List of Protected Species in China
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List of Protected Species in China

The endangered species of China may include any wildlife species designated for protection by the national government of China or listed as endangered by international organizations such as the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) and the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).

Endangered & protected species of China
as designated by the government of China, IUCN and CITES
The giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) is a Class I protected species of the national government of China, a vulnerable species Status iucn VU icon.svg on the IUCN Red List[1] and a species threatened by extinction on Appendix I of the CITES
The red panda (Ailurus fulgens) is a Class II species in China, an endangered species Status iucn EN icon.svg on the IUCN Red List and listed in Appendix I of the CITES.

As one of the world's most biodiverse countries and its most populous, China is home to a significant number of wildlife species vulnerable to or in danger of local extinction due to the impact of human activity.[2][3] Under the Law of the People's Republic of China on the Protection of Wildlife, the national and local governments are required to designate rare or threatened species for special protection under the law. The type of legal protection that a particular species in China enjoys may depend on the locality of administration. For example, the Beijing Municipal Government designates the red fox, wild boar, leopard cat and masked palm civet, which are found in the wilderness around the municipality, as local Class I protected species even though none are among the Class I or II protected species designated by the national government.[4]

China is a signatory country to the CITES and the national government's protected species list generally follows the designation of endangered species by CITES, but also includes certain species that are rare in the country but quite common in other parts of the world so as not to be considered globally threatened (such as moose and beaver) or are vulnerable to economic exploitation thus require legal protection (such as sable and otter). The Chinese endangered species classifications are updated relatively infrequently, and a number of species deemed to be endangered by international bodies have not yet been so recognized in China. Many listed species are endemic to the country, such as the groove-toothed flying squirrel and the [[Ili pika

Designation

The species listed in this article are designated by one or more of the following authorities as endangered or threatened:

  1. The List of Wildlife under Special State Protection as designated by the Chinese State Council pursuant to Article 9 of the Law of the People's Republic of China on the Protection of Wildlife[5][6]
  2. The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), in Appendix I of its catalogue includes "species threatened with extinction".[7]
  3. The Red List of Threatened Species compiled by the International Union for Conservation of Nature.[8]

Endangered and protected animal species

Mammals

Protected and endangered mammal species of China
     indicates species endemic to China
Order Family Scientific name Common name Chinese name Protection
class
in China
IUCN Red List CITES App'x
Primates Hylobatidae Hylobates lar Lar gibbon I 03Status iucn EN icon.svg I
Primates Hylobatidae Nomascus concolor Black crested gibbon I 03Status iucn EN icon.svg I
Primates Hylobatidae Nomascus hainanus Hainan black crested gibbon I 02Status iucn CR icon.svg I
Primates Hylobatidae Nomascus leucogenys Northern white-cheeked gibbon I 03Status iucn EN icon.svg I
Primates Hylobatidae Nomascus nasutus Eastern black crested gibbon ? I 02Status iucn CR icon.svg
Primates Hylobatidae Hoolock hoolock Western hoolock gibbon ? I 03Status iucn EN icon.svg I
Primates Hylobatidae Hoolock leuconedys Eastern hoolock gibbon ? I 04Status iucn VU icon.svg I
Primates Cercopithecidae Rhinopithecus bieti Black snub-nosed monkey ? I 03Status iucn EN icon.svg I
Primates Cercopithecidae Rhinopithecus roxellana Golden snub-nosed monkey ? I 03Status iucn EN icon.svg I
Primates Cercopithecidae Rhinopithecus brelichi Gray snub-nosed monkey ? I 03Status iucn EN icon.svg I
Primates Cercopithecidae Rhinopithecus strykeri Myanmar snub-nosed monkey I 02Status iucn CR icon.svg I
Primates Cercopithecidae Macaca arctoides Stump-tailed macaque II 04Status iucn VU icon.svg
Primates Cercopithecidae Macaca mulatta Rhesus macaque II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Primates Cercopithecidae Macaca thibetana Tibetan macaque II 05Status iucn NT icon.svg
Primates Cercopithecidae Macaca assamensis Assam macaque I 05Status iucn NT icon.svg
Primates Cercopithecidae Macaca cyclopis Formosan rock macaque I 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Primates Cercopithecidae Macaca nemestrina Southern pig-tailed macaque I 04Status iucn VU icon.svg
Primates Cercopithecidae Trachypithecus francoisi François' langur I 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Primates Cercopithecidae Trachypithecus poliocephalus White-headed langur ? I 02Status iucn CR icon.svg
Primates Cercopithecidae Trachypithecus phayrei Phayre's leaf monkey ? I 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Primates Cercopithecidae Trachypithecus shortridgei Shortridge's langur I 03Status iucn EN icon.svg I
Primates Cercopithecidae Semnopithecus schistaceus Nepal gray langur I 06Status iucn LC icon.svg I
Primates Lorisidae Nycticebus bengalensis Bengal slow loris I 04Status iucn VU icon.svg I
Primates Lorisidae Nycticebus pygmaeus Pygmy slow loris I 04Status iucn VU icon.svg I
Carnivora Ailuridae Ailurus fulgens Red panda II 04Status iucn VU icon.svg I
Carnivora Ursidae Ailuropoda melanoleuca Giant panda I 03Status iucn VU icon.svg I
Carnivora Ursidae Helarctos malayanus Sun bear I 04Status iucn VU icon.svg I
Carnivora Ursidae Ursus arctos Brown bear II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg I
Carnivora Ursidae Ursus arctos pruinosus Tibetan blue bear II 07Status iucn DD icon.svg
Carnivora Ursidae Ursus arctos isabellinus Himalayan brown bear 03Status iucn EN icon.svg I
Carnivora Ursidae Selenarctos thibetanus Asian black bear II 04Status iucn VU icon.svg
Carnivora Canidae Canis lupus Gray wolf 06Status iucn LC icon.svg I
Carnivora Canidae Cuon alpinus Dhole ? II 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Carnivora Felidae Panthera tigris amoyensis South China tiger I 02Status iucn CR icon.svg I
Carnivora Felidae Panthera tigris altaica Siberian tiger I 03Status iucn EN icon.svg I
Carnivora Felidae Panthera tigris cobertti Indochinese tiger I 03Status iucn EN icon.svg I
Carnivora Felidae Panthera tigris tigris Bengal tiger ? I 03Status iucn EN icon.svg I
Carnivora Felidae Panthera pardus japonensis North-Chinese leopard I 05Status iucn NT icon.svg I
Carnivora Felidae Panthera pardus orientalis Amur leopard I 05Status iucn CR icon.svg I
Carnivora Felidae Panthera pardus delacouri Indochinese leopard I 05Status iucn NT icon.svg I
Carnivora Felidae Panthera uncia Snow leopard I 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Carnivora Felidae Neofelis nebulosa Clouded leopard I 04Status iucn VU icon.svg I
Carnivora Felidae Prionailurus bengalensis Leopard cat 06Status iucn LC icon.svg I
Carnivora Felidae Felis silvestris Wildcat ? II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Carnivora Felidae Felis bieti Chinese mountain cat II 04Status iucn VU icon.svg
Carnivora Felidae Felis chaus Jungle cat II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Carnivora Felidae Lynx lynx Eurasian lynx II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Carnivora Felidae Felis manul Pallas's cat II 05Status iucn NT icon.svg
Carnivora Felidae Felis temmincki Asian golden cat II 05Status iucn NT icon.svg
Carnivora Felidae Prionailurus viverrinus Fishing cat II 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Carnivora Felidae Pardofelis marmorata Marbled cat 04Status iucn VU icon.svg I
Carnivora Viverridae Prionodon pardicolor Spotted linsang II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg I
Carnivora Viverridae Viverra zibetha Large Indian civet II 05Status iucn NT icon.svg
Carnivora Viverridae Viverricula indica Small Indian civet II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Carnivora Viverridae Arctictis binturong Binturong I 04Status iucn VU icon.svg
Carnivora Mustelidae Lutra lutra European otter II 05Status iucn NT icon.svg I
Carnivora Mustelidae Aonyx cinerea Oriental small-clawed otter ? II 04Status iucn VU icon.svg
Carnivora Mustelidae Lutrogale perspicillata Smooth-coated otter II 05Status iucn VU icon.svg
Carnivora Mustelidae Martes foina Beech marten II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Carnivora Mustelidae Martes zibellina Sable I 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Carnivora Mustelidae Martes flavigula Yellow-throated marten II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Carnivora Mustelidae Gulo gulo Wolverine I 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Carnivora Phocidae Phoca largha Spotted seal II 07Status iucn DD icon.svg
Carnivora Phocidae Erignathus barbatus Bearded seal II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Carnivora Otariidae Eumetopias jubatus Steller sea lion II 05Status iucn NT icon.svg
Sirenia Dugongidae Dugong dugon Dugong I 04Status iucn VU icon.svg I
Proboscidea Elephantidae Elephas maximus indicus Indian elephant I 03Status iucn EN icon.svg I
Perissodactyla Rhinocerotidae Rhinoceros sondaicus Javan rhinoceros 02Status iucn CR icon.svg I
Perissodactyla Rhinocerotidae Rhinoceros sumatrensis Sumatran rhinoceros 02Status iucn CR icon.svg I
Perissodactyla Equidae Equus przewalskii Przewalski's horse I 03Status iucn EN icon.svg I
Perissodactyla Equidae Equus hemionus hemionus Mongolian wild ass ? I 03Status iucn EN icon.svg I
Perissodactyla Equidae Equus kiang Kiang ? I 06Status iucn LC icon.svg I
Artiodactyla Camelidae Camelus ferus Wild Bactrian camel I 02Status iucn CR icon.svg
Artiodactyla Bovidae Bos gaurus Gaur I 04Status iucn VU icon.svg I
Artiodactyla Bovidae Bos mutus Yak I 04Status iucn VU icon.svg I
Artiodactyla Bovidae Capra sibirica Siberian ibex I 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Artiodactyla Bovidae Ovis ammon Argali 05Status iucn NT icon.svg I
Artiodactyla Bovidae Pseudois schaeferi Dwarf blue sheep II 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Artiodactyla Bovidae Hemitragus jemlahicus Himalayan tahr I 05Status iucn NT icon.svg
Artiodactyla Bovidae Budorcas taxicolor bedfordi Golden takin ? I 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Artiodactyla Bovidae Budorcas taxicolor tibetana Sichuan takin ? I 04Status iucn VU icon.svg
Artiodactyla Bovidae Budorcas taxicolor whitei Bhutan takin ? I 04Status iucn VU icon.svg
Artiodactyla Bovidae Budorcas taxicolor taxicolor Mishmi takin I 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Artiodactyla Bovidae Pantholops hodgsonii Tibetan antelope I 03Status iucn EN icon.svg I
Artiodactyla Bovidae Procapra picticaudata Goa II 05Status iucn NT icon.svg
Artiodactyla Bovidae Procapra przewalskii Przewalski's gazelle ? I 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Artiodactyla Bovidae Procapra gutturosa Mongolian gazelle II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Artiodactyla Bovidae Gazella subgutturosa Goitered gazelle II 04Status iucn VU icon.svg
Artiodactyla Bovidae Saiga tatarica Saiga ? I 02Status iucn CR icon.svg
Artiodactyla Bovidae Capricornis sumatraensis Sumatran serow II 04Status iucn VU icon.svg II
Artiodactyla Bovidae Capricornis milneedwardsii Mainland serow ? 05Status iucn NT icon.svg I
Artiodactyla Bovidae Capricornis crispus Japanese serow ? I 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Artiodactyla Bovidae Naemorhedus baileyi Red goral I 04Status iucn VU icon.svg I
Artiodactyla Bovidae Naemorhedus goral Himalayan goral II 05Status iucn NT icon.svg
Artiodactyla Bovidae Naemorhedus caudatus Long-tailed goral ? 04Status iucn VU icon.svg I
Artiodactyla Bovidae Naemorhedus griseus Chinese goral ? 04Status iucn VU icon.svg I
Artiodactyla Cervidae Elaphurus davidianus Père David's deer I 01Status iucn EW icon.svg
Artiodactyla Cervidae Cervus albirostris Thorold's deer I 04Status iucn VU icon.svg
Artiodactyla Cervidae Cervus nippon Shika I 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
[Note 1]
Artiodactyla Cervidae Axis porcinus annamiticus Indochinese hog deer I 03Status iucn EN icon.svg I
Artiodactyla Cervidae Rucervus eldii Eld's deer I 03Status iucn EN icon.svg I
Artiodactyla Cervidae Cervus elaphus Red deer II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Artiodactyla Cervidae Cervus elaphus macneilli Sichuan deer II 07Status iucn DD icon.svg
Artiodactyla Cervidae Cervus unicolor Samber II 04Status iucn VU icon.svg
Artiodactyla Cervidae Alces alces Moose II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Artiodactyla Cervidae Muntiacus crinifrons Hairy-fronted muntjac I 04Status iucn VU icon.svg I
Artiodactyla Cervidae Hydropotes inermis Water deer II 04Status iucn VU icon.svg
Artiodactyla Moschidae Moschus leucogaster White-bellied musk deer I 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Artiodactyla Moschidae Moschus chrysogaster Alpine musk deer I 03Status iucn EN icon.svg I
Artiodactyla Moschidae Moschus fuscus Black musk deer I 03Status iucn EN icon.svg I
Artiodactyla Moschidae Moschus moschiferus Siberian musk deer I 04Status iucn VU icon.svg I
Artiodactyla Moschidae Moschus anhuiensis Anhui musk deer I 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Artiodactyla Moschidae Moschus berezovskii Dwarf musk deer I 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Artiodactyla Tragulidae Tragulus javanicus Java mouse-deer I 07Status iucn DD icon.svg
Pholidota Manidae Manis pentadactyla Chinese pangolin II 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Eulipotyphla Erinaceidae Neohylomys hainanensis Hainan gymnure 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Lagomorpha Leporidae Lepus hainanus Hainan hare II 04Status iucn VU icon.svg
Lagomorpha Leporidae Lepus timidus Mountain hare II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Lagomorpha Leporidae Lepus yarkandensis Yarkand hare ? II 05Status iucn NT icon.svg
Rodentia Castoridae Castor fiber Eurasian beaver II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Rodentia Sciuridae Ratufa bicolor Black giant squirrel II 05Status iucn NT icon.svg
Rodentia Sciuridae Aeretes melanopterus Groove-toothed flying squirrel ? 05Status iucn NT icon.svg
Rodentia Sciuridae Marmota sibirica Tarbagan marmot ? 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Lagomorpha Ochotonidae Ochotona argentata Helan Shan pika 02Status iucn EN icon.svg
Lagomorpha Ochotonidae Ochotona iliensis Ili pika ? 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Lagomorpha Ochotonidae Ochotona koslowi Koslov's pika ? 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Cetacea Iniidae Lipotes vexillifer Baiji I 02Status iucn CR icon.svg I
Cetacea Delphinidae Sousa chinensis Indo-Pacific humpback dolphin I 05Status iucn NT icon.svg I
Cetacea Phocoenidae Neophocaena phocaenoides phocaenoides Finless porpoise ? II 04Status iucn VU icon.svg I
Cetacea Phocoenidae Neophocaena asiaorientalis Yangtze River finless porpoise ? II 04Status iucn CR icon.svg
Cetacea Phocoenidae Neophocaena phocaenoides sunameri Sunameri ? II 04Status iucn VU icon.svg I
Cetacea Physeteridae Physeter macrocephalus Sperm whale II 04Status iucn VU icon.svg I
Cetacea Balaenidae Eubalaena japonica North Pacific right whale ?
II 03Status iucn CR icon.svg I
Cetacea Eschrichtiidae Eschrichtius robustus Western gray whale II 06Status iucn CR icon.svg I
Cetacea Balaenopteridae Megaptera novaeangliae Northern humpback whale II 03Status iucn VU icon.svg
Cetacea Balaenopteridae Balaenoptera acutorostrata acutorostrata Common minke whale II 03Status iucn VU icon.svg
Cetacea Balaenopteridae Balaenoptera omurai Omura's whale II 07Status iucn DD icon.svg I
Cetacea Balaenopteridae Balaenoptera edeni Eden's whale II 07Status iucn DD icon.svg I
Cetacea Balaenopteridae Indo-Pacific Bryde's whale II 07Status iucn DD icon.svg I
Cetacea Balaenopteridae Balaenoptera brydei Bryde's whale II 07Status iucn DD icon.svg I
Cetacea Balaenopteridae Balaenoptera borealis borealis Northern sei whale II 07Status iucn EN icon.svg I
Cetacea Balaenopteridae Balaenoptera physalus physalus Northern fin whale II 03Status iucn EN icon.svg I
Cetacea Balaenopteridae Balaenoptera musculus musculus Northern blue whale II 03Status iucn EN icon.svg

Birds

Protected and endangered bird species of China
     indicates species endemic to China
Order Family Scientific name Common name Chinese name Protection
class
in China
IUCN Red List CITES App'x
Podicipediformes Podicipedidae Podiceps auritus Horned grebe II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Podicipediformes Podicipedidae Podiceps grisegena Red-necked grebe ? II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Procellariiformes Diomedeidae Phoebastria albatrus Short-tailed albatross I 04Status iucn VU icon.svg I
Suliformes Sulidae Sula Booby (all species) () II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Suliformes Phalacrocoracidae Phalacrocorax pelagicus Pelagic cormorant II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Suliformes Phalacrocoracidae Microcarbo niger Little cormorant ? II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Suliformes Fregatidae Fregata andrewsi Christmas frigatebird I 02Status iucn CR icon.svg I
Ciconiiformes Ardeidae Egretta eulophotes Chinese egret ? II 04Status iucn VU icon.svg
Ciconiiformes Ardeidae Egretta sacra Pacific reef heron II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Ciconiiformes Ardeidae Gorsachius magnificus White-eared night heron II 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Ciconiiformes Ardeidae Gorsachius goisagi Japanese night heron 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Ciconiiformes Ardeidae Ixobrychus minutus Little bittern II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Ciconiiformes Ciconiidae Mycteria leucocephala Painted stork II 05Status iucn NT icon.svg I
Ciconiiformes Ciconiidae Ciconia ciconia White stork I 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Ciconiiformes Ciconiidae Ciconia nigra Black stork I 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Ciconiiformes Ciconiidae Ciconia boyciana Oriental stork ? 03Status iucn EN icon.svg I
Pelecaniformes Pelecanidae Pelecanus crispus Dalmatian pelican ? II 04Status iucn VU icon.svg I
Pelecaniformes Pelecanidae Pelecanus philippensis Spot-billed pelican ? II 05Status iucn NT icon.svg I
Pelecaniformes Threskiornithidae Threskiornis aethiopicus African sacred ibis ? II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Pelecaniformes Threskiornithidae Pseudibis papillosa Red-naped ibis II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Pelecaniformes Threskiornithidae Nipponia nippon Crested ibis I 03Status iucn EN icon.svg I
Pelecaniformes Threskiornithidae Plegadis falcinellus Glossy ibis II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Pelecaniformes Threskiornithidae Platalea leucorodia Eurasian spoonbill II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Pelecaniformes Threskiornithidae Platalea minor Black-faced spoonbill ? II 02Status iucn CR icon.svg
Pelecaniformes Threskiornithidae Pseudibis davisoni White-shouldered ibis 02Status iucn CR icon.svg
Anseriformes Anatidae Branta ruficollis Red-breasted goose ? II 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Anseriformes Anatidae Anser albifrons Greater white-fronted goose II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Anseriformes Anatidae Cygnus (genus) Swan (all species) II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Anseriformes Anatidae Aix galericulata Mandarin duck II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Anseriformes Anatidae Mergus squamatus Scaly-sided merganser I 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Anseriformes Anatidae Aythya baeri Baer's pochard ? 02Status iucn CR icon.svg
Anseriformes Anatidae Oxyura leucocephala White-headed duck 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Falconiformes Accipitridae Aquila chrysaetos Golden eagle I 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Falconiformes Accipitridae Aquila heliaca Eastern imperial eagle I 04Status iucn VU icon.svg I
Falconiformes Accipitridae Haliaeetus leucoryphus Pallas's fish eagle ? I 04Status iucn VU icon.svg
Falconiformes Accipitridae Haliaeetus albicilla White-tailed eagle ? I 06Status iucn LC icon.svg I
Falconiformes Accipitridae Haliaeetus pelagicus Steller's sea eagle ? I 04Status iucn VU icon.svg
Falconiformes Accipitridae Gyps bengalensis White-rumped vulture ? I 02Status iucn CR icon.svg
Falconiformes Accipitridae Gypaetus barbatus Bearded vulture I 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Falconiformes Accipitridae Neophron percnopterus Egyptian vulture 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Falconiformes Accipitridae Sarcogyps calvus Red-headed vulture II 02Status iucn CR icon.svg
Falconiformes Falconidae Falco pelegrinoides Barbary falcon II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg I
Falconiformes Falconidae Falco peregrinus Peregrine falcon II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg I
Falconiformes Falconidae Falco rusticolus Gyrfalcon II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg I
Falconiformes Falconidae Falco altaicus Saker falcon II 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Galliformes Tetraonidae Tetrao parvirostris Black-billed capercaillie ? I 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Galliformes Tetraonidae Lyrurus tetrix Black grouse II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Galliformes Tetraonidae Lagopus lagopus Willow ptarmigan II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Galliformes Tetraonidae Lagopus mutus Rock ptarmigan II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Galliformes Tetraonidae Falcipennis falcipennis Siberian grouse II 05Status iucn NT icon.svg
Galliformes Tetraonidae Tetrastes bonasia Hazel grouse ? II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Galliformes Tetraonidae Tetrastes sewerzowi Chinese grouse ? I 05Status iucn NT icon.svg
Galliformes Phasianidae Tetraogallus tibetanus Tibetan snowcock II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg I
Galliformes Phasianidae Tetraophasis obscurus Verreaux's monal-partridge I 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Galliformes Phasianidae Arborophila rufipectus Sichuan partridge I 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Galliformes Phasianidae Arborophila ardens Hainan partridge I 04Status iucn VU icon.svg
Galliformes Phasianidae Ithaginis cruentus Blood pheasant II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Galliformes Phasianidae Tragopan melanocephalus Western tragopan ? I 04Status iucn VU icon.svg I
Galliformes Phasianidae Tragopan satyra Satyr tragopan ? I 05Status iucn NT icon.svg
Galliformes Phasianidae Tragopan blythii Blyth's tragopan ? I 04Status iucn VU icon.svg I
Galliformes Phasianidae Tragopan temminckii Temminck's tragopan ? II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Galliformes Phasianidae Tragopan caboti Cabot's tragopan ? I 04Status iucn VU icon.svg I
Galliformes Phasianidae Lophophorus impejanus Himalayan monal ? I 06Status iucn LC icon.svg I
Galliformes Phasianidae Lophophorus lhuysii Chinese monal ? I 04Status iucn VU icon.svg I
Galliformes Phasianidae Lophophorus sclateri Sclater's monal I 04Status iucn VU icon.svg I
Galliformes Phasianidae Crossoptilon crossoptilon White eared pheasant II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg I
Galliformes Phasianidae Crossoptilon auritum Blue eared pheasant II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Galliformes Phasianidae Crossoptilon mantchuricum Brown eared pheasant I 04Status iucn VU icon.svg I
Galliformes Phasianidae Lophura leucomelanos Kalij pheasant II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Galliformes Phasianidae Lophura nycthemera Silver pheasant II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Galliformes Phasianidae Lophura swinhoii Swinhoe's pheasant I 05Status iucn NT icon.svg
Galliformes Phasianidae Gallus gallus Red junglefowl II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Galliformes Phasianidae Pucrasia macrolopha Koklass pheasant II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Galliformes Phasianidae Syrmaticus humiae Mrs. Hume's pheasant I 05Status iucn NT icon.svg I
Galliformes Phasianidae Syrmaticus reevesii Reeves's pheasant II 04Status iucn VU icon.svg
Galliformes Phasianidae Syrmaticus ellioti Elliot's pheasant I 05Status iucn NT icon.svg I
Galliformes Phasianidae Syrmaticus mikado Mikado pheasant ? I 05Status iucn NT icon.svg
Galliformes Phasianidae Chrysolophus pictus Golden pheasant ? II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Galliformes Phasianidae Chrysolophus amherstiae Lady Amherst's pheasant ? II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Galliformes Phasianidae Polyplectron bicalcaratum Grey peacock-pheasant ? I 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Galliformes Phasianidae Pavo muticus Green peafowl I 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Galliformes Phasianidae Polyplectron katsumatae Hainan peacock-pheasant 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Gruiformes Gruidae Grus grus Common crane II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg I
Gruiformes Gruidae Grus nigricollis Black-necked crane I 04Status iucn VU icon.svg I
Gruiformes Gruidae Grus monacha Hooded crane I 04Status iucn VU icon.svg
Gruiformes Gruidae Grus canadensis Sandhill crane II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg I
Gruiformes Gruidae Grus japonensis Red-crowned crane I 03Status iucn EN icon.svg I
Gruiformes Gruidae Grus vipio White-naped crane II 04Status iucn VU icon.svg I
Gruiformes Gruidae Grus leucogeranus Siberian crane I 02Status iucn CR icon.svg
Gruiformes Gruidae Grus antigone Sarus crane I 04Status iucn VU icon.svg
Gruiformes Gruidae Anthropoides virgo Demoiselle crane II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Gruiformes Rallidae Crex crex Corn crake ? II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Gruiformes Rallidae Porzana parva Little crake II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Gruiformes Rallidae Porzana bicolor Black-tailed crake ? II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Gruiformes Rallidae Coturnicops noveboracensis Yellow rail II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Gruiformes Otidae Otis tarda Great bustard I 04Status iucn VU icon.svg
Gruiformes Otidae Tetrax tetrax Little bustard I 05Status iucn NT icon.svg
Gruiformes Otidae Chlamydotis macqueenii MacQueen's bustard I 07Status iucn DD icon.svg I
Charadriiformes Jacanidae Metopidius indicus Bronze-winged jacana ? II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Charadriiformes Scolopacidae Numenius borealis Eskimo curlew II 02Status iucn CR icon.svg
Charadriiformes Scolopacidae Tringa guttifer Nordmann's greenshank ? II 03Status iucn EN icon.svg I
Charadriiformes Scolopacidae Eurynorhynchus pygmeus Spoon-billed sandpiper 02Status iucn CR icon.svg
Charadriiformes Glareolidae Glareola lactea Small pratincole II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Charadriiformes Laridae Larus relictus Relict gull I 04Status iucn VU icon.svg I
Charadriiformes Laridae Larus minutus Little gull II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Charadriiformes Sternidae Chlidonias niger Black tern II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Charadriiformes Sternidae Thalasseus bernsteini Chinese crested tern ? II 02Status iucn CR icon.svg
Charadriiformes Sternidae Sterna aurantia River tern II 05Status iucn NT icon.svg
Pterocliformes Pteroclidae Pterocles orientalis Black-bellied sandgrouse ? II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Columbiformes Columbidae Treron (genus) Green pigeon (all species) () II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Columbiformes Columbidae Ptilinopus leclancheri Black-chinned fruit dove ? II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Columbiformes Columbidae Ducula (genus) Imperial pigeon (all species) () II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Columbiformes Columbidae Columba palumbus Common wood pigeon ? II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Columbiformes Columbidae Macropygia (genus) Cuckoo-doves () II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Psittaciformes Psittacidae Psittacidae (family) Parrots (all species) () II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Cuculiformes Cuculidae Centropus (genus) Coucal (all species) () II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Strigiformes Strigidae Bubo blakistoni Blakiston's fish owl ? II 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Apodiformes Apodidae Hirundapus cochinchinensis Silver-backed needletail II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Apodiformes Hemiprocnidae Hemiprocne longipennis Grey-rumped treeswift ? II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Trogoniformes Trogonidae Harpactes oreskios Orange-breasted trogon ? II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Coraciiformes Alcedinidae Alcedo meninting Blue-eared kingfisher ? II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Coraciiformes Halcyonidae Pelargopsis capensis Stork-billed kingfisher ? II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Coraciiformes Meropidae Merops leschenaulti Chestnut-headed bee-eater ? II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Coraciiformes Meropidae Merops orientalis Green bee-eater ? II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Coraciiformes Bucerotidae Aceros nipalensis Rufous-necked hornbill ? II 04Status iucn VU icon.svg I
Coraciiformes Bucerotidae Buceros bicornis Great hornbill ? II 05Status iucn NT icon.svg I
Coraciiformes Bucerotidae Anorrhinus austeni Austen's brown hornbill ? II 05Status iucn NT icon.svg
Piciformes Picidae Dryocopus javensis White-bellied woodpecker II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg I
Passeriformes Eurylaimidae Eurylaimidae (family) Broadbills (all species) () II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Passeriformes Pittidae Pittidae (family) Pittas (all species) () II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Passeriformes Emberizidae Emberiza jankowskii Jankowski's bunting ? 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Passeriformes Timaliidae Garrulax courtoisi Blue-crowned laughingthrush ? 02Status iucn CR icon.svg

Reptiles

Protected and endangered reptile species of China
     indicates species endemic to China
Order Family Scientific name Common name Chinese name Protection
class
in China
IUCN Red List CITES App'x
Crocodilia Alligatoridae Alligator sinensis Chinese alligator I 02Status iucn CR icon.svg I
Squamata Varanidae Varanus bengalensis Bengal monitor 06Status iucn LC icon.svg I
Squamata Varanidae Varanus salvator Water monitor I 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Squamata Shinisauridae Shinisaurus crocodilurus Chinese crocodile lizard ? I 04Status iucn VU icon.svg
Squamata Gekkonidae Gekko gecko Tokay gecko II 07Status iucn DD icon.svg
Squamata Pythonidae Python molurus Indian python ? I 05Status iucn NT icon.svg I
Squamata Viperidae Vipera ursinii Meadow viper 04Status iucn VU icon.svg I
Squamata Viperidae Protobothrops mangshanensis Mang Mountain pit viper 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Squamata Colubridae Hebius metusium Wa Shan keelback 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Squamata Colubridae Calamaria yunnanensis Yunnan reed snake 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Squamata Colubridae Euprepiophis perlacea Sichuan rat snake ? 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Squamata Colubridae Elaphe schrenkii Manchurian black water snake ? 03Status iucn VU icon.svg ?
Squamata Typhlopidae Typhlops lazelli Lazell's blind snake ? 02Status iucn CR icon.svg
Testudines Trionychidae Palea steindachneri Wattle-necked softshell turtle II 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Testudines Trionychidae Pelochelys cantorii Cantor's giant softshell turtle ? I 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Testudines Trionychidae Rafetus swinhoei Yangtze giant softshell turtle 02Status iucn CR icon.svg
Testudines Cheloniidae Caretta caretta Loggerhead sea turtle II 03Status iucn EN icon.svg I
Testudines Cheloniidae Chelonia mydas Green sea turtle II 03Status iucn EN icon.svg I
Testudines Cheloniidae Eretmochelys imbricata Hawksbill sea turtle II 02Status iucn CR icon.svg I
Testudines Cheloniidae Lepidochelys olivacea Olive ridley sea turtle II 04Status iucn VU icon.svg I
Testudines Dermochelyidae Dermochelys coriacea Leatherback sea turtle II 02Status iucn CR icon.svg I
Testudines Testudinidae Testudo horsfieldi Russian tortoise ? I 04Status iucn VU icon.svg
Testudines Testudinidae Manouria impressa Impressed tortoise ? II 04Status iucn VU icon.svg
Testudines Platysternidae Platysternon megacephalum Big-headed turtle 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Testudines Geoemydidae Cuora aurocapitata Yellow-headed box turtle 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Testudines Geoemydidae Cuora flavomarginata Chinese box turtle 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Testudines Geoemydidae Geoemyda spengleri Black-breasted leaf turtle II 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Testudines Geoemydidae Cuora trifasciata Golden coin turtle II 02Status iucn CR icon.svg
Testudines Geoemydidae Cuora yunnanensis Yunnan box turtle II 02Status iucn CR icon.svg
Testudines Geoemydidae Cuora galbinifrons Indochinese box turtle 02Status iucn CR icon.svg
Testudines Geoemydidae Cuora mccordi McCord's box turtle 02Status iucn CR icon.svg
Testudines Geoemydidae Cuora mouhotii Keeled box turtle ? 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Testudines Geoemydidae Cuora pani Pan's box turtle 02Status iucn CR icon.svg
Testudines Geoemydidae Cuora zhoui Zhou's box turtle 02Status iucn CR icon.svg
Testudines Geoemydidae Mauremys mutica Yellow pond turtle 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Testudines Geoemydidae Mauremys nigricans Red-necked pond turtle ? 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Testudines Geoemydidae Mauremys reevesii Chinese pond turtle 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Testudines Geoemydidae Ocadia sinensis Chinese stripe-necked turtle 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Testudines Geoemydidae Sacalia bealei Beal's eyed turtle ? 02Status iucn CR icon.svg
Testudines Geoemydidae Sacalia quadriocellata Four-eyed turtle 03Status iucn EN icon.svg

Amphibians

Protected and endangered amphibian species of China
     indicates species endemic to China
Order Family Scientific name Common name Chinese name Protection
class
in China
IUCN Red List CITES App'x
Caudata Cryptobranchidae Andrias davidianus Chinese giant salamander II 02Status iucn CR icon.svg I
Caudata Hynobiidae Hynobius chinensis Chinese salamander ? 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Caudata Hynobiidae Batrachuperus londongensis Longdong stream salamander 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Caudata Hynobiidae Hynobius amjiensis Amji's salamander ? 02Status iucn CR icon.svg
Caudata Hynobiidae Hynobius formosanus Taiwan salamander 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Caudata Hynobiidae Hynobius sonani Sonan's salamander ? 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Caudata Salamandridae Paramesotriton guanxiensis Guangxi warty newt ? 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Caudata Salamandridae Ranodon sibiricus Central Asian salamander ? 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Caudata Salamandridae Tylototriton asperrimus Black knobby newt ? II 05Status iucn NT icon.svg
Caudata Salamandridae Echinotriton chinhaiensis Chinhai spiny newt ? II 02Status iucn CR icon.svg
Caudata Salamandridae Tylototriton kweichowensis Red-tailed knobby newt ? II 04Status iucn VU icon.svg
Caudata Salamandridae Tylototriton taliangensis Taliang knobby newt ? II 05Status iucn NT icon.svg
Caudata Salamandridae Tylototriton verrucosus Himalayan newt ? II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Caudata Salamandridae Tylototriton hainanensis Hainan knobby newt ? 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Caudata Salamandridae Cynops orphicus Dayang newt ? 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Caudata Salamandridae Echinotriton andersoni Anderson's crocodile newt ? 02Status iucn CR icon.svg
Caudata Salamandridae Cynops wolterstorffi Yunnan lake newt ? 07Status iucn EX icon.svg
Anura Ranidae Hoplobatrachus tigerinus Indus Valley bullfrog II 06Status iucn LC icon.svg
Anura Ranidae Amolops hainanensis Hainan torrent frog ? 02Status iucn CR icon.svg
Anura Ranidae Amolops hongkongensis Hong Kong cascade frog ? 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Anura Ranidae Glandirana minima Fujian frog 02Status iucn CR icon.svg
Anura Ranidae Nanorana maculosa Piebald spiny frog 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Anura Ranidae Rana chevronta Chevron-spotted brown frog ? 02Status iucn CR icon.svg
Anura Ranidae Nanorana unculuanus Yunnan Asian frog 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Anura Ranidae Rana sauteri Sauter's brown frog ? 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Anura Ranidae Nanorana yunnanensis Yunnan spiny frog 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Anura Ranidae Quasipaa boulengeri Boulenger's spiny frog 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Anura Ranidae Quasipaa robertingeri Hejiang spiny frog ? 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Anura Ranidae Odorrana kuangwuensis Kwangwu odorous frog ? 02Status iucn CR icon.svg
Anura Ranidae Pelophylax tenggerensis none ? 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Anura Bufonidae Parapelophryne scalpta Hainan flathead toad
Anura Microhylidae Micryletta steinegeri Stejneger's narrow-mouthed toad ? 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Anura Rhacophoridae Liuixalus ocellatus Ocellated bubble-nest frog 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Anura Rhacophoridae Liuixalus romeri Romer's tree frog 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Anura Rhacophoridae Rhacophorus arvalis Farmland green tree frog ? 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Anura Rhacophoridae Rhacophorus aurantiventris Orange-belly tree frog ? 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Anura Rhacophoridae Rhacophorus minimus none 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Anura Rhacophoridae Rhacophorus yaoshanensis none ? 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Anura Megophryidae Leptobrachium boringii Emei moustache toad ? 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Anura Megophryidae Leptobrachium leishanense Leishan spiny toad ? 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Anura Megophryidae Leptolalax alpinus none 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Anura Megophryidae Oreolalax chuanbeiensis Chuanbei toothed toad ? 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Anura Megophryidae Oreolalax liangbeiensis Liangbei toothed toad ? 02Status iucn CR icon.svg
Anura Megophryidae Oreolalax omeimontis Omei toothed toad ? 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Anura Megophryidae Oreolalax pingii Ping's toothed toad ? 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Anura Megophryidae Oreolalax puxiongensis Puxiong toothed toad ? 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Anura Megophryidae Scutiger chintingensis Chinting alpine toad 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Anura Megophryidae Scutiger maculatus Piebald alpine toad ? 02Status iucn CR icon.svg
Anura Megophryidae Scutiger muliensis Muli cat-eyed toad 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Anura Megophryidae Scutiger ningshanensis Ningshan alpine toad 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Anura Megophryidae Scutiger pingwuensis Pingwu alpine toad 03Status iucn EN icon.svg
Anura Megophryidae Xenophrys brachykolos Short-legged horned toad ? 03Status iucn EN icon.svg

Fish

Ray-finned fish (Actinopterygii)

Cartilaginous fish (Chondrichthyes)

Protected and endangered cartilaginous fish species of China

Lancelet

Protected and endangered lancelet species of China

Endangered and protected plant species

Flora

Endangered and protected plant species, of the native and endemic Flora of China.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ While the sika deer (Cervus nippon) is considered by the IUCN to be of least concern globally, at least three subspecies, the Shanxi sika deer (Cervus nippon grassianus), North China sika deer (Cervus nippon mandarinus) and Formosan sika deer (Cervus nippon taioanus) are extinct in the wild in China, but are raised on farms in captivity.

References

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-09-08. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ Chapman, A.D (September 2005). "Numbers of Living Species in Australia and the World: A Report for the Department of the Environment and Heritage". Australian Biological Resources Study. Australian Biodiversity Information Services. Archived from the original on 2007-11-01. Retrieved .
  3. ^ Countries with the Highest Biological Diversity Archived 2013-03-26 at the Wayback Machine. Mongabay.com. 2004 data. Retrieved 24 April 2013.
  4. ^ (in Chinese) ? Beijing Wildlife Conservation Association Archived 2013-04-16 at the Wayback Machine Accessed 2013-04-04
  5. ^ Law of the People's Republic of China on the Protection of Wildlife, adopted November 8, 1988
  6. ^ (Chinese)
  7. ^ CITES species database Accessed 2013-04-23
  8. ^ IUCN Red List Accessed 2013-04-20

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List_of_protected_species_in_China
 



 



 
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