List of Protected Areas of China
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List of Protected Areas of China

This is a list of the nationally-designated protected areas of China. There are many forms of protected areas in China. Based on their relative importance, each type of protected area can be further graded into two to three levels (national, provincial and prefectural/county level). Nevertheless, the highest rank for "pocket nature preserve" (social and mass-based), "no-hunting area", "no-fishing area", "no-logging area", "wild medicinal material resources conservation area", "crop germplasm resources conservation area", "forest tree germplasm resources conservation area" or "source water protection area" is practically restricted to provincial level. The local government at county level is also responsible for the delimitation and declaration of "basic farmland protection area" and "basic grassland". Qinling National Botanical Garden, said to be the world's largest (639 km2, of which 575.31 km2 being set aside for in-situ conservation purposes), was opened (Phase 1) to the public on September 27, 2017.

Take note that many protected areas in China have multiple official designations, and the statutory boundaries of these multi-designated PAs may be identical or may vary one from the other. For instance, the boundaries of Huangshan NP coincide with those of the Huangshan NGP, whereas Fujian province's Wuyi Mountains NNR, NP and NFP are adjacent to each other. In Heilongjiang, 27,642.14 hectares out of 115,340.27 hectares of Huzhong NFP are intersected with the experiment zone of Huzhong NNR.

National Park System Pilot Program

  • Northeast China Tiger and Leopard National Park System Pilot Site, coverage:
    • Hunchun Northeast China Tiger NNR, Jilin
    • Wangqing NNR, Jilin
    • Muling Japanese Yew NNR, Heilongjiang
    • Laoyeling Northeast China Tiger NNR, Heilongjiang
    • Lanjia Daxiagu NFP, Jilin
    • Liufengshan NFP, Heilongjiang
    • Wangqing Gayahe NWP, Jilin
    • Mijianghe Chum Salmon NAGRCA, Jilin
  • Zhejiang Qianjiangyuan National Park System Pilot Site, coverage:
    • Gutianshan NNR
    • Qianjiangyuan NFP
  • Fujian Wuyishan National Park Pilot Site, coverage:
    • Wuyishan NNR
    • Wuyishan NSHA
    • Wuyishan NFP
    • Wuyi Tianchi NFP
    • Jiuquxi Spinibarbus hollandi NAGRCA
  • Hubei Shennongjia National Park System Pilot Site, coverage:
    • Shennongjia NNR
    • Shennongjia NGP
    • Shennongjia NFP
    • Shennongjia Dajiuhu NWP
  • Hunan Nanshan National Park System Pilot Site, coverage:
    • Jintongshan NNR
    • Nanshan NSHA
    • Liangjiang Xiagu NFP
    • Chengbu Baiyunhu NWP
  • Hainan Tropical Rainforest National Park Pilot Site, coverage:
    • Bawangling NNR
    • Jianfengling NNR
    • Wuzhishan NNR
    • Diaoluoshan NNR
    • Yinggeling NNR
    • Jianfengling NFP
    • Diaoluoshan NFP
    • Limushan NFP
    • Bawangling NFP
  • Giant Panda National Park System Pilot Site, coverage:
    • Wolong NNR, Sichuan
    • Fengtongzhai NNR, Sichuan
    • Tangjiahe NNR, Sichuan
    • Longxi - Hongkou NNR, Sichuan
    • Wanglang NNR, Sichuan
    • Baishuihe NNR, Sichuan
    • Xuebaoding NNR, Sichuan
    • Xiaozhaizigou NNR, Sichuan
    • Liziping NNR, Sichuan
    • Qianfoshan NNR, Sichuan
    • Foping NNR, Shaanxi
    • Taibaishan NNR, Shaanxi
    • Zhouzhi NNR, Shaanxi
    • Changqing NNR, Shaanxi
    • Tianhuashan NNR, Shaanxi
    • Sangyuan NNR, Shaanxi
    • Taibai Xushuihe Valuable and Rare Aquatic Organisms NNR, Shaanxi
    • Huangbaiyuan NNR, Shaanxi
    • Laoxiancheng NNR, Shaanxi
    • Guanyinshan NNR, Shaanxi
    • Baishuijiang NNR, Gansu
    • Huanglongsi SHA of Huanglongsi - Jiuzhaigou NSHA, Sichuan
    • Qingcheng Houshan Scenery Area of Qingchengshan - Dujiangyan NSHA, Sichuan
    • Xiling Xueshan NSHA, Sichuan
    • Bailonghu NSHA, Sichuan
    • Longmenshan NSHA, Sichuan
    • Longmenshan NGP, Sichuan
    • Anxian Bioherm NGP, Sichuan
    • Huanglong NGP, Sichuan
    • Dujiangyan NFP, Sichuan
    • Wawushan NFP, Sichuan
    • Xiling NFP, Sichuan
    • Longcanggou NFP, Sichuan
    • Longmenshan NFP, Sichuan
    • Qianfoshan NFP, Sichuan
    • Erlangshan NFP, Sichuan
    • Beichuan NFP, Sichuan
    • Jiguanshan NFP, Sichuan
    • Tianhuashan NFP, Shaanxi
    • Qingfengxia NFP, Shaanxi
  • Yunnan Bodaco National Park System Pilot Site, coverage:
    • Hongshan Scenery Area (part, incl. lakes of Bitahai & Xodo) of Sanjiangbingliu NSHA
  • Qilianshan National Park System Pilot Site, coverage:
    • Qilianshan NNR, Gansu
    • Yanchiwan NNR, Gansu
    • Tianzhu Sanxia NFP, Gansu
    • Xianmi NFP, Qinghai
    • Qilian Heiheyuan NWP, Qinghai
  • Qinghai Sanjiangyuan National Park System Pilot Site, coverage:
    • Hoh Xil NNR
    • Sanjiangyuan NNR
    • Huangheyuan [National] Water Park, Madoi
    • Gyaring Hu Ngoring Hu Gymnocypris eckloni et Platypharodon extremus NAGRCA
    • Qumar He Endemic Fishes NAGRCA

Note 1: The status of Beijing Great Wall National Park System Pilot Site is uncertain after the launch of National Culture Park System Pilot Program.

Note 2: Locally-designated protected areas, connectivity corridors and state-owned forest farms or ranches in the system are omitted.

National Culture Park System Pilot Program

  • Great Wall National Culture Park System Pilot SitePlanned
  • Grand Canal National Culture Park System Pilot SitePlanned
  • Long March National Culture Park System Pilot SitePlanned

National Nature Reserves of China

  • Ratified by: State Council
  • Number of NNRs (unit): 474 (as at May 31, 2018)
  • Area of NNRs (10,000 ha): 9,745 (as of 2017)
  • Total Number of NRs (unit): 2,750 (as of 2017)
  • Area of NRs (10,000 ha): 14,717 (as of 2017)
  • Percentage of Terrestrial NR in the Land Area (%): 14.86 (as of 2017)





Inner Mongolia



























National Scenic and Historic Areas of China

  • Ratified by: State Council
  • Number of NSHAs (unit): 244 (as at March 21, 2017)
  • Area of NSHAs (10,000 km²): 10.36 (as of 2013)
  • Total Number of SHAs (unit): 1,051 (as of 2019)
  • Area of SHAs (10,000 km²): 19.56 (as of 2013)
  • Percentage of SHAs in the Land Area (%): 2.03 (as of 2013)

State Key Protected Fossils' Concentration Origins of China

National Typical Earthquake Sites of China

+: The official name is yet to be verified.

National Geoparks of China

+: From May 23, 2009 onwards, the approval process for awarding the NGP qualifications and naming the NGPs are treated separately by the State Forestry and Grassland Administration. Each NGP-prequalified unit is required to complete a site development within the three-year time limit before gaining formal status as a NGP.

National Mining Parks of China

National Ecoparks of China

National Forest Parks of China

National Wood (Flower) Parks of China

State Key Parks of China

National Urban Wetland Parks of China

National Wetland Parks of China

Note 1: Sites promoted to national-level on the basis of existing provincial wetland park since the implementation of revised Wetlands Conservation and Management Provisions on January 1, 2018.

Note 2: One of the disqualified pilot sites is yet to be verified due to lack of supporting documentation.

National Water Parks of China

National Grassland Nature Parks of China

National Desert (Rocky Desert) Parks of China

Note 1: The above-mentioned "desert" generally refers to "sandy desert", unless otherwise noted.

Note 2: The above-mentioned "rocky desert" generally refers to "karst rocky desert", unless otherwise noted.

National Closed Sandified Land Protected Areas of China

National Special Marine Protected Areas (Marine Parks) of China

+1/+2/+3/+4/+5: one identical institution under two different names.

+i: partially overlapped.

National Aquatic Germplasm Resources Conservation Areas of China

Note: The above-mentioned "crucian carp" generally refers to Carassius auratus, unless otherwise noted.

National Domestic Animal Genetic Resources Conservation Areas of China

See also

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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