List of Ancient Greek Cities
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List of Ancient Greek Cities

This is a small list of ancient Greek cities, including colonies outside Greece proper. Note that there were a great many Greek cities in the ancient world. In this list, a city is defined as a single population center. These were often referred to as poleis in the ancient world, although the list is not limited to "proper" poleis. Also excluded from the list are larger units, such as kingdoms or empires.

A city is defined as ancient Greek if at any time its population or the dominant stratum within it spoke Greek. Many were soon assimilated to some other language. By analogy some cities are included that never spoke Greek and were not Hellenic per se but contributed to Hellenic culture later found in the region.

A

Ancient name Location Modern name Also known as
Abdera Thrace (near Xanthi), Greece Avdira
Abila 13 km north-northeast of Irbid, Jordan Harta or Hartha Abila Dekapoleos, Abila (Greek?), Seleucia (Greek: ), Seleuceia, Seleukeia, Seleukheia, Ancient Raphana
Abydos North of Çanakkale, East Bank of Hellespont Na?ara, pronounced Nara Abydus
Acanthus Athos Ierissos Erisso
Acharnae near Acharnes and Ano Liosia, about 10 km north of Athens Acharnes
Actium mouth of the Ambracian Gulf Punta, abandoned
Adramyttium Edremit (Town), Bal?kesir Edremit (Town) Adramyttion, Adramytteion, Atramyttion
Aegae northern Greece, close to modern Vergina abandoned Aigai
Aegina island in the Saronic Gulf, 27 km (17 mi) from Athens Aegina
Aegium Achaea, Greece Aigio () Egio, Egion
Aenus Turkish Thrace Enez Poltyobria, Poltymbria
Agrinion Aetolia-Acarnania, 3 km south-west of modern Agrinio abandoned Agrinium
Aigosthena Attica abandoned Egosthena
Akragas (Akragasta) Sicily (Italio) Agrigento Agrigentum, Kerkent, Girgenti
Akrai Sicily Palazzolo Acreide Acrae
Akrillai Hyblaean Mountains, south-eastern Sicily Chiaramonte Gulfi Acrillae, Gulfi
Akroinon western Turkey Afyonkarahisar Hapanuwa, Nicopolis, Kara Hissar, Afyon, Karahisar-i Sahip, Afium-Kara-hissar, Afyon Karahisar
Akrotiri (ancient name not known) Thera/Santorini, Greece Akrotiri
Alalia Corsica Aléria Aleria, Alali? ()
Alexándreia () northern Egypt Alexandria al-Iskandariyya, Rakot?, Eskendereyya ()
Alexandretta southern Turkey ?skenderun al-'?skandar?n (?)
Alexandria in Arachosia southern Afghanistan Qandahar
Alexandria in Ariana western Afghanistan Herat
Alexandria Asiana Iran
Alexandria Bucephalous disputed, in northern Pakistan Jhelum, or more likely Phalia
Alexandria of the Caucasus near modern Bagram, Afghanistan Kapisa
Alexandria Eschate Fergana Valley Khujand Alexandria the Furthest, Khüjand, Khodzhent, Khudchand, Chodjend, Ispisar, Leninabad, Leninobod
Alexandria on the Indus at the confluence of the Indus and Chenab rivers, Pakistan, 13 km from modern Uch abandoned Uch, Uch Sharif, Alexandria at the Head of the Punjab
Alexandria on the Oxus near Kunduz, northern Afghanistan abandoned Ai-Khanoum, Ay Khanum, possibly Eucratidia
Alexandria Troas Troad region of Turkey Alexandria of the Troad, Sigia, Antigonia Troas,
Alinda near Karpuzlu, Turkey abandoned possibly Alexandria by the Latmos
Amarynthos Euboea, Greece
Amaseia Ye?il?rmak River, northern Turkey Amasya Amáseia (?)
Ambracia Epirus
Amida banks of the River Tigris, south-eastern Turkey Diyarbak?r Diyâr-? Bekr, Amed, ?mî? (?)
Amisos Black Sea coast, Turkey Samsun Amisus, Eis Amison, Samsunta, Samsus, Samson, Samsounta
Amnisos Crete, Greece Phocis, Greece
Amphicaea Boeotia, Greece Amfikleia Amphicleia
Amphigeneia Peloponnese, southern Greece abandoned
Amphipolis Thrace, northern Greece Amfipoli
Amphissa Phocis, Greece Amfissa Salona
Ankon () Adriatic coast of central Italy Ancona
Antigona
Antipatrea southern Albania Berat Beligrad
Antioch on the Maeander south western Turkey, near Kuyucak abandoned Antiochia on the Maeander, Antiochia ad Mæandrum, Pythopolis
Antioch, Mygdonia south eastern Turkey Nusaybin Soba, Nisibis
Antioch on the Orontes eastern side of the Orontes River, near modern Antakya, Turkey Antiochia ad Orontem, Great Antioch, Syrian Antioch
Antioch, Pisidia 1 km northeast of Yalvaç, Isparta Province, Turkey Antiochia in Pisidia, Pisidian Antioch (Greek: ), Antiochia Caesareia, Antiochia Caesaria, Antiochia in Phrygia
Antiochia ad Taurum near Gaziantep, Turkey abandoned Antiochia in the Taurus
Andros Cyclades, approximately 10 km (6.2 mi) south east of Euboea
Apamea on the Orontes River, about 55 km northwest of Hama, Syria abandoned Apameia (?), Afamia ( or )
Apamea near the confluence of the Tigris and Euphrates, in Iraq abandoned Apameia (?)
Apamea Sittacene, Iraq, surrounded by the Tigris abandoned Apameia (?)
Apamea near Nahavand, Iran abandoned Apameia (?)
Apamea Myrlea on the Sea of Marmara, south of Mudanya, Turkey abandoned Apamea Myrleon, Apameia Myrleanos, Brylleion, Myrlea (?), Murleia, Myrleia, Colonia Iulia Concordia, Apamena.
Apamea lake formed by the Birecik Dam, ?anl?urfa Province, Turkey abandoned Apameia (?)
Apamea Phrygia, Turkey Dinar Apameia (?), Kibotos (?), hê Kibôtos, Cibotus
Apamea Ragiana Media, Iran abandoned Apamea Rhagiana, Apamea Raphiana, Apameia Rhagiane, Arsace, Khuvar, Choara
Aphidnae Attica, Greece, about 28 km north of Athens Afidnes (?, ?) Afidnai
Apollonia Fier region, Albania Apolonia
Apollonia Mygdonia, northern Greece abandoned
Apollonia Pirgos Apollonias, northern Greece, opposite Thasos abandoned
Apollonia Chalcidice, northern Greece abandoned
Apollonia Aetolia, north western Greece abandoned
Apollonia Acte peninsular, northern Greece abandoned
Apollonia north coast of Crete, near Cnossus abandoned
Apollonia south coast of Crete abandoned
Apollonia Sicily possibly Pollina
Apollonia Cyrenaica, Libya abandoned
Apollonia Mysia, western Turkey abandoned
Apollonia ad Rhyndacum Mysia, western Turkey abandoned
Apollonia Pontica Black Sea coast of Bulgaria Sozopol Antheia, Apollonia, Apollonia Magna
Argos Peloponnese, Greece
Arsuf 15 km north of Tel Aviv, Israel abandoned Arsur, Apollonia
Artanes on the Danube, north west Bulgaria Lom Almus, Lom Palanka
Artemita Babylonia, in the district of Apolloniatis (modern Iraq) abandoned
Argyroupoli northern Turkey Gümü?hane
Asine Argolis, Greece destroyed
Asine Messenia, Greece
Asine Laconia, southern Greece Skoutari
Asine Cyprus Asinou ()
Asklepios northern Turkey Iskilip Iskila, Aesculapius, Andrapa, Andrapolis, Blocium, Bloacium, Neoclaudiopolis, Neopolis, ?mad, Iskelib, ?skelib, Direklibel
Aspendos Antalya, southern Turkey abandoned
Assus Çanakkale, Turkey Behramkale Assos
Astacus western Turkey ?zmit Nicomedea, Olbia
Athenai Attica, Greece Athena ()
Athmonia 11 km (7 mi) north of Athens, Greece abandoned
Aytos eastern Bulgaria Aitos Aetos, Ajtos, Astos, Idos, Akvilia

B

Ancient name Location Modern name Also known as
Baris south western Turkey Isparta
Bhrytos Lebanon Beirut
Borysthenes Ukrainian Black Sea coast Berezan Island Berezan'
Berge Serres, Greece Berge Bergi
Boura Achaea, Greece
Bouthroton () southern Albania abandoned Butrint, Bouthrotios (?), Buthrotum
Brauron Attica, Greece abandoned Vravrona, Vravronas
Byblos Lebanon Byblos Byblos, Gubla, Gebal, Jbeil
Byllis near Vlorë, Albania abandoned
Byzantium Bosphorus Strait, western Turkey Istanbul Constantinople, Byzantion
Bythinion western Turkey Bolu Vithinion (), Bithynium, Claudiopolis

C

Ancient name Location Modern name Also known as
Callipolis Canakkale, Hellespont Gelibolu Kallipolis, Gallipoli
Cebrene Troad region of Turkey Kebrene, Kevrin, Alexandria (Greek?), Antiochia in Troad (Greek: ?)
Chalcedon opposite Byzantium, south of Scutari (modern Üsküdar) Kad?köy Chalkedon, Calchedon ()
Calydon Aetolia, Greece
Carystus near modern Karystos, Euboea, Greece
Chamaizi Crete, Greece [Chamaizi is later Turkish name; ancient name unknown] [Hill is known locally as Souvloto Mouri, ancient Minoan site but possibly not a city]
Chalcis Euboea, Greece Chalkida, Halkida, Halkis, Chalkis
Chersonesos near Sevastopol, Crimea Korsun, Khersones, Chersonese, Chersonesos, Cherson
Chios in the island with the same name, Greece
Chytri Cyprus Kythrea Chytroi ()
Clazomenae near ?zmir, in Turkey Kilizman Clazomenae (?)
Cleonae Argolis, Greece Archaies Kleones Kontostavlos
Cnidus situated on Datça peninsula, southwestern Turkey Tekir Knidos ()
Colosse Phrygia, Asia Minor (modern Turkey) abandoned , Colossae, Chonae, Kona
Corcyra Corfu island, Greece Corfu ?, ?, Corcyra, Corfu, Corfù, Kérkyra
Corcyra Melaena Kor?ula island, Dalmatia (part of modern Croatia) Kor?ula ? ?, Kórkyra Mélaina, Corcyra Nigra
Corcyra (Mesopotamia) Kirkuk G?vernorate, Mesopotamia (modern Iraq) Kirkuk Kórkura, Kirkoúk
Croton Calabria, southern Italy Crotone Crotona, Cotrone
Cyme Aeolis, Turkey Namurt Kymi, Phriconis
Cyrene near Shahhat, Cyrenaica, Libya abandoned
Cythera Ionian Islands, Greece

D

Ancient name Location Modern name Also known as
Decelea () Attica, Greece Dekeleia, Dekelia, Deceleia, Decelia, Tatoi
Delos Cyclades, Greece Dhilos ()
Delphi Mount Parnassus, Greece
Demetrias Magnesia, eastern Greece Dimitrias
Dicaearchia Campania, Italy Pozzuoli Pezzulo, Puteoli, Pozzuoli
Dimale Illyria, Albania Dymale
Didyma western Turkey Didim
Dion Mount Olympus, Pieria, northern Greece Dio ()
Dioscurias Black Sea coast of Abkhazia, Georgia Sukhumi
Dodona Epirus, Greece abandoned Dòdònè ()
Dorylaion near Eski?ehir, Turkey abandoned Dorylaeum
Dyme Achaea, Greece abandoned

E

Ancient name Location Modern name Also known as
Edessa Pella, northern Greece Voden, Vodine, Vodina, Vudena, Vodena
Edessa Mesopotamia, southern Turkey ?anl?urfa Orrha, Orrhoa, Orh?y, Ourhoï, Urha, Ourha, Er Roha, Ar-Ruha, Orfa, Urfa, Ourfa, Sanli Urfa
Elateia Phocis, Greece
Eleusis Attica, Greece
Eleutherna 25 km southeast of Rethymno, Crete Apollonia ()
Emporion Catalonia, Spain Empúries Palaiapolis, Neapolis
Ephesus Ionia, western Turkey Efes
Ephyra Thesprotia, Greece Kichyros - ?
Epidamnos coastal Albania Durres Epidamnos (), Dyrhacchion (), Dyrrachium, Drach, Dra? (?), D?raç. Durazzo
Epidauros Argolis, Greece Epidavros
Eresos Lesbos, Greece Skala Eresou
Eretria Euboea, Greece Eretria
Erythrae Ionia, western Turkey Ildiri Erythrai (?), Litri
Eubea Sicily Licodia Eubea

G

Ancient name Location Modern name Also known as
Gangra Çank?r?, Turkey Çank?r? Germanicopolis (), Germanopolis (), Changra, Kandari, Kanghari
Gaza Palestinian Territories Gaza
Gela southern Sicily, Italy Gela Terranova di Sicilia
Golgi [el] Cyprus abandoned Golgoi ()
Gonnos Larissa regional unit, Greece Gonnoi Gonni (), Gonnus
Gorgippia Black Sea coast of Krasnodar Krai, Russia Anapa () Sinda
Gournia Crete, Greece
Gortyn Crete destroyed Gortyna (?, , or )
Gythium Laconia, Greece Gytheio Gýtheion (?), Gythio, Githio, Yithion

H

Ancient name Location Modern name Also known as
Hagios Onouphrios Crete, Greece
Hagia Triada Crete, Greece Ayias Triadha
Halicarnassus Caria, Turkey Bodrum Halikarnassós, Alikarnassós (), Halikarnas, Petronium ()
Halieis Porto Heli, Argolis abandoned
Helike Achaea, Greece submerged
Heliopolis Lebanon Baalbek Heliopolis, Baalbek, ?
Hellespontos Turkey Dardanelles
Helorus south-east coast of Sicily abandoned Heloros, Helorum, Elorus, , , Eloro
H?meroskopeion Province of Alicante, Spain Dénia ?, Dianium
Heraclea Perinthus western Turkey Marmara Ere?li Heraclea Thraciae, Heraclea (), Heraclea
Heraclea Lucania, Italy abandoned Anglona
Heraclea Dalmatian Coast, Hvar Hvar Heraclea, Heracleia, Heraclia
Heraclea by Latmus near Lake Bafa, Mu?la Province, Turkey Kap?k?r? Latmus,
Heraclea Cybistra near Ere?li, Turkey abandoned
Heraclea Lyncestis south-western part of North Macedonia Bitola Herakleia Lynkestis
Heraclea Minoa near Montallegro, south coast of Sicily abandoned Hêrakleia Minôia, Rhachlôtês, Heracliensis
Heraclea Pontica Bithynia, Turkey Karadeniz Ere?li
Heraclea Sintica Rupite, Bulgaria abandoned
Heraclea Trachis Euboea, Greece Heraclea Trachis, Heraclea Trachinia
Hermione Peloponnese, Greece Ermioni (?)
Hermonassa Taman peninsula, Krasnodar Krai, Russia Tmutarakan ()
Hierapetra Southern Crete, Greece
Hierapolis Pamukkale, western Turkey abandoned Hierapolis ()
Himera northern coast of Sicily abandoned, site subsequently re-settled Thermae, Therma, Thermae Himerenses
Histria Black Sea coast of Romania abandoned Istros ()
Hubla Minor Sicily, Italy abandoned
Hubla Gereatis southern slope of Mount Etna, Sicily abandoned
Hubla Heraea Hyblaean Mountains, south-eastern Sicily Ragusa Hibla, Heresium, Rogos, Rakkusa
Hyele Campania, Italy Velia Elea

I

Ancient name Location Modern name Also known as
Ialysos Rhodes
Iasus Caria, south-west Turkey abandoned Iassus (Io?, Io?), Askem, Asýn Kalessi
Idalium Cyprus Dali Idalion (?)
Imbros Greek island in northern Aegean Sea Gökçeada ?mroz, Imvros ()
Iolcus Thessaly, eastern Greece Iolkos ()
Itanos North-eastern Crete Erimopolis
Ithaca island in the Ionian Sea Ithaka, Ithaki, ()

J

Ancient name Location Modern name Also known as
Juktas Crete, Greece

K

Ancient name Location Modern name Also known as
Kaiete Campania, Italy Gaeta Caiete, Caieta, Kaieta
Kallipolis Caria, south-western Turkey
Kallipolis Hellespont, north-western Turkey Gelibolu Gallipoli
Kallipolis Apulia, southern Italy Gallipoli Callipolis
Kamares Crete, Greece
Kameiros Rhodes, Greece
Kannia Crete, Greece
Kamarina south-eastern coast of Sicily abandoned Camarina, Kamerina
Kasmenai Hyblaean Mountains, south-eastern Sicily abandoned Casmene, Kasmene
Katane east coast of Sicily Catania Katán? (), Cat?na, Cat?na, Balad-al-Fil, Medinat-al-Fil, Wadi Musa, Qataniyah
Kerkinitida Crimea, Ukraine Yevpatoria Eupatoria (, ), Kezlev, Kerkinitis, Gözleve
Kepoi Taman Peninsula, Krasnodar Krai, Russia abandoned, submerged Cepoi (, ?)
Kimmerikon Kerch Peninsula, Crimea abandoned Cimmericum Crimea
Kios Sea of Marmara, Bithynia, north-western Turkey abandoned Cius-Kios (K, K?), Keios, Prusa, Prusias, Prusias ad Mare
Klazomenai Ionia, Western Turkey Urla Clazomenae
Knidos Caria
Knossos Crete abandoned Knossus, Cnossus ()
Korinthos Korinthia, Greece Archea Korinthos
Kos island of the Dodecanese, off Bodrum Cos (), ?stanköy, Coo, Stanchio
Kourion Cyprus Curium, Curias (?)
Kúm? Campania, Italy abandoned
Kydonia Crete, Greece Chania Cydonia
Kynos Boeotia, Greece Livanates Cynus, Kunos
Kyrenia Cyprus Girne

L

Ancient name Location Modern name Also known as
Lamia central Greece Zetounion (), Zitouni (?), Zirtounion, Zitonion, Girton, El Cito
Lampsacus Troad, Turkey Lapseki Lampsakos (), Pityusa, Pityussa, Pituousa (), Pituoussa ()
Laodicea in Syria Syrian coast Latakia Laodicea ad Mare, Latakiyah, Al-Ladhiqiyah, Laodikeia, Laodiceia, Lazkiye, Laodicea ad Mare
Laodicea on the Lycus Lydia, Turkey destroyed Diospolis, Rhoas, Claudiolaodicea, Laodicea ad Lycum, Laodiceia, Laodikeia
Laodicea in Media western Iran Nahavand Laodicea in Persis, Antiochia Nahavand, Nah?vand (), Nahavend, Nahawand, Nehavand, Nihavand, Nehavend, Mah-Nahavand, Laodicea (), Ladhiqiyya, Laodiceia, Laodikeia, Laodicea in Media, Antiochia in Persis, Antiochia of Chosroes ( ), Antiochia in Media ( ), Nemavand, Niphaunda
Laodicea Combusta Lycaonia, Turkey abandoned Laodicea Catacecaumene, Laodiceia, Laodikeia, Laodikeia Katakekaumenê, Claudiolaodicea
Laodicea ad Libanum Coele-Syria abandoned Laodiceia, Laodikeia, Cabrosa, Scabrosa, Cabiosa Laodiceia
Laodicea Arcadia, Greece Laodiceia, Laodikeia
Laodicea Pontica Pontus, north-eastern Turkey Laodiceia and Laodikeia
Laodicea Mesopotamia, Iraq lost Laodikeia, Laodiceia
Laodicea in Phoenicia Lebanon Beirut Laodicea in Canaan, Berytus
Lapithos Cyprus Lapta
Larissa Thessaly, Greece Yeni?ehr-i Fenar, Lárisa
Larissa Troad, Turkey abandoned
Lato Crete, Greece
Laüs Lucania, southern Italy abandoned Laus, Laos (?)
Lebena Crete, Greece
Lefkada island in the Ionian Sea
Lekhaion Corinthia, Greece
Leibethra Macedonia, Greece
Leontinoi southeastern Sicily Lentini Lintini, Leontinoi, Leontini and Leontium
Lepreum Elis, Greece abandoned Lepreon, Lepreus
Lessa Epidauria, Greece abandoned
Lilaea Boeotia, Greece Lilaea
Lindus Rhodes Lindos
Lissus northwest Albania Lezhë Lezha, Lyssòs (), Alessio, Le?, Lissos
Epizephyrian Locris Calabria, southern Italy destroyed Locri

M

Ancient name Location Modern name Also known as
Madytos Eceabat (Town) abandoned Maitos, Madyta,
Magnesia on the Maeander Ionia, western Turkey, on the Maeander river abandoned Magnesia ad Maeandrum
Magnesia ad Sipylum Lydia, western Turkey Manisa Magnesia on the Sipylum
Mallia Crete, Greece
Mantineia Arcadia, Greece abandoned Mantinea, Antigonia (?)
Marathon Attica, Greece Marathónas (), Marath?n (?)
Marmara Bal?kesir, Western Turkey Marmara
Maroneia Maroneia, Eastern Thrace Maroneia Maronya
Masis Epidauria, Greece Kranidi
Massalia southern France Marseille Massilia
Megalopolis Arcadia, Greece Sinanou ()
Megara Attica, Greece
Megara Hublaea near Augusta, eastern Sicily destroyed
Mesembria Black Sea coast of Bulgaria Nesebar Menebria, Mesimvria (), Mesimvria
Messene southern Greece
Metapontum Lucania, southern Italy abandoned Metapontium ()
Methana Epidauria, Greece Vathy
Methone Messenia, southern Greece Mothoni (), Modon
Methumna Lesbos, in the Aegean Sea Mithymna (?), Molyvos, Molivos
Miletos Aydin, Turkey, Balat abandoned Mil?tos, Millawanda, Milawata, Miletus, Milet
Misenum Campania, Italy Miseno
Mochlos Crete, Greece
Monastiraki Crete, Greece abandoned
Morgantina central Sicily abandoned Murgantia, Morgantium, ?, ?, Murgentia, Morgentia
Mulai Sicily, Italy Milazzo
Mukenai north-eastern Argolis, near Mykines abandoned Myk?n?, Myk?nai
Mylasa Caria, south-western Turkey Milas
Myndus Caria, western Turkey Gümü?lük Myndos ()
Myonia Phocis, Greece Agia Efthymia Myania, Mynia
Myra Lycia, Turkey Demre Kale
Myrmekion Crimea, Ukraine abandoned Myrm?kion (, )
Mutilene Lesbos, in the Aegean Sea
Myos Ionia, Anatolia abandoned

N

Ancient name Location Modern name Also known as
Nauplíos Nafplio, Argolis Nafpion Nafpio, Nauplia, Navplion, Naupli?, Nauplia, Náfplion, Anáplion, Anáplia, Napoli di Romania, Mora Yeni?ehir, Anabol?, Yeni ?ehir, Náfplion
Naucratis Nile Delta, Egypt Naukratis ()
Naupactus Aetolia-Acarnania, Greece Nafpaktos (, ?), Naupactos, ?nebaht?, Lepanto
Naxos Crete abandoned
Naxos Sicily Giardini Naxos Giaddini
Neapoli northern Greece Kavala Christoupolis, Morunets
Neapolis Pallene, Chalcidice, Greece Polychrono Polyhrono, Polichrono, Polihrono (), Polyhronon, Polihronon
Neapolis Sardinia, Italy abandoned Nabui
Neapolis Apulia, Italy Polignano a Mare
Neapolis Campania, Italy Naples Napoli, Napule
Nemea Archaia Nemea, Argolis abandoned
Nicaea Bithynia, north-western Turkey Iznik Ancore, Helicore, Antigoneia (?), Nikaia, Nicæa
Nicaea southern France Nice Niça, Nissa, Nizza, Nizza Marittima
Nicopolis Epirus, Greece abandoned Actia Nicopolis, Palaia Preveza
Nirou Chani Crete, Greece Minoan city
Nymphaion Crimea, Ukraine Nymphaeum
Nysa western Turkey abandoned

O

Ancient name Location Modern name Also known as
Oenoe () northern Turkey Ünye Oene
Oenoe Argolis, Greece Oene
Oenoe Attica, Greece Oene
Oenus Laconia, Greece
Odessos coastal Ukraine Odessa Khadjibey, Khadjibei, Khacdjibei, Hac?bey, Hocabey, Gadzhibei, Chad?ib?jus, Hac?bey
Odessos coastal Bulgaria Varna
Olbia Sardinia Civita, Terranova Pausania
Olbia Ukrainian Black Sea coast abandoned Pontic Olbia, Olvia
Olous near Elounda, Crete drowned Olus (, ?)
Olympia Elis, Greece abandoned Olympí'a (?), Olýmpia (?), Olimpia, Olimbia
Olynthus Chalcidice, northern Greece destroyed
Opus Boeotia, Greece Atalanti Opous
Orchomenus (Boeotia) Boeotia, Greece
Oricos Epirus, near Vlorë, Albania abandoned
Orestias Turkish Thrace abandoned
Oreus northern Euboea
Oropus Attica, Greece Oropos ()
Onchesmos Epirus, southern Albania Sarandë Anchiasmos, ?, Agioi Saranda, Turkish: Aya Sarandi

P

Ancient name Location Modern name Also known as
Pactye Thracian Chersonesos, Turkey abandoned
Pagasae Magnesia, central Greece Platanos, central Greece
Palaikastro Crete, Greece Minoan city
Pandosia Epirus, Greece abandoned
Pandosia Bruttium, Italy abandoned
Pandosia Lucania, Italy abandoned
Panticapaeum Taurica, eastern Crimea, Ukraine Kerch
Paphos Cyprus
Parium Mysia, Hellespont Kemer (Town) Parion, Adrasteia, Adrastea
Paros Greek island in Aegean Sea Paros Plateia, Pactia, Demetrias, Strongyli, Hyria, Hyleessa, Minoa, Cabarnis
Parthenope Port of Neapolis, Campania Naples
Patrae Achaea, Greece Patrai Pátra () Patrae
Pavlopetri Laconia, Greece submerged
Pegai Megaris, Greece abandoned
Pelion (Chaonia) Chaonia, Epirus ? Pelion, Pellion, Pelium (?)
Peiraieús Attica, Greece Piraeus Peiraiás, Peiraieús ()
Pella Macedon, Greece abandoned
Percote Asian Hellespont, Northeast of Troy abandoned Percope
Perga 15 km east of Antalya, Turkey abandoned
Pergamum Mysia, Turkey Bergama Pergamon ()
Petsofa Crete, Greece Minoan city
Phaistos Crete, Greece
Phál?ron Attica, Greece Palaio Faliro Phaleron, Phalerum
Phanagoria Cimmerian Bosporus, Ukraine abandoned Matrega
Pharae
Pharnacia northern Turkey Giresun
Pharos Croatian island Hvar Hvor, For, Pharina, Lesina
Phaselis Lycia, Turkey abandoned
Philippi near Kavala, Greece Filippoi
Pithekussa island in Tyrrhenian Sea, Italy Ischia
Philippopolis southern Bulgaria Plovdiv Pulpudeva(reconstructed Thracian,uncertain), Eumolpias, Philippoupoli, Philippoupolis (, ?), Trimontium, Paldin (). Plavdiv (?), Filibe
Platanos Crete, Greece Minoan city
Phlius Argolid, Greece abandoned
Pherae Thessaly, Greece abandoned
Phocaea western Turkey Foça Phokaia ()
Pinara Lycia, Turkey abandoned Pilleñni ( )
Pisa Elis, Greece
Pitane Çandarl?, Turkey abandoned
Pitiunt Abkhazia, Black Sea coast Pitsunda Bichvinta, Pezonda
Pixous Campania, Italy Policastro Bussentino Pixunte
Plataea Boeotia, Greece destroyed Plataeae
Poseidonia Campania, Italy Paestum Paestum
Potidaea Chalcidice, Greece destroyed Potidaia (), Potidea
Priapus Canakkale, western Turkey Karabiga
Priene Ionia, western Turkey abandoned
Prousa north-western Turkey Bursa Prussa (), Brusa
Pseira Crete, Greece Minoan city
Psychro Crete, Greece Minoan city
Pteleum Thessaly, Greece destroyed
Pydna Macedon location disputed Púdna (), Pidna was a Greek city in ancient Macedon
Pylos western Peloponnese, Greece Pílos (), Navarino, Avarino (), Zonklon, Anavarin, Neokastron, Avarmus, Abarinus, Albarinos, Albaxinus, Avarinos, Coryphasium, Iverin, Nelea, Port de Jonc, Porto Giunco, Zunchio.
Pyrgos Black Sea coast of Bulgaria Burgas
Pyrgos Northern Crete, Greece Minoan city

R

Ancient name Location Modern name Also known as
Rhamnus northern Attica, Greece abandoned Rhamnous
Rhegion (?o?) "toe of Italy", Calabria, southern Italy Reggio Calabria Erythrà (), Rhegium Julium
Rhithymna Northern Crete, Greece Rethymon
Rhodes Rhodes, Greece Ródos (),
Rhypes, () Achaia, Greece destroyed
Rizinia Crete abandoned Prinias, Rize, Rhizenia

S

Ancient name Location Modern name Also known as
Salamis Cyprus abandoned
Same (?) island in the Ionian Sea, Greece
Samos in the island with the same name, Greece
Scyllaeum Calabria, Italy Scilla
Selinus south-west coast of Sicily, Italy abandoned-Marinella di Selinunte Selinunte
Seleucia Pieria ( ) south-eastern Turkey Çevlik[1] Seleukia Pieria, Seleukia
Semasus Paphlagonia, northern Turkey Amasra Cromna, Amastris
Sestos Eceabat, Turkey, North of Abydos Sestus
Scidrus (?) Lucania, Italy location uncertain
Sicyon () northern Peloponnese, Greece abandoned
Side Pamphylia, Turkey abandoned Eski Adalia, Old Antalya
Sidon Lebanon Sidon , Sidon, Saïda
Siteia Crete, Greece
Sinope () Paphlagonia, northern Turkey Sinop
Siris (the Paeonian or the Odomanteian) Serres, Macedonia, Greece Serres Serrai (Katharevousa), Serras (local dialect, archaic form), Sirra (Roman era and Theopompus), Serez or Siroz (in Turkish), Ser (in Serbian and Bulgarian), Syar (in Bulgarian)
Sklavokampos Crete, Greece
Smyrna near Izmir, western Turkey abandoned Old Smyrna
Soli Cyprus abandoned Soloi
Sozopolis Pisidia, Turkey abandoned Apollonia
Sparta southern part of the Peloponnese, Greece Sparti Lakedaimon (?), Lakedaimonia (), , , Spart?.
Stagirus Chalcidice, Greece abandoned Stageira (), Stagira (?), Stagiros (), Stageiros ()
Stratos Stratos
Stymphalos Corinthia, Greece Stymfalia
Sybaris near Sibari, Gulf of Taranto, Italy destroyed
Surakousai east-coast of Sicily, Italy Syracuse Siracusai, Aretusa.

T

Ancient name Location Modern name Also known as
Taras () southern Italy Taranto Tarentum, Tarantas ()
Tanagra Boeotia, Greece Poimandria
Tanais north-eastern Sea of Azov, Russia Tanaisto Tánaïs ()
Tauromenion () east coast of Sicily Taormina Taurmina, Tauromenium
Tegea Arcadia, Greece Alea
Temnos Aeolis, Turkey abandoned
Tenedos Turkish island in northern Aegean Sea Bozcaada Bozca ada, Tenedhos (?)
Tenea Corinthia, Peloponnese Municipal unit of Tenea
Teos (?) Ionia, western Turkey abandoned Teo
Thapsos Sicily, Italy abandoned
Thassos, Macedonia (Greece)-Thrace, Greece Thassos, Greece Limenas, ?
Thebai Boeotia,Greece Th?bai (), Thiva (?)
Theodosia () Crimea, Ukraine Feodosiya (, ) Kefe, Feodosia
Therma Mygdonia, Greece Therme (, )
Thespiae Boeotia, Greece abandoned Thespiai (?)
Thronium Epirus, Greece - likely in Albania abandoned Thronium
Thoricus southern Attica, Greece abandoned Thorico
Thurii (?) Magna Graecia, southern Italy abandoned Thurium (?), Copia, Copiae, Turios, Thurio Magna Graecia
Thyreum
Thyria South of Izmir, Turkey Tire
Tiruns Argolis, Peloponnese abandoned
Tithoraea Boeotia, Greece Kato Tithorea
Tomis Black Sea coast of Romania Constan?a Konstantia, Köstence
Tragurion Vis, Croatia Trogir Traù, Tragurium, Trau
Trapeze Crete, Greece
Trapezus, Arcadia Black Sea coast of north-eastern Turkey Trabzon Trapezounta ()
Tripolis () Lebanon Tripoli
Tripolis () Libya Tripoli
Tripolis () Pontus, north-eastern Turkey Tirebolu Ischopolis
Tripolis () Thessaly, Greece Tripolis Larisaia
Tripolis () Phrygia abandoned Neapolis, Apollonia, Antoninopolis
Troizen (?) northeastern Peloponnese, Greece abandoned Troizina, Trizina
Troliton Sicily, Italy abandoned
Troy Dardanelles, north-eastern Turkey Truva Troia (), Ilion (), ?lium, Wilusa, Truwisa, Hisarl?k
Tylissos Crete, Greece
Tyras Ukrainian Black Sea coast Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi[2] Cetatea Alb?
Tyros Lebanon Tyre , Tyre, Sur
Tyritake () Crimea, Cimmerian Bosporus abandoned

V

Ancient name Location Modern name Also known as
Vasiliki Minoan city in Crete, Greece
Vathypetros Minoan city in Crete, Greece

Z

Ancient name Location Modern name Also known as
Zakynthos Zante
Zakros Crete, Greece Minoan city Zakro
Zankle Strait of Messina, Sicily, Italy Messina Messene, Messana

See also

References

  1. ^ Seleucia in Pieria, Ancient Warfare Magazine
  2. ^ Kaba, John (1919). Politico-economic Review of Basarabia. United States: American Relief Administration. p. 15.

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