List of National Parks of Japan
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List of National Parks of Japan
Itsukushima in Setonaikai National Park, the first of Japan's National Parks (established 1934)

National Parks (?, Kokuritsu K?en) and Quasi-National Parks (?, Kokutei K?en) in Japan are places of scenic beauty designated for protection and sustainable usage by the Minister of the Environment under the Natural Parks Law () of 1957.[1] National Parks are designated and in principle managed by the Ministry of the Environment. Quasi-National Parks, of a slightly lesser beauty, size, diversity, or state of preservation, are recommended for ministerial designation and managed by the Prefectures under the supervision of the Ministry.[2]


Japan established its first k?en () or public parks in 1873 (Asakusa Park, Asukayama Park, Fukagawa Park, Shiba Park, and Ueno Park). In 1911 local citizens petitioned that the shrines and forests of Nikk? be placed under public protection. In 1929 the National Parks Association was formed. In 1931 the first National Parks Law () was passed. After much study and survey, in March 1934 the first parks were established -- Setonaikai, Unzen and Kirishima -- with five more in December and a further four two years later. Three further parks were established under the old National Parks Law, in colonial Taiwan in 1937: the Tatun National Park (the smallest in Japan); Tsugitaka-Taroko National Park, (the largest); and Niitaka-Arisan National Park (with the highest mountain in then Japan).[3]

Ise-Shima was the first to be created after the war, and a further seven had been added by 1955.

In 1957 the Natural Parks Law replaced the earlier National Parks Law, allowing for three categories: the National, Quasi-National, and Prefectural Natural Parks. With minor amendments this established the framework that operates today.[4][5]

As of 1 April 2014, there were 31 National Parks and 56 Quasi-National Parks, with the National Parks covering 20,996 km² (5.6% of the land area) and the Quasi-National Parks 13,592 km² (3.6% of the land area). In addition, there were 314 Prefectural Parks covering 19,726 km² (5.2% of the land area).[6] On 27 March 2015, the 32nd National Park was established, My?k?-Togakushi Renzan National Park,[7] on 15 September 2016, the 33rd, Yanbaru National Park, and on 7 March 2017, the 34th, Amami Gunt? National Park, subsuming Amami Gunt? Quasi-National Park.[8][9] On 25 March 2016, a further Quasi-National Park was established, Kyoto Tamba Kogen Quasi-National Park.[10]

Protection status

The area of each National and Quasi-National Park is divided into ordinary, special and marine park zones. Special zones are further subdivided into special protection and class I, II, and III special zones, restricting access and use for preservation purposes. The state owns only approximately half of the land in the parks.[11]

Map of National Parks

This map shows the locations of the national parks in Japan. Note Ogasawara National Park is not visible on the map.

List of National Parks

Name Established Region Area [ha] Photo
Akan Mashu National Park 1934 Hokkaid? 90.481 hectares (223.58 acres) Onneto and Akan1 DSCN2488 20060805.JPG
Minami Alps National Park 1964 Ch?bu 35.752 hectares (88.35 acres) 13 Arakawadake from Shiomidake 2000-7-9.jpg
Amami Gunt? National Park 2017 Ky?sh? 42.181 hectares (104.23 acres) Mangrove in amami.JPG
Ashizuri-Uwakai National Park 1972 Shikoku 11.345 hectares (28.03 acres) Ashizurimisaki-cape 01.JPG
Aso Kuj? National Park 1934 Ky?sh? 72.678 hectares (179.59 acres) Aso Nakadake 20150920.jpg
Bandai-Asahi National Park 1950 T?hoku 186.389 hectares (460.58 acres) Bishamon Pond With Mount Bandai.JPG
Chichibu Tama Kai National Park 1950 Kant? 126.259 hectares (311.99 acres) Mt.Kobushigatake from Mt.Tokusa 03.jpg
Ch?bu-Sangaku National Park 1934 Ch?bu 174.323 hectares (430.76 acres) Mount Tate and Mount Tsurugi from Mount Nunobiki.jpg
Daisen-Oki National Park 1936 Ch?goku 35.353 hectares (87.36 acres) Daisen in Autumn.jpg
Daisetsuzan National Park 1934 Hokkaid? 226.764 hectares (560.35 acres) Daisetsusan national park 2005-08.JPG
Fuji-Hakone-Izu National Park 1936 Kant? 121.695 hectares (300.71 acres) Fujisan from kenashiyama 01 1994 11 27.jpg
Hakusan National Park 1962 Ch?bu 11.345 hectares (28.03 acres) Hakusan01.JPG
Iriomote-Ishigaki National Park 1972 Ky?sh? 40.653 hectares (100.46 acres) Kabira Bay Ishigaki Island30s3s4592.jpg
Ise-Shima National Park 1946 Kinki 55.544 hectares (137.25 acres) Ago Bay and sunrise s3.JPG
J?shin'etsu-k?gen National Park 1949 Kant? 148.194 hectares (366.20 acres) Mount Tanigawa 01.jpg
Kerama Shot? National Park 2014 Ky?sh? 3,520 hectares (8,700 acres) Furuzamami beach Okinawa Zamami.jpg
Kirishima-Kinkowan National Park 1934 Ky?sh? 36.586 hectares (90.41 acres) Summit of Sakurajima.jpg
Kushiro-shitsugen National Park 1987 Hokkaid? 28.788 hectares (71.14 acres) Kushirositsugen Hosooka Tenboudai01.jpg
My?k?-Togakushi Renzan National Park 2015 Ch?bu 39.772 hectares (98.28 acres) Lake Nojiri.JPG
Nikk? National Park 1934 Kant? 114.908 hectares (283.94 acres) Lake chuzenji and kegon waterfall.jpg
Ogasawara National Park 1972 Kant? 6,629 hectares (16,380 acres) Ogasawara Islands, Tokyo, Japan.jpg
Oze National Park 1972 T?hoku 37.200 hectares (91.92 acres) Mountains in Oze National Park.JPG
Rishiri-Rebun-Sarobetsu National Park 1974 Hokkaid? 24.166 hectares (59.72 acres) Mt Rishiri.jpg
Saikai National Park 1955 Ky?sh? 24.646 hectares (60.90 acres) Shiodawara cliff.JPG
Sanin Kaigan National Park 1936 Kinki 8,783 hectares (21,700 acres) Uradome Coast Sengan-Matsushima.JPG
Sanriku Fukk? National Park 1955 T?hoku 28.537 hectares (70.52 acres) Jyoudogahama.jpg
Setonaikai National Park 1934 Kinki, Ch?goku, Shikoku, Kyushu (Joint management) 67.242 hectares (166.16 acres) Harbor View Park Hinase Bizen Okayama Pref Japan03bs.jpg
Shikotsu-T?ya National Park 1949 Hokkaid? 99.473 hectares (245.80 acres) Lake Shikotsu Mt Monbetsu03n3200.jpg
Shiretoko National Park 1964 Hokkaid? 38.636 hectares (95.47 acres) Waterfall of Kamuiwakka 01.JPG
Towada-Hachimantai National Park 1936 T?hoku 85.534 hectares (211.36 acres)  Mt. Iwate ^ Hachimantai Plateau from Tamayama - panoramio.jpg
Unzen-Amakusa National Park 1934 Ky?sh? 28.279 hectares (69.88 acres) Fugendake 02 Pyroplastic flow area.JPG
Yakushima National Park 2012 Ky?sh? 32.553 hectares (80.44 acres) Shiratani Unsui Gorge 18.jpg
Yanbaru National Park 2016 Ky?sh? 13.622 hectares (33.66 acres) Hedo Utaki.jpg
Yoshino-Kumano National Park 1936 Kinki 61.406 hectares (151.74 acres) Hashiguiiwa Stones.jpg

List of Quasi-National Parks






Ch?goku and Shikoku


See also


  1. ^ "Natural Parks Act (1957)" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 2012.
  2. ^ "Natural Park Systems in Japan" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. pp. 4, 12. Retrieved 2012.
  3. ^ Kanda Koji. "Landscapes of National Parks in Taiwan During the Japanese Colonial Period" (PDF). Osaka City University. Retrieved 2016.
  4. ^ Sutherland, Mary; Britton, Dorothy (1995). National Parks of Japan. Kodansha. pp. 6f. ISBN 4-7700-1971-8.
  5. ^ "Natural Park Systems in Japan" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. pp. 1f. Retrieved 2012.
  6. ^ "Summary table of area figures for Natural Parks" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. 1 April 2014. Retrieved 2015.
  7. ^ "Birth of Myoko Togakushi Renzan National Park". Ministry of the Environment. 10 June 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  8. ^ [About Yanbaru National Park - Summary] (in Japanese). Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 2016.
  9. ^ () [Consultation about the Establishment of Amami Gunt? National Park] (in Japanese). Ministry of the Environment. 6 October 2016. Retrieved 2011.
  10. ^ "" (in Japanese). Ministry of the Environment. 24 March 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  11. ^ "Natural Park Systems in Japan" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. pp. 2f. Retrieved 2012.

External links

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