List of U.S. States and Territories by Population
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List of U.S. States and Territories by Population

The Population of each U.S. state, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico in 2019 according to the U.S. Census Bureau

The states and territories included in the United States Census Bureau's statistics include the fifty states, the District of Columbia, and the five permanently inhabited territories of the United States, including Puerto Rico.[1]

Methodology

Map of population change in United States of America, the District of Columbia, and U.S. territories from 2010 to 2020.

The United States Census counts total persons residing in the United States including citizens, non-citizen permanent residents, and non-citizen long-term visitors.[2] Civilian and military federal employees serving abroad and their dependents are counted in their home state.[3]

Electoral apportionment

House of Representatives

Based on data from each decennial census, each state is allocated a proportion of the 435 seats in the United States House of Representatives (although each state is guaranteed a minimum of one House seat regardless of population). This apportionment is based on the proportion of each state's population to the combined population of the fifty states (not including the District of Columbia, Guam, American Samoa, the Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, or the United States Virgin Islands).

Electoral College

The Electoral College is the body that, every four years, elects the President and Vice President of the United States based on the popular vote in each state and the District of Columbia. Each state's number of votes in the Electoral College is equal to that state's total number of members in the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States Congress.[4]

The Twenty-third Amendment to the United States Constitution effectively grants the District of Columbia (DC), which is not part of any state, three Electoral College votes. More precisely, DC gets as many Electoral College votes as it would have if it were a state, with the caveat that DC can have no more votes than the least populous state (currently, Wyoming). Currently, this caveat is a moot point since DC would only be entitled to one member of the House of Representatives if it were a state, and is more populous than only two of the seven states with a single member in the House since 2013. Since the Constitution guarantees every state at least one member of the U.S. House of Representatives and two U.S. Senators, it effectively guarantees every state (and, since the ratification of the 23rd Amendment to the Constitution, DC) at least three Electoral College votes. Thus, the total representation in the Electoral College is 538 members (100 senators, plus 435 representatives, plus 3 members for the District of Columbia).[4]Territories of the United States such as Puerto Rico are not included in the electoral college, and so people in those territories cannot vote for the President of the United States.[5]

State and territory rankings

Rank State or territory
Census population
Change, 2010-2020
Est. pop.
per electoral
vote, 2020[a]
Census pop. per seat
% of the total U.S. pop.[b]
% of Electoral
College
Current 2010
Estimated
July 1, 2020[6]
April 1, 2010[7]
Absolute Seats %
Est. 2020
2010
Est. 2020
2010
Change,
2010-2020
1 1  California 39,368,078 37,253,956 5.7% +2,114,122 53 12.18% 715,783 742,794 702,905 11.82% 11.91% -0.09% 10.22%
2 2  Texas 29,360,759 25,145,561 16.8% +4,215,198 36 8.28% 772,652 815,577 698,488 8.82% 8.04% 0.78% 7.06%
3 4  Florida 21,733,312 18,801,310 15.6% +2,932,002 27 6.21% 749,425 804,937 696,345 6.53% 6.01% 0.52% 5.39%
4 3  New York 19,336,776 19,378,102 -0.2% -41,326 27 6.21% 666,785 716,177 717,707 5.81% 6.19% -0.39% 5.39%
5 6  Pennsylvania 12,783,254 12,702,379 0.6% +80,875 18 4.14% 639,163 710,181 705,688 3.84% 4.06% -0.22% 3.72%
6 5  Illinois 12,587,530 12,830,632 -1.9% -243,102 18 4.14% 629,377 699,307 712,813 3.78% 4.10% -0.32% 3.72%
7 7  Ohio 11,693,217 11,536,504 1.4% +156,713 16 3.68% 649,623 730,826 721,032 3.51% 3.69% -0.18% 3.35%
8 9  Georgia 10,710,017 9,687,653 10.6% +1,022,364 14 3.22% 669,376 765,001 691,975 3.22% 3.10% 0.12% 2.97%
9 10  North Carolina 10,600,823 9,535,483 11.2% +1,065,340 13 2.99% 706,722 815,448 733,499 3.18% 3.05% 0.13% 2.79%
10 8  Michigan 9,966,555 9,883,640 0.8% +82,915 14 3.22% 622,910 711,897 705,974 2.99% 3.16% -0.17% 2.97%
11 11  New Jersey 8,882,371 8,791,894 1.0% +90,477 12 2.76% 634,455 740,198 732,658 2.67% 2.81% -0.14% 2.60%
12 12  Virginia 8,590,563 8,001,024 7.4% +589,539 11 2.53% 660,813 780,960 727,366 2.58% 2.56% 0.02% 2.42%
13 13  Washington 7,693,612 6,724,540 14.4% +969,072 10 2.30% 641,134 769,361 672,454 2.31% 2.15% 0.16% 2.23%
14 16  Arizona 7,421,401 6,392,017 16.1% +1,029,384 9 2.07% 674,673 824,600 710,224 2.23% 2.04% 0.19% 2.04%
15 14  Massachusetts 6,893,574 6,547,629 5.3% +345,945 9 2.07% 626,689 765,953 727,514 2.07% 2.09% -0.02% 2.04%
16 17  Tennessee 6,886,834 6,346,105 8.5% +540,729 9 2.07% 626,076 765,204 705,123 2.07% 2.03% 0.04% 2.04%
17 15  Indiana 6,754,953 6,483,802 4.2% +271,151 9 2.07% 614,087 750,550 720,422 2.03% 2.07% -0.04% 2.04%
18 18  Missouri 6,151,548 5,988,927 2.7% +162,621 8 1.84% 615,155 768,944 748,616 1.85% 1.91% -0.07% 1.86%
19 19  Maryland 6,055,802 5,773,552 4.9% +282,250 8 1.84% 605,580 756,975 721,694 1.82% 1.85% -0.03% 1.86%
20 20  Wisconsin 5,832,655 5,686,986 2.6% +145,669 8 1.84% 583,266 729,082 710,873 1.75% 1.82% -0.07% 1.86%
21 22  Colorado 5,807,719 5,029,196 15.5% +778,523 7 1.61% 645,302 829,674 718,457 1.74% 1.61% 0.14% 1.67%
22 21  Minnesota 5,657,342 5,303,925 6.7% +353,417 8 1.84% 565,734 707,168 662,991 1.70% 1.70% 0.00% 1.86%
23 24  South Carolina 5,218,040 4,625,364 12.8% +592,676 7 1.61% 579,782 745,434 660,766 1.57% 1.48% 0.09% 1.67%
24 23  Alabama 4,921,532 4,779,736 3.0% +141,796 7 1.61% 546,837 703,076 682,819 1.48% 1.53% -0.05% 1.67%
25 25  Louisiana 4,645,318 4,533,372 2.5% +111,946 6 1.38% 580,665 774,220 755,562 1.39% 1.45% -0.05% 1.49%
26 26  Kentucky 4,477,251 4,339,367 3.2% +137,884 6 1.38% 559,656 746,209 723,228 1.34% 1.39% -0.04% 1.49%
27 27  Oregon 4,241,507 3,831,074 10.7% +410,433 5 1.15% 605,930 848,301 766,215 1.27% 1.22% 0.05% 1.30%
28 28  Oklahoma 3,980,783 3,751,351 6.1% +229,432 5 1.15% 568,683 796,157 750,270 1.20% 1.20% -0.00% 1.30%
29 30  Connecticut 3,557,006 3,574,097 -0.5% -17,091 5 1.15% 508,144 711,401 714,819 1.07% 1.14% -0.07% 1.30%
30 35  Utah 3,249,879 2,763,885 17.6% +485,994 4 0.92% 541,647 812,470 690,971 0.98% 0.88% 0.09% 1.12%
31 29  Puerto Rico 3,189,068[8] 3,725,789 -‍14.4% -536,721 1* -- 3,193,694 3,725,789 0.96% 1.19% -0.23% --
32 31  Iowa 3,163,561 3,046,355 3.8% +117,206 4 0.92% 527,260 790,890 761,589 0.95% 0.97% -0.02% 1.12%
33 36  Nevada 3,138,259 2,700,551 16.2% +437,708 4 0.92% 523,043 784,565 675,138 0.94% 0.86% 0.08% 1.12%
34 33  Arkansas 3,030,522 2,915,918 3.9% +114,604 4 0.92% 505,087 757,631 728,980 0.91% 0.93% -0.02% 1.12%
35 32  Mississippi 2,966,786 2,967,297 -0.0% -511 4 0.92% 494,464 741,697 741,824 0.89% 0.95% -0.06% 1.12%
36 34  Kansas 2,913,805 2,853,118 2.1% +60,687 4 0.92% 485,634 728,451 713,280 0.87% 0.91% -0.03% 1.12%
37 37  New Mexico 2,106,319 2,059,179 2.3% +47,140 3 0.69% 421,264 702,106 686,393 0.63% 0.66% -0.03% 0.93%
38 39  Nebraska 1,937,552 1,826,341 6.1% +111,211 3 0.69% 387,510 645,851 608,780 0.58% 0.58% -0.00% 0.93%
39 40  Idaho 1,826,913 1,567,582 16.5% +259,331 2 0.46% 456,728 913,457 783,791 0.55% 0.50% 0.05% 0.74%
40 38  West Virginia 1,784,787 1,852,994 -3.7% -68,207 3 0.69% 356,957 594,929 617,665 0.54% 0.59% -0.06% 0.93%
41 41  Hawaii 1,407,006 1,360,301 3.4% +46,705 2 0.46% 351,752 703,503 680,151 0.42% 0.43% -0.01% 0.74%
42 43  New Hampshire 1,366,275 1,316,470 3.8% +49,805 2 0.46% 341,569 683,168 658,235 0.41% 0.42% -0.01% 0.74%
43 42  Maine 1,350,141 1,328,361 1.6% +21,780 2 0.46% 337,535 675,071 664,181 0.41% 0.42% -0.02% 0.74%
44 45  Montana 1,080,577 989,415 9.2% +91,162 1 0.23% 360,192 1,080,577 989,415 0.32% 0.32% 0.01% 0.56%
45 44  Rhode Island 1,057,125 1,052,567 0.4% +4,558 2 0.46% 264,281 528,563 526,284 0.32% 0.34% -0.02% 0.74%
46 46  Delaware 986,809 897,934 9.9% +88,875 1 0.23% 328,936 986,809 897,934 0.30% 0.29% 0.01% 0.56%
47 47  South Dakota 892,717 814,180 9.6% +78,537 1 0.23% 297,572 892,717 814,180 0.27% 0.26% 0.01% 0.56%
48 49  North Dakota 765,309 672,591 13.8% +92,718 1 0.23% 255,103 765,309 672,591 0.23% 0.21% 0.01% 0.56%
49 48  Alaska 731,158 710,231 2.9% +20,927 1 0.23% 243,719 731,158 710,231 0.22% 0.23% -0.01% 0.56%
50 51 712,816 601,723 18.5% +111,093 1* -- 237,605 -- -- 0.21% 0.19% 0.02% 0.56%
51 50  Vermont 623,347 625,741 -0.4% -2,394 1 0.23% 207,782 623,347 625,741 0.19% 0.20% -0.01% 0.56%
52 52  Wyoming 582,328 563,626 3.3% +18,702 1 0.23% 194,109 582,328 563,626 0.17% 0.18% -0.01% 0.56%
53 53  Guam 168,485[9] 159,358[10] 5.7% +9,127 1* -- -- -- -- 0.05% 0.05% -0.00% --
54 54  U.S. Virgin Islands 106,235[11] 106,405[12] -0.2% -170 1* -- -- -- -- 0.03% 0.03% -0.00% --
55 56 51,433[13] 53,883[14] -4.5% -2,450 1* -- -- -- -- 0.02% 0.02% -0.00% --
56 55  American Samoa 49,437[15] 55,519[16] -11.0% -6,082 1* -- -- -- -- 0.01% 0.02% -0.00% --
-- -- Contiguous United States 327,345,959 306,675,006 6.7% +20,670,953 432 99.31% 616,471 757,745 709,896 98.29% 98.03% 0.26% 98.70%
-- -- The fifty states 328,771,307 308,143,815 6.7% +20,627,492 435 -- 614,526 755,796 708,377 98.72% 98.50% 0.22% 99.44%
-- -- The fifty states and D.C. 329,484,123 308,745,538 6.7% +20,738,585 435 (+1*) -- 612,424 -- -- 98.93% 98.69% 0.24% 100.00%
-- -- Total United States 333,048,781 312,846,492 6.5% +20,202,289 435 (+6*) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --

* -- non-voting member of the House of Representatives.

  1. ^ Each state has a number of votes in the Electoral College equal to its number of senators (two) and representatives in the Congress, while D.C. is granted 3 electoral votes. The Electoral College is used to elect the President and Vice President of the United States.
  2. ^ Because of rounding of the individual percentages, the entries in this column may not sum to 100%.
  3. ^ This figure for each state compares to a national increase of 6.72%.

Summary of population by region

Legend
Division totals - 9 divisions for 50 states and District of Columbia
Region totals - 4 regions (2 or 3 divisions each)
Individual territories
Total U.S. territories
50 states + District of Columbia
Divisions & regions as defined by U.S. Census Bureau
Last col. shows larger region which contains entity in col. 1
Population of states, territories, divisions and regions
State/federal district/territory/
division/region
Rank 2019 population Rank 2010
population
Rank 2000
population
Rank 2000-
2010
change
Geographic
sort
 Massachusetts 15 6,892,503 14 6,547,629 13 6,349,097 43 3.1% NEng
 Connecticut 29 3,565,287 29 3,574,097 29 3,405,565 35 4.9% NEng
 New Hampshire 41 1,359,711 42 1,316,470 41 1,235,786 32 6.5% NEng
 Maine 42 1,344,212 41 1,328,361 40 1,274,923 39 4.2% NEng
 Rhode Island 44 1,059,361 43 1,052,567 43 1,048,319 49 0.4% NEng
 Vermont 49 623,989 49 625,741 49 608,827 44 2.8% NEng
New England 9 14,845,063 9 14,444,865 9 13,922,517 7 3.8% NEast
 New York 4 19,453,561 3 19,378,102 3 18,976,457 46 2.1% MAtl
 Pennsylvania 5 12,801,989 6 12,702,379 6 12,281,054 41 3.4% MAtl
 New Jersey 11 8,882,190 11 8,791,894 9 8,414,350 37 4.5% MAtl
Mid-Atlantic 4 41,137,740 4 40,872,375 4 39,671,861 8 3.0% NEast
Northeast 4 55,982,803 4 55,317,240 4 53,594,378 4 3.2% USA
 Florida 3 21,477,737 4 18,801,310 4 15,982,378 8 17.6% SAtl
 Georgia 8 10,617,423 9 9,687,653 10 8,186,453 7 18.3% SAtl
 North Carolina 9 10,488,084 10 9,535,483 11 8,049,313 6 18.5% SAtl
 Virginia 12 8,535,519 12 8,001,024 12 7,078,515 16 13.0% SAtl
 Maryland 19 6,045,680 19 5,773,552 19 5,296,486 23 9.0% SAtl
 South Carolina 23 5,148,714 24 4,625,364 26 4,012,012 10 15.3% SAtl
 West Virginia 38 1,792,147 37 1,852,994 37 1,808,344 45 2.5% SAtl
 Delaware 45 973,764 45 897,934 45 783,600 11 14.6% SAtl
 District of Columbia - 705,749 - 601,723 - 572,059 - 5.2% SAtl
South Atlantic 1 65,784,817 1 59,777,037 1 51,769,160 3 15.5% South
 Tennessee 16 6,829,174 17 6,346,105 16 5,689,283 19 11.5% ESC
 Alabama 24 4,903,185 23 4,779,736 23 4,447,100 27 7.5% ESC
 Kentucky 26 4,467,673 26 4,339,367 25 4,041,769 28 7.4% ESC
 Mississippi 34 2,976,149 31 2,967,297 31 2,844,658 38 4.3% ESC
East South Central 8 19,176,181 8 18,432,505 8 17,022,810 5 8.3% South
 Texas 2 28,995,881 2 25,145,561 2 20,851,820 5 20.6% WSC
 Louisiana 25 4,648,794 25 4,533,372 22 4,468,976 48 1.4% WSC
 Oklahoma 28 3,956,971 28 3,751,351 27 3,450,654 24 8.7% WSC
 Arkansas 33 3,017,804 32 2,915,918 33 2,673,400 22 9.1% WSC
West South Central 5 40,619,450 5 36,346,202 5 31,444,850 2 15.6% South
South 1 125,580,448 1 114,555,744 1 100,236,820 1 14.3% USA
 Illinois 6 12,671,821 5 12,830,632 5 12,419,293 42 3.3% ENC
 Ohio 7 11,689,100 7 11,536,504 7 11,353,140 47 1.6% ENC
 Michigan 10 9,986,857 8 9,883,640 8 9,938,444 50 -0.6% ENC
 Indiana 17 6,732,219 15 6,483,802 14 6,080,485 31 6.6% ENC
 Wisconsin 20 5,822,434 20 5,686,986 18 5,363,675 34 6.0% ENC
East North Central 3 46,902,431 3 46,421,564 2 45,155,037 9 2.8% MWest
 Missouri 18 6,137,428 18 5,988,927 17 5,595,211 29 7.0% WNC
 Minnesota 22 5,639,632 21 5,303,925 21 4,919,479 26 7.8% WNC
 Iowa 31 3,155,070 30 3,046,355 30 2,926,324 40 4.1% WNC
 Kansas 35 2,913,314 33 2,853,118 32 2,688,418 33 6.1% WNC
 Nebraska 37 1,934,408 38 1,826,341 38 1,711,263 30 6.7% WNC
 South Dakota 46 884,659 46 814,180 46 754,844 25 7.9% WNC
 North Dakota 47 762,062 48 672,591 47 642,200 36 4.7% WNC
West North Central 7 21,426,573 7 20,505,437 6 19,237,739 6 6.6% MWest
Midwest 3 68,329,004 3 66,927,001 2 64,392,776 3 3.9% USA
 Arizona 14 7,278,717 16 6,392,017 20 5,130,632 2 24.6% Mtn
 Colorado 21 5,758,736 22 5,029,196 24 4,301,261 9 16.9% Mtn
 Utah 30 3,205,958 34 2,763,885 34 2,233,169 3 23.8% Mtn
 Nevada 32 3,080,156 35 2,700,551 35 1,998,257 1 35.1% Mtn
 New Mexico 36 2,096,829 36 2,059,179 36 1,819,046 15 13.2% Mtn
 Idaho 39 1,787,065 39 1,567,582 39 1,293,953 4 21.1% Mtn
 Montana 43 1,068,778 44 989,415 44 902,195 21 9.7% Mtn
 Wyoming 50 578,759 50 563,626 50 493,782 12 14.1% Mtn
Mountain 6 24,854,998 6 22,065,451 7 18,172,295 1 21.4% West
 California 1 39,512,223 1 37,253,956 1 33,871,648 20 10.0% Pac
 Washington 13 7,614,893 13 6,724,540 15 5,894,121 13 14.1% Pac
 Oregon 27 4,217,737 27 3,831,074 28 3,421,399 18 12.0% Pac
 Hawaii 40 1,415,872 40 1,360,301 42 1,211,537 17 12.3% Pac
 Alaska 48 731,545 47 710,231 48 626,932 14 13.3% Pac
Pacific 2 53,492,270 2 49,880,102 3 45,025,637 4 10.8% West
West 2 78,347,268 2 71,945,553 3 63,197,932 2 13.8% USA
 50 states and District of Columbia - 328,239,523 - 308,745,538 - 281,421,906 - 9.7% NAmer
 Puerto Rico 1 3,193,694 1 3,725,789 1 3,808,610 3 -2.2% Terr.
 Guam 2 [note 1] 2 159,358 2 154,805 1 2.9% Terr.
 U.S. Virgin Islands 3 [note 1] 3 106,405 3 108,612 2 -2.0% Terr.
 American Samoa 4 [note 1] 4 55,519 5 57,291 4 -3.1% Terr.
 Northern Mariana Islands 5 [note 1] 5 53,883 4 69,221 5 -22.2% Terr.
Total Territories - [note 1] - 4,100,954 - 4,198,539 - -2.3% USA

[17]

  1. ^ a b c d e There is no official population estimate for American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, and United States Virgin Islands between the decennial censuses.

See also

References

General
  • "National Totals: Vintage 2015". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on December 23, 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  • "2010Census Tables". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2020.
  • "Congressional Apportionment: 2010 Census Brief". U. S. Census Bureau. November 2011. Retrieved 2020.
  • "2009 Census estimates". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on August 7, 2010. Retrieved 2010.
  • Statistical Abstract of the United States, 1995, U.S. Census Bureau, Section 29: Outlying Areas, Table No. 1347. Land Area and Population Characteristics, by [Outlying] Area: 1990 (page 828). Retrieved May 28, 2011
Specific
  1. ^ Geographic Terms and Concepts - Island Areas of the United States, U.S. Census Bureau, archived from the original on December 10, 2016, retrieved 2019
  2. ^ "FAQ: Does the Census Bureau collect data on the number of unauthorized migrants?". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2009.[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ "FAQ: Will 2010 Census apportionment population counts also include any Americans overseas". U. S Census Bureau. Retrieved 2009.[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ a b Office of the Federal Register. "A Procedural Guide to the Electoral College". National Archives and Records Administration. Archived from the original on May 28, 2010. Retrieved 2010.
  5. ^ http://www.gao.gov/archive/1998/og98005.pdf "U.S. Insular Areas: application of the U.S. Constitution" (PDF). U.S. General Accounting Office Report. November 1997. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
  6. ^ "Population, Population Change, and Estimated Components of Population Change: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2020 (NST-EST2020-alldata)". Census.gov. United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on December 22, 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  7. ^ "Resident Population Data: Population Change". United States Census Bureau. December 23, 2010. Archived from the original on December 25, 2010. Retrieved 2010.
  8. ^ The World Factbook CIA World Factbook. Puerto Rico. Retrieved December 22, 2020.
  9. ^ The World Factbook CIA World Factbook. Guam. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on September 24, 2011. Retrieved 2010.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  11. ^ The World Factbook CIA World Factbook. U.S. Virgin Islands. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
  12. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on November 1, 2012. Retrieved 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  13. ^ The World Factbook CIA World Factbook. Northern Mariana Islands. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
  14. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on December 23, 2010. Retrieved 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  15. ^ The World Factbook CIA World Factbook. American Samoa. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
  16. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 23, 2012. Retrieved 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  17. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: United States". www.census.gov. Archived from the original on April 11, 2020. Retrieved 2019.

External links


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List_of_U.S._states_and_territories_by_population
 



 



 
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