List of Emirs of Kuwait
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List of Emirs of Kuwait
Emir of Kuwait
?
Emblem of Kuwait.svg
Incumbent
Nawaf Al Ahmad Al Sabah.jpg
Nawaf Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah
since 29 September 2020
Details
StyleHis Highness
Heir apparentSheikh Mishal Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah
First monarchSabah I bin Jaber
Formation1752
ResidenceBayan Palace
Emblem of Kuwait.svg

politics and government of
Kuwait


Flag of Kuwait.svg Kuwait portal

The Emir of the State of Kuwait is the monarch, head of state and head of government of Kuwait, the country's most powerful office. The emirs of Kuwait are members of the Al-Sabah dynasty, which originate from the Bani Utbah; a federation of clans in the Arabian Peninsula.

Sheikh Nawaf al-Ahmad al-Jaber al-Sabah became Emir of Kuwait on 29 September 2020,[1] following Sabah al-Ahmad al-Jaber al-Sabah who died on 29 September 2020.

Rules and traditions of succession

Succession to the throne of Kuwait is limited to the descendants of Mubarak al-Sabah. The position of Emir is also traditionally alternated between the two main branches of the Al-Sabah family, the Al-Ahmed and Al-Salem branches. The reigning emir must appoint an heir apparent within one year of his accession to the throne; the nominee for consideration as Crown Prince has to be a senior member of the Al-Sabah family. The nomination needs approval by an absolute majority of members of the National Assembly, Kuwait's parliament. If the nominee fails to win approval from the National Assembly, the Emir submits the names of three eligible members of the family to the National Assembly, and the National Assembly selects one to be the crown prince.

The prime minister is appointed by the Emir; however, the appointment of the prime minister requires approval from the majority of members of the National Assembly.

Compensation

Annual compensation for the Emir is defined by the National Assembly. The annual compensation is currently set to 50 million KWD.[2]

The role of the National Assembly

The National Assembly (per article 4 of the Constitution) has the constitutional right to approve and disapprove of an Emir's appointment, therefore the National Assembly has the authority to remove an Emir from his post. The National Assembly effectively removed Saad al-Sabah from his post in 2006 because of Saad's inability to rule due to illness. In 2001, Nathan J. Brown considered Kuwait's National Assembly to be the most independent parliament in the Arab world;[3] in 2009, Eran Segal considered it to be among the "strongest" parliaments in the Middle East.[4]

Emirs of Kuwait (1752-present)

No. Name
(Birth-Death)
Portrait Title(s) Reigned from Reigned until
1 Sabah I bin Jaber
(Sabah I)
(1700-1762)
No image.svg His Highness
The 1st Ruler of Kuwait
1752 1762
According to the official Kuwaiti sources, Sabah I was unanimously chosen for the position of sheikh.[5]
2 Abdullah I al-Sabah
(Abdullah I)
(1740-1814)
No image.svg His Highness
The 2nd Ruler of Kuwait
1762 3 May 1814
Youngest son of Sabah I bin Jaber.
3 Jaber I al-Sabah
(Jaber I)
(1770-1859)
No image.svg His Highness
The 3rd Ruler of Kuwait
1814 1859
Eldest son of Abdullah I Al-Sabah.
4 Sabah II al-Sabah
(Sabah II)
(1784-1866)
No image.svg His Highness
The 4th Ruler of Kuwait
1859 November 1866
Eldest son of Jaber I Al-Sabah.
5 Abdullah II al-Sabah
(Abdullah II)
(1814-1892)
His Highness
The 5th Ruler of Kuwait
November 1866 1892
Eldest son of Sabah II Al-Sabah.
6 Muhammad al-Sabah
(Muhammad I)
(1838-1896)
His Highness
The 6th Ruler of Kuwait
May 1892 1896
Second son of Sabah II Al-Sabah.
7 Mubarak al-Sabah
(Mubarak I)
(1837-1915)
Mubarak Al-Sabah of Kuwait.jpg His Highness
The 7th Ruler of Kuwait
18 May 1896 28 November 1915
Son of Sabah II Al-Sabah. Known as "The Great".
8 Jaber II al-Sabah
(Jaber II)
(1860-1917)
Jabir II bin Mubarak as-Sabah (cropped).jpg His Highness
The 8th Ruler of Kuwait
28 November 1915 2 February 1917
Eldest son of Mubarak Al-Sabah.
9 Salim al-Mubarak al-Sabah
(Salim I)
(1864-1921)
Salim bin Mubarak as-Sabah.jpg His Highness
The 9th Ruler of Kuwait
5 February 1917 22 February 1921
Second son of Mubarak Al-Sabah.
10 Ahmad al-Jaber al-Sabah
(Ahmad I)
(1885-1950)
?  .jpg His Highness
The 10th Ruler of Kuwait
29 March 1921 29 January 1950
Son of Jaber II Al-Sabah.
Founder of the Kuwait Public Security Force and early stages of the Military of Kuwait.[6]
11 Abdullah al-Salim al-Sabah
(Abdullah III)
(1895-1965)
Shaikh Abdullah III Al-Salim Al-Sabah.jpg His Highness
The 11th Ruler of Kuwait
The 1st Emir of the State of Kuwait
Commander-in-chief of Kuwait Military Forces.
29 January 1950 24 November 1965
Eldest son of Salim Al-Mubarak Al-Sabah.
Political leader during the Operation Vantage, invoked Section 4 of the independence agreement to request British military intervention.
Introduced the Constitution of Kuwait in 1962. Introduced the National Assembly in 1963.
12 Sabah al-Salim al-Sabah
(Sabah III)
(1913-1977)
Sabah III Al-Salim Al-Sabah.jpg His Highness
The 12th Ruler of Kuwait
The 2nd Emir of the State of Kuwait
Commander-in-chief of the Kuwait Military Forces.
24 November 1965 31 December 1977
Youngest son of Salim Al-Mubarak Al-Sabah.
1st Minister of Foreign Affairs and political leader during the Six-Day War (1967), the War of Attrition (1967-70), the 1973 Samita border skirmish and the October War (1973).
13 Jaber al-Ahmad al-Sabah
(Jaber III)
(1926-2006)
Jaber al-Ahmed Al-Sabah with George H.W. Bush (cropped).jpg His Highness
The 13th Ruler of Kuwait
The 3rd Emir of the State of Kuwait
Commander-in-chief of the Kuwait Military Forces.
31 December 1977 15 January 2006
Third son of Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah.
1st Prime Minister of Kuwait and political leader during the Iran-Iraq War (1980-88), the Invasion of Kuwait (1990) and the Gulf War (1991).
14 Saad al-Abdullah al-Salim al-Sabah
(Saad I)
(1930-2008)
Saad Al-Salim Al-Sabah.jpg His Highness
The 14th Ruler of Kuwait
The 4th Emir of the State of Kuwait
Commander-in-chief of the Kuwait Military Forces.
15 January 2006 24 January 2006
Eldest son of Abdullah Al-Salim Al-Sabah.
1st Minister of Interior and 2nd Minister of Defense. Defense leader during the Six Day War (1967), the War of Attrition (1967-70), the 1973 Samita border skirmish, the October War (1973) and the Iran-Iraq War (1980-88).[7]
Military governor and second political leader during the Invasion of Kuwait and Gulf War. Deposed by the National Assembly and abdicated simultaneously due to illness; died on 13 May 2008.
15 Sabah al-Ahmad al-Jaber al-Sabah
(Sabah IV)
(1929-2020)[8][9]
POTD-September-5-2018 (cropped).jpg His Highness
The 15th Ruler of Kuwait
The 5th Emir of the State of Kuwait
Commander-in-chief of the Kuwait Military Forces.
29 January 2006 29 September 2020
Fourth son of Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah.
2nd Minister of Foreign Affairs (1963-2003) and 2nd Minister of Interior by interim (1978).
Prime Minister (2003-06).[10]
Honored by the United Nations for his leadership, with respect to humanitarian mission work around the Middle East and Africa on September 9, 2014.[11]
16 Nawaf al-Ahmad al-Jaber al-Sabah
(Nawaf I)
(1937-)
Nawaf Al Ahmad Al Sabah.jpg His Highness
The 16th Ruler of Kuwait
The 6th Emir of the State of Kuwait
Commander-in-chief of the Kuwait Military Forces.
29 September 2020[12] Incumbent
Sixth son of Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah.
Governor of Hawalli (1962-1978), Minister of Interior (1978-1988), Minister of Defense (1988-1991), Acting minister of labor and social affairs (1991-1992), Deputy chief of the Kuwait National Guard (1994-2003), Deputy Prime Minister of Kuwait and Minister of the Interior (2003-2006), and Crown Prince of Kuwait (2006-2020).

See also

References

  1. ^ "Kuwait's new emir Sheikh Nawaf to be sworn in on September 30: Parliament speaker". Deccan Herald. 29 September 2020.
  2. ^ "Show us the money - Oil Revenues, Undisclosed Allocations and Accountability in Budgets of the GCC States" (PDF).
  3. ^ Nathan J. Brown. "Mechanisms of accountability in Arab governance: The present and future of judiciaries and parliaments in the Arab world" (PDF). pp. 16-18. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-10-10. Retrieved .
  4. ^ Eran Segal. "Kuwait Parliamentary Elections: Women Making History" (PDF). Tel Aviv Notes. p. 1. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-01-04.
  5. ^ Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf, Oman, and Central Arabia, Geographical, Volume 1, Historical Part 1, John Gordon Lorimer,1905, p1000
  6. ^ [1] Kuwait National Guard Archives, Award Medal Ceremony in presence of British Officials on February 1944 for His Highness Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah from the British Raj (British Government of India) near the Kuwait Public Security Force Directorate
  7. ^ .. ? ? (in Arabic). Retrieved 2015.
  8. ^ [2], Honoring Kuwait 2014, Kuwait News Agency (KUNA), Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah...A Humanitarian Leader; " His Highness the Amir...His Biography & His Journey"; Retrieved December 17th, 2014
  9. ^ "United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon's Statements". un.org. Retrieved 2014.
  10. ^ [3], Honoring Kuwait 2014, Kuwait News Agency (KUNA), Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah...A Humanitarian Leader; " His Highness the Amir...His Biography & His Journey"; Retrieved December 17th, 2014
  11. ^ "Secretary-General's remarks at ceremony recognizing the humanitarian leadership of His Highness Sheikh Sabah Al Ahmad Al Jaber Al Sabah, Amir of Kuwait". un.org. Retrieved 2014.
  12. ^ "Kuwait's new emir, Sheikh Nawaf, to be sworn in Wednesday - parliament speaker". National Post. 29 September 2020.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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