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List of Human Habitation Forms
This is a list of house types. Houses can be built in a large variety of configurations. A basic division is between free-standing or single-family detached homes and various types of attached or multi-family residential dwellings. Both may vary greatly in scale and amount of accommodation provided.
Single-pile house layouts are one room deep, but may be more than one room wide
Bungalow is a common term applied to a low one story house with a shallow-pitched roof (in some locations, dormered varieties are referred to as 1.5-story, such as the chalet bungalow in the United Kingdom).
A Cottage is a small house, usually one story in height, although the term is sometimes applied to larger structures.
Cape Cod-style house or Cape: a style of double-pile one-story cottage; low, broad with a steep side-gable roof to which dormers are often added to create a second story (in some locations, referred to as 1.5-story)
Dacha: cottage-type house in Russia and former union republics of the Soviet Union
Split-level house is a design of house that was commonly built during the 1950s and 1960s. It has two nearly equal sections that are located on two different levels, with a short stairway in the corridor connecting them.
Airey house: a type of low-cost house that was developed in the United Kingdom during the 1940s by Sir Edwin Airey, and then widely constructed between 1945 and 1960 to provide housing for soldiers, sailors, and airmen who had returned home from World War II. These are recognizable by their precast concrete columns and by their walls made of precast "ship-lap" concrete panels.
Assam-type House: an earthquake-resistant house type commonly found in the northeastern states of India
Plank house: a general term for houses built using planks in a variety of ways
Pole house: a timber house in which a set of vertical poles carry the load of all of its suspended floors and roof, allowing all of its walls to be non-load-bearing.
Prefabricated house: a house whose main structural sections were manufactured in a factory, and then transported to their final building site to be assembled upon a concrete foundation, which had to be poured locally.
Two-family or duplex: two living units, either attached side-by-side and sharing a common wall (in some countries, called semi-detached) or stacked one atop the other (in some countries, called a double-decker)
Three-family or triplex: three living units, either attached side-by-side and sharing common walls, or stacked (in some countries, called a three-decker or triple-decker)
Four-family or quadplex or quad: four living units, typically with two units on the first floor and two on the second, or side-by-side
Townhouse, terraced house, or rowhouse: common terms for single-family attached housing, whose precise meaning varies by location, often connotating a series of living units arranged side-by-side sharing common walls (not to be confused with the English term for an aristocratic mansion, townhouse (Great Britain))
Linked house: side-by-side attached houses that appear detached above-ground but are attached at the foundation below-ground
Linked semi-detached: side-by-side attached houses with garages in between them, sharing basement and garage walls
Mews property: an urbanstable-block that has often been converted into residential properties. The houses may have been converted into ground floor garages with a small flat above which used to house the ostler or just a garage with no living quarters.
^Harris 2006, p. 892, Single-pile house: A house that is only one room deep"
^Cloues 2005, Single Pen: "A one-room house, usually gable-roofed with an end chimney"; Harris 2006, p. 490, Hall: "4. A small, relatively primitive dwelling having a one-room plan."
^Cloues 2005, Double Pen: "A two-room house with two front doors, usually gable-roofed with end chimneys"
^Cloues 2005, Saddlebag: "A two-room house with a central chimney and one or two front doors, usually gable-roofed"
^Cloues 2005, Hall-Parlor: "A two-room house with unequal-sized rooms and one front door, usually gable-roofed"
^Cloues 2005, Central Hallway: "A two-room house with a central hall and centered front door, usually gable-roofed with end chimneys"
^Cloues 2005, Dogtrot: "A two-room house with an open center passage"
^Harris 2006, p. 328, Double-pile house: A house that is two rooms deep"
^Cloues 2005, Shotgun: "A one-room wide house, two or more rooms deep, without a hallway; gable- or hip-roofed"
^Harris 2006, pp. 887-888, Side-hall plan, side passage plan: "A floor plan of a house having a corridor that runs from the front to the back of the house along one exterior wall; all rooms are located on the same side of the corridor."
^Cloues 2005, Bungalow: "A house relatively long and low in proportion, rectangular in plan, with an irregular interior floor plan, featuring integral porches and low-pitched roofs"
^Cloues, Ranch House: "A house with long, low proportions and extended rectangular plan, sometimes with L- or T-shaped extensions at one or both ends, rooms clustered with family living spaces at one end and bedrooms at the other end, often with integral carport or garage; low gabled or hipped roof" Harv error: no target: CITEREFCloues (help); Poore 2018; Salant 2006.