List of Vietnamese Monarchs
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List of Vietnamese Monarchs
Emperor of Vietnam
B?o i au pouvoir.jpg
Last to reign
B?o i

8 January 1926 - 25 August 1945
Details
First monarchKinh Dng Vng (as King)
?inh Tiên Hoàng (as Emperor)
Last monarchB?o i (as Emperor)
Formation2879 BC
AbolitionAugust 25, 1945
ResidenceC? Loa Citadel (257 BC-967)
Imperial Citadel of Hoa L? (968-1009)
Imperial Citadel of Th?ng Long (1010-1400; 1428-1789)
Citadel of the H? Dynasty (1400-1407)
Imperial City, Hu? (1802-1945)
Pretender(s)B?o Ân

This article lists the monarchs of Vietnam.

Overview

Some Vietnamese monarchs declared themselves kings (vng) or emperors (hoàng ). Imperial titles were used for both domestic and foreign affairs, except for diplomatic missions to China where Vietnamese monarchs were regarded as kingship or prince. Many of the Later Lê monarchs were figurehead rulers, with the real powers resting on feudal lords and princes who were technically their servants. Most Vietnamese monarchs are known through their posthumous names or temple names, while the Nguy?n dynasty, the last reigning house is known through their era names.

Ancient period

H?ng Bàng dynasty

According to tradition there were eighteen of the Hùng kings of the H?ng Bàng period, known then as V?n Lang at that time, from around 2879 BC to around 258 BC. Following is the list of 18 lines of Hùng kings as recorded in the book Vi?t Nam s? lc by Tr?n Tr?ng Kim.[1] There has been no definite proof of the existence of these legendary figures.

King Given name Reign
Kinh Dng Vng L?c T?c 2879 BC? - 2794 BC?
L?c Long Quân Sùng Lãm 2793 BC? - 2524 BC?
Hùng King I Lân Lang 2524 BC? - ?
Hùng King II unknown ? - ?
Hùng King III unknown ? - ?
Hùng King IV unknown ? - ?
Hùng King V unknown ? - ?
Hùng King VI unknown ? - ?
Hùng King VII unknown ? - ?
Hùng King VIII unknown ? - ?
Hùng King IX unknown ? - ?
Hùng King X unknown ? - ?
Hùng King XI Tu?n Lang 968 BC? - ?
Hùng King XII Chân Nhân Lang 853 BC? - ?
Hùng King XIII C?nh Chiêu Lang 754 BC? - ?
Hùng King XIV c Quân Lang 660 BC? - ?
Hùng King XV unknown ? - ?
Hùng King XVI unknown ? - ?
Hùng King XVII unknown ? - ?
Hùng King XVIII unknown ? - ?

Th?c dynasty (257 BC - 207 BC or 207 BC - 179 BC)

King Given name Reign
An Dng Vng Th?c Phán 257 BC - 207 BC
or 207 BC - 179 BC

Tri?u dynasty (207 BC - 111 BC)

There is still a debate about the legitimacy of Tri?u dynasty (Zhao dynasty): some Vietnamese historians confirm Tri?u dynasty is one of the Vietnamese dynasties but others claim that Tri?u dynasty is a Chinese dynasty.

King Given name Reign
Tri?u V? (Emperor Wu of Zhao) Tri?u ?à (Zhao Tuo) 207 BC - 137 BC
Tri?u V?n (Emperor Wen of Zhao) Tri?u H? (Zhao Hu) 137 BC - 125 BC
Tri?u Minh Vng (King Ming of Zhao) Tri?u Anh T? (Zhao Yingqi) 125 BC - 113 BC
Tri?u Ai Vng (King Ai of Zhao) Tri?u H?ng (Zhao Xing) 113 BC - 112 BC
Tri?u Dng Vng (King Shuyang of Zhao) Tri?u Ki?n c (Zhao Jiande) 112 BC - 111 BC

Chinese domination period

    Tr?ng Sisters Lady Tri?u     Mai H?c      
Tri?u dynasty           Early Lý dynasty       Phùng H?ng   Autonomy Independent time
111 BCE 40 43 246   249 544 602 722   766 789 906 938


Tr?ng Sisters (40-43)

Queen Full name Reign
Tr?ng Queen Tr?ng Tr?c 40-43

Mai rebellions (713-723)

King Full name Reign
Mai H?c Mai Thúc Loan 713-723
Mai Thi?u Mai Thúc Huy 722-723

Mai B?ch u 723 -724

Phùng rebellions (779-791)

King Full name Reign
B? Cái i Vng Phùng H?ng 779-791
Phùng An Phùng An 791-791

Early Lý dynasty (544-602)

Early Lý dynasty (544-602)
         
111 BC 544 602 938  
Emperor Full name Reign
Lý Nam Lý Bí 544-548
Tri?u Vi?t Vng Tri?u Quang Ph?c 548-571
?ào Lang Vng Lý Thiên B?o 549-555
H?u Lý Nam Lý Ph?t T? 571-603

?ào Lang Vng is not officially considered as king of Early Lý dynasty as he was a self-claimed king.

Autonomous period

Khúc clan (905-938)

Khúc Family (905-938)
       
111 BC 905 938  
Jiedushi Full name Reign
Khúc Tiên Ch? Khúc Th?a D? 905-907
Khúc Trung Ch? Khúc H?o 907-917
Khúc H?u Ch? Khúc Th?a M? 917-930
Dng ?ình Ngh? Dng ?ình Ngh? 930-937
Ki?u Công Ti?n Ki?u Công Ti?n[1] 937-938

At this time, the Khúc leaders still held the title of Jiedushi, hence they are not official kings of Vietnam.

Independent period

                Ming domination       North-South separation     French Indochina  
Chinese domination Ngô   ?inh Early Lê Tr?n H? Later Tr?n   M?c Tây S?n Nguy?n Modern time
                                 
                          Tr?nh lords        
                          Nguy?n lords        
939       1009 1225 1400     1427 1527 1592 1788 1858 1945


Ngô dynasty (939-965)

Ngô dynasty (939-965)
       
939 965 1945  
King Era name Full name Reign
Ti?n Ngô Vng none Ngô Quy?n 939-944
Dng Bình Vng[2] none Dng Tam Kha 944-950
H?u Ngô Vng[3] none Ngô Xng Ng?p and
Ngô Xng V?n
951-954
950-965
  • ^ Dng Tam Kha came from the Dng family.[2]
  • ^ H?u Ngô Vng was the title of both Ngô Xng Ng?p and Ngô Xng V?n who co-ruled the country.[3]

?inh dynasty (968-980)

?inh dynasty (968-980)
         
939 968 980 1945  
Emperor Era name Full name Reign
?inh Tiên Hoàng Thái Bình ?inh B? L?nh (?inh Hoàn) 968-979
?inh Ph? Thái Bình[4] ?inh Toàn (?inh Tu?) 979-980
  • ^ ?inh Ph? continued to use his father's era name.[4]

Early Lê dynasty (980-1009)

Early Lê dynasty (980-1009)
         
939 980 1009 1945  
Emperor Era name Full name Reign
Lê i Hành Thiên Phúc
H?ng Th?ng (989-993)
?ng Thiên (994-1005)
Lê Hoàn 980-1005
Lê Trung Tông none Lê Long Vi?t 1005
(3 days)
Lê Ngo? Tri?u C?nh Th?y (1008-1009) Lê Long nh 1005-1009

Later Lý dynasty (1010-1225)

Later Lý dynasty (1010-1225)
         
939 1010 1225 1945  
Emperor Era name Full name Reign
Lý Thái T? Thu?n Thiên Lý Công U?n 1010-1028
Lý Thái Tông Thiên Thành (1028-1033)
Thông Th?y (1034-1038)
Càn Phù H?u o (1039-1041)
Minh o (1042-1043)
Thiên C?m Thánh Võ (1044-1048)
Sùng H?ng i B?o (1049-1054)
Lý Ph?t Mã 1028-1054
Lý Thánh Tông Long Th?y Thái Bình (1054-1058)
Chng Thánh Gia Khánh (1059-1065)
Long Chng Thiên T? (1066-1067)
Thiên Hu?ng B?o Tng (1060)
Th?n Võ (1069-1072)
Lý Nh?t Tôn 1054-1072
Lý Nhân Tông Thái Ninh (1072-1075)
Anh Võ Chiêu Th?ng (1076-1084)
Qu?ng H?u (1085-1091)
H?i Phong (1092-1100)
Long Phù (1101-1109)
H?i Tng i Khánh (1110-1119)
Thiên Phù Du? Võ (1120-1126)
Thiên Phù Khánh Th? (1127)
Lý Càn c 1072-1127
Lý Th?n Tông Thiên Thu?n (1128-1132)
Thiên Chng B?o T? (1133-1137)
Lý Dng Hoán 1128-1138
Lý Anh Tông Thi?u Minh (1138-1139)
i nh (1140-1162)
Chính Long B?o ?ng (1163-1173)
Thiên C?m Chí B?o (1174-1175)
Lý Thiên T? 1138-1175
Lý Cao Tông Trinh Phù (1176-1185)
Thiên T? Gia Th?y (1186-1201)
Thiên Gia B?o H?u (1202-1204)
Tr? Bình Long ?ng (1205-1210)
Lý Long Trát (Lý Long Cán) 1176-1210
Lý Th?m none Lý Th?m 1209-1209
Lý Hu? Tông Ki?n Gia Lý S?m 1211-1224
Lý Nguyên Vng Càn Ninh Lý Nguyên Vng 1214-1216
Lý Chiêu Hoàng Thiên Chng H?u o[5] Lý Ph?t Kim (Nguy?n Thiên Hinh) 1224-1225
  • ^ The only empress in the history of Vietnam.[5]
    Lý Th?m and Lý Nguyên Vng were acceded and disposed shortly during chaos periods, hence not considered as official emperors of Later Lý dynasty.

Tr?n dynasty (1225-1400)

Tr?n dynasty (1225-1400)
         
939 1225 1400 1945  
Emperor Era name Full name Reign
Tr?n Thái Tông Ki?n Trung (1225-1237)
Thiên ?ng Chính Bình (1238-1350)
Nguyên Phong (1251-1258)
Tr?n C?nh 1225-1258
Tr?n Thánh Tông Thi?u Long (1258-1272)
B?o Phù (1273-1278)
Tr?n Ho?ng 1258-1278
Tr?n Nhân Tông Thi?u B?o (1279-1284)
Trùng H?ng (1285-1293)
Tr?m Khâm 1279-1293
Tr?n Anh Tông H?ng Long Tr?n Thuyên 1293-1314
Tr?n Minh Tông i Khánh (1314-1323)
Khai Thái (1324-1329)
Tr?n M?nh 1314-1329
Tr?n Hi?n Tông Khai H?u Tr?n Vng 1329-1341
Tr?n D? Tông Thi?u Phong (1341-1357)
i Tr? (1358-1369)
Tr?n H?o 1341-1369
Hôn c Công i nh Dng Nh?t L? 1369-1370
Tr?n Ngh? Tông Thi?u Khánh Tr?n Ph? 1370-1372
Tr?n Du? Tông Long Khánh Tr?n Kính 1372-1377
Tr?n Ph? Xng Phù Tr?n Hi?n 1377-1388
Tr?n Thu?n Tông Quang Thái Tr?n Ngung 1388-1398
Tr?n Thi?u Ki?n Tân Tr?n Án 1398-1400

H? dynasty (1400-1407)

H? dynasty (1400-1407)
         
939 1400 1407 1945  
Emperor Era name Full name Reign
H? Quý Ly Thánh Nguyên H? Quý Ly 1400
H? Hán Thng Thi?u Thành (1401-1402)
Khai i (1403-1407)
H? Hán Thng 1401-1407

Chinese domination period

Later Tr?n dynasty (1407-1414)

Later Tr?n dynasty (1407-1414)
         
939 1407 1413 1945  
Emperor Era name Full name Reign
Gi?n nh H?ng Khánh Tr?n Ng?i 1407-1409
Trùng Quang Trùng Quang Tr?n Quý Khoáng 1409-1414
Thiên Khánh Thiên Khánh Tr?n C?o 1426-1428
  • ^ Tr?n C?o was a peasant who was a puppet emperor established by Lê L?i - leader of Lam Son uprising, hence not considered as an official emperor of Later Tr?n dynasty.

Restored independent period

Later Lê dynasty - Early period (1428-1527)

Later Lê dynasty - Early period (1428-1527)
         
939 1428 1527 1945  
Emperor Era name Full name Reign
Lê Thái T? Thu?n Thiên Lê L?i 1428-1433
Lê Thái Tông Thi?u Bình (1434-1440)
i B?o (1440-1442)
Lê Nguyên Long 1433-1442
Lê Nhân Tông i Hòa/Thái Hòa (1443-1453)
Diên Ninh (1454-1459)
Lê Bang C? 1442-1459
Lê Nghi Dân Thiên H?ng (1459-1460) L? c H?u 1459-1460
Lê Thánh Tông Quang Thu?n (1460-1469)
H?ng c (1470-1497)
Lê T? Thành (Lê H?o) 1460-1497
Lê Hi?n Tông C?nh Th?ng Lê Tranh 1497-1504
Lê Túc Tông Thái Trinh Lê Thu?n 1504-1504
Lê Uy M?c ?oan Khánh Lê Tu?n 1505-1509
Lê Tng D?c H?ng Thu?n Lê Oanh 1510-1516
Lê Quang Tr? none Lê Quang Tr? 1516-1516
Lê Chiêu Tông Quang Thi?u Lê Y 1516-1522
Lê B?ng i c Lê B?ng 1518-1519
Lê Do Thiên Hi?n Lê Do 1519-1519
Lê Cung Hoàng Th?ng Nguyên Lê Xuân 1522-1527
  • ^ Lê Quang Tr?, Lê B?ng and Lê Do were acceded and disposed shortly in chaos periods, hence not considered as official emperors of Later Lê dynasty

Feudal period

Northern dynasty - M?c dynasty (1527-1592)

M?c dynasty (1527-1592)
         
939 1527 1592 1945  
Emperor Era name Full name Reign
M?c Thái T? Minh c M?c ng Dung 1527-1529
M?c Thái Tông i Chính M?c ng Doanh 1530-1540
M?c Hi?n Tông Quãng Hòa M?c Phúc H?i 1541-1546
M?c Chính Trung none M?c Chính Trung 1546-1547
M?c Tuyên Tông V?nh nh (1547)
C?nh L?ch (1548-1553)
Quang B?o (1554-1561)
M?c Phúc Nguyên 1546-1561
M?c M?u H?p Thu?n Phúc (1562-1565)
Sùng Khang (1566-1577)
Diên Thành (1578-1585)
?oan Thái (1586-1587)
H?ng Tr? (1588-1590)
H?ng Ninh (1591-1592)
M?c M?u H?p 1562-1592
M?c Toàn V? An (1592-1592) M?c Toàn 1592

M?c Chính Trung claimed himself as emperor of M?c dynasty, however M?c dynasty never considered him as official emperor. After internal fighting with his brothers, he fled to Ming dynasty of China

After M?c Toàn, M?c family was defeated by Later Lê forces and fled to Cao B?ng. Mac family continued to rule there until 1677:

Southern dynasty - Revival Lê dynasty - Warlord period (1533-1789)

Later Lê dynasty - Warlord period (1533-1788)
         
939 1533 1789 1945  
Emperor Era name Full name Reign
Lê Trang Tông Nguyên Hòa Lê Duy Ninh 1533 -1548
Lê Trung Tông Thu?n Bình Lê Huyên 1548-1556
Lê Anh Tông Thiên H?u (1557)
Chính Tr? (1558-1571)
H?ng Phúc (1572-1573)
Lê Duy Bang 1556-1573
Lê Th? Tông Gia Thái (1573-1577)
Quang H?ng (1578-1599)
Lê Duy ?àm 1573 -1599
Restoration - Conflict between the Tr?nh and Nguy?n lords

During this time, emperors of the Lê dynasty only ruled in name, it was the Tr?nh Lords in Northern Vietnam and Nguy?n lords in Southern Vietnam who held the real power.

Lê Kính Tông Th?n c (1600)
Ho?ng nh (1601-1619)
Lê Duy Tân 1600-1619
Lê Th?n Tông (first time) V?nh T? (1620-1628)
c Long (1629-1643)
Dng Hòa (1635-1643)
Lê Duy K? 1619-1643
Lê Chân Tông Phúc Thái Lê Duy H?u 1643-1649
Lê Th?n Tông (second time) Khánh c (1649-1652)
Th?nh c (1653-1657)
V?nh Th? (1658-1661)
V?n Khánh (1662)
Lê Duy K? 1649-1662
Lê Huy?n Tông C?nh Tr? Lê Duy V? 1663-1671
Lê Gia Tông Dng c (1672-1773)
c Nguyên (1674-1675)
Lê Duy H?i (Lê Duy C?i, Lê Duy Khoái) 1672-1675
Lê Hi Tông V?nh Tr? (1678-1680)
Chính Hòa (1680-1705)
Lê Duy H?p 1676-1704
Lê D? Tông V?nh Th?nh (1706-1719)
B?o Thái (1720-1729)
Lê Duy ng 1705-1728
Lê Duy Phng V?nh Khánh Lê Duy Phng 1729-1732
Lê Thu?n Tông Long c Lê Duy Tng 1732-1735
Lê Ý Tông V?nh H?u Lê Duy Th?n 1735-1740
Lê Hi?n Tông C?nh H?ng Lê Duy Diêu 1740-1786
Lê M?n Chiêu Th?ng Lê Duy Khiêm (Lê Duy K?) 1787-1789

Tonkin - Tr?nh lords (1545-1787)

Tr?nh Lords (1545-1787)
         
939 1545 1787 1945  
Lord Given name Reign
Tr?nh Ki?m Tr?nh Ki?m 1545-1570
Bình An Vng () Tr?nh Tùng 1570-1623
Thanh ?ô Vng () Tr?nh Tráng 1623-1652
Tây nh Vng () Tr?nh T?c 1653-1682
nh Nam Vng () Tr?nh C?n 1682-1709
An ?ô Vng () Tr?nh Cng 1709-1729
Uy Nam Vng () Tr?nh Giang 1729-1740
Minh ?ô Vng () Tr?nh Doanh 1740-1767
T?nh ?ô Vng () Tr?nh Sâm 1767-1782
?i?n ?ô Vng () Tr?nh Cán 1782 (2 months)
?oan Nam Vng () Tr?nh Kh?i 1782-1786
Án ?ô Vng () Tr?nh B?ng 1786-1787

Tr?nh Ki?m never declared himself as Lord during his rule, his titles were posthumously given by his descendants. Hence he is not considered as an official Tr?nh Lord.

Cochinchina - Nguy?n lords (1558-1777)

Nguy?n Lords (1558-1777)
         
939 1558 1802 1945  
Lord Full name Reign
Tiên Vng Nguy?n Hoàng 1558-1613
Sãi vng Nguy?n Phúc Nguyên 1613-1635
Thng Vng Nguy?n Phúc Lan 1635-1648
Hi?n Vng Nguy?n Phúc T?n 1648-1687
Ngh?a Vng Nguy?n Phúc Thái 1687-1691
Minh Vng Nguy?n Phúc Chu 1691-1725
Ninh Vng Nguy?n Phúc Chú 1725-1738
V? Vng Nguy?n Phúc Khoát 1738-1765
nh Vng Nguy?n Phúc Thu?n 1765-1777
Tân Chính Vng Nguy?n Phúc Dng 1776-1777

Nguy?n Phúc Dng was established by Tây S?n leaders (Nguy?n Nh?c, Nguy?n Hu? and Nguy?n L?) as a puppet Nguy?n Lord for their political purpose during Tây S?n uprising. Hence he is sometimes not considered as an official Nguy?n lord.

United period

Tây S?n dynasty (1778-1802)

Tây S?n dynasty (1778-1802)
         
939 1778 1802 1945  
Emperor Era name Full name Reign
Thái c Thái c Nguy?n Nh?c 1778-1788
Quang Trung Quang Trung Nguy?n Hu? 1788-1792
C?nh Th?nh C?nh Th?nh
B?o H?ng
Nguy?n Quang To?n 1792-1802

Nguy?n Nh?c dropped his emperor title in 1788 after his younger brother - Nguy?n Hu? - declared himself as Emperor.

Nguy?n dynasty (1802-1945)

Nguy?n dynasty (1802-1945)
       
939 1802 1945  
Emperor Temple name Full name Reign
Gia Long Th? T? Nguy?n Phúc Ánh 1802-1820
Minh M?ng Thánh T? Nguy?n Phúc m 1820-1841
Thi?u Tr? Hi?n T? Nguy?n Phúc Miên Tông 1841-1847
T? c D?c Tông Nguy?n Phúc H?ng Nh?m 1847-1883
D?c c Cung Tông Nguy?n Phúc ?ng Ái
(Nguy?n Phúc ?ng Chân)
1883
(3 days)
Hi?p Hòa none Nguy?n Phúc H?ng D?t 1883-1883
Ki?n Phúc Gi?n Tông Nguy?n Phúc ?ng ng 1883-1884
Hàm Nghi none Nguy?n Phúc ?ng L?ch 1884-1885
ng Khánh C?nh Tông Nguy?n Phúc ?ng K? 1885-1889
Thành Thái none Nguy?n Phúc B?u Lân 1889-1907
Duy Tân none Nguy?n Phúc V?nh San 1907-1916
Kh?i nh Ho?ng Tông Nguy?n Phúc B?u o 1916-1925
B?o i none Nguy?n Phúc V?nh Th?y 1925-1945

Non-Vietnamese nations

Champa (192-1832)

Dynasty King Real name Reign
I Dynasty Sri Mara Ch'?-lien[6]:44 192-?
?
?
Fan Hsiung[6]:44 fl. 270
Fan Yi[6]:44 c. 284-336
II Dynasty Fan Wen[6]:44-45 336-349
Fan Fo[6]:47 349-?
Bhadravarman I[6]:48 Fan Hu Ta[6]:56 380-413[6]:56
Gangaraja[6]:57 Fan Ti Chen[6]:56
Manorathavarman[6]:57
Fan Diwen died c. 420
III Dynasty Fan Yang Mai I Fan Yangmai c. 420-421[6]:57
Fan Yang Mai II[6]:57 Fan Duo c. 431 - c. 455
Fan Shencheng[6]:57 c. 455 - c. 484
Fan Danggenchun[6]:58 c. 484 - c. 492
Fan Zhunong c. 492 - c. 498[6]:59
Fan Wenkuan
[6]:59

or Fan Wenzan

c. 502 - c. 510
Devavarman[6]:59 Fan Tiankai c. 510 - c. 526
Vijayavarman[6]:59 c. 526/9
IV Dynasty Rudravarman I[6]:70 c. 529 ?
Sambuvarman[6]:70 Fan Fanzhi
Kandarpadharma[6]:71 Fan Touli 629 -
Prabhasadharma Fan Zhenlong - 645[6]:71
Bhadresvaravarman[6]:71 645-?
Isanavarman (FEMALE)[6]:71 died 653
Vikrantavarman I Zhuge Di 653-c. 686[6]:72
Vikrantavarman II[6]:72 c. 686 - c. 731
Rudravarman II[6]:94 c. 731/58
V Dynasty (of Panduranga) Prithindravarman[6]:95 ? 758-?
Satyavarman[6]:95 c. 770/87
Indravarman I[6]:103 c. 787/803
Harivarman I[6]:103 c. 803/17 > ?
Vikrantavarman III[6]:104 ? -c. 854
VI Dynasty (of Bhrigu) Indravarman II[6]:123 c. 854/98
Jaya Sinhavarman I[6]:123 c. 898/903
Jaya Saktivarman[6]:123
Bhadravarman II[6]:123 fl. 910
Indravarman III[6]:123 c. 918-959
Jaya Indravarman I[6]:124 959- < 965
Paramesvaravarman I[6]:124 Bo-mei-mei-shui Yang Bu-yin-cha ()[7] < 965-982
Indravarman IV[6]:125 982-986's
Lieou Ki-Tsong, of Annam[6]:125 Liu Ji-Zong ()[8][9][7] c. 986-989
VII Dynasty Harivarman II[6]:125 Yang Tuo Pai ()[8][9][7][10] c. 989-997
Yang Bo Zhan, of Fan[6]:125 Yang Bozhan ()[8][9][7][11] ?
Yang Pu Ku Vijaya[6]:139 Yan Pu Ku Vijaya Sri ()[8][9][7] c. 998-1007
Harivarman III[6]:139 Yang Pu Ju-bi-cha-she-li (?) [8][9][7] fl. 1010
Paramesvaravarman II[6]:139 Yang Pu Ju-bi-cha-she-li (?) [8][9][7] fl. 1018
Vikrantavarman IV[6]:139 Yang Bu Ju-shi-li () [8][9][7] ?-1030
Jaya Sinhavarman II[6]:139 1030-1044
VIII Dynasty (of the South) Jaya Paramesvaravarman I[6]:140 Ku Sri Paramesvarmadeva Yang Pu ()[8][9][7] 1044-?
Bhadravarman III[6]:140 ?-1061
Rudravarman III[6]:140 1061-1074
IX Dynasty Harivarman IV[6]:154 1074-1080
Jaya Indravarman II[6]:154 1080-1081, 1086-1114
Paramabhodhisatva[6]:154 - 1081-1086
Harivarman V[6]:164 Yang Bu Ma-die ( ?)[7] 1114-1139
X Dynasty Jaya Indravarman III[6]:164 1139/45
XI Dynasty Rudravarman IV (Khmer vassal) 1145-1147[6]:164
Jaya Harivarman I[6]:164 1147-1167
Jaya Harivarman II[6]:165 1167
Jaya Indravarman IV[6]:165-166 1167-1190, died 1192
XII Dynasty Suryajayavarmadeva (Khmer vassal in Vijaya)[6]:171 1190-1191
Suryavarmadeva (Khmer vassal in Pandurang)[6]:170-171 1190-1203
Jaya Indravarman V (in Vijaya)[6]:171 1191
Cam B?t thu?c 1203-1220
Jaya Paramesvaravarman II[6]:171 1220-c.1252
Jaya Indravarman VI[6]:182 c.1252-1257
Indravarman V[6]:192 1257-1288
Jaya Sinhavarman III 1288-1307
Jaya Sinhavarman IV 1307-1312
Ch? Nang (Annamite Vassal) 1312-1318
XIII Dynasty Ch? A Nan 1318-1342
Trà Hoa B? 1342-1360
Ch? B?ng Nga (Red king-strongest king) 1360-1390
XIV Dynasty Ko Cheng 1390-1400
Jaya Simhavarman V 1400-1441
Maija Vijaya 1441-1446
Moho Kouei-Lai 1446-1449
Moho Kouei-Yeou 1449-1458
XV Dynasty Moho P'an-Lo-Yue 1458-1460
Tra-Toan 1460-1471
Dynasty of the South Po Ro Me 1627-1651
Po Niga 1652-1660
Po Saut 1660-1692
Dynasty of Po Saktiraidaputih, vassal Cham rulers under the Nguy?n lords Po Saktirai da putih 1695-1728
Po Ganvuh da putih 1728-1730
Po Thuttirai 1731-1732
vacant 1732-1735
Po Rattirai 1735-1763
Po Tathun da moh-rai 1763-1765
Po Tithuntirai da paguh 1765-1780
Po Tithuntirai da parang 1780-1781
vacant 1781-1783
Chei Krei Brei 1783-1786
Po Tithun da parang 1786-1793
Po Lathun da paguh 1793-1799
Po Chong Chan 1799-1822

Funan (68-550)

King Reign
Kambu Brahmin ruler, 1st century AD
Soma (fem.) latter 1st century
Kaundinya I (Hun-t'ien) latter 1st century
?
?
Hun P'an-h'uang second half of 2nd century
P'an-P'an early 3rd century
Fan Shih-Man c. 205-225
Fan Chin-Sheng c. 225
Fan Chan c. 225 - c. 240
Fan Hsun c. 240-287
Fan Ch'ang c. 245
Fan Hsiung 270 ?-285
?
?
Chandan (Chu Chan-t'an) 357[6]:46
?
?
Kaundinya II (Chiao Chen-ju) ?-434
Sresthavarman ? or Sri Indravarman (Che-li-pa-mo or Shih-li-t'o-pa-mo) 434-438[6]:56
?
?
Kaundinya Jayavarman (She-yeh-pa-mo) 484-514
Rudravarman 514-539, died 550
Sarvabhauma ? (Liu-t'o-pa-mo) ?
? c. 550-627

Chenla (550-802)

Order King Reign
1 Bhavavarman I around 550-600
2 Mahendravarman around 600-616
3 Isanavarman I 616-635
4 Bhavavarman II 639-657
5 Candravarman? ?
6 Jayavarman I around 657-690
7 Queen Jayadevi 690-713
8 Sambhuvarman 713-716
9 Pushkaraksha 716-730
10 Sambhuvarman around 730-760
11 Rajendravarman I around 760-780
12 Mahipativarman around 780-788

See also

References

Citations

  1. ^ Tr?n Tr?ng Kim 1971, p. 17
  2. ^ Ngô S? Liên 1993, p. 54
  3. ^ Ngô S? Liên 1993, p. 55
  4. ^ Ngô S? Liên 1993, p. 62
  5. ^ "Shrine's demise angers residents". Vietnamnet.vn. 2009-04-14. Archived from the original on 2009-04-19. Retrieved .
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq Coedès, George (1968). Walter F. Vella (ed.). The Indianized States of Southeast Asia. trans.Susan Brown Cowing. University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 978-0-8248-0368-1.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j http://www.ari.nus.edu.sg/wps/wps05_053.pdf, retrieved 16 Aug 2017
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h Tran Ky Phuong, Bruce Lockhart (2011). The Cham of Vietnam: History, Society and Art. NUS Press. ISBN 997169459X, 9789971694593.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h http://www7.plala.or.jp/seareview/newpage2History%20of%20Champa.html, retrieved 16 Aug 2017
  10. ^ http://contents.nahf.or.kr/item/item.do?levelId=jo.k_0020_0489_0010, retrieved 12 Nov 2017
  11. ^ http://www.ari.nus.edu.sg/wps/wps05_053.pdf, retrieved 13 Nov 2017

Sources


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