List of Irredentist Claims or Disputes
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List of Irredentist Claims or Disputes

This is a list of irredentist claims or disputes. Irredentism is any political or popular movement that seeks to claim or reclaim and occupy a land that the movement's members consider to be a "lost" (or "unredeemed") territory from their nation's past. Not all territorial disputes are irredentist, although they are often couched in irredentist rhetoric to justify and legitimise such claims both internationally and within the country.

Prominent irredentist disputes (by area)

Prominent irredentist disputes during the past century have included:

Europe

State Claimed area Notes
 Armenia  Republic of Artsakh
 Austria  South Tyrol A desire to unify South Tyrol with Austria is held by nationalist groups in both Austria and South Tyrol, which became part of Italy following Austria's loss in World War One.[1][2][3]
 Chechnya Parts of:

 Dagestan

Chechnya (currently part of the Russian Federation) has occasionally laid claims on a region called Akkia (roughly the Auhovskiy rayon, in Russian), part of neighbouring Dagestan.
 Russia  South Ossetia
 Georgia  Abkhazia
 South Ossetia
 Ingushetia Parts of:

 North Ossetia - Alania

 Ireland  Northern Ireland The claim was officially dropped in accordance with the Good Friday Agreement.
 Portugal  Olivenza
 Serbia  Republika Srpska Currently, there is a movement calling for the unification of Republika Srpska with Serbia. The area is currently part of Bosnia and Herzegovina.[4]
 Spain  Gibraltar
 Albania  Kosovo

Russian irredentism can be divided into three categories: broad, intermediate, and narrow.

Historical and fringe disputes

Many fringe and opposition groups in various countries maintain their own set of territorial claims, which are given below:

State Claimed area Notes
 Albania Kosovo

Parts of:
Serbia
Montenegro
North Macedonia
Greece

Some claim the calls for a Greater Albania is irredentist.
 Armenia Parts of:

 Georgia
 Azerbaijan
 Turkey
 Iran

 Belarus Parts of:

 Poland
 Lithuania
 Russia

 Bosnia and Herzegovina Parts of:

 Montenegro
 Serbia

 Bulgaria  North Macedonia

Parts of:
 Romania
 Serbia
 Greece
 Turkey
 Albania

 Croatia Parts of:

 Bosnia and Herzegovina
 Serbia
 Montenegro

 Denmark Scania
Schleswig
 England  Monmouthshire The English Democrats Party are irredentist in regards to Monmouthshire (since 1974 part of Wales).[7]
 Estonia Parts of:

 Russia

 Finland  Karelia
 Greece  Cyprus

Parts of:
 Turkey
 Albania

The Megali Idea became a political objective of the Greek government in the early 20th century. It envisioned a "Greater Greece" covering areas of earlier Greek empires where significant Greek settlements still existed. The idea ended with the devastating defeat of the Greek army in Asia Minor in 1922 and the following population exchange between Greece and Turkey.[8][9]
 Georgia Parts of:

 Turkey
 Russia
 Azerbaijan
 Armenia

Georgian irredentists claim Tao-Klarjeti
 Germany  Austria
 Luxembourg
 Liechtenstein

Parts of:
 Belgium
 Poland
 Lithuania
 Russia
 Denmark
 France
 Czech Republic
 Hungary
 Slovakia
 Italy
 Slovenia

 Hungary Parts of:

 Slovakia
 Romania
 Serbia
 Ukraine
 Austria

 Italy  Malta

Parts of:
 Albania
 Croatia
 France

Italian claims to Istria and Dalmatia after World War I.
 North Macedonia Parts of:

 Greece
 Bulgaria
 Albania

Irredentists from North Macedonia have expressed land claims to the entire historical region of Macedonia
 Norway  Greenland
 Faroe Islands
 Shetland
 Orkney

Parts of:
 Sweden

 Poland Parts of:

 Belarus
 Ukraine
 Lithuania
 Czech Republic

 Romania  Moldova

Parts of:
 Bulgaria
 Ukraine

 Serbia  Kosovo

Parts of:
 Bosnia and Herzegovina
 Croatia
 North Macedonia
 Montenegro

 Slovenia Parts of:

 Italy
 Austria
 Croatia

 Ukraine Parts of:

 Transnistria
 Romania
 Slovakia
 Poland
 Belarus
 Russia

Asia

Middle East

State Claimed area Notes
 Azerbaijan Parts of:

 Iran

 Iraq  Kuwait
 Iraq  Khuzestan

( Iran)

 Iraqi Kurdistan  Iraq
 Israel  Palestine
 Lebanon Parts of:

 Israel

 Palestine  Israel
 Jordan
 Syria

( Israel)

 Syria Hatay

( Turkey)

 Turkey Parts of:

 Syria  Iraq

[Claims for extension of southern and eastern borders as shown on maps circulating on Turkish television as part of ideology of Neo-Ottomanism.[10]

South and Central America

State Claimed area Notes
 Argentina  Falkland Islands
Argentina claims land in the South Atlantic and Antartica, including the Falkland Islands
 Bolivia Parts of:

 Chile

 Chile Parts of:

 Argentina

 Guanacaste  Puntarenas
 Guatemala  Belize

Parts of:
 Mexico

 Nicaragua Parts of:

 Costa Rica
 Colombia

 Venezuela Parts of:

 Guyana

North America

State Claimed area Notes
None. Parts of:

 United States

Fringe claims among some Mexicans to the Southwestern United States, conquered by the United States from Mexico in the Mexican-American War and later purchased (Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo) for a sum of 15 million dollars; and the Gadsden Purchase for 10 million dollars. No Mexican government, member of the establishment or modern intellectual has ever proposed or supported any such idea.
 Quebec  Labrador The Quebec government claims that the territory of Labrador belongs to the province of Quebec. Labrador is part of the province of Newfoundland and Labrador.[11]

Africa

State Claimed area Notes
 Comoros  Mayotte
 Madagascar Parts of:

 France

 Mauritania  Western Sahara
 Azawad

Parts of:
 Mali
 Niger

 Morocco  Western Sahara
 Madeira
 Canary Islands
 Mauritania
 Ceuta
 Melilla

Parts of:
 Algeria
 Mali

 Puntland Parts of:

 Somaliland

 Somaliland Parts of:

 Puntland

 Somalia Parts of:

 Ethiopia
 Kenya

See also

References

  1. ^ Bell, Bethany (8 December 2012). "South Tyrol's identity crisis: Italian, German, Austrian...?". Bolzano, Italy: BBC News. Retrieved 2016.
  2. ^ "South Tyrol heading to unofficial independence referendum in autumn". nationalia.info. 3 July 2013. Retrieved 2016.
  3. ^ Marchetti, Silvia (31 May 2014). "The South Tyrol identity crisis: to live in Italy, but feel Austrian". The Guardian. Retrieved 2016.
  4. ^ Refugees, United Nations High Commissioner for. "Refworld | Bosnia: Defying court ban, Republika Srpska goes ahead with 'Statehood Day'". Refworld. Retrieved 2019.
  5. ^ Socor, Vladimir (25 March 2014). "Putin's Crimea Speech: A Manifesto of Greater-Russia Irredentism". Eurasia Daily Monitor. 11 (56). Archived from the original on 27 April 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  6. ^ Saideman, Stephen (18 March 2014). "Why Crimea is likely the limit of Greater Russia". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 2016.
  7. ^ "Manifesto of the English Democrats: Putting England First" (PDF). bbc.co.uk. 2005. Retrieved 2016.
  8. ^ Finefrock, Michael M. (March 1980). "Ataturk, Lloyd George and the Megali Idea: Cause and Consequence of the Greek Plan to Seize Constantinople from the Allies, June-August 1922". The Journal of Modern History. The University of Chicago Press Books. 52 (S1). Retrieved 2019.
  9. ^ "The Greek Turkish Population Exchange" (PDF). Retrieved 2019.
  10. ^ https://foreignpolicy.com/2016/10/23/turkeys-religious-nationalists-want-ottoman-borders-iraq-erdogan/
  11. ^ "La question du Labrador" [The question Labrador]. Estrien Movement for French (in French). 2 May 2001. Archived from the original on 26 April 2005.

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