List of Prime Ministers of Belgium
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List of Prime Ministers of Belgium
State Coat of Arms of Belgium.svg

politics and government of
Belgium

European Union EU Member State


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The prime minister of Belgium (Dutch: Eerste minister van België; French: Premier ministre de Belgique; German: Premierminister von Belgien) or the premier of Belgium is the head of the federal government in the Kingdom of Belgium.

Although leaders of Government (French: Chefs de Cabinet) had been appointed since the independence of the country, until 1918 the king often presided over the Council of Ministers, so the modern era of the "premiership" started after World War I with Léon Delacroix. The political importance of the king of the Belgians has decreased over time, whereas the position of prime minister has gradually become more important.

Chiefs of Government (1831-1918)

Political parties

  Independent
  Catholic Party
  Liberal Party

Portrait Name
(Born-Died)
Election Term of office Political Party Cabinet Monarch of Belgium
(Reign)
Took office Left office Time in office Name Composition
EtiennedeGerlache.jpg Étienne Constantin de Gerlache
(1785-1871)
1830 27 February 1831 10 March 1831 11 days Independent (Confessional) De Gerlache - Vacant
JosephLebeau.gif Joseph Lebeau
(1794-1865)
-- 10 March 1831 24 July 1831 136 days Independent (Liberal) Lebeau I -
Felix de muelenaere.jpg Félix de Muelenaere
(1793-1862)
1831 24 July 1831 20 October 1832 1 year,

88 days

Independent (Confessional) De Mûelenaere - Leopold I
Leopold I by Franz Winterhalter.jpg
(1831-1865)
Albert Goblet.png Albert Joseph Goblet d'Alviella
(1790-1873)
1833 20 October 1832 4 August 1834 1 year,

288 days

Independent (Liberal) Goblet d'Alviella--
Rogier
-
Barthélemy de Theux (03).jpg Barthélémy de Theux de Meylandt
(1794-1874)
1835
1837
1839
4 August 1834 18 April 1840 5 years, 258 days Independent (Confessional) De Theux de Meylandt I -
Belgium was a part of Kingdom of the Netherlands from 1815 to 1839. Kingdom of the Netherlands officially recognized its independence on 19 April 1839. Prime minister of Kingdom of Belgium is legal from that time.
JosephLebeau.gif Joseph Lebeau
(1794-1865)
-- 18 April 1840 13 April 1841 360 days Independent (Liberal) Lebeau II -
Jean Baptiste Nothomb (02).jpg Jean-Baptiste Nothomb
(1805-1881)
1841
1843
13 April 1841 30 July 1845 4 years,

108 days

Independent (Liberal) Nothomb -
Sylvain Van de Weyer.png Sylvain Van de Weyer
(1802-1874)
1845 30 July 1845 31 March 1846 244 days Independent (Liberal) Van de Weyer -
Barthélemy de Theux (03).jpg Barthélémy de Theux de Meylandt
(1794-1874)
-- 31 March 1846 12 August 1847 1 year, 134 days Independent (Confessional) De Theux de Meylandt II -
Charlesrogier.jpg Charles Rogier
(1800-1885)
1847
1848
1850
12 August 1847 31 October 1852 5 years, 80 days Liberal Party Rogier I Lib.
Henri de Brouckère.jpg Henri de Brouckère
(1801-1891)
1852
1854
31 October 1852 30 March 1855 2 years, 150 days Liberal Party De Brouckère Lib.
Pierre De Decker.jpg Pierre de Decker
(1812-1891)
1855
1856
30 March 1855 9 November 1857 2 years, 224 days Independent (Confessional) De Decker Cath.-Lib.
Charlesrogier.jpg Charles Rogier
(1800-1885)
1857
1859
1861
1863
1864
1866
1867
9 November 1857 3 January 1868 10 years,

55 days

Liberal Party Rogier II Lib.
FrèreOrban.jpg Walthère Frère-Orban
(1812-1896)
1868 3 January 1868 2 July 1870 2 years,

180 days

Liberal Party Frère-Orban I Lib. Leopold II
Leopold ii garter knight.jpg
(1865-1909)
Jules d'Anethan.jpg Jules d'Anethan
(1803-1888)
Jun.1870
Aug.1870
2 July 1870 7 December 1871 1 year,

158 days

Catholic Party D'Anethan Cath.
Barthélemy de Theux (03).jpg Barthélémy de Theux de Meylandt
(1794-1874)
1872
1874
7 December 1871 21 August 1874
(died in office)
2 years, 257 days Catholic Party Malou I Cath.
Jules Malou ars-moriendi.jpg Jules Malou
(1810-1886)
1876 21 August 1874 19 June 1878 3 years, 302 days Catholic Party
FrèreOrban.jpg Walthère Frère-Orban
(1812-1891)
1878
1880
1882
19 June 1878 16 June 1884 5 years, 363 days Liberal Party Frère-Orban II Lib.
Jules Malou ars-moriendi.jpg Jules Malou
(1810-1886)
1884 16 June 1884 26 October 1884 132 days Catholic Party Malou II Cath.
Beernaert.gif Auguste Beernaert
(1829-1912)
1886
1888
1890
1892
26 October 1884 26 March 1894 9 years, 151 days Catholic Party Beernaert Cath.
Jules de burlet.jpg Jules de Burlet
(1844-1897)
1894 26 March 1894 25 February 1896 1 year, 336 days Catholic Party De Burlet Cath.
Paul de Smet de Naeyer.jpg Paul de Smet de Naeyer
(1843-1913)
1896
1898
25 February 1896 24 January 1899 2 years, 333 days Catholic Party De Smet de Naeyer I Cath.
Jules van den Peereboom.jpg Jules Vandenpeereboom
(1843-1917)
-- 24 January 1899 5 August 1899 193 days Catholic Party Vandenpeereboom Cath.
Paul de Smet de Naeyer.jpg Paul de Smet de Naeyer
(1843-1913)
1900
1902
1904
1906
5 August 1899 2 May 1907 7 years, 270 days Catholic Party De Smet de Naeyer II Cath.
Jules de Trooz.jpg Jules de Trooz
(1857-1907)
-- 2 May 1907 31 December 1907
(died in office)
243 days Catholic Party De Trooz Cath.
Frans Schollaert.jpg Frans Schollaert
(1851-1917)
1908
1910
9 January 1908 17 June 1911 3 years,

159 days

Catholic Party Schollaert Cath.
DeBroqueville.jpg Charles de Broqueville
(1860-1940)
1912
1914
17 June 1911 18 January 1916 6 years, 349 days Catholic Party De Broqueville I
(in exile, 1914-1918)
Cath. Albert I
Albert I Koning der Belgen.jpg
(1909-1934)
-- 18 January 1916 1 June 1918 Cath.-Lib.-BWP/POB
Brussels, Palais de la Nation, Gérard Cooreman.jpg Gérard Cooreman
(1852-1926)
-- 1 June 1918 21 November 1918 173 days Catholic Party Cooreman Cath.-Lib.-BWP/POB

Timeline from 1831 till 1919

Gérard CooremanCharles de BroquevilleFrans SchollaertJules de TroozPaul de Smet de NaeyerJules VandenpeereboomPaul de Smet de NaeyerJules de BurletAuguste BeernaertJules MalouWalthère Frère-OrbanJules MalouBarthélémy de Theux de MeylandtJules d'AnethanWalthère Frère-OrbanCharles RogierPierre de DeckerHenri de BrouckèreCharles RogierBarthélémy de Theux de MeylandtSylvain Van de WeyerJean-Baptiste NothombJoseph LebeauBarthélémy de Theux de MeylandtAlbert Joseph Goblet d'AlviellaFélix de MuelenaereJoseph LebeauÉtienne Constantin de Gerlache

Prime Ministers (1918-present)

Political parties
Christian Democrat

  Catholic Party
  Christian Social Party
  Christian Democratic and Flemish

Liberal

  Liberal Party
  Flemish Liberals and Democrats
  Reformist Movement

Socialist

  Socialist Party

Portrait Name
(Born-Died)
Election Term of office Political Party Cabinet Monarch of Belgium
(Reign)
Took office Left office Time in office Name Composition
DELACROIX LÉON.jpg Léon Delacroix
(1867-1929)
-- 21 November 1918 2 December 1919 1 year,

365 days

Catholic Party Delacroix I Cath.-Lib.-BWP/POB Albert I
Albert I Koning der Belgen.jpg
(1909-1934)
1919 2 December 1919 20 November 1920 Delacroix II
Henri Carton de Wiart.jpg Henry Carton de Wiart
(1869-1951)
-- 20 November 1920 16 December 1921 1 year,

26 days

Catholic Party Carton de Wiart Cath.-Lib.-BWP/POB
Georges Theunis 1921.jpg Georges Theunis
(1873-1966)
1921 16 December 1921 13 May 1925 3 years, 148 days Catholic Party Theunis I Cath.-Lib.
Brussels, Palais de la Nation, Aloys Van de Vyvere.jpg Aloys Van de Vyvere
(1871-1961)
1925 13 May 1925 17 June 1925 35 days Catholic Party Van de Vyvere Cath.
Prosper poullet.jpg Prosper Poullet
(1868-1937)
-- 17 June 1925 20 May 1926 337 days Catholic Party Poullet--
Vandervelde
Cath.-BWP/POB
Henri Jaspar 1921.jpg Henri Jaspar
(1870-1939)
-- 20 May 1926 22 November 1927 5 years,

17 days

Catholic Party Jaspar I Cath.-Lib.-BWP/POB
1929 22 November 1927 6 June 1931 Jaspar II Cath.-Lib.
Brussels, Palais de la Nation, Jules Renkin.jpg Jules Renkin
(1862-1934)
-- 6 June 1931 22 October 1932 1 year,

138 days

Catholic Party Renkin Cath.-Lib.
M 37 4 Charles de Brocqueville.jpg Charles de Broqueville
(1860-1940)
1932 22 October 1932 20 November 1934 2 years,

29 days

Catholic Party De Broqueville II Cath.-Lib.
Georges Theunis 1921.jpg Georges Theunis
(1873-1966)
-- 20 November 1934 25 March 1935 125 days Catholic Party Theunis II Cath.-Lib. Leopold III
Leopold III van België (1934).jpg
(1934-1951)
Paul van Zeeland, 1937.jpg Paul van Zeeland
(1893-1973)
-- 25 March 1935 13 June 1936 2 years, 244 days Catholic Party Van Zeeland I Cath.-Lib.-BWP/POB
1936 13 June 1936 24 November 1937 Van Zeeland II
Paul-Émile Janson
(1873-1944)
-- 24 November 1937 15 May 1938 172 days Liberal Party Janson Cath.-Lib.-BWP/POB
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-39998-0427, Paul-Henri Spaak.jpg Paul-Henri Spaak
(1899-1972)
-- 15 May 1938 22 February 1939 283 days Belgian Labour Party Spaak I Cath.-Lib.-BWP/POB
Pierlot sturges (cropped).jpg Hubert Pierlot
(1883-1963)
1939 22 February 1939 16 April 1939 5 years, 356 days Catholic Party Pierlot I Cath.-Lib.-BSP/PSB
-- 16 April 1939 3 September 1939 Pierlot II Cath.-Lib.
-- 3 September 1939 28 May 1940 Pierlot III Cath.-Lib.-BSP/PSB
-- 28 May 1940 27 September 1944 Pierlot IV
(in exile)
-- 27 September 1944 12 December 1944 Pierlot V Cath.-Lib.-BSP/PSB-KPB-PCB
-- 12 December 1944 12 February 1945 Pierlot VI Cath.-Lib.-BSP/PSB
Achiel Van Acker1.jpg Achille Van Acker
(1898-1975)
-- 12 February 1945 2 August 1945 1 year,

29 days

Belgian Socialist Party Van Acker I BSP/PSB-Cath.-Lib.
2 August 1945 13 March 1946 Van Acker II BSP/PSB-BDU/UDB-Lib.-KPB-PCB
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-39998-0427, Paul-Henri Spaak.jpg Paul-Henri Spaak
(1899-1972)
1946 13 March 1946 31 March 1946 18 days Belgian Socialist Party Spaak II BSP/PSB-PSC/CVP
Achiel Van Acker1.jpg Achille Van Acker
(1898-1975)
-- 31 March 1946 3 August 1946 125 days Belgian Socialist Party Van Acker III BSP/PSB-LP/PL-KPB-PCB
Huysmans-Camille.jpg Camille Huysmans
(1871-1968)
-- 3 August 1946 20 March 1947 229 days Belgian Socialist Party Huysmans BSP/PSB-LP/PL-KPB-PCB
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-39998-0427, Paul-Henri Spaak.jpg Paul-Henri Spaak
(1899-1972)
-- 20 March 1947 27 November 1948 2 years,

144 days

Belgian Socialist Party Spaak III BSP/PSB-PSC/CVP
27 November 1948 11 August 1949 Spaak IV
Gaston Eyskens (1969).jpg Gaston Eyskens
(1905-1988)
1949 11 August 1949 8 June 1950 301 days Christian Social Party G.Eyskens I PSC/CVP-LP/PL
Great coat of arms of Belgium.svg Jean Duvieusart
(1900-1977)
1950 8 June 1950 16 August 1950 69 days Christian Social Party Duvieusart PSC/CVP
Brussels, Palais de la Nation, Joseph Pholien.jpg Joseph Pholien
(1884-1968)
-- 16 August 1950 15 January 1952 1 year,

152 days

Christian Social Party Pholien PSC/CVP
Brussels, Palais de la Nation, Jean Van Houtte.jpg Jean Van Houtte
(1907-1991)
-- 15 January 1952 23 April 1954 2 years,

98 days

Christian Social Party Van Houtte PSC/CVP Baudouin
Baudouin of Belgium 1969.jpg
(1951-1993)
Achiel Van Acker1.jpg Achille Van Acker
(1898-1975)
1954 23 April 1954 26 June 1958 4 years,

64 days

Belgian Socialist Party Van Acker IV BSP/PSB-LP/PL
Gaston Eyskens (1969).jpg Gaston Eyskens
(1905-1988)
1958 26 June 1958 6 November 1958 2 years, 303 days Christian Social Party G.Eyskens II PSC/CVP
-- 6 November 1958 3 September 1960 G.Eyskens III PSC/CVP-LP/PL
-- 3 September 1960 25 April 1961 G.Eyskens IV
Théo Lefèvre 1964b.jpg Théo Lefèvre
(1914-1973)
1961 25 April 1961 28 July 1965 4 years,

94 days

Christian Social Party Lefèvre PSC/CVP-BSP/PSB
Pierre Harmel 1965.jpg Pierre Harmel
(1911-2009)
1965 28 July 1965 19 March 1966 234 days Christian Social Party Harmel PSC/CVP-BSP/PSB
Paul Vanden Boeynants.jpg Paul Vanden Boeynants
(1919-2001)
-- 19 March 1966 17 July 1968 2 years, 120 days Christian Social Party Vanden Boeynants I PSC/CVP-PVV/PLP
Gaston Eyskens (1969).jpg Gaston Eyskens
(1905-1988)
1968 17 July 1968 20 January 1972 4 years, 193 days Christian People's Party (CVP) G.Eyskens V CVP/PSC-BSP/PSB
1971 20 January 1972 26 January 1973 G.Eyskens VI
Great coat of arms of Belgium.svg Edmond Leburton
(1915-1997)
-- 26 January 1973 23 October 1973 1 year,

89 days

Belgian Socialist Party Leburton I BSP/PSB-CVP/PSC-PVV/PLP
-- 23 October 1973 25 April 1974 Leburton II BSP/PSB-CVP/PSC
Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F050938-0028, Bonn, Tagung CDU-Bundesausschuss, Tindemans.jpg Leo Tindemans
(1922-2014)
1974 25 April 1974 3 June 1977 4 years, 178 days Christian People's Party (CVP) Tindemans I CVP/PSC-PVV/PLP
1977 3 June 1977 20 October 1978 Tindemans II CVP/PSC-SP/PS-VU/FDF
Paul Vanden Boeynants.jpg Paul Vanden Boeynants
(1919-2001)
-- 20 October 1978 3 April 1979 165 days Christian Social Party (PSC) Vanden Boeynants II CVP/PSC-SP/PS-VU/FDF
Wilfried Martens.jpg Wilfried Martens
(1936-2013)
1978 3 April 1979 23 January 1980 1 year,

362 days

Christian People's Party (CVP) Martens I CVP/PSC-SP/PS-VU/FDF
-- 23 January 1980 18 May 1980 Martens II CVP/PSC-SP/PS
-- 18 May 1980 22 October 1980 Martens III CVP/PSC-SP/PS-PVV/PRL
-- 22 October 1980 31 March 1981 Martens IV CVP/PSC-SP/PS
Markeyskens675.jpg Mark Eyskens
(born 1933)
-- 31 March 1981 17 December 1981 261 days Christian People's Party (CVP) M.Eyskens CVP/PSC-SP/PS
Wilfried Martens.jpg Wilfried Martens
(1936-2013)
1981 17 December 1981 28 November 1985 10 years,

81 days

Christian People's Party (CVP) Martens V CVP/PSC-PVV/PRL
1985 28 November 1985 21 October 1987 Martens VI
1987 21 October 1987 9 May 1988 Martens VII CVP/PSC-PVV/PRL
-- 9 May 1988 29 September 1991 Martens VIII CVP/PSC-SP/PS-VU/FDF
1991 29 September 1991 7 March 1992 Martens IX CVP/PSC-SP/PS
Deheane cropped..jpg Jean-Luc Dehaene
(1940-2014)
-- 7 March 1992 21 May 1995 7 years, 127 days Christian People's Party (CVP) Dehaene I CVP/PSC-SP/PS Albert II
Albert II.jpg
(1993-2013)
1995 21 May 1995 12 July 1999 Dehaene II
Guy verhofstadt profiel.png Guy Verhofstadt
(born 1953)
1999 12 July 1999 12 July 2003 8 years, 252 days Open Flemish Liberals and Democrats (VLD) Verhofstadt I VLD/PRL-SP.A/PS-Agalev/Ecolo
2003 12 July 2003 21 December 2007 Verhofstadt II VLD/MR-SP.A/PS
2007 21 December 2007 20 March 2008 Verhofstadt III VLD/MR-CD&V/CDH-PS
Yves Leterme.jpg Yves Leterme
(born 1960)
-- 20 March 2008 30 December 2008 285 days Christian Democratic and Flemish (CD&V) Leterme I CD&V/CDH-PS-VLD/MR
Herman Van Rompuy 675.jpg Herman Van Rompuy
(born 1947)
-- 30 December 2008 25 November 2009 330 days Christian Democratic and Flemish (CD&V) Van Rompuy CD&V/CDH-VLD/MR-PS
Yves Leterme.jpg Yves Leterme
(born 1960)
-- 25 November 2009 6 December 2011 2 years, 11 days Christian Democratic and Flemish (CD&V) Leterme II CD&V/CDH-VLD/MR-PS
Di Rupo cropped.jpg Elio Di Rupo
(born 1951)
2010 6 December 2011 11 October 2014 2 years, 309 days Socialist Party (PS) Di Rupo SP.A/PS-CD&V/CDH-VLD/MR
Charles Michel (2018-01-31) (cropped).jpg Charles Michel
(born 1975)
2014 11 October 2014 21 December 2018 5 years, 16 days Reformist Movement (MR) Michel I VLD/MR-N-VA-CD&V Philippe
Koning Filip van België.jpg
(2013-present)
-- 21 December 2018 27 October 2019 Michel II VLD/MR-CD&V
Sophie Wilmès.jpg Sophie Wilmès
(born 1975)
-- 27 October 2019 Incumbent 122 days Reformist Movement (MR) Wilmès VLD/MR-CD&V

Timeline since 1918

Sophie WilmèsCharles MichelDi Rupo I GovernmentLeterme II GovernmentVan Rompuy I GovernmentLeterme I GovernmentGuy VerhofstadtJean-Luc DehaeneWilfried MartensMark EyskensWilfried MartensPaul Vanden BoeynantsLeo TindemansEdmond LeburtonGaston EyskensPaul Vanden BoeynantsPierre HarmelThéo LefèvreGaston EyskensAchille Van AckerJean Van HoutteJoseph PholienJean DuvieusartGaston EyskensPaul-Henri SpaakCamille HuysmansAchille Van AckerPaul-Henri SpaakAchille Van AckerHubert PierlotPaul-Henri SpaakPaul-Émile JansonPaul Van ZeelandGeorge TheunisCharles de BroquevilleJules RenkinHenri JasparProsper PoulletAloys Van de VyvereGeorges TheunisHenry Carton de WiartLéon Delacroix

Living former Prime Ministers

Name Term Date of birth Age
Mark Eyskens 1981 29 April 1933 86 years, 303 days
Guy Verhofstadt 1999-2008 11 April 1953 66 years, 321 days
Yves Leterme 2008 & 2009-2011 6 October 1960 59 years, 143 days
Herman Van Rompuy 2008-2009 31 October 1947 72 years, 118 days
Elio Di Rupo 2011-2014 18 July 1951 68 years, 223 days
Charles Michel 2014-2019 21 December 1975 44 years, 67 days

See also


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

List_of_Prime_Ministers_of_Belgium
 



 



 
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