List of Political Parties in Hong Kong
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List of Political Parties in Hong Kong
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Politics and government
of Hong Kong
Related topics Flag of Hong Kong.svg Hong Kong portal

Hong Kong has a multi-party system, with numerous parties in which no one party often has a chance of gaining power by controlling the Legislative Council. The Chief Executive is elected by an indirectly elected Election Committee and is nonpartisan as restricted by the Chief Executive Election Ordinance, but has to rely on political parties in the legislature for support, effectively having a coalition government.

Hong Kong has no legislation for political parties, and thus has no legal definition for what a political party is. Most political parties and political groups registered either as limited companies or societies.

In Hong Kong there are three main political ideological blocs, which presents to pro-democracy camp, pro-Beijing camp and the localist groups.

Present parties

The list includes also political groups, trade unions, professional associations and pressure groups in Hong Kong that have been active in elections but are not considered parties.

Parties and groups in the Legislative and District Councils

As of 2 January 2019, there are total number of 47 political groupings represented in the Legislative and District Councils:[1]

Party Ideology Leader Affiliation Founded Representation 2016 vote
share
Legislative
Council
(2016)
District
Councils
(2019)
Democratic Alliance for the Betterment and Progress of Hong Kong (DAB)
Chinese nationalism,
Conservatism
Starry Lee.jpg Starry Lee Pro-Beijing 1992 361,617 (16.7%)
Business and Professionals Alliance for Hong Kong (BPA)
Conservatism,
Economic liberalism
Lo Wai-kwok 2016.jpg Lo Wai-kwok Pro-Beijing 2012 49,745 (2.3%)
Democratic Party (DP)
Social liberalism Tsang announcement to run for hk ceo 8.jpg Wu Chi-wai 1994 199,876 (9.2%)
Hong Kong Federation of Trade Unions (FTU)
?
Chinese nationalism,
Conservative socialism
Ng Chau-pei (cropped).JPG Ng Chau-pei Pro-Beijing 1948 169,854 (7.8%)
Civic Party (CP)
Constitutionalism,
Social liberalism
Alvin Yeung 2017 1.jpg Alvin Yeung Pro-democracy 2006 207,855 (9.6%)
Liberal Party (LP)
Conservatism,
Economic liberalism
Felix Chung 2015.jpg Felix Chung Pro-Beijing 1993 21,500 (1.0%)
New Territories Association of Societies (NTAS)
Chinese nationalism,
Conservatism
Leung Che-cheung 2015.jpg Pro-Beijing 1985
(part of DAB)
N/A
New People's Party (NPP)
Conservatism Regina Ip 2016.jpg Regina Ip Pro-Beijing 2011 167,589 (7.7%)
Professional Commons (PC)
Liberalism PaulusJohannesZimmerman2016.jpg Pro-democracy 2007 N/A
New Territories Heung Yee Kuk (HYK)
Traditional conservatism Blanksvg.svg Kenneth Lau Pro-Beijing 1926 N/A
Labour Party
Environmentalism,
Social democracy
Kwok Wing Kin.jpg Kwok Wing-kin Pro-democracy 2011 101,860 (4.7%)
Team Chu Hoi Dick of New Territories West
?
Liberalism Chu Hoi-dick 2017.jpg Eddie Chu Pro-democracy,
Localist
2019 N/A
Neighbourhood and Worker's Service Centre (NWSC)
?
Liberalism,
Social democracy
Blanksvg.svg Lo Ngai-yin Pro-democracy 1985 20,974 (1.0%)
Roundtable
?
Conservatism Michael Tien.jpg Michael Tien Pro-Beijing 2017 N/A
Civic Passion
?
Localism,
Nativism,
Populism
Cheng Chung-tai.jpg Cheng Chung-tai Localist 2012 122,140 (5.6%)
People Power (PP)
?
Direct democracy, Populism,
Radical democracy
Chan Chi-chuen.jpg Raymond Chan Pro-democracy 2011 99,349 (4.6%)
HK First
?
Liberalism,
Localism,
Populism
Gary Fan 2015 portrait.jpg Gary Fan Pro-democracy,
Localist
2013 N/A
Federation of Hong Kong and Kowloon Labour Unions (FLU)
Conservatism Blanksvg.svg Lam Chun-sing Pro-Beijing 1984 N/A
Hong Kong Professional Teachers' Union (PTU)
?
Liberalism Fung Wai-wah.jpg Fung Wai-wah Pro-democracy 1973 N/A
New Century Forum (NCF)
Conservatism Blanksvg.svg Ma Fung-kwok Pro-Beijing 1999 N/A
Neo Democrats
Liberalism,
Localism
Yam Kai-bong.jpg Yam Kai-bong,
Chow Yuen-wai,
Lui Man-kwong
Pro-democracy 2010 31,595 (1.5%)
Hong Kong Association for Democracy and People's Livelihood (ADPL)
Liberalism,
Social democracy
Sze Tak-loy.jpg Sze Tak-loy Pro-democracy 1986 33,255 (1.5%)
Community Sha Tin
?
Liberalism Blanksvg.svg Ting Tsz-yuen 2017 N/A
Concern Group for Tseung Kwan O People's Livelihood (CGPLTKO)
Liberalism Blanksvg.svg Ricky Or Pro-democracy 2000 N/A
Community March
?
Liberalism Blanksvg.svg Ben Lam 2017 N/A
Community Alliance
?
Liberalism Blanksvg.svg Ricky Or 2019 N/A
Tuen Mun Community Network (TMCN)
Liberalism,
Localism
Blanksvg.svg Wong Tan-ching ,
Localist
2015 N/A
Tin Shui Wai Connection
?
Liberalism,
Localism
Blanksvg.svg N/A ,
Localist
2019 N/A
Tai Po Democratic Alliance
Liberalism Blanksvg.svg N/A 2019 N/A
Federation of Public Housing Estates (FPHE)
?
Conservatism Blanksvg.svg Hau Shui-pui Pro-Beijing 1985 N/A
Sai Kung Commons
?
Liberalism Blanksvg.svg N/A 2019 N/A
Victoria Social Association (VSA)
Liberalism,
Localism
Blanksvg.svg Chow Sai-kit ,
Localist
2019 N/A
League of Social Democrats (LSD)
Social democracy Ng Man-yuen cut.jpg Avery Ng 2006 56,670 (2.6%)
Democratic Alliance
?
Liberalism Johnny Mak Ip-shing.JPG Johnny Mak ,
Pro-Taiwan
2003 N/A
Deliberation Tsuen Wan
?
Liberalism,
Localism
Blanksvg.svg N/A ,
Localist
2019 N/A
Tseung Kwan O Pioneers
?
Liberalism,
Localism
Blanksvg.svg Chan Wai-lit ,
Localist
2016 N/A
Tseung Kwan O Shining
?
Liberalism Blanksvg.svg N/A 2019 N/A
Kowloon East Community
Localism Chan Chak-to.jpg Chan Chak-to Pro-democracy,
Localist
2014 12,854 (0.6%)
Empowering Hong Kong
?
Liberalism,
Localism
Blanksvg.svg Ho Kwok-ho ,
Localist
2019 N/A
Tsing Yi People
?
Liberalism Blanksvg.svg Wong Pit-man 2017 N/A
Lung Mun Concern Group
Liberalism Blanksvg.svg Tsang Kam-wing 2019 N/A
Cheung Sha Wan West Front
Liberalism Blanksvg.svg Wong Kit-long 2019 N/A
Shau Kei Wan East Future
?
Liberalism Blanksvg.svg Kwok Chi-chung 2019 N/A
Tsuen Wan Community Network (TWCN)
Liberalism,
Localism
Blanksvg.svg Lam Shek-tim ,
Localist
2015 N/A
Synergy Kowloon
?
Liberalism,
Localism
Blanksvg.svg Timothy Lee ,
Localist
2017 N/A
Civic Autonomy Power
Liberalism,
Localism
Blanksvg.svg Li Ka-tat ,
Localist
2019 N/A
Tin Shui Wai Livelihood Progression Union
?
Liberalism,
Localism
Blanksvg.svg Lee Wai-fung ,
Localist
2019 N/A

Other parties and groups

Other parties and groups without any representation that have participated in the elections include:

Pro-democracy camp

Pro-Beijing camp

Localist groups

Umbrella organisations

Others

Regional organisations, communal pressure groups and Kaifong associations

Electoral coalitions

Defunct

See also

References

  1. ^ "List of Political Affiliations of LegCo Members and DC Members" (PDF). District Councils of Hong Kong.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

List_of_political_parties_in_Hong_Kong
 



 



 
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