List of Parliamentary Constituencies in Northern Ireland
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List of Parliamentary Constituencies in Northern Ireland

Northern Ireland is divided into 18 Parliamentary constituencies: 4 borough constituencies in Belfast and 14 county constituencies elsewhere. Section 33 of the Northern Ireland Act 1998 provides that the constituencies for the Northern Ireland Assembly are the same as the constituencies that are used for the United Kingdom Parliament.[1] Parliamentary constituencies are not used for local government, which is instead carried out by 11 district councils; these often have different boundaries.

Each constituency returns one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons at Westminster and five Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLAs) to the devolved Northern Ireland Assembly at Stormont. Six MLAs were returned per constituency until the Assembly Members (Reduction of Numbers) Act (Northern Ireland) 2016 reduced the number to five, effective from the 2017 Assembly election.[2]

NI Parliamentary Constituencies 2010.svg

2019 general election

  Democratic Unionist   Sinn Féin   Social Democratic and Labour   Ulster Unionist   Alliance Party

Name[nb 1] Electorate[3] Majority[nb 2] Member of Parliament Unionist % Nationalist % Other % Map
Belfast East BC 66,245 1,819 Gavin Robinson 55.1 0.0 44.9
A very small constituency, located in the east of the country.
Belfast North BC 72,225 1,943 John Finucane 43.1 47.1 9.8
A very small constituency, located in the east of the country
Belfast South BC 69,984 15,401 Claire Hanna 27.2 58.4 14.3
A very small constituency, located in the East of the country.
Belfast West BC 65,644 14,672 Paul Maskey 13.5 65.7 20.9
A very small constituency, located in the East of the country.
East Antrim CC 64,830 6,706 Sammy Wilson 62.8 8.1 29.1
A medium-sized constituency, located in the East of the country.
East Londonderry CC 69,246 9,607 Gregory Campbell 49.3 35.7 15.1
A fairly large constituency, located in the north of the country.
Fermanagh & South Tyrone CC 72,848 57 Michelle Gildernew 43.2 50.1 6.3
A very large constituency, comprising the southwest area of the country.
Foyle CC 74,346 17,110 Colum Eastwood 12.4 82.0 5.5
A medium-sized constituency found in the south east of the county.
Lagan Valley CC 75,735 6,499 Jeffrey Donaldson 64.9 6.3 28.8
A medium constituency located inland, in the southeast of the country.
Mid Ulster CC 70,449 9,537 Francie Molloy 30.4 60.2 9.4
A medium constituency, located slightly to the north and west of the centre of the country.
Newry & Armagh CC 81,226 9,287 Mickey Brady 30.0 61.8 8.3
A medium constituency in the south of the country.
North Antrim CC 77,134 12,721 Ian Paisley, Jr. 65.9 19.5 14.7
A large constituency in the north of the county.
North Down CC 67,099 2,968 Stephen Farry 54.8 0.0 45.2
A medium-sized constituency found in the south east of the county.
South Antrim CC 71,711 2,689 Paul Girvan 64.3 16.7 19.1
A medium constituency located in the extreme south west of the county.
South Down CC 79,175 1,620 Chris Hazzard 21.9 64.1 13.9
A medium constituency located in the centre of the county. Due to the elongated shape of the county, no constituencies border it to the north or the south despite its central location.
Strangford CC 66,928 7,071 Jim Shannon 62.6 6.8 30.5
A small constituency. It is situated in the south west of the county, although it borders another constituency located further south west.
Upper Bann CC 82,887 8,210 Carla Lockhart 53.4 33.8 12.9
A large constituency in the north of the county.
West Tyrone CC 66,259 7,478 Órfhlaith Begley 28.7 60.4 11.0
A medium-sized constituency found in the south east of the county.
  1. ^ BC denotes borough constituency, CC denotes county constituency.
  2. ^ The majority is the number of votes the winning candidate receives more than their nearest rival.

Data from the BBC Election Website. For full official results see the Electoral Office of Northern Ireland.

Historical representation by party

Where a cell is marked -> (with a different colour of frame to the preceding cell) it indicates that the previous MP continued to sit under a new party affiliation. Changes are dated in the header row: either a general election (four-figure year, bold, link) or by-election or change in affiliation (two-figure year, italic, link or details appear on hover).

1801 to 1832 (22 MPs)

Antrim

  Tory   Whig

Londonderry

  Tory   Whig

* Sir George Hill, 2nd Baronet, was elected to sit as MP for both Coleraine and Londonderry City in the 1806 general election and chose to continue to sit for Londonderry City, hence the 1807 by-election, in which Walter Jones was restored to his seat.

Tyrone

  Tory   Whig   Independent

* At both the 1802 and 1806 elections, George Knox was returned for both Dungannon and Dublin University and chose to sit for the university seat.

Armagh

  Tory   Whig

* Charles Brownlow was initially elected as a Tory but at some point changed his affiliation to sit with the Whigs.

Down

  Tory   Whig

* The Parliaments of England by Henry Stooks Smith suggests that after the 1806 election there was a petition, which led to Edward Southwell Ruthven (Whig) being unseated and John Wilson Croker (Tory) being declared duly elected. Parliamentary Election Results in Ireland, 1801-1922, edited by BM Walker, does not make any reference to such a petition.

Fermanagh

  Tory

1832 to 1885 (29 MPs)

Antrim

  Conservative   Whig   Peelite   Liberal

Londonderry

  Conservative   Whig   Liberal

*unseated on petition

Tyrone

  Conservative   Peelite   Liberal

Constituency 1832 1835 1837 38 39 1841 1847 51 1852 1857 1859 1865 1868 73 1874 1880 80 81
Dungannon J. Knox T. Knox T. Knox jnr W. Knox T. Dickson J. Dickson
Tyrone H. T. Lowry Corry -> -> H. W. Lowry Corry Litton T. Dickson
Stewart Hamilton Alexander Hamilton -> -> Ellison-Macartney

Armagh

  Conservative   Whig   Peelite   Liberal

Constituency 1832 1835 1837 40 1841 1847 51 1852 55 1857 1859 64 1865 67 1868 71 73 1874 75 1880
Armagh Dobbin Curry Rawdon Moore Bond Miller Bond Miller Vance Beresford
County Armagh Acheson Caulfeild Close Stronge Close
Verner W. Verner jnr E. Verner Richardson
Newry Hill Brady Ellis F. J. Needham -> Hallewell Kirk Quinn Innes Kirk F. C. Needham Whitworth Thomson

Down

  Conservative   Whig   Peelite   Liberal

Fermanagh

  Conservative

1885 to 1918 (25 MPs)

Antrim

   Conservative Party    Irish Unionist then Ulster Unionist    Russellite Unionist    Independent Unionist

Armagh

   Conservative Party    Irish Unionist then Ulster Unionist    Irish Parliamentary Party (1885-90, 1900-22) / Irish National League (1890-1900)    Irish National Federation    Healyite Nationalist    Nationalist Party

Belfast

   Conservative Party    Irish Unionist then Ulster Unionist    Independent Unionist    Liberal Unionist    Irish Parliamentary Party (1885-90, 1900-22) / Irish National League (1890-1900)    Irish National Federation    Nationalist Party    Labour Unionist

Down

   Conservative Party    Irish Unionist then Ulster Unionist    Russellite Unionist    Irish Parliamentary Party (1885-90, 1900-22) / Irish National League (1890-1900)    Irish National Federation    Nationalist Party

Fermanagh

   Irish Unionist then Ulster Unionist    Russellite Unionist    Irish Parliamentary Party (1885-90, 1900-22) / Irish National League (1890-1900)    Irish National Federation

Londonderry

   Conservative Party    Irish Unionist then Ulster Unionist    Liberal Unionist    Liberal Party    Irish Parliamentary Party (1885-90, 1900-22) / Irish National League (1890-1900)    Irish National Federation

Tyrone

   Conservative Party    Irish Unionist then Ulster Unionist    Russellite Unionist    Liberal Unionist    Liberal Party    Irish Parliamentary Party (1885-90, 1900-22) / Irish National League (1890-1900)    Irish National Federation    Nationalist Party

1918 to 1922 (29 MPs)

   Irish Unionist then Ulster Unionist    Independent Unionist    Labour Unionist    Sinn Féin

1922 to 1950 (13 MPs)

  Ulster Unionist   Ulster Progressive Unionist   Independent Unionist   New Party   Northern Ireland Labour   Independent Labour   Federation of Labour   Irish Labour   Nationalist Party

1950 to 1983 (12 MPs)

Periodic boundary reviews commenced in 1947.[4][5] The elections at which these were implemented are tagged with diamond suit characters, ?.

The 1st Periodic Review boundary map can be viewed on the ARK elections website. Changes in the 2nd review were relatively minor.[6]

Notes:

  1. The constituency was won by Philip Clarke of Sinn Féin, but he was unseated on petition on the basis that his criminal conviction (for Irish Republican Army activity) made him ineligible. Instead, the seat was awarded to the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) candidate.
  2. The seat was originally won by Tom Mitchell of Sinn Féin, but Mitchell was subsequently unseated upon petition, on the grounds that his terrorist convictions made him ineligible to sit in Parliament. The seat was awarded to Charles Beattie of the UUP. However, Beattie in turn was also found ineligible to sit due to holding an office of profit under the crown, triggering a further by-election.
  3. Original winner of the 1950 election in that seat, James Godfrey MacManaway (UUP), disqualified due to being a clergyman. Teevan won the subsequent by-election

1983 to present (17, then 18 MPs)

3rd and 4th Review boundary maps can be viewed on the ARK elections website: 1983, 1997.

  Democratic Unionist   Sinn Féin   Social Democratic and Labour   Ulster Unionist   Alliance Party   Independent   Ulster Popular Unionist   UK Unionist Party

1Paisley Jr was suspended from the DUP between July and November 2018.

Recent Evolution

Ni mps.png

Proposed changes

Northern Ireland parliamentary constituencies-Provisional Proposals for 2018.svg

In September 2016 as part of the Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies, the Boundary Commission for Northern Ireland provisionally proposed a new set of boundaries for a 17-constituency Northern Ireland:[7]

Northern Ireland constituency boundaries- Revised Proposals for 2018.svg

Following two public consultation periods, a set of revised proposals was published on 20 January 2018. Belfast was restored to four seats, and changes elsewhere were scaled back:[8]

Following a final consultation period, the Commission submitted a final report to the Secretary of State on 5 September 2018.[9] In the revised report, West Tyrone was deleted. Its area will be covered by the new constituency Sperrin.[10] However, the government failed to introduce legislation implementing the new boundaries in time for the 2019 United Kingdom general election, so it is unknown when--or even if--the boundary review's proposals will be implemented.

See also

External links

References

  1. ^ "FAQs". Boundary Commission for Northern Ireland. Archived from the original on 1 April 2014. Retrieved 2014.
  2. ^ "Assembly Members (Reduction of Numbers) Act (Northern Ireland) 2016". Retrieved 2017.
  3. ^ "House Of Commons Library 2017 Election report" (PDF). House Of Commons Library. 7 April 2018.
  4. ^ Uberoi, Elise; White, Isobel. "Constituency boundary reviews and the number of MPs". Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  5. ^ White, Isobel. "Parliamentary constituency boundaries: the Fifth Periodical Review". Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  6. ^ Whyte, Dr Nicholas. "Westminster election February 1974". www.ark.ac.uk. Retrieved 2018.
  7. ^ "Provisional Proposals Report - 2018 Review of Parliamentary Constituencies" (PDF). Boundary Commission for Northern Ireland. Sep 2016. Retrieved 2018.
  8. ^ "Revised Proposals Report - 2018 Review of Parliamentary Constituencies" (PDF). Boundary Commission for Northern Ireland. Jan 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  9. ^ "2018 Review of Parliamentary Constituencies". Boundary Commission for Northern Ireland.
  10. ^ "Final Recommendations Report" (PDF). Boundary Commission for Northern Ireland.

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