List of Heads of State of Albania
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List of Heads of State of Albania

This is a list of heads of state of Albania who have served since the Declaration of Independence of 1912.

Since the collapse of the communist regime in 1991, the head of state of Albania is the President of the Republic (Albanian: Presidenti i Republikës). The President is indirectly elected to a five-year term and is limited to a maximum of two terms, as specified by the Constitution. As in most parliamentary systems, the President is now by-and-large a ceremonial office, with the Prime Minister de facto heading the executive branch.[1]

Heads of State

Monarchs

No. Portrait Name Reign Royal House
Flag of Albania (1914-1920).svg Principality of Albania (1914-1925)
1 WilhelmPrinceAlbania.jpg Wilhelm of Wied
(1876-1945)
Princ Vidi (nënshkrim).svg
7 March 1914 3 September 1914 Wied-Neuwied
5 months and 27 days
Flag of Albania (1934-1939).svg Albanian Kingdom (1928-1939)
2 King Zog I.jpg Zog I
(1895-1961)
Zogu (nënshkrim).svg
1 September 1928 7 April 1939 Zogu
10 years, 7 months and 6 days
Flag of Albania (1939-1943).svg Italian Protectorate (1939-1943)
3 Vitorioemanuel.jpg Vittorio Emanuele III
(1869-1947)
Vittorio Emanuele III Autograph.svg
16 April 1939 8 September 1943 Savoy
4 years, 4 months and 23 days

Chairmen of the Presidium

No. Portrait Name Term in office Party
Flag of Albania (1946-1992).svg People's Socialist Republic of Albania (1944-1991)
1 Omer Nishani.jpg Omer Nishani
(1887-1954)
Omer Nishani (nënshkrim).svg
12 January 1946 31 July 1953 Communist Party
renamed in 1948 to
Party of Labour
7 years, 6 months and 19 days
2 Haxhi Lleshi 1943.jpg Haxhi Lleshi
(1913-1998)
Haxhi Lleshi (nënshkrim).svg
1 August 1953 21 November 1982 Party of Labour
29 years, 3 months and 20 days
3 Ramiz Alia
(1925-2011)
Ramiz Alia (nënshkrim).svg
22 November 1982 3 April 1992 Party of Labour
9 years, 4 months and 12 days

First Secretaries

No. Portrait Name Term in office Party
Flag of Albania (1946-1992).svg People's Socialist Republic of Albania (1944-1991)
1 HOD?A druhá míza.jpg Enver Hoxha
(1908-1985)
Enver Hoxha (signature).svg
20 October 1944 11 April 1985 Communist Party
renamed in 1948 to
Party of Labour
40 years, 5 months and 22 days
2 Ramiz Alia
(1925-2011)
Ramiz Alia (nënshkrim).svg
13 April 1985 4 May 1991 Party of Labour
6 years and 21 days

Presidents

No. Portrait Name Term in office Nominated by
Flag of Albania (1926-1928).svg Albanian Republic (1925-1928)
1 King Zog I.jpg Ahmet Zogu
(1895-1961)
Zogu (nënshkrim).svg
1 February 1925 1 September 1928 Conservative Party
3 years and 7 months
Flag of Albania.svg Republic of Albania (1991-present)
2 Ramiz Alia
(1925-2011)
Ramiz Alia (nënshkrim).svg
30 April 1991 3 April 1992 Party of Labour
11 months and 4 days
3 Sali Berisha (cropped).jpg Sali Berisha
(born 1944)
Sali Berisha (nënshkrim).svg
9 April 1992 24 July 1997 Democratic Party
5 years, 3 months and 15 days
4 Rexhep Meidani.jpg Rexhep Meidani
(born 1944)
Rexhep Meidani (nënshkrim).svg
24 July 1997 24 July 2002 Socialist Party
5 years
5 Alfred Moisiu June06.jpg Alfred Moisiu
(born 1929)
Alfred Moisiu (nënshkrim).svg
24 July 2002 24 July 2007 Consensual
5 years
6 Bamir Topi 2.jpg Bamir Topi
(born 1957)
Bamir Topi (nënshkrim).svg
24 July 2007 24 July 2012 Democratic Party
5 years
7 Bujar Nishani at meeting with Michael Spindelegger.jpg Bujar Nishani
(born 1966)
Bujar Nishani (nënshkrim).svg
24 July 2012 24 July 2017 Democratic Party
5 years
8 Ilir Meta (portrait).jpg Ilir Meta
(born 1969)
Ilir Meta (nënshkrim).svg
24 July 2017 Incumbent
(Term ends on 24 July 2022)
Socialist Movement for Integration
2 years, 3 months and 13 days

Acting Heads of State

No. Portrait Name Term in office Title
Flag of Albanian Provisional Government (1912-1914).svg Albania (1912-1914)
1 Ismail Qemali (portrait).jpg Ismail Qemali
(1844-1919)
Ismail Qemali (nënshkrim).svg
28 November 1912 22 January 1914 Chairman of the Provisional Government
1 year, 1 month and 25 days
2 Fejzi Alizoti (portrait).jpg Fejzi Alizoti
(1874-1945)
Fejzi Alizoti (nënshkrim).svg
22 January 1914 7 March 1914 Chairman of the Central Administration
1 month and 13 days
Essad Pasha's flag.svg Republic of Central Albania (1913-1914)
-- Essad Pasha Toptani.jpg Esad Toptani
(1863-1920)
Esat Toptani (nënshkrim).svg
12 October 1913 12 February 1914 Chairman of the Opposition Council of the Elders of Central Albania
4 months
Flag of Albania (1914-1920).svg Principality of Albania (1914-1925)
-- Mustafa Ndroqi
(?-?)
23 September 1914 4 October 1914 Chairman of the First General Council
11 days
3 Essad Pasha Toptani.jpg Esad Toptani
(1863-1920)
Esat Toptani (nënshkrim).svg
5 October 1914 24 February 1916 Chairman of the Provisional Government
1 year, 4 months and 19 days
Austro-Hungarian Command
(24 February 1916 - 28 December 1918)
4 Turhan Pasha.jpg Turhan Përmeti
(1839-1927)
Turhan Pasha (nënshkrim).svg
28 December 1918 28 January 1920 Chairman of the Provisional Government
1 year and 1 month
5 Sulejman Delvina (portrait).jpg Sulejman Delvina
(1884-1933)
Sylejman Delvina (nënshkrim).svg
28 January 1920 30 January 1920 Acting Chairman of the Provisional Government
2 days
High Council
(30 January 1920 - 31 January 1925)
6 Fan Stilian Noli.jpg Fan Noli
(1882-1965)
Fan Noli (nënshkrim).svg
2 July 1924 24 December 1924 Acted in place of the High Council
5 months and 22 days
Flag of Albania (1939-1943).svg Italian Protectorate (1939-1943)
7 Xhafer Ypi.jpg Xhafer Ypi
(1880-1940)
Xhafer Ypi (nënshkrim).svg
9 April 1939 12 April 1939 Chairman of the Provisional Administration Committee
3 days
8 Shefqet Vërlaci.jpg Shefqet Vërlaci
(1877-1946)
Shefqet Vërlaci (nënshkrim).svg
12 April 1939 16 April 1939 Chairman of the Provisional Administration Committee
4 days
Flag of Albania (1943-1944).svg German Client State (1943-1944)
9 Ibrahim Biçakçiu.jpg Ibrahim Biçaku
(1905-1977)
Ibrahim Biçakçiu (nënshkrim).svg
14 September 1943 20 October 1943 Chairman of the Provisional Executive Committee
1 month and 6 days
10 Mehdi Frashëri.jpg Mehdi Frashëri
(1872-1963)
Mehdi Frashëri (nënshkrim).svg
20 October 1943 25 October 1944 Chairman of the Provisional Administration Committee
1 year and 5 days
Flag of Albania.svg Republic of Albania (1991-present)
11 Kastriot Islami
(born 1952)
3 April 1992 6 April 1992 Speaker of the Parliament
3 days
12 Pjetër Arbnori
(1935-2006)
6 April 1992 9 April 1992 Speaker of the Parliament
3 days
13 Skënder Gjinushi
(born 1949)
24 July 1997 24 July 1997 Speaker of the Parliament
0 days

See also

References

  1. ^ "Albania Heads of State" (PDF).

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

List_of_heads_of_state_of_Albania
 



 



 
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