List of Musical Scales and Modes
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List of Musical Scales and Modes

The following is a list of musical scales and modes. Degrees are relative to the major scale.

List of musical scales and modes
Name Image Sound Degrees # of pitch classes Lower tetrachord Upper tetrachord Use of key signature usual or unusual
15 equal temperament
15-tet scale on C.
About this sound Play  -- 15 -- -- --
16 equal temperament
16-tet scale on C.
About this sound Play  -- 16 -- -- --
17 equal temperament
17-tet scale on C.
About this sound Play  -- 17 -- -- --
19 equal temperament
19-tet scale on C.
About this sound Play  -- 19 -- -- --
21 equal temperament
21-tet scale on C.
About this sound Play  -- 21 -- -- --
Acoustic scale
Acoustic scale on C.
About this sound Play  1 2 3 ?4 5 6 ?7 7 whole tone minor
Aeolian mode or natural minor scale
Aeolian on C.
About this sound Play  1 2 ?3 4 5 ?6 ?7 7 minor Phrygian Usual
Algerian scale
Algerian scale on C.
About this sound Play  1 2 ?3 ?4 5 ?6 7 etc. variable -- --
Alpha scale -- About this sound Play  -- 15.39 -- -- --
Altered scale
Altered scale on C.
About this sound Play  1 ?2 ?3 ?4 ?5 ?6 ?7 7 diminished whole tone
Augmented scale
Augmented scale on C.
About this sound Play  1 ?3 3 5 ?5 7 6 -- --
Bebop dominant scale
Bebop dominant scale on C.
About this sound Play  1 2 3 4 5 6 ?7 7 8 -- --
Beta scale -- About this sound Play  -- 18.75 -- -- --
Blues scale
Blues scale on C.
About this sound Play  1 ?3 4 ?5 5 ?7 6 -- --
Bohlen-Pierce scale -- About this sound Play  -- -- -- -- --
Chromatic scale
Chromatic scale on C.
About this sound Play  1 ?1 2 ?2 3 4 ?4 5 ?5 6 ?6 7
7 ?7 6 ?6 5 ?5 4 3 ?3 2 ?2 1
12 -- -- --
Delta scale -- About this sound Play  -- 85.7 -- -- --
Dorian mode
Dorian on C.
About this sound Play  1 2 ?3 4 5 6 ?7 7 minor minor Usual
Double harmonic scale
Double harmonic scale on C.
About this sound Play  1 ?2 3 4 5 ?6 7 7 harmonic harmonic Unusual
Enigmatic scale
Enigmatic scale on C.
About this sound Play  1 ?2 3 ?4 ?5 ?6 7 7 Unusual
Euler-Fokker genus
Euler-Fokker genus 337 on C.
About this sound Play  -- 6 -- -- --
Flamenco mode
Flamenco mode on C.
About this sound Play  1 ?2 3 4 5 ?6 7 7 Phrygian Phrygian Unusual
Gamma scale -- About this sound Play  -- 34.29 -- -- --
"Gypsy" scale[a]
"Gypsy" [sic] scale on C.
About this sound Play  1 2 ?3 ?4 5 ?6 ?7 7 Gypsy Phrygian Unusual
Half diminished scale
Half diminished scale on C.
About this sound Play  1 2 ?3 4 ?5 ?6 ?7 7 minor whole tone
Harmonic major scale
Harmonic major scale on C.
About this sound Play  1 2 3 4 5 ?6 7 7 major harmonic
Harmonic minor scale
Harmonic minor scale on C.
About this sound Play  1 2 ?3 4 5 ?6 (?)7 7 minor harmonic
Harmonic Scale
Harmonic scale chromatic on C.
About this sound Play  -- 144 -- -- --
Hexany -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Hirajoshi scale
Hirajoshi scale on C.
About this sound Play  1 3 ?4 5 7 5 -- -- --
Hungarian "Gypsy" scale[a]
Hungarian "Gypsy"[sic] scale on C.
About this sound Play  1 2 ?3 ?4 5 ?6 7 7 Gypsy harmonic Unusual
Hungarian minor scale
Hungarian minor scale on C.
About this sound Play  1 2 ?3 ?4 5 ?6 7 7 Gypsy harmonic
In scale
Miyako-bushi scale on D, equivalent to in scale on D, with brackets on fourths.
About this sound Play  1 ?2 4 5 ?6 5 -- --
Insen scale
Insen scale on C.
About this sound Play  1 ?2 4 5 ?7 5 -- -- --
Ionian mode or major scale
Ionian on C.
About this sound Play  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 7 major major Usual
Istrian scale
Istrian mode on C.
About this sound Play  1 ?2 ?3 ?4 ?5 5 6 -- -- --
Iwato scale
Iwato scale on C.
About this sound Play  1 ?2 4 ?5 ?7 5 -- -- --
Locrian mode
Locrian on C.
About this sound Play  1 ?2 ?3 4 ?5 ?6 ?7 7 Phrygian whole tone Usual
Lydian augmented scale
Lydian augmented scale on C.
About this sound Play  1 2 3 ?4 ?5 6 7 7 whole tone diminished
Lydian mode
Lydian on C.
About this sound Play  1 2 3 ?4 5 6 7 7 whole tone major Usual
Major bebop scale
Major bebop scale on C.
About this sound Play  1 2 3 4 5 (?5/?6) 6 7 7(8) -- --
Major Locrian scale
Major Locrian scale C.
About this sound Play  1 2 3 4 ?5 ?6 ?7 7 major whole tone
Major pentatonic scale
Major pentatonic scale on C.
About this sound Play  1 2 3 5 6 5 -- -- Usual
Melodic minor scale
The A melodic minor scale, ascending and descending, on A.
About this sound Play  1 2 ?3 4 5 ?6 ?7 8 ?7 ?6 5 4 ?3 2 1 9 minor varies
Melodic minor scale (ascending)
Melodic minor scale ascending on A.
About this sound Play  1 2 ?3 4 5 6 7 7 minor major
Minor pentatonic scale
Minor pentatonic scale on A.
About this sound Play  1 ?3 4 5 ?7 5 -- -- Usual
Mixolydian mode or Adonai malakh mode
Mixolydian on C.
About this sound Play  1 2 3 4 5 6 ?7 7 major minor Usual
Neapolitan major scale
Neapolitan major scale on C.
About this sound Play  1 ?2 ?3 4 5 6 7 7 Phrygian major Unusual
Neapolitan minor scale
Neapolitan minor scale on C.
About this sound Play  1 ?2 ?3 4 5 ?6 7 7 Phrygian harmonic Unusual
Non-Pythagorean scale -- About this sound Play  -- -- -- -- --
Octatonic scale
Octatonic scales on C.
About this sound Play  1 2 ?3 4 ?5 ?6 6 7
1 ?2 ?3 3 ?4 5 6 ?7
8 -- --
Pelog
Pelog approximated in Western notation.
About this sound Play  -- -- -- -- --
Persian scale
Persian scale on C.
About this sound Play  1 ?2 3 4 ?5 ?6 7 7 harmonic unusual
Pfluke scale - - 1 2 ?3 ?4 5 6 7 7 minor minor Unusual
Phrygian dominant scale
Phrygian dominant on C.
About this sound Play  1 ?2 3 4 5 ?6 ?7 7 harmonic Phrygian Unusual
Phrygian mode
Phrygian on C.
About this sound Play  1 ?2 ?3 4 5 ?6 ?7 7 Phrygian Phrygian Usual
Prometheus scale
Prometheus scale on C.
About this sound Play  1 2 3 ?4 6 ?7 6 -- --
Quarter tone scale
Quarter tone scale C.
About this sound Play  1 half sharp1 ?1 three quarter sharp1 2 half sharp2 ?2 three quarter sharp2 3 half sharp3 4 half sharp4 ?4 three quarter sharp4 5 half sharp5 ?5 three quarter sharp5 6 half sharp6 ?6 three quarter sharp6 7 half sharp7
half flat8 7 half flat7 ?7 three quarter flat7 6 half flat6 ?6 three quarter flat6 5 half flat5 ?5 three quarter flat5 4 half flat4 3 half flat3 ?3 three quarter flat3 2 half flat2 ?2 three quarter flat2 1
24 -- -- --
Scale of harmonics
Scale of harmonics C.
About this sound Play  -- -- -- -- --
Slendro
Slendro on C compared to a whole tone scale on C.
About this sound Play  or About this sound Play  -- 5 -- -- --
Tritone scale
Tritone scale on C.
About this sound Play  1 ?2 3 ?5 5 ?7 6 -- --
Ukrainian Dorian scale
Ukrainian Dorian mode on C.
About this sound Play  1 2 ?3 ?4 5 6 ?7 7 Gypsy minor Unusual
Whole tone scale
Whole tone scale on C.
About this sound Play  1 2 3 ?4 ?5 ?6 6 -- --
Yo scale
Miny? scale on D, equivalent to yo scale on D, with brackets on fourths.
About this sound Play  1 ?3 4 5 ?7 5 -- --

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b "Gypsy" is considered a derogatory term for people who refer to themselves as Roma.

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