List of World Heritage Sites in Portugal
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List of World Heritage Sites in Portugal
Welterbe.svg UNESCO logo.svg

The UNESCO World Heritage Sites are places of importance to cultural or natural heritage as described in the UNESCO World Heritage Convention, established in 1972.[1]Portugal adopted the convention on 30 September 1980, making its historical sites eligible for inclusion on the list.[2]

Sites in Portugal were first inscribed on the list at the 7th Session of the World Heritage Committee, held in Florence, Italy, in 1983. Four sites were added: the "Central Zone of the Town of Angra do Heroísmo in the Azores", the "Monastery of Batalha", the "Convent of Christ in Tomar", and the joint inscription of the "Monastery of the Hieronymites and the Tower of Belém in Lisbon".[3] As of 2019, Portugal has 17 sites inscribed on the list, 16 of which are cultural and one is natural, according to the selection criteria. Three sites are located in the Azores and Madeira archipelagos, while one is shared with Spain.[2] The most recent inscription is Bom Jesus do Monte in Braga and Palácio/Convento Nacional de Mafra.

List of sites

  • Name: as listed by the World Heritage Committee
  • Location: city or province of site
  • Period: time period of significance, typically of construction
  • UNESCO data: site's reference number; year the site was inscribed on the World Heritage List; criteria the site was listed under (the column sorts by inscription year);[nb 1] site (plus buffer zone) areas (in ha)
  • Description: brief description of the site
  * Transnational site

Inscribed sites

Site Image Location Period UNESCO data Description
Alto Douro Wine Region A river with terraced vineyards Douro Region
41°6?6?N 7°47?56?W / 41.10167°N 7.79889°W / 41.10167; -7.79889 (Alto Douro Wine Region)
N/A 1046; 2001; iii, iv, v; 24,600 ha (225,400 ha)

[4]

Central Zone of the Town of Angra do Heroismo in the Azores Coastal town with white houses and churches with red roofs Terceira Island, Azores
38°39?18?N 27°13?12?W / 38.65500°N 27.22000°W / 38.65500; -27.22000 (Central Zone of the Town of Angra do Heroismo in the Azores)
15th century 206; 1983; iv, vi

[5]

Convent of Christ in Tomar Christian religious building with a bell Tomar
39°36?17?N 8°25?3?W / 39.60472°N 8.41750°W / 39.60472; -8.41750 (Convent of Christ in Tomar)
12th to 15th centuries 265; 1983; i, vi

[6]

Cultural Landscape of Sintra Buildings with red roofs on a hillside Sintra
38°47?0?N 9°25?0?W / 38.78333°N 9.41667°W / 38.78333; -9.41667 (Cultural Landscape of Sintra)
19th century 723; 1995; ii, iv, v; 946 ha (3,641 ha)

[7]

Garrison Border Town of Elvas and its Fortifications Ramparts of Elvas Elvas
38°52?50?N 7°9?48?W / 38.88056°N 7.16333°W / 38.88056; -7.16333 (Garrison Border Town of Elvas and its Fortifications)
17th to 19th centuries 1367; 2012; iv; 179 ha (608 ha)

[8]

Historic Centre of Évora Ruins of a classical columned temple Évora
38°34?23?N 7°54?28?W / 38.57306°N 7.90778°W / 38.57306; -7.90778 (Historic Centre of Évora)
1st to 18th centuries 361; 1986; ii, iv

[9]

Historic Centre of Guimarães A square palace complex with white walls and many chimneys Guimarães, Minho Province
41°26?27?N 8°17?41?W / 41.44083°N 8.29472°W / 41.44083; -8.29472 (Historic Centre of Guimarães)
12th to 19th centuries 1031; 2001; ii, iii, iv; 16 ha (45 ha)

[10]

Historic Centre of Oporto, Luiz I Bridge and Monastery of Serra do Pilar Metal bridge across a river and city centre built on a hillside Porto
41°8?30?N 8°37?0?W / 41.14167°N 8.61667°W / 41.14167; -8.61667 (Historic Centre of Oporto)
8th to 19th centuries 755; 1996; iv

[11]

Landscape of the Pico Island Vineyard Culture Vineyards with low walls built of boulders and the sea in the distance Pico Island, Azores
38°30?48?N 28°32?28?W / 38.51333°N 28.54111°W / 38.51333; -28.54111 (Landscape of the Pico Island Vineyard Culture)
15th century 1117; 2004; iii, v; 190 ha (2,445 ha)

[12]

Laurisilva of Madeira A foggy picture of the top of a very dense forest Madeira
32°46?0?N 17°0?0?W / 32.76667°N 17.00000°W / 32.76667; -17.00000 (Laurisilva of Madeira)
N/A 934; 1999; ix, x; 15,000 ha

[13]

Monastery of Alcobaça Church facade integrated into a complex of white buildings with red roofs Alcobaça
39°33?0?N 8°58?36?W / 39.55000°N 8.97667°W / 39.55000; -8.97667 (Monastery of Alcobaça)
12th to 18th centuries 505; 1989; i, iv

[14]

Monastery of Batalha Gothic church Batalha
39°39?28?N 8°49?37?W / 39.65778°N 8.82694°W / 39.65778; -8.82694 (Monastery of Batalha)
14th century 264; 1983; i, ii; 0.98 ha (86 ha)

[15]

Monastery of the Hieronymites and Tower of Belém in Lisbon
White tower near the sea
Lisbon
38°41?31?N 9°12?57?W / 38.69194°N 9.21583°W / 38.69194; -9.21583 (Monastery of the Hieronymites and Tower of Belém in Lisbon)
16th to 17th centuries 263; 1983, 2008 (extended);[nb 2] iii, iv; 2.66 ha (103 ha)

[16]

Prehistoric Rock Art Sites in the Côa Valley and Siega Verde Rock carvings of animals including a horse Douro Region (shared with Spain)
40°41?51?N 6°39?40?W / 40.69750°N 6.66111°W / 40.69750; -6.66111 (Prehistoric Rock Art Sites in the Côa Valley and Siega Verde)
Paleolithic 866; 1998, 2010 (extended);[nb 3] i, iii

[17]

University of Coimbra - Alta and Sofia Coimbra
40°12?28.12?N 8°25?32.79?W / 40.2078111°N 8.4257750°W / 40.2078111; -8.4257750 (University of Coimbra - Alta and Sofia)
12th to 20th centuries 1387; 2013; ii, iii, iv, vi; 36 ha (82 ha)

[18]

Royal Building of Mafra - Palace, Basilica, Convent, Cerco Garden and Hunting Park (Tapada) Mafra
38°56?12?N 9°19?35?W / 38.93667°N 9.32639°W / 38.93667; -9.32639 (Mafra Palace)
18th century 1573; 2019; (iv); 1,213.17 ha (693.239 ha) [19]
Sanctuary of Bom Jesus do Monte in Braga Baroque stairway of Bom Jesus do Monte - panoramio - Scott Crowe (1).jpg Braga
41°33?16?N 8°22?40?W / 41.55444°N 8.37778°W / 41.55444; -8.37778 (Sanctuary of Bom Jesus do Monte in Braga)
14th century 1590; 2019; (iv); 26 ha (232 ha) [20]

Tentative list

In addition to sites inscribed on the World Heritage list, member states can maintain a list of tentative sites that they may consider for nomination. Nominations for the World Heritage list are only accepted if the site was previously listed on the tentative list.[21] As of 2017, Portugal recorded 21 sites on its tentative list.[22]

Site Image Location Period UNESCO data Description
Ilhas Selvagens (Selvagens Islands) Funchal, Madeira
30°5?43.9?N 15°56?45.7?W / 30.095528°N 15.946028°W / 30.095528; -15.946028 (Savage Islands)
N/A 6217;2017;(vii),(viii),(ix),(x)

[23]

The Southwest Coast Alentejo and Algarve
37°27?0?N 8°46?0?W / 37.45000°N 8.76667°W / 37.45000; -8.76667 (Southwest Coast)
N/A 1979; 2004; (viii), (ix), (x)

[24]

Pombaline Baixa or Downtown of Lisbon Lisbon
38°42?41?N 9°8?14?W / 38.71139°N 9.13722°W / 38.71139; -9.13722 (Pombaline Downtown of Lisbon)
18th century 1980; 2004; (i), (ii), (iv), (v), (vi)

[25]

Forest Park of the Discalced Carmelites and built Ensemble of the Palace-Hotel in Bussaco. Buçaco
40°21?0?N 8°21?0?W / 40.35000°N 8.35000°W / 40.35000; -8.35000 (Forest Park of the Discalced Carmelites, Buçaco)
17th century 6227; 2017; (ii),(iii),(iv),cultural

[26]

Águas Livres Aqueduct Aqueduto das Águas Livres (1).jpg Lisbon
38°43?36?N 09°10?00?W / 38.72667°N 9.16667°W / 38.72667; -9.16667 (Águas Livres Aqueduct)
18th century 6221;2017;

(i), (ii),(iv)

[27]
Bulwarked Fortifications of the "Raia" (Border) Marvão -3.jpg Border Garrison Town of Elvas and its fortifications38°52?50.413?N 07°09?51.822?W / 38.88067028°N 7.16439500°W / 38.88067028; -7.16439500 (Border Garrison Town of Elvas and its fortifications)

Stronghold of Almeida
40°43?29?N 06°54?23?W / 40.72472°N 6.90639°W / 40.72472; -6.90639 (Stronghold of Almeida)
Fortress of Marvão
39°23?37.58?N 07°23?34.81?W / 39.3937722°N 7.3930028°W / 39.3937722; -7.3930028 (Fortress of Marvão)
Fortress of Valença
42°10?40.93?N 08°38?40.96?W / 42.1780361°N 8.6447111°W / 42.1780361; -8.6447111 (Fortress of Marvão)

17th-18th century 6218;2017;

(iv),(vi)

[28]
Ensemble of Álvaro Siza's Architecture Works in Portugal Igreja marco canaveses.JPG Porto, Lisbon, Évora, Aveiro, Oliveira de Azeméis, Marco de Canavezes, Évora, Campo Maior, Leça da Palmeira, Matosinhos, Póvoa de Varzim, Vila do Conde, Ovar, Setúbal 20th century 6224;2017;(i),(ii),(iv) [29]
Head Office and Garden of the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation Jardim da Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian (13943437417).jpg Lisbon 1969 6228;2017; (i),(ii),(iv),(vi) [30]
Historic Centre of Guimarães and Couros Zone (extension) Panoramica de Guimarães a partir da Zona de Couros.jpg Minho, Braga, Municipality of Guimarães
41°44?00?N 08°29?30?W / 41.73333°N 8.49167°W / 41.73333; -8.49167 (Historic Centre of Guimarães and Couros Zone (extension))
6207;2017;(iii)(iv)(v) [31]
Historical Lisbon, Global City Sé Lisboa-Bairo alto.jpg Lisbon
38°42?27?N 09°08?11?W / 38.70750°N 9.13639°W / 38.70750; -9.13639 (Historical Lisbon, Global City)
6208;2017; (i),(ii),(iii),(iv),(vi) [32]
Levadas of Madeira Island Levada madeira.jpg Madeira Island 6230;2017;(i),(iii),(iv),(v) [33]
Mértola Igreja Matriz de Mértola (2).jpg Alentejo37°38?15.55?N 07°39?54.27?W / 37.6376528°N 7.6650750°W / 37.6376528; -7.6650750 (Mértola) 6209;2017;(ii),(iii),(iv) [34]
Mid-Atlantic Ridge Montanha do Pico, aspectos 5 ilha do Pico, Açores, Portugal.JPG Atlantic Ocean, Azores Islands. Features include: 6231;2017;(vii)(viii)(ix)(x) [35]
Montado, Cultural Landscape Alentejo montado02.JPG Alentejo, Algarve, Beira Baixa 6210;2017;(iv)(v)(vi) [36]
Roman Production Centre of Fish Salting and Conservation in Tróia Grândola, Setúbal
38°29.183?N 8°53.160?W / 38.486383°N 8.886000°W / 38.486383; -8.886000 (Tróia)
6223;2017;(iii),(iv) [37]
Route of Magellan. First around the World Padrão dos Descobrimentos Route of Magellan. First around the World 1 (42658140835).jpg 6212;2017;(ii)(iv)(vi) [38]
Routes of Santiago de Compostela: Routes in Portugal Caminho de Santiago - panoramio.jpg 6222;2017;(ii)(iii)(iv)(vi) [39]
Sites of Globalization Leuchtturm - Sagres 20060422.JPG Sagres and the "Terras do Infante", Lagos, Silves (Algarve), Funchal (Madeira Archipelago), Angra do Heroísmo, Vila do Porto (Azores Archipelago) 6256;2017; (ii)(iv)(vi) [40]
Vila Viçosa, Renaissance ducal town Vila Viçosa September 2013-25a.jpg Alentejo ]
38°46?44.25?N 7°25?4.37?E / 38.7789583°N 7.4178806°E / 38.7789583; 7.4178806 (Vila Viçosa, Renaissance ducal town)
6214;2017; (ii),(iv) [41]

Location

See also

Notes and references

Notes
  1. ^ Criteria i-vi are cultural and criteria vii-x are natural
  2. ^ Extension of the buffer zone of the Tower of Belém in 2008.
  3. ^ In 2010, it was extended to include 645 engravings in the archaeological zone of Siega Verde in Spain.
  4. ^ Group of islets located halfway between Madeira and Canary Islands.
  5. ^ Comprises the coastline stretching from São Torpes, in Alentejo, to Burgau, in the Algarve.
References
  1. ^ "The World Heritage Convention". UNESCO. Retrieved 2010.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Portugal - Properties inscribed on the World Heritage List". UNESCO. Archived from the original on 21 July 2015. Retrieved 2012.
  3. ^ "Report of the rapporteur" (PDF). UNESCO. January 1984. Retrieved 2013.
  4. ^ "Alto Douro Wine Region". UNESCO. Retrieved 2010.
  5. ^ "Central Zone of the Town of Angra do Heroismo in the Azores". UNESCO. Retrieved 2013.
  6. ^ "Convent of Christ in Tomar". UNESCO. Retrieved 2013.
  7. ^ "Cultural Landscape of Sintra". UNESCO. Retrieved 2013.
  8. ^ "Garrison Border Town of Elvas and its Fortifications". UNESCO. Retrieved 2013.
  9. ^ "Historic Centre of Évora". UNESCO. Retrieved 2013.
  10. ^ "Historic Centre of Guimarães". UNESCO. Retrieved 2013.
  11. ^ "Historic Centre of Oporto". UNESCO. Retrieved 2013.
  12. ^ "Landscape of the Pico Island Vineyard Culture". UNESCO. Retrieved 2013.
  13. ^ "Laurisilva of Madeira". UNESCO. Retrieved 2013.
  14. ^ "Monastery of Alcobaça". UNESCO. Retrieved 2013.
  15. ^ "Monastery of Batalha". UNESCO. Retrieved 2013.
  16. ^ "Monastery of the Hieronymites and Tower of Belém in Lisbon". UNESCO. Retrieved 2013.
  17. ^ "Prehistoric Rock Art Sites in the Côa Valley and Siega Verde". UNESCO. Retrieved 2013.
  18. ^ "University of Coimbra - Alta and Sofia". UNESCO. Retrieved 2013.
  19. ^ Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "Royal Building of Mafra - Palace, Basilica, Convent, Cerco Garden and Hunting Park (Tapada)". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved .
  20. ^ Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "Sanctuary of Bom Jesus do Monte in Braga". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved .
  21. ^ "Tentative Lists". UNESCO. Retrieved 2013.
  22. ^ Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "UNESCO World Heritage Centre - Tentative Lists". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved .
  23. ^ "Ilhas Selvagens (Selvagens Islands)". UNESCO. Retrieved 2019.
  24. ^ "The Southwest Coast". UNESCO. Retrieved 2013.
  25. ^ "Pombaline Baixa or Downtown of Lisbon". UNESCO. Retrieved 2013.
  26. ^ Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "Desert of the Discalced Carmelites and Built Ensemble of the Palace-Hotel in Bussaco". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved .
  27. ^ Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "Águas Livres Aqueduct". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved .
  28. ^ Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "Bulwarked Fortifications of the "Raia" (Border)". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved .
  29. ^ Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "Ensemble of Álvaro Siza's Architecture Works in Portugal". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved .
  30. ^ Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "Head Office and Garden of the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved .
  31. ^ Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "Historic Centre of Guimarães and Couros Zone (extension)". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved .
  32. ^ Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "Historical Lisbon, Global City". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved .
  33. ^ Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "Levadas of Madeira Island". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved .
  34. ^ Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "Mértola". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved .
  35. ^ Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "Mid-Atlantic Ridge". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved .
  36. ^ Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "Montado". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved .
  37. ^ Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "Roman Production Centre of Fish Salting and Conservation in Tróia". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved .
  38. ^ Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "Route of Magellan. First around the World". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved .
  39. ^ Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "Routes of Santiago de Compostela: Routes in Portugal". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved .
  40. ^ Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "Sites of Globalization". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved .
  41. ^ Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "Vila Viçosa, Renaissance ducal town". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved .

External links


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