List of Metropolitan Areas in Europe by Population
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List of Metropolitan Areas in Europe by Population
Satellite picture of Europe by night. Lights reveal the urbanized areas of Europe. It also shows the Blue Banana megalopolis from north-west England to northern Italy, and Golden Banana urbanized area between Genua and Valencia.

This list ranks metropolitan areas in Europe by their population according to three different sources; it includes metropolitan areas that have a population of over 1 million.


List includes metropolitan areas according only studies of ESPON, Eurostat, and OECD. For this reason some metropolitan areas, like Italian Genoa Metropolitan Area (population is over 1.510.000 as of 2012 according "CityRailway" Official Report), aren't included in this list, with data by other statistic survey institutes.

Figures in the first column come from the ESPON project, "Study on Urban Functions", which defines cities according to the concept of a functional urban area (core urban area defined morphologically on the basis of population density, plus the surrounding labour pool defined on the basis of commuting). Figures in the second column come from Eurostat's Urban Audit and correspond to Larger Urban Zones (LUZ). Figures in the fourth column come from the OECD Territorial Reviews and correspond to "metropolitan regions". Further information on how the areas are defined can be found in the source documents. These figures should be seen as an interpretation, not as conclusive fact.

Metropolitan areas

  Areas within the European Union
Metropolitan area name Country ESPON
Functional Urban Area
Metropolitan region
Metropolitan region
Amsterdam metropolitan area  Netherlands 2,497,000[a] 2,729,421 7,500,000[a]
Antwerp  Belgium 1,406,000[b] 1,041,811 No Data
Athens  Greece 3,761,000 3,773,559 3,900,000
Barcelona metropolitan area  Spain 4,082,000[c] 5,474,482 4,900,000
Belgrade  Serbia 1,133,146 1,659,440 1,133,146
Berlin  Germany 4,016,000 5,207,915 6,000,000
Bilbao  Spain 947,000 1,134,514 No data
Birmingham (West Midlands)  United Kingdom 2,601,107 4,332,264 2,600,000
Bremen  Germany 1,077,000 1,269,755 No data
Bristol  United Kingdom 1,041,000 1,133,729 No data
Brussels-Capital Region  Belgium 2,639,000[b] 2,513,849 3,800,000
Bucharest metropolitan area  Romania 2,064,000 2,287,347 No data
Budapest metropolitan area  Hungary 2,523,000 3,000,076 2,800,000
Cardiff  United Kingdom 1,097,000 1,129,971 No data
Copenhagen  Denmark 2,350,000[4][5][d] 2,014,225 3,900,000[6][7]
Donetsk  Ukraine No data No data No data
Dnipro  Ukraine No data No data No data
Dublin Metropolitan Area  Ireland 1,477,000 1,917,677 1,800,000
Frankfurt/Rhine-Main Region  Germany 2,764,000[e] 2,671,358 5,600,000
Greater Glasgow  United Kingdom 1,395,000 1,836,014 No data
The Hague  Netherlands 1,404,000[a] 853,987 Not listed[a]
Hamburg Metropolitan Region  Germany 2,983,000 3,282,164 4,600,000
Helsinki Metropolitan Area  Finland 1,285,000 1,638,293 1,800,000
Istanbul[f]  Turkey No data No data 11,400,000
Katowice metropolitan area  Poland 3,029,000[g] 2,713,464 No data
Kazan  Russia No data No data No data
Kharkiv  Ukraine No data No data No data
Kiev metropolitan area  Ukraine No data No data No data
Kraków metropolitan area  Poland 1,236,000 1,472,784 2,100,000
West Yorkshire (Bradford - Leeds)  United Kingdom 2,302,000 1,118,711[h] 2,100,000
Lille-Kortrijk-Tournai  France/
1,379,000[i] 2,612,189 2,600,000
Lisbon Metropolitan Area  Portugal 2,591,000 2,821,349 2,700,000
Liverpool/Birkenhead  United Kingdom 2,241,000 1,530,512[j] No data
?ód?  Poland 1,165,000 1,079,031 No data
Wroc?aw  Poland No data 634,192 No data
London metropolitan area  United Kingdom 11,203,000 14,187,146 8,200,000
Lyon  France 1,669,000 1,860,112 1,600,000
Madrid metropolitan area  Spain 5,263,000 6,476,838 5,600,000
Greater Manchester  United Kingdom 2,556,000 3,287,460 2,500,000
Marseille  France 1,530,000 3,099,950 No data
Milan metropolitan area  Italy 7,636,000[k] 4,316,398 8,447,125
Minsk  Belarus No data No data No data
Moscow metropolitan area  Russia No data No data No data
Munich  Germany 2,665,000[l] 2,879,107 6,100,000
Naples metropolitan area  Italy 3,714,000[8] 3,107,006 3,100,000
Nice  France 1,082,000 1,081,455 No data
Nizhny Novgorod  Russia No data No data No data
Nottingham-Derby  United Kingdom 1,534,000 323,475[m] No data
Nuremberg Metropolitan Region  Germany 1,443,000 1,333,043 No data
Odessa  Ukraine No data No data No data
Greater Oslo  Norway 1,037,000 1,271,127 1,700,000
Paris metropolitan area  France 11,175,000 12,193,865 11,200,000
Perm  Russia No data No data No data
Porto Metropolitan Area  Portugal 1,245,000[n] 1,719,021 No data
Portsmouth-Southampton  United Kingdom 1,547,000 670,017[o] No data
Prague  Czech Republic 1,669,000 2,619,490 2,300,000
Rhein-Nord[p] (Düsseldorf - Neuss)  Germany 3,073,000[q] 1,545,431 Not listed[a]
Rhein-Süd[p] (Cologne - Bonn)  Germany 3,070,000[q] 1,987,901[r] Not listed[a]
Riga  Latvia 1,195,000 641,423 No data
Rome metropolitan area  Italy 5,190,000 4,353,738 5,356,271
Rostov-on-Don  Russia No data No data No data
Rotterdam  Netherlands 1,904,000[a] 1,445,056 Not listed[a]
Ruhr area  Germany 5,376,000[q] 5,118,681 13,400,000[q]
Saarbrücken - Forbach  Germany/
1,102,000 804,286 No data
Saint Petersburg  Russia No data No data No data
Samara  Russia No data No data No data
Saratov  Russia No data No data No data
Seville  Spain 1,180,000[s] 1,943,191 No data
Sofia  Bulgaria 1,260,120 1,681,592 1,681,666
Metropolitan Stockholm  Sweden 2,171,000 2,325,353 2,200,000
South Yorkshire (Sheffield)  United Kingdom 1,869,000 576,167[t] No data
Stuttgart Metropolitan Region  Germany 2,289,000 2,757,930 2,700,000
Thessaloniki Metropolitan Area  Greece 1,052,000 1,108,085 No data
Turin metropolitan area  Italy 1,601,000[u] 2,277,857 2,200,000
Newcastle-Sunderland  United Kingdom 1,599,000 1,167,815[v] No data
Ufa  Russia No data No data No data
Valencia  Spain 1,398,000[w] 2,522,383 2,300,000
Vienna  Austria 2,584,000 2,811,186 2,200,000
Volgograd  Russia No data No data No data
Warsaw metropolitan area  Poland 2,785,000 3,369,567 3,000,000
Zagreb  Croatia 1,107,115 1,243,779 No data
Zürich metropolitan area   Switzerland 1,615,000 1,984,534 2,500,000

Polycentric metropolitan areas in the European Union

(excludes Commonwealth of Independent States and Turkey)

Rank Area State Population[9]
1 Rhine-Ruhr  Germany 12,190,000
2 Randstad  Netherlands 8,219,380
3 Upper Silesian metropolitan area  Poland/  Czech Republic 5,294,000
4 Flemish Diamond  Belgium 5,103,000

See also

Regional and country-specific lists


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Part of the Randstad polycentric urban region consisting of the metropolitan areas of Amsterdam, Rotterdam, The Hague, and Utrecht (982,000). The total population of the region is 7,100,000.
  2. ^ a b The Flemish Diamond metropolitan region, which consists of the metropolitan areas of Brussels, Antwerp, Gent, and Leuven, has a total population of 5,103,000.
  3. ^ Total population is 4,251,000 if the metropolitan area of Mataro (169,000) is included.
  4. ^ Part of the wider Öresund region, which includes the Swedish metropolitan area of Malmö (961,000). The total regional population is 2,842,000.
  5. ^ Part of the Rhein-Main metropolitan region with a total population of 4,149,000, which additionally includes the metropolitan areas of Darmstadt (501,000), Wiesbaden (453,000), and Mainz (431,000).
  6. ^ 65% of the population lives on the European part
  7. ^ Part of the polycentric Upper Silesian urban region with a total population of 5,294,000. The region additionally includes the metropolitan areas of Ostrava (1,046,000), Bielsko-Biala (584,000) and Rybnik (526,000).
  8. ^ Just Leeds (Bradford 535,135)
  9. ^ Part of the wider Lille-Bassin Minier region with a total population of 3,115,000.
  10. ^ Just Liverpool
  11. ^ Part of a wider polycentric urban region with a population of 8,311,000.
  12. ^ When combined with the Augsburg metropolitan area (606,000), the region has a total population of 3,271,000.
  13. ^ just Nottingham (Derby 257,101)
  14. ^ Part of a wider polycentric urban region with a population of 1,778,000.
  15. ^ just Portsmouth (Southampton 253,395)
  16. ^ a b Polycentric metropolitan area
  17. ^ a b c d Part of the polycentric urban region of Rhein-Ruhr, which has a total population of 12,190,000.
  18. ^ just Cologne, Bonn 919,979
  19. ^ Total population is 1,262,000 if the metropolitan area of Utrera (82,000) is included.
  20. ^ just Sheffield
  21. ^ Total population is 1,716,000 if the metropolitan of Pinerolo is included.
  22. ^ just Newcastle (Sunderland 278,034)
  23. ^ Total population is 1,499,000 if the metropolitan area of Sagunto is included.


  1. ^ "Study on Urban Functions (Project 1.4.3)]" (PDF). European Spatial Planning Observation Network. March 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 September 2015., Final Report, Chapter 3
  2. ^ "Database". Eurostat. 1 January 2017. Retrieved 2018. click General and regional statistics / Regional statistics by typology / Metropolitan regions / Demography statistics by metropolitan regions / Population on 1 January by broad age group, sex and metropolitan regions (met_pjanaggr3)
  3. ^ Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Competitive Cities in the Global Economy, OECD Territorial Reviews, (OECD Publishing, 2006), Table 1.1
  4. ^ OECD: Territorial Review Copenhagen, 2009, p. 34, ISBN 9789264060029
  5. ^ also obtainable through [1]
  6. ^ "Danmarks Statistik". Danmarks Statistik. Retrieved 2015.
  7. ^ "Statistics Sweden". Statistics Sweden. Retrieved 2015.
  8. ^ "Principal Agglomerations of the World". Citypopulation. January 2017.
  9. ^ European Spatial Planning Observation Network, Study on Urban Functions (Project 1.4.3) Archived 2015-09-24 at the Wayback Machine, Final Report, Chapter 3, (ESPON, 2007) page 241-243

External links

  • Geopolis: research group, university of Paris-Diderot, France - Population of urban areas of 10,000 or more

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