List of Battles by Death Toll
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List of Battles by Death Toll

The following is a list of the casualties count in battles in world history. The list includes both sieges (not technically battles but usually yielding similar combat-related deaths) and civilian casualties during the battles. Large battle casualty counts are almost impossible to calculate precisely. Many of these figures are estimates, and, where possible, a range of estimates is presented. Figures display numbers of all types of casualties when available (killed, wounded, missing, and sick) but may only include number killed. Where possible, the list specifies whether or not prisoners are included in the count. This list does not include bombing runs (such as the attack on Pearl Harbor and the bombing of Tokyo) or massacres such as the Rape of Nanking, which, despite potentially massive casualties, are not typically classified as "battles", since they are usually one-sided engagements or the nation attacked is not officially at war with the attackers. Tactical or strategic strikes, however, may form part of larger engagements which are themselves battles.

Classical formation battles

These refer to battles in which armies met on a single field of battle and fought each other for anywhere from one to several days. Military formations lost their impact and the use of this type of battle died out in favor of grander military operations.

Battle Year Conflict Casualties
Battle of Thymbra !9452 547 BC Lydian-Persian War 0,100,001 100,000[1]
Battle of Marathon !9509 490 BC Greco-Persian Wars 0,005,001 5,000-8,000[2]
Battle of Thermopylae !9519 480 BC Greco-Persian Wars 0,022,300 22,300[3]-22,500[4]
Battle of Plataea !9520 479 BC Greco-Persian War 0,051,500 51,500[4]-257,000[3]
Battle of Chaeronea !9661 338 BC Rise of Macedon 1,000[5]-4,000
Battle of the Granicus !9665 334 BC Wars of Alexander the Great Around 7,000[6]
Battle of Issus !9666 333 BC Wars of Alexander the Great 20,000-40,000[7]
Battle of Gaugamela !9668 331 BC Wars of Alexander the Great 0,053,500 53,500[8]
Battle of the Hydaspes !9673 326 BC Wars of Alexander the Great 0,023,310 23,310[8]
Battle of Sentinum !9704 295 BC Third Samnite War 0,033,500 69,420[9]
Battle of Heraclea !9719 280 BC Pyrrhic War 0,011,001 11,000-26,000[9]
Battle of Kalinga !9737 262 BC Kalinga-Maurya Empire 0,150,001 150,000[10]-200,000[11][12] (including civilians)
Battle of Changping !9739 260 BC Qin's wars of unification 0,700,000 700,000 (according to ancient sources)
Battle of the Trebia !9781 218 BC Second Punic War 0,035,000 35,000[13]
Battle of Lake Trasimene !9782 217 BC Second Punic War 0,030,001 30,000[13]
Battle of Cannae !9783 216 BC Second Punic War 0,056,001 56,000[14]-92,000 or more[15]
Battle of the Metaurus !9792 207 BC Second Punic War 0,012,000 12,000[16]
Battle of Zama !9797 202 BC Second Punic War 0,021,500 21,500[16]
Battle of Magnesia !9809 190 BC Roman-Seleucid War 0,053,350 53,350[17]
Battle of Pydna !9831 168 BC Third Macedonian War 0,021,000 21,000[17]
Battle of Arausio !9894 105 BC Germanic Wars (Cimbrian War) 0,084,000 84,000[18][19][20]
Battle of Carrhae !9946 53 BC Roman-Persian Wars 0,024,000 24,000[21]
Battle of Pharsalus !9951 48 BC Caesar's Civil War 0,017,000 17,000[22]
Battle of Philippi !9957 42 BC Liberators' civil war 0,024,000 24,000
Battle of Actium !9968 31 BC Final War of the Roman Republic 0,007,500 7,500 or more
Battle of the Teutoburg Forest !Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "#". #0009 AD Roman-Germanic wars 0,020,000 20,000[23]
Battle of Watling Street !Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "#". #0061 AD Iceni Revolt 0,080,400 80,400[24]
Battle of Mons Graupius !Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "#". #0084 AD Roman conquest of Britain 0,010,360 10,360[25]
Battle of Red Cliffs #0208 Three Kingdoms 0,100,001 100,000[26]
Battle of Edessa #0260 Roman-Persian Wars 0,050,000 50,000 or more
Battle of Adrianople #0378 Gothic War 0,040,000 40,000 or more[27]
Battle of Fei River #0383 Wu Hu Era 0,150,001 150,000 or more [28]
Battle of the Catalaunian Plains #0451 Hunnic Invasion 0,165,000 165,000 (doubtful, according to one ancient source)[29]
Battle of Salsu #0612 Goguryeo-Sui War 0,302,300 302,300[30]
Battle of al-Qadisiyyah #0636 Muslim conquest of Persia 0,031,000 31,000[31]
Battle of Muzayyah #0633 Muslim conquest of Persia 0,010,000 10,000
Battle of Ullais #0633 Muslim conquest of Persia 0,035,000 35,000[32]
Battle of River #0633 Muslim conquest of Persia More than 15,000[33]
Battle of Walaja #0636 Muslim conquest of Persia 0,022,000 22,000[34]
Battle of Nahavand #0642 Muslim conquest of Persia 0,028,500 28,500[35]
Battle of Yarmouk #0636 Muslim conquest of the Levant 0,070,001 70,000[36]
Battle of Gwiju #1019 Third conflict in the Goryeo-Khitan War 0,090,000 90,000+.
Battle of Didgori #1121 Georgian-Seljuk wars 0,210,001 210,000 [37][failed verification]
Battle of Hattin #1187 Ayyubid-Crusader War 0,017,001 17,000-20,000[38]
Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa #1212 Reconquista 0,060,001 60,000[39]
Battle of Yehuling #1212 Mongol conquest of the Jin dynasty 0,050,000 Around 50,000
Battle of the Kalka River #1223 Mongol invasion of Rus' 0,050,001 Around 50,000 [40]
Battle of Legnica #1241 Mongol invasion of Poland 0,030,001 30,000[41]
Battle of Mohi #1241 Mongol invasion of Europe 0,015,001 15,000[42]
Battle of Jaran Manjur #1298 Mongol invasions of India Over 20,000
Battle of Yamen #1279 Mongol conquest of the Song dynasty 0,100,001 100,000
Battle of Bannockburn #1314 First War of Scottish Independence 0,019,001 19,000[43]
Battle of Kulikovo #1380 List of Mongol and Tatar raids against Rus' 0,136,001 136,000
Battle of the Terek River #1395 Tokhtamysh-Timur war 0,100,001 100,000[44]
Conquest of Delhi #1398 Timur's Indian campaign 0,100,001 100,000[45][46]
Battle of Ankara #1402 Ottoman-Timur War 0,015,000 15,000 or more[47]
Battle of Grunwald #1410 Polish-Lithuanian-Teutonic War 0,013,001 13,000[48]
Battle of Agincourt #1415 Hundred Years' War 0,014,000 14,000[]
Tumu Crisis #1449 Ming-Mongol War 0,200,001 200,000 or more[]
Battle of Towton #1461 Wars of the Roses 0,028,000 28,000[49]
Night Attack at Târgovi?te #1462 Wallachian-Ottoman Wars 0,020,000 20,000[50]
Battle of Vaslui #1475 Moldavian-Ottoman Wars 0,040,000 40,000 or more[]
Battle of Valea Alb? #1476 Moldavian-Ottoman Wars 0,030,000 30,000 or more[]
Battle of Kabul #1504 Campaigns of Babur 0,020,001 20,000 or more[51]
Battle of Ravenna #1512 War of the League of Cambrai 0,013,500 13,500[52]
Battle of Marignano #1515 War of the League of Cambrai 0,011,000 11,000-15,000[53]
Battle of Ridaniya #1517 Ottoman wars in the Near East 0,013,000 13,000[54]
First Battle of Panipat #1526 Mughal Conquest 0,020,001 20,000-50,000[55]
Battle of Mohács #1526 Ottoman-Hungarian wars 0,030,000 Probably 30,000[56]
Battle of Ghaghra #1529 Mughal Conquest 0,013,001 13,000[57]
Battle of Lepanto #1571 Ottoman-Venetian wars 0,022,566 22,566-27,566[58]
Battle of Molodi #1572 Russo-Crimean Wars 0,029,000 29,000-33,000 or 100 000[59]
Battle of Chungju #1592 Japanese invasions of Korea (1592-1598) 0,008,000 8,000-16,000[60] 100,000[61][62]
Battle of C?lug?reni #1595 Long War (Ottoman War) 0,011,000 11,000-16,000[]
Battle of Sacheon (1598) #1598 Japanese invasions of Korea (1592-1598) 0,030,000 30,000[63]
Battle of Sekigahara #1600 Sengoku period 0,060,000 60,000 or less[64]
First Battle of Breitenfeld #1631 Thirty Years' War 0,020,000 20,000 or more[65]
Battle of Lützen #1632 Thirty Years' War 0,011,000 11,000-14,000[65]
Battle of Nördlingen #1634 Thirty Years' War 0,017,000 17,000[66]
Battle of the Downs #1639 Eighty Years' War 0,015,000 15,000 or more[67]
Second Battle of Breitenfeld #1642 Thirty Years' War 0,014,000 14,000[68]
Battle of Jankau #1645 Thirty Years' War 0,015,500 15,500[69]
Battle of Berestechko #1651 Khmelnytsky Uprising 0,030,200 30,000-40,000[70]
Battle of Samugarh #1658 Mughal Conquest 0,032,000 32,000[67]
Battle of Khajwa #1659 Mughal Conquest 0,020,000 20,000[67]
Battle of Lund #1676 Scanian War 0,014,000 14,000[71]
Battle of Vienna #1683 Ottoman-Habsburg wars 0,019,500 19,500[72]
Battle of Bijapur #1686[73] Mughal Conquest 0,017,000 17,000[74]
Battle of Landen #1693 War of the Grand Alliance 0,028,000 28,000[74]
Battle of Zenta #1697 Ottoman-Habsburg wars 0,030,300 30,300[75]
Battle of Jinji #1698 Mughal Conquest 0,016,000 16,000[74]
Battle of Blenheim #1704 War of the Spanish Succession 0,032,000 32,000[74]
Battle of Fraustadt #1706 Great Northern War 0,016,500 16,500[76]
Battle of Ramillies #1706 War of the Spanish Succession 0,015,600 15,600[77]
Battle of Poltava #1709 Great Northern War 0,014,300 14,300[78]
Battle of Malplaquet #1709 War of the Spanish Succession 0,095,000 95,000[77]
Battle of Fontenoy #1745 War of the Austrian Succession 0,014,000 14,000[79]
Battle of Leuthen #1757 Seven Years' War 0,011,800 11,800[80]
Battle of Zorndorf #1758 Seven Years' War 0,030,000 30,000[]
Battle of Kunersdorf #1759 Seven Years' War 0,035,000 35,000[81]
Third Battle of Panipat #1761 Marathas and Afghans 0,100,001 100,000; up to 200,000 (including civilian camp followers)[82][83]
Battle of Kagul #1770 Russo-Turkish War (1768-1774) 0,021,000 21,000[84]
Battle of Rymnik #1789 Russo-Turkish War (1787-1792) 0,021,000 21,000[85]
Battle of Arcole #1796 War of the First Coalition 0,011,000 11,000[86]
Battle of Trebbia #1799 War of the Second Coalition 0,017,000 17,000--23,000[87]
Battle of Novi #1799 War of the Second Coalition 0,019,500 19,500[88]
Battle of Marengo #1800 War of the Second Coalition 0,016,400 16,400[89]
Ulm Campaign #1805 War of the Third Coalition 0,062,000 62,000[89]
Battle of Austerlitz #1805 War of the Third Coalition 0,045,300 45,300[90]
Battle of Jena-Auerstedt #1806 War of the Fourth Coalition 0,052,000 52,000 including prisoners later killed[91]
Battle of Eylau #1807 War of the Fourth Coalition 0,040,000 40,000[91]
Battle of Wagram #1809 War of the Fifth Coalition 0,077,000 77,000[91]-79,000[92]
Battle of Talavera #1809 Peninsular War 0,013,900 13,900[93]
Battle of the Danube #1811 Russo-Turkish War (1806-1812) 0,020,000 20,000[94]
Battle of Salamanca #1812 Peninsular War 0,018,800 18,800[95]
Battle of Borodino #1812 French invasion of Russia 0,074,000 74,000[96]
Battle of Berezina #1812 French invasion of Russia 0,060,000 60,000[96]
Battle of Vitoria #1813 Peninsular War 0,013,000 13,000[95]
Battle of Leipzig #1813 War of the Sixth Coalition 0,124,000 124,000[97]
Battle of Dresden #1813 War of the Sixth Coalition 0,048,000 48,000[90]
Battle of Ligny #1815 Hundred Days 0,028,000 28,000[98]
Battle of Waterloo #1815 Hundred Days 0,047,000 47,000 or more (not including prisoners and missing)[99][100]
Battle of Inkerman #1854 Crimean War 0,015,857 15,857[101]
Battle of Shiloh #1862 American Civil War 0,024,000 24,000[102]
Battle of Antietam #1862 American Civil War 0,023,000 23,000[103]-26,193[104]
Battle of Fredericksburg #1862 American Civil War 0,017,300 17,300[103]-17,962[105]
Battle of Gettysburg #1863 American Civil War 0,051,000 51,000[106][107]
Battle of Chickamauga #1863 American Civil War 0,034,001 34,000[108]
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House #1864 American Civil War 0,030,001 30,000[109]
Battle of Stones River #1862-63 American Civil War 0,024,001 24,000[110]
Battle of Königgrätz #1866 Austro-Prussian War 0,047,500 47,500[111]
Battle of Tuyutí #1866 Paraguayan War 0,007,001 7,000-16,000[112]
Battle of Mars-la-Tour/Battle of Gravelotte #1870 Franco-Prussian War 0,034,000 34,000[111]
Battle of Sedan #1870 Franco-Prussian War 0,026,000 26,000[113]
Battle of Adwa #1896 First Italo-Ethiopian War 0,017,300 17,300[114]
Battle of Binakayan-Dalahican #1896 Philippine Revolutionary War 0,002,001 2,000-15,000[115]
Battle of Omdurman #1898 Mahdist War 0,020,430 20,430[116]
Battle of Sakarya #1921 Greco-Turkish War of 1919-22 0,061,000 61,000[117][118]

Sieges and urban combat

This list includes sieges, as well as modern battles that were fought primarily in urban areas. Major military operations that included city fighting are listed below. The battles included here inflicted at least 50,000 casualties.

Siege Year Conflict Casualties
(High est.)
Casualties
(Low est.)
Siege of Constantinople 717-18 Arab-Byzantine wars 170,000 130,000[36]
Siege of Tenochtitlan 1521 Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire 240,000 100,000[119][120]
Siege of Rhodes 1522 Ottoman wars in Europe 55,200[54] 55,200
Siege of Chittorgarh 1567-1568 Mughal-Rajput Wars (1558-1576) 35,000 40,000
Siege of Ostend 1601-04 Eighty Years' War 115,000 90,000
Second Siege of Zaragoza 1808-09 Peninsular War 64,000[121] 64,000
First Siege of Sevastopol 1854-55 Crimean War 230,000[122] 230,000
Third Battle of Nanking 1863 Taiping Rebellion 100,000[123] 100,000
Siege of Petersburg 1864-65 American Civil War 70,000[124] 70,000
Battle of Gettysburg 1863 American Civil War 50,000 50,000
Siege of Plevna 1877 Russo-Turkish War (1877-1878) 75,000[125] 75,000
Siege of Port Arthur 1904-05 Russo-Japanese War 100,000[126] 100,000
Siege of Adrianople 1912-13 First Balkan War 93,282[127] 93,282
Battle of Taiyuan 1937 World War II 130,000[128] 130,000
Battle of Xinkou 1937 World War II 200,000[129] 200,000
Battle of Shanghai 1937 World War II 400,000[130] 400,000
Battle of Wuhan 1938 World War II 540,000[131] 540,000
First Battle of Changsha 1939 World War II 80,000+ 80,000+[132]
Battle of Nanchang 1939 World War II 75,328[133] 75,328
Battle of Dunkirk 1940 World War II 88,000[134] 88,000
Battle of South Shanxi 1941 World War II 120,000+ 120,000+[135]
Siege of Odessa 1941 World War II 133,813[136] 133,813
Battle of Kiev 1941 World War II 700,544[136] 700,544
Second Siege of Sevastopol 1941-42 World War II 236,437 236,437
Third Battle of Changsha 1942 World War II 84,862[137] 84,862
Battle of Stalingrad 1942-43 World War II 2,500,620[138] 1,250,000[139]
Battle of Changde 1943 World War II 100,000 100,000[140]
Battle of West Hubei 1943 World War II 115,830 115,830[141]
Siege of Leningrad 1941-44 World War II 5,500,000[142] 1,117,000[143][144]
Warsaw Uprising 1944 World War II 200,000+ 200,000+[145]
Siege of Budapest 1944-45 World War II 422,000 422,000[146]
Battle of Berlin 1945 World War II 1,298,745[147] 1,298,745[148]
Battle of Okinawa 1945 World War II 82,000[149] 82,000[149]
Battle of Manila 1945 World War II 500,000[150][151] 100,000[152][153]
Battle of the Bulge 1944-45 World War II 218,900 161,370[154]
Siege of Changchun 1948[155] Chinese Civil War 425,000 425,000[156]

Major operations

This list includes major operations and prolonged battles or operations fought over a large area or for a long time. The duration of some operations, like the Battle of Moscow, are disputed so numbers found in various sources may differ for that reason alone.

Operation Year Conflict Casualties
Ulm Campaign #1805 War of the Third Coalition 0,062,000 62,000
Six Days' Campaign #1814 War of the Sixth Coalition 0,080,000 80,000[97]
Peninsula Campaign #1862 American Civil War 0,036,463 36,463[157]
Battle of Chancellorsville #1863 American Civil War 0,030,000 30,000[158]-30,500[103]
Overland Campaign #1864 American Civil War 0,087,000 87,000[159]-92,000[121]
Appomattox Campaign #1865 American Civil War 0,016,500 16,500[124]
Battle of Mukden #1905 Russo-Japanese War 0,160,000 160,000[160]
Battle of Lule Burgas #1912 First Balkan War 0,042,162 42,162+[161]
First Battle of Çatalca #1912 First Balkan War 0,022,000 22,000[162]
Battle of Bregalnica #1913 Second Balkan War 0,036,620 36,620[127]
Serbian Campaign (1914) #1914 World War I 0,437,361 437,361, including prisoners
Battle of the Frontiers #1914 World War I 0,664,191 664,191
Battle of Tannenberg #1914 World War I 0,145,000 145,000[163]-160,000[164]
Battle of Galicia #1914 World War I 0,700,000 645,000-700,000
First Battle of the Marne #1914 World War I 0,513,000 513,000[165]
First Battle of Ypres #1914 World War I 0,210,000 210,000[166]
Battle of ?ód? #1914 World War I 0,130,000 130,000[167]
First Battle of Champagne #1914-15 World War I 0,139,532 139,532
Battle of Sarikamish #1914-15 World War I 0,139,532 60,000--85,000[168]
Second Battle of Ypres #1915 World War I 0,104,208 104,208[169]-107,000[170]
Gallipoli Campaign #1915 World War I 0,503,000 503,000[169]-552,000[171]
Second Battle of Artois #1915 World War I 0,186,000 186,000[169]
Second Battle of Champagne-Third Battle of Artois #1915 World War I 0,075,000 75,000[170]-440,000[169]
Gorlice-Tarnów Offensive #1915 World War I 0,300,000 300,000-1,087,000[169]
Serbian Campaign (1915) #1915 World War I 0,331,000 331,000, including prisoners[172]
Erzurum Offensive #1916 World War I 0,139,532 80,000--85,000[168]
Battle of Verdun #1916 World War I 0,755,000 755,000[173]-976,000[169]
Battle of Asiago #1916 World War I 0,250,000 250,000[169]
Brusilov Offensive #1916 World War I 1,600,000 1,600,000[169]
Battle of the Somme #1916 World War I 1,120,000 1,120,000[174]-1,215,000[169]
Monastir Offensive #1916 World War I 0,111,000 111,000[175]
Romanian Campaign #1916-17 World War I 0,240,000 240,000[169][dubious ] - 933,000, including prisoners
Nivelle Offensive #1917 World War I 0,354,000 354,000[176]
Second Battle of the Aisne #1917 World War I 0,350,000 350,000-463,000
Battle of Arras #1917 World War I 0,288,000 278,000-288,000
Battle of Messines #1917 World War I 0,042,000 42,000[177][178]
Tenth Battle of the Isonzo #1917 World War I 0,200,000 200,000[179]
Third Battle of Ypres #1917 World War I 0,585,000 Over 585,000[180]
Battle of Caporetto #1917 World War I 0,060,000 60,000[181]
Battle of Cambrai #1917 World War I 0,095,000 95,000[181]
Spring Offensive #1918 World War I 1,539,000 1,539,000[182]
Operation Michael #1918 World War I 0,494,616 494,616
Battle of the Lys #1918 World War I 0,228,340 204,300-228,340
Third Battle of the Aisne #1918 World War I 0,257,000 257,000
Second Battle of the Piave River #1918 World War I 0,131,494 131,494 killed and wounded, 73,729 prisoners
Second Battle of the Marne #1918 World War I 0,288,000 288,000[182]
Hundred Days Offensive #1918 World War I 2,240,000 2,240,000[182]
Meuse-Argonne offensive #1918 World War I 0,318,000 318,000
Battle of Warsaw #1920 Polish-Soviet War 0,130,000 About 130,000, not including prisoners[183]
Invasion of Manchuria #1931 Second Sino-Japanese War 0,035,000 35,000[184]
Battle of Guadalajara #1937 Spanish Civil War 0,012,000 12,000[185]
Battle of Teruel #1937-38 Spanish Civil War 0,110,000 110,000, including prisoners[186]
Battle of the Ebro #1938 Spanish Civil War 0,106,500 106,500[186]
Battle of Xuzhou #1938 World War II 0,130,000 130,000[187]
1938 Yellow River Flood #1938 World War II 0,800,000 800,000[188]
Battles of Khalkhin Gol #1939 Soviet-Japanese border conflicts 0,042,000 42,000--75,000[189][190]
Invasion of Poland #1939 World War II 0,310,000 310,000[191]
Battle of Suixian-Zaoyang #1939 World War II 0,049,000 49,000[192]
Winter Offensive #1939-40 World War II 0,100,000 100,000+[193]
Operation Weserübung #1940 World War II 0,012,800 12,800[191]
Battle of France #1940 World War II 0,469,000 469,000[194]
Hundred Regiments Offensive #1940 Second Sino-Japanese War 0,062,900 62,900[195]
Battle of Keren #1941 World War II 0,100,000 34,000 including over 12,600 killed
Battle of Greece #1941 World War II 0,046,295 46,295 dead[196]
Battle of Shanggao #1941 World War II 0,042,000 42,000[197]
Battle of Crete #1941 World War II 0,016,007 16,007 dead [198]
Operation Barbarossa #1941 World War II 5,000,000 1,400,000[199]-5,000,000[200]
Battle of Bia?ystok-Minsk #1941 World War II 0,429,886 429,886 including prisoners [201]
Battle of Smolensk (1941) #1941 World War II 0,595,606 595,606 killed, captured, and missing; 300,000 Soviet prisoners
Battle of Moscow #1941 World War II 1,000,000 1,000,000[199]
Battle of Hong Kong #1941 World War II 0,018,000 18,000 including prisoners[202]
Battle of Malaya/Battle of Singapore #1941-42 World War II 0,143,800 143,800, and 60,000 prisoners[203]
Battle of Bataan/Battle of Corregidor #1942 World War II 0,030,000 30,000 killed[204]
Battle of the Kerch Peninsula #1942 World War II 0,176,000 Over 176,000[205]
Second Battle of Kharkov #1942 World War II 0,300,000 300,000[205]
Zhejiang-Jiangxi Campaign #1942 World War II 0,356,000 356,000[206]
Battle of Gazala #1942 World War II 0,148,000 148,000[207]
Case Blue #1942 World War II 1,400,000 1,400,000
Battle of Voronezh (1942) #1942 World War II 0,662,847 662,847 including prisoners
Guadalcanal Campaign #1942-43 World War II 0,031,100 29,100[208]-31,100[209]
Battles of Rzhev #1942-1943 World War II 3,080,000 2,900,000-3,080,000
Second Battle of El Alamein #1942 World War II 0,039,400 39,400[207]-82,500[210]
Operation Iskra #1943 World War II 0,129,332 129,332[211]
Battle of Kursk #1943 World War II 0,257,125 257,125[212]-388,000[213]
Allied invasion of Sicily #1943 World War II 0,036,000 At least 36,000 killed, and over 100,000 Italian POWs[214]
Battle of Smolensk (1943) #1943 World War II 0,522,059 522,059
Dnieper Campaign #1943 World War II 1,582,000 1,582,000 (lowest est.) - 2,480,000 (highest est.)
Allied invasion of Italy #1943 World War II 0,017,092 17,092 killed[215]
Bougainville Campaign #1943-45 World War II 0,021,929 21,929 killed, and 23,571 Japanese prisoners[216]
Dnieper-Carpathian Offensive #1943-44 World War II 1,442,956 1,442,956
Leningrad-Novgorod Offensive #1944 World War II 0,385,604 385,604
Battle of Monte Cassino #1944 World War II 0,185,000 185,000[217]
Battle of Narva #1944 World War II 0,550,000 550,000 all causes[218]
Operation Shingle #1944 World War II 0,052,200 52,200 killed[219]
First Jassy-Kishinev Offensive #1944 World War II 0,195,000 195,000[220]
Ichi-Go #1944 World War II 1,300,000 1,300,000+[221]
Battle of Normandy #1944 World War II 0,795,400 650,600[222][223]-795,400[224][223]
Battle of Saipan #1944 World War II 0,043,500 43,500 killed, including mass suicides[225]
Operation Bagration #1944 World War II 1,430,000 1,430,000[226]
Falaise Pocket #1944 World War II 0,140,000 140,000[227]
Second Jassy-Kishinev Offensive #1944 World War II 0,485,424 485,424, including prisoners[228][229]
Operation Market Garden #1944 World War II 0,027,200 27,200[230]
Battle of Hürtgen Forest #1944-45 World War II 0,063,000 63,000[231]
Battle of Leyte Gulf #1944 World War II 0,012,000 12,000 killed[232]
Battle of the Bulge #1944-45 World War II 0,218,900 161,370[154][233]-218,900
Vistula-Oder Offensive #1945 World War II 0,636,191 636,191 including prisoners
Battle of Luzon #1945 World War II 0,340,330 332,330-345,330, including sick[234]
Battle of the Rhineland #1945 World War II 0,082,000 82,000 and 250,000 prisoners[235]
Battle of Iwo Jima #1945 World War II 0,044,821 44,821[236]-48,700[237]
East Prussian Offensive #1945 World War II 0,806,778 806,778 including prisoners
Battle of Okinawa #1945 World War II 0,113,920 113,920[238]-158,400[239]
Burma campaigns #1942-45 World War II 0,700,000 700,000[240]
Battle of West Hunan #1945 World War II 0,050,000 50,000[241]
Second Guangxi campaign #1945 World War II 1,000,000 1,000,000[242]
Arab-Israeli War #1948-49 Arab-Israeli conflict 0,012,000 12,000-19,000[243]
Liaoshen campaign #1948 Chinese Civil War 0,542,000 542,000, including captured[244]
Huaihai campaign #1948 Chinese Civil War 0,689,000 689,000, including captured[245]
Pingjin campaign #1948-49 Chinese Civil War 0,560,000 560,000, including captured[246]
Shanghai Campaign #1949 Chinese Civil War 0,213,073 213,073[247]
Battle of Inchon #1950 Korean War 0,017,429 17,429[248]
Invasion of North Korea #1950 Korean War 0,051,700 51,700[249]
Battle of Dien Bien Phu #1954 First Indochina War 0,031,500 31,500, not including prisoners[250]
Tet Offensive #1968 Vietnam War 0,065,000 65,000[251]
Operation OAU #1968 Nigerian Civil War 0,030,000 30,000[251]
Easter Offensive #1972 Vietnam War 0,150,000 150,000[251]

See also

Notes

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References


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