage in Laplace, Louisiana. An EF3 caused major damage in Paincourtville and Convent, Louisiana, killing two people, while an EF2 killed one person near Purvis, Mississippi. An EF3 caused severe damage in Pensacola, Florida, and an EF1 killed 3 people in Waverly, Virginia. An EF3 also destroyed multiple homes near Tappahannock, Virginia, while another EF3 killed one person in Evergreen.
Tornado outbreak of May 7-10, 2016 May 7-10 2016 Western United States, Great Plains, Ohio Valley 57 2 Four-day outbreak of 57 tornadoes produced a high-end EF2 tornado near Wray, Colorado. A violent EF4 tornado killed one person near Katie, Oklahoma, a damaging EF3 wedge tornado destroyed numerous homes near Sulphur, and an EF3 caused another fatality near Bromide. The town of Mayfield, Kentucky sustained major damage from an EF3 tornado as well.
Tornado outbreak sequence of May 22-26, 2016 May 22-26 2016 Western United States, Great Plains 98 0 Outbreak sequence produced numerous strong tornadoes across the Great Plains. Numerous significant tornadoes spawned by a cyclic supercell thunderstorm caused heavy damage near Dodge City, Kansas. EF3 tornadoes also caused damage near Big Spring, Turkey and Garden City, Texas. An EF4 wedge tornado caused major damage near Abeline and Chapman, Kansas.
Tornado outbreak of August 24, 2016 August 24 2016 Indiana, Ohio, Ontario 23 0 Unexpected and unusual late-season tornado outbreak produced an EF3 that severely damaged or destroyed many homes and businesses in Kokomo, Indiana. Another EF3 caused major damage to farms near Woodburn, Indiana. EF2 tornadoes inflicted heavy damage near Cecil and Defiance, Ohio, while another EF2 severely damaged structures in Windsor, Ontario.
Tornado outbreak of November 27-30, 2016 November 27-30 2016 Central United States, Southern United States 46 6 Four-day outbreak produced several strong nighttime tornadoes in Dixie Alley. An EF3 killed 4 people and caused major damage in Rosalie and near Ider, Alabama. Another EF3 killed two people and severely damaged the town of Ocoee, Tennessee, while a high-end EF2 caused major damage to homes in businesses in Athens. An EF2 caused considerable damage at the eastern fringes of Huntsville, Alabama, and an EF3 destroyed several structures near Neel.
Tornado outbreak of January 21-23, 2017 January 21-23 2017 Southeastern United States 81 20 This was the second-deadliest and second largest January tornado outbreak on since reliable records began in 1950, as well as the largest tornado outbreak on record in the state of Georgia. An early morning EF3 produced major damage in Hattiesburg, Mississippi, killing 4. An EF3 near Adel, Georgia obliterated a mobile home park and killed 11 people along its path, while a large EF3 wedge tornado struck Albany and killed 5. Many other strong tornadoes caused damage across the Southern United States as well.
2017 New Orleans tornado February 7 2017 Southeastern United States 15 1 An EF3 tornado caused major damage in eastern New Orleans, making it the strongest tornado ever recorded in the city's history. Was part of a localized outbreak of tornadoes that impacted the Southern United States, mainly Louisiana. An EF2 caused damage near Killian, Louisiana, while an EF3 occurred near Watson. An EF1 struck the town of Donaldsonville, killing one person there.
Tornado outbreak of February 28 - March 1, 2017 February 28 - March 1 2017 Midwestern United States 72 4 A major tornado outbreak occurred across portions of the Midwestern United States and Ohio Valley, leading to 72 tornadoes in total. EF3 tornadoes destroyed homes in and around Washburn and Ottawa, Illinois, with two people killed in Ottawa. A long-track EF3 killed one person near Crossville as well. The most significant tornado was a long-track EF4 that caused major damage in the Perryville, Missouri area and killed one person.
Tornado outbreak of March 6-7, 2017 March 6-7 2017 Midwestern United States 63 0 Following a significant outbreak just a week prior, a second tornado outbreak affected many of the same areas. Many homes were damaged or destroyed in the town of Oak Grove, Missouri as a result of an EF3 tornado. An EF1 that struck near Bricelyn, Minnesota was the earliest in state history. EF2 tornadoes caused heavy damage in the Iowa towns of Seymour, Centerville, and Muscatine. A long-track EF2 tornado also struck Parthenon, Arkansas.
Tornado outbreak and floods of April 28 - May 1, 2017 April 28 - May 1 2017 Southeastern United States, Central United States 69 5 This outbreak affected the Southeastern United States and portions of Central United States. Two destructive wedge tornadoes; rated EF3 and EF4 affected areas outside of Canton, Texas, killing two people each. An EF2 struck the town of Durant, Mississippi and killed one person as well. The outbreak was accompanied by deadly flooding.
Tornado outbreak sequence of May 15-20, 2017 May 15 - May 20 2017 Central United States, Great Lakes, Ohio Valley 134 2 Large tornado outbreak sequence produced the longest-tracked tornado in Wisconsin history; an EF3 that caused major damage near Chetek and Conrath. An EF3 caused severe damage in Pawnee Rock and near Great Bend, Kansas. A high-end EF2 destroyed homes and businesses in the southern part of Elk City, Oklahoma, killing one person. Another EF2 struck Muskogee, Oklahoma, and many other weak tornadoes also occurred.
Tulsa tornado of 2017 August 6 2017 Tulsa, Oklahoma 4 0 A high-end EF2 tornado caused significant damage in Tulsa, injuring 26 people. This event also produced three EF1 tornadoes.
Tornado outbreak of April 13-15, 2018 April 13 - April 15 2018 Southern United States, Eastern United States 70 1 This tornado outbreak produced multiple strong tornadoes throughout the Southern and Eastern United States. A large EF2 caused significant damage in Mountainburg, Arkansas, and another EF2 severely impacted Meridian, Mississippi. An EF1 killed one person in Red Chute, Louisiana, and a high-end EF2 caused major damage in Greensboro, North Carolina. An EF3 destroyed many homes in Elon, Virginia as well.
2018 United States-Canada tornado outbreak September 20 - September 21 2018 Great Lakes, Ontario, Quebec 37 0 This outbreak produced several strong tornadoes in the Great Lakes region of the United States, and in eastern Canada as well. A high-end EF2 destroyed multiple homes in Morristown, Minnesota, and another EF2 impacted Faribault. A high-end EF3 destroyed numerous homes in Dunrobin, Ontario and Gatineau, Quebec, injuring numerous people. A high-end EF2 also caused severe damage in Nepean, Ontario.
Tornado outbreak of November 30 - December 2, 2018 November 30 - December 2 2018 Southern United States, Midwestern United States 49 1 Late-season outbreak produced an EF3 that caused major damage an injured 22 people in Taylorville, Illinois. An EF1 killed one person in Aurora, Missouri, and a long-tracked EF2 caused major damage at Tenkiller Ferry Lake in Oklahoma. Another EF2 caused significant damage in Van Buren, Arkansas, while an EF3 injured four people at Naval Submarine Base Kings Bay. This was the largest December tornado outbreak in Illinois state history.
Tornado outbreak of March 3, 2019 March 3 2019 Southeastern United States 41 23 Over the course of 6 hours, this tornado outbreak produced a total of 41 tornadoes, which touched down across portions of Alabama, Georgia, Florida, and South Carolina. The strongest of these was an EF4 tornado that devastated rural communities from Beauregard, Alabama to Talbotton, Georgia, killing 23 people and injuring 97 others. Its death toll represented more than twice the number of tornado deaths in the United States in 2018, and it was the deadliest single tornado in the country since the 2013 Moore EF5 tornado. Several other significant tornadoes occurred, including EF2 tornadoes caused severe damage near Eufaula, Alabama and in Cairo, Georgia. An EF3 destroyed homes near Tallahassee, Florida as well.
Tornado outbreak of April 13-15, 2019 April 13-15 2019 Southern United States, Northeastern United States 70 3 Expansive tornado outbreak reaching from Texas to the Northeast across 40 hours. Two tornadoes were rated EF3, including one that resulted in two deaths in East Texas. An EF2 tornado struck Hamilton, Mississippi, late on April 13, causing another fatality. Mississippi was hit by 19 tornadoes during the outbreak.
Tornado outbreak of April 17-19, 2019 April 17-19 2019 Southern United States 94 0 Multi-day tornado outbreak reaching from Texas to Virginia. Outbreak included an EF3 tornado in south-central Virginia, destroying several structures and injuring two. The squall line that spawned several of the event's associated tornadoes caused four non-tornadic fatalities.
Tornado outbreak sequence of May 2019 May 17-29 2019 301 8 Long lasting tornado outbreak sequence that produced many tornadoes. An early morning EF2 tornado hit Adair, Iowa on May 22 killing 1 and injuring another. That evening multiple tornado emergencies were issued for 2 separate EF3 tornadoes in southwest Missouri, one of which hit Golden City, Missouri killing 3 and injuring 1. Later on the same tornado hit Jefferson City, Missouri just before midnight, prompting yet another tornado emergency to be issued, and resulted in 1 death and 32 injuries. On May 25 A brief but intense tornado hit a mobile home park in southern El Reno, Oklahoma causing 2 fatalities and 19 injuries.


List of Canada tornadoes and tornado outbreaks - 1879-2019
Dates Year Region Tornadoes Fatalities Map Event Link
August 6 1879 Bouctouche, New Brunswick 1 5 N/A 1879 Bouctouche tornado
September 26 1898 St. Catharines, Ontario 1 5 N/A N/A
June 30 1912 Regina, Saskatchewan 1 28 N/A Regina Cyclone
June 17 1946 Windsor, Ontario, LaSalle, Ontario, Tecumseh, Ontario 1 17 N/A 1946 Windsor-Tecumseh, Ontario tornado
August 20 1970 Sudbury, Ontario 1 6 N/A Sudbury tornado
April 3-4 1974 Ontario 1 9 N/A 1974 Super Outbreak
August 7 1979 Woodstock, Ontario 1 2 N/A 1979 Woodstock, Ontario tornado
May 31 1985 Ontario 14 14 N/A 1985 United States-Canada tornado outbreak
July 31 1987 Edmonton 8[19] 27 N/A Edmonton tornado
April 20 1996 Ontario 3 0 N/A 1996 Southern Ontario tornadoes
July 2 1997 Ontario 13 7 N/A 1997 Southeast Michigan tornado outbreak
July 14 2000 Alberta 1 12 N/A Pine Lake tornado
August 19 2005 Ontario 3 0 N/A Southern Ontario tornado outbreak of 2005
August 2 2006 Ontario 11 0 N/A August 2, 2006 tornado outbreak
June 22 2007 Manitoba, Saskatchewan 5 0 N/A 2007 Elie, Manitoba tornado
August 20 2009 Ontario 18 1 N/A Southern Ontario Tornado Outbreak of 2009
June 5-6 2010 Ontario 6 0 N/A June 5-6, 2010 tornado outbreak
August 21 2011 Goderich, Ontario 1 1 N/A 2011 Goderich, Ontario tornado
September 21 2018 Ottawa, Ontario Gatineau, Quebec 7 0 N/A 2018 Ottawa-Gatineau tornadoes

Mexico, Central America, Caribbean, and other areas

Event Date Area Tornadoes Casualties Notes
Tenochtitlan-Tlatelolco tornado 13 August 1521 (Julian Calendar) Tenochtitlan and Tlatelolco - - First recorded tornado in Americas[20]
Hondo Coal Mine tornado 10 May 1899 Coahuila, Mexico - >=22 fatalities Deadliest Mexican tornado, also struck the city of Sabinas.[21]
1940 Bejucal tornado 26 December 1940 Cuba - 12 fatalities Reportedly spawned during hurricane
1953 Bermuda tornadoes 5 April 1953 Bermuda - 1 fatality, 9 injuries Possibly four separate tornadoes
1992 Panama City tornado 6 July 1992 Panama City, Panama - 12 fatalities, >50 injuries Perhaps deadliest Panamanian tornado
2007 Piedras Negras tornado 24 April 2007 Piedras Negras, Coahuila, Mexico 1 3 Violent rain-wrapped F4 tornado destroyed over 300 homes and multiple businesses in Piedras Negras.
Dominican Republic tornadoes 20 April 2008 Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic - >=2 fatalities At least 700 people were forced to seek temporary shelter when tornadoes damaged houses
2015 Ciudad Acuña tornado 25 May 2015 Ciudad Acuña, Coahuila, Mexico 1 14 Early morning tornado damaged or destroyed over 750 homes and businesses in Ciudad Acuña.
2019 Havana tornado 28 January 2019 eastern Havana, Cuba 1 6 fatalities, 193 injuries Late-night tornado affected the neighborhoods of Regla and 10 de Octubre as well as the town of San Miguel de Padron

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e "Not-So-Famous Firsts: Tornado Edition". 2 June 2011. Retrieved 2019.
  2. ^ "Library News". Charleston County Public Library. Retrieved 2019.
  3. ^ Tornado of 1851, Charles Brooks ©1852
  4. ^ "Arlington, MA Tornado, Aug 1851 - GenDisasters ... Genealogy in Tragedy, Disasters, Fires, Floods". Retrieved 2019.
  5. ^ cite web|url= Rochester Tornado Aug 21 1883|last=|first=|date=|website= August 21, 1883 Southeast Minnesota Tornadoes|publisher=NOAA|accessdate=2019-07-2019}}
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-08-19. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ Reshaping the Tornado Belt: The June 16, 1887, Grand Forks/East Grand Forks Tornado, 2011 book G.Godon
  8. ^
  9. ^ "Tornado History Project: May 2, 1953". Retrieved 2017.
  10. ^ "Tornado History Project: April 28, 1953". Retrieved 2017.
  11. ^ "Tornado History Project: April 29, 1953". Retrieved 2017.
  12. ^ "Tornado History Project: April 30, 1953". Retrieved 2017.
  13. ^ "Tornado History Project: May 1, 1953". Retrieved 2017.
  14. ^ "Tornado History Project: February 24, 1956". Retrieved 2017.
  15. ^ "Tornado History Project: February 25, 1956". Retrieved 2017.
  16. ^ "This Day in Southeast Michigan Weather History - May 8". National Weather Service Detroit / Pontiac, Michigan. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. August 3, 2007. Retrieved 2014.
  17. ^ Bryan Painter; Silas Allen (June 4, 2014). "El Reno tornado is 'super rare' national record-breaker". NewsOK. Retrieved 2014.
  18. ^ Jon Erdman; Chris Dolce; Nick Wiltgen (September 20, 2013). "El Reno Tornado Rated EF3, Widest on Record". The Weather Channel. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved 2014.
  19. ^ "Canadian National Tornado Database: Verified Events (1980-2009) - Public". Open Canada. Environment Canada. Retrieved 2016.
  20. ^ Velasco Fuentes, Oscar (November 2010). "The Earliest Documented Tornado in the Americas". Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. 91 (11): 1515-1523. Bibcode:2010BAMS...91.1515F. doi:10.1175/2010BAMS2874.1. Retrieved 2010.
  21. ^ "Los Angeles Herald, Number 224, 12 May 1899". Retrieved 2017.

External links

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