List of Units of the Italian Army
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List of Units of the Italian Army
Coat of Arms of the Italian Army

This page lists brigades, regiments, battalions, and other formations and units of the Italian Army since World War II grouped by their administrative corps. Units grouped under their operational headquarters are listed at Structure of the Italian Army.

The units are listed by order of precedence. After the unit's name, the date of foundation i.e. *1624 and the location it is currently based follows. Disbanded units follow below the active units.

Infantry Corps

Coat of Arms 1st Granatieri Regiment
Coat of Arms 1st Infantry Regiment
Coat of Arms 17th Infantry Regiment

Granatieri

History

The Granatieri (Grenadiers) are the oldest speciality of the Italian Army and act as honor guard for the President of Italy. In 1975 the Granatieri battalions, with the exception of the 3rd Battalion, were named for battles in which the Granatieri had distinguished themselves. The 3rd Battalion was named for the oldest regiment of their line.

Active units

Inactive units

Inactivated units of the Granatieri specialty:

Fanteria (Line Infantry)

History

Active units

Italian Infantry units are named for regions and cities. However the 5th, 13th, 17th, 20th, 21st, 60th, 66th, 67th, 87th, 114th, 120th, and 151st infantry battalions are named for battles, while the 52nd is named for the Alps and the 1st carries the name of Saint Justus of Trieste.

Inactive units

Inactivated units of the Infantry of the Line:

Bersaglieri

Coat of Arms 3rd Bersaglieri Regiment
Coat of Arms 8th Alpini Regiment
Coat of Arms 183rd Paratroopers Regiment

History

Originally raised as sharpshooters and skirmishers, the Bersaglieri serve since World War 2 mostly as mechanized infantry. In 1975 the Bersaglieri battalions, with the exception of the 1st and 11th battalion, were named for battles in which the Bersaglieri had distinguished themselves. The 1st Bersaglieri Battalion is named for the founder of the Bersaglieri corps General Alessandro Ferrero La Marmora, while the 11th Battalion, which had received the war flag of the 182nd Regiment "Garibaldi", was named for the island of Caprera where Italy's national hero Giuseppe Garibaldi spent the last years of his life.

Active units

Inactive units

Inactivated units of the Bersaglieri specialty:

Alpini

History

Alpini are the Italian Army's mountain infantry units. Since their founding in 1872 the battalions of the Alpini were named for the Alpine villages and cities were the battalions had their depot. First line reserve battalions were named after the valleys (Val) surrounding the locations of the depots, and second line reserve battalions were named for mountains (Monte) located within the valleys surrounding the locations of the depots.

Active units

In 1975 all regiments were disbanded and their flags passed to the newly independent battalions. Beginning in the early 1990s the regiments were reactivated and the battalions, upon entering a regiment, returned the flags to the regiments and lost their independence.

Inactive units

Inactivated units of the Alpini specialty:

Alpini Fortification (Alpini d'Arresto) battalions were tasked with manning the fortifications of the Vallo Alpino and received the names of 1st line reserve battalions of World War 1. The three Alpini fortification groupings were regimental-level, administrative formation.

  • CoA mil ITA btg alpini val tagliamento.png 11th Alpini Fortification Grouping, *1952-1975
    • CoA mil ITA btg alpini val tagliamento.png Alpini Battalion "Val Tagliamento", *1915-1918, 1939-1943, 1963-1992
    • Alpini Battalion "Val Fella", *1915-1917, 1939-1943, 1963-1975
    • Alpini Battalion "Val Natisone", *1915-1918, 1939-1943, 1963-1964
  • CoA mil ITA btg alpini val brenta.png 21st Alpini Fortification Grouping, *1952-1964
    • CoA mil ITA btg alpini val brenta.png Alpini Battalion "Val Brenta", *1915-1919, 1939-1940, 1964-1986
    • Alpini Battalion "Val Leogra", *1915-1917, 1939-1943, 1963-1964
  • CoA mil ITA btg alpini val chiese.png 22nd Alpini Fortification Grouping, *1952-1962
    • CoA mil ITA btg alpini val chiese.png Alpini Battalion "Val Chiese", *1915-1919, 1939-1943, 1963-1979
  • Alpini Battalion "Val Cismon", *1915-1919, 1939-1943, 1963-1975

Paracadutisti

History

Paracadutisti (Paratroopers) are the Italian Army's airborne forces. In 1975 Paracadutisti battalions, with the exception of the 2nd Battalion, were named for battles in which the Paracadutisti had distinguished themselves. The 2nd Battalion was named after the location of the first Italian Paratroopers school. Paratroopers regiments carry the name of World War II airborne divisions.

Active units

Lagunari

Lagunari are the Italian Army's amphibious forces. In 1975 the two Lagunari battalions were named for the honorary name of Republic of Venice and for the Sile river, which flows into the Venetian lagoon and was the location of heavy combat between Austro-Hungarian and Italian forces in 1918.

Active units

Inactive units

Cavalry Corps

Coat of Arms 2nd Cavalry Regiment
Coat of Arms 1st Tank Regiment

Cavalleria di Linea (Cavalry of the Line)

History

The ten oldest cavalry regiments were named for territories of the Savoyard state, while later units were named for Italian cities. The two exceptions to this rule are the 8th Regiment named for the Battle of Montebello and the 19th Regiment, which retained its title as Guides. The following lists includes the origin of the name for the oldest regiments in brackets before the date of founding. The first four regiments are Dragoons, with the rest of the regiments either being Lancers (Lancieri) or Chevau-légers (Cavalleggeri).

Active units

Inactive units

The Regiment "Lancieri di Firenze" (9th) was originally a unit of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany and became the only cavalry regiment of the conquered Italian states, which was allowed to join the Royal Sardinian Army. The inactivated units of the cavalry are:

Carristi (Tankers)

History

Originally the tank corps was a speciality of the infantry and named "Fanteria carrista" (Tank infantry). On 1 June 1999 the tank corps left the infantry and became part of the cavalry. In 1975 tank battalions were named for officers, soldiers and partisans, who were posthumously awarded Italy's highest military honor the Gold Medal of Military Valour for heroism during World War II.

Active units

Inactive units

  • CoA mil ITA arm bde centauro.png Armored Brigade "Centauro", *1986-2002
  • CoA mil ITA arm bde curtatone.png 31st Armored Brigade "Curtatone", *1975-1986 renamed Armored Brigade "Centauro" in 1986
  • CoA mil ITA arm bde Mameli.png 32nd Armored Brigade "Mameli", *1975-1991
  • CoA mil ITA arm bde manin.png 132nd Armored Brigade "Manin", *1975-1986 renamed Armored Brigade "Ariete" in 1986
  • CoA mil ITA rgt carri 002.png 2nd Tank Regiment, *1991-1995
    • CoA mil ITA rgt carri 002.png 22nd Tank Battalion "M.O. Piccinini", *1975-1991
  • CoA mil ITA btg corazzato 09.png 3rd Armored Regiment, *1927-1943, 1964-1975
    • CoA mil ITA btg corazzato 09.png 9th Armored Battalion "M.O. Butera", *1975-1995
  • CoA mil ITA rgt carri 033.png 33rd Tank Regiment, *1939-1943, 1993-2001
    • CoA mil ITA rgt carri 033.png 6th Tank Battalion "M.O. Scapuzzi", *1976-1993
    • CoA mil ITA btg carri 011.png 11th Tank Battalion "M.O. Calzecchi", *1976-2001
      • XI Tank Battalion, *1941-1942, 1960-1975
  • CoA mil ITA btg carri 060.png 60th Tank Regiment "M.O. Locatelli", *1991-1992
    • CoA mil ITA btg carri 060.png 60th Tank Battalion "M.O. Locatelli", *1975-1991
      • LX Tank Battalion, *1940-1941, 1960-1975
  • CoA mil ITA rgt carri 063.png 63rd Tank Regiment, *1991-1995
    • CoA mil ITA rgt carri 063.png 63rd Tank Battalion "M.O. Fioritto", *1975-1991
      • LXIII Tank Battalion, *1939-1941, 1958-1975
  • CoA mil ITA rgt carri 131.png 131st Tank Regiment, *1941-1942, 1993-2013
    • CoA mil ITA rgt carri 131.png 101st Tank Battalion "M.O. Zappalà", *1975-1993
  • CoA mil ITA rgt carri 133.png 133rd Tank Regiment, *1941-1942, 1992-1995
    • CoA mil ITA rgt carri 133.png 10th Tank Battalion "M.O. Bruno", *1975-1991
  • CoA mil ITA btg carri 004.png 4th Tank Battalion "M.O. Passalacqua", *1975-1992
    • IV Tank Battalion, *1940-1942, 1959-1975
  • CoA mil ITA btg carri 005.png 5th Tank Battalion "M.O. Chiamenti", *1975-1992
    • V Tank Battalion, *1940-1941, 1964-1975
  • CoA mil ITA btg carri 007.png 7th Tank Battalion "M.O. Di Dio", *1975-1991
    • VII Tank Battalion, *1941-1942, 1949-1975
  • CoA mil ITA btg corazzato 13.png 13th Tank Battalion "M.O. Pascucci", *1975-1989
    • XIII Tank Battalion, *1941-1942, 1961-1975
  • CoA mil ITA btg corazzato 19.png 19th Armored Battalion "M.O. Tumiati", *1975-1991
    • XIX Armored Battalion, *1941-1943, 1960-1975
  • 31st Tank Battalion "M.O. Andreani", *1982-1993
    • Armored Battalion (of the Armored Troops School), *1975-1982
  • CoA mil ITA btg carri 062.png 62nd Armored Battalion "M.O. Jero", *1975-1992
    • LXII Armored Battalion, *1940-1941, 1960-1975

Artillery Corps

Coat of Arms 5th Artillery Regiment
Coat of Arms 121st Air-Defense Regiment
Coat of Arms 41st ISTAR Regiment

Artiglieria Terrestre (Field Artillery)

History

Active units

Each Field Artillery regiment consists of a HQ platoon, a target acquisition battery, a logistic support battery and an artillery group with a command platoon and three firing batteries 6x artillery systems each.

Inactive units

  • CoA mil ITA III bde missili Aquileia.png 3rd Missile Brigade "Aquileia", *1959-1991
  • CoA mil ITA rgt artiglieria 001.png 1st Field Artillery (Training) Group "Cacciatore delle Alpi", *1976-1999
  • CoA mil ITA gr artiglieria 003.png 3rd Self-propelled Field Artillery Group "Pastrengo", *1975-1991
  • CoA mil ITA gr artiglieria 011.png 11th Field Artillery Regiment "Legnano", *1884-1991
    • CoA mil ITA gr artiglieria 011.png 11th Field Artillery Group "Monferrato", *1975-1991
  • CoA mil ITA grp artiglieria 012.png 12th Self-propelled Field Artillery Group "Capua", *1884-1991
  • CoA mil ITA rgt artiglieria 013.png 13th Artillery Regiment "Granatieri di Sardegna", *1888-1995
    • CoA mil ITA rgt artiglieria 013.png 13th Field Artillery Group "Magliana", *1975-1992
  • CoA mil ITA grp artiglieria 014.png 14th Field Artillery Group "Murge", *1888-30 June 1991
  • CoA mil ITA grp artiglieria 019.png 19th Self-propelled Field Artillery Group "Rialto", *1975-1993
  • CoA mil ITA grp artiglieria 020.png 20th Self-propelled Field Artillery Group "Piave", *-March 1991
  • CoA mil ITA rgt artiglieria 027.png 27th Heavy Self-propelled Artillery Regiment "Marche", *1912-1995
    • CoA mil ITA rgt artiglieria 027.png 27th Heavy Self-propelled Artillery Group "Marche", *1985-1992
  • CoA mil ITA rgt artiglieria 028.png 28th Self-propelled Field Artillery Group "Livorno", *1912-1995
  • CoA mil ITA rgt artiglieria 033.png 33rd Field Artillery Regiment "Acqui", *1915-2013
    • CoA mil ITA rgt artiglieria 033.png 33rd Heavy Field Artillery Group "Terni", *1975-1993
  • CoA mil ITA grp artiglieria 035.png 35th Field Artillery Group "Riolo", 1915-1991
  • CoA mil ITA gr artiglieria 046.png 46th Self-propelled Field Artillery Group "Trento", *1975-1993
  • CoA mil ITA grp artiglieria 047.png 47th Field Artillery Group "Gargano", *1915-1981
  • CoA mil ITA rgt artiglieria 048.png 48th Field Artillery Regiment "Taro", *1915-1995
  • CoA mil ITA grp artiglieria 108.png 108th Heavy Field Artillery Group "Cosseria", *1941-31 October 1986
  • CoA mil ITA grp artiglieria 120.png 120th Self-propelled Field Artillery Group "Po", *1942-1991
  • CoA mil ITA rgt artiglieria 131.png 131st Field Artillery Regiment "Centauro", *1939-2001
    • CoA mil ITA rgt artiglieria 131.png 131st Heavy Field Artillery Group "Vercelli", *1975-1992
    • CoA mil ITA grp artiglieria 009.png 9th Self-propelled Field Artillery Group "Brennero", *1863-1992, merged with 131st Heavy Field Artillery Group to form the 131st Field Artillery Regiment
  • CoA mil ITA grp artiglieria 155.png 155th Heavy Field Artillery Group "Emilia", *1941-1992
  • CoA mil ITA rgt artiglieria 184.png 184th Field Artillery Regiment "Nembo", *1942-1996
    • CoA mil ITA rgt artiglieria 184.png 184th Heavy Field Artillery Group "Filottrano", *1976-1993
  • CoA mil ITA grp artiglieria 205.png 205th Heavy Field Artillery Group "Lomellina", *1940-1991
Heavy Field Artillery

Corps level support units were designated as "Heavy Field Artillery" (previously: "Army Corps Artillery Regiment"):

  • CoA mil ITA rgt artiglieria 002.png 2nd HeavyField Artillery Group "Potenza", *1920-1995
  • CoA mil ITA rgt artiglieria 004.png 4th Heavy Field Artillery Group "Pusteria", *1975-1992
    • CoA mil ITA rgt artiglieria 004.png 4th Heavy Field Artillery Regiment, *1920-1975
  • CoA mil ITA rgt artiglieria 6.png 6th Heavy Field Artillery Regiment, 1951-1974
  • CoA mil ITA rgt artiglieria pesante 009.png 9th HeavyField Artillery Group "Foggia", *1975-1996
    • CoA mil ITA rgt artiglieria pesante 009.png 9th Heavy Field Artillery Regiment, *1920-1975
  • CoA mil ITA grp artiglieria 010.png 10th Self-propelled Field Artillery Group "Avisio", *1939-1986
  • CoA mil ITA rgt artiglieria 011.png 11th Heavy Field Artillery Regiment "Teramo", *1920-2001
Heavy Artillery

Army level support units were designated as "Heavy Artillery" (previously: "Army Artillery Regiment"):

  • CoA mil ITA gr artiglieria adige.png 1st Heavy Artillery Group "Adige", *1975-31 July 1983
  • CoA mil ITA rgt artiglieria 003.png 3rd Heavy Artillery Regiment "Volturno" *1992-2001
    • CoA mil ITA rgt artiglieria 003.png 3rd Missile Group "Volturno" *1975-1992
      • CoA mil ITA rgt artiglieria 003.png 3rd Missile Artillery Regiment, *1961-1975
        • CoA mil ITA rgt artiglieria 003.png 3rd Heavy Artillery Regiment, *1926-1961
  • CoA mil ITA rgt artiglieria 009.png 9th Heavy Field Artillery Regiment "Rovigo", *1992-1995
    • CoA mil ITA rgt artiglieria 009.png 9th Heavy Artillery Group "Rovigo", *1975-1992
      • CoA mil ITA rgt artiglieria 009.png 9th Heavy Artillery Regiment, *1926-1973
Mountain Artillery
Target Acquisition
  • CoA mil ITA grp artiglieria 003.png 3rd Artillery Specialists Group "Bondone", *1986-1992,
    • CoA mil ITA grp artiglieria 003.png 4th Artillery Specialists Group "Bondone", *1976-1986,
      • CoA mil ITA grp artiglieria 003.png 3rd Heavy Field Artillery Regiment, *1956-1976,
  • CoA mil ITA rgt art pes cam 05.png 5th Artillery Specialists Group "Medea", *1956-21 March 1991, named Artillery Specialist Group "Mantova" 1976-1986
  • CoA mil ITA rgt art pes cam 06 bis.png 6th Artillery Specialists Group "Montello", *1976-30 June 1991, named Artillery Specialist Group "Folgore" 1976-1986
  • 7th Artillery Specialists Group "Casarsa", *1976-31 January 1991, named Artillery Specialist Group "Ariete" 1976-1986
  • CoA mil ITA rgt art pes cam 12.png 12th Artillery Specialists Group "Biella", *1975-29 September 1992, named Artillery Specialist Group "Centauro" 1975-1986
  • 30th Artillery Specialists Group "Brianza", *1975-28 February 1991, for III Army Corps, but only the 3rd battery was active as part of the Horse Artillery Regiment in Milan

Artiglieria Controaerei (Anti-aircraft Artillery)

History

Active units

Each Air-defense Artillery regiment consists of a HQ battery, a logistic support battery and an air-defense group.

  • Scudetto del Comando Artiglieria Controaerei.png Anti-aircraft Artillery Command, *1941 (Sabaudia)
  • CoA mil ITA centro contraerea.png Anti-aircraft Artillery Training Regiment (Sabaudia)
  • CoA mil ITA rgt artiglieria c a 004.png 4th Anti-aircraft Artillery Regiment "Peschiera", *1930 (Mantova)
  • CoA mil ITA rgt artiglieria c a 017.png 17th Anti-aircraft Artillery Regiment "Sforzesca", *1888 (Sabaudia)
  • CoA mil ITA rgt artiglieria c a 121.png 121st Anti-aircraft Artillery Regiment "Ravenna", *1941 (Bologna)

Inactive units

  • CoA mil ITA cdo artiglieria controaerei.png Anti-Aircraft Artillery Command, *
  • 1st Heavy Anti-aircraft Artillery Regiment, *1992-1996
  • CoA mil ITA rgt artiglieria c a 002.png 2nd Anti-aircraft Artillery Regiment, *1992-1996
  • CoA mil ITA rgt artiglieria c a 003.png 3rd Anti-aircraft Artillery Regiment "Firenze", *1992-2001
  • CoA mil ITA rgt artiglieria c a 005.png 5th Anti-aircraft Artillery Regiment "Pescara", *1964-2014
  • CoA mil ITA rgt artiglieria c a 008.png 8th Anti-aircraft Artillery Regiment, *1992-1995
    • CoA mil ITA rgt artiglieria c a 008.png 8th Field Artillery Group "Marmore", *1986-1992
      • CoA mil ITA rgt artiglieria c a 008.png 8th Heavy Field Artillery Regiment, *1951-1986
  • CoA mil ITA rgt artiglieria c a 018.png 18th Anti-aircraft Artillery Regiment, *1992-1997
    • CoA mil ITA rgt artiglieria c a 018.png 18th Self-propelled Field Artillery Group "Gran Sasso", *1976-1981

Light anti-aircraft artillery groups were activated in 1975 as reserve units with older equipment, but never filled with troops. They were named for birds of prey and disbanded in the early 1990s:

  • 11th Light Anti-aircraft Artillery Group "Falco", *1975-
  • 12th Light Anti-aircraft Artillery Group "Nibbio", *1975-
  • 13th Light Anti-aircraft Artillery Group "Condor", *1975-
  • 14th Light Anti-aircraft Artillery Group "Astore", *1975-
  • 21st Light Anti-aircraft Artillery Group "Sparviero", *1975-
  • 22nd Light Anti-aircraft Artillery Group "Alcione", *1975-

Special Artillery Units

  • CoA mil ITA rgt NBC 007.png 7th CBRN defense Regiment "Cremona", *1860 (Civitavecchia)
    • CoA mil ITA rgt NBC 007.png 7th Field Artillery Regiment "Cremona", *1992-1998
      • CoA mil ITA rgt NBC 007.png 7th Field Artillery Group "Adria", *1975-1992
        • CoA mil ITA rgt NBC 007.png 7th Field Artillery Regiment, *1946-1975
  • CoA mil ITA rgt cotie 041.png 41st Regiment "Cordenons" (ISTAR), *1975 (Casarsa della Delizia)
    • CoA mil ITA rgt artiglieria 041.png 41st Heavy Field Artillery Regiment, *1915-1975 (Sora)
  • 13° Battaglione 13th Regiment (HUMINT), *2016 (Anzio)
    • 13° Battaglione 13th HUMINT Battalion "Aquileia", *2005 (Anzio)
      • CoA mil ITA grp acquisizione obiettivi 013.png 13th Target Acquisition Group "Aquileia", *1960-1993, re-raised in 2005 (Verona)
  • CoA mil ITA btg NBC 01.png 1st CBRN defense Battalion "Etruria", *1967- (Rieti)

Engineer Corps

History

The Engineer Corps was founded on 11 June 1775 as the "Royal Corps of Engineers" ("Corpo Reale degli Ingegneri") of the army of the Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia. With the integration of the engineer units of the Italian states conquered during the Second Italian War of Independence the Corps was elevated on 11 January 1861 to a service branch of the Army and became the "Arma del Genio". In 1915 when Italy entered World War I the Royal Italian Army fielded six regiments and two battalions:

  • 1st Sapper Regiment in Pavia
  • 2nd Sapper Regiment in Casale Monferrato
  • 3rd Telegraph Engineer Regiment in Florence
  • 4th Bridging Engineer Regiment in Piacenza
  • 5th Mining Engineer Regiment in Turin
  • 6th Railroad Engineer Regiment in Turin
  • Specialist Engineer Battalion
  • Aviation Engineer Battalion (transferred to the Corpo Aeronautico Militare at the outbreak of hostilities)

During the war the Engineer Branch expanded and created new types of units:

  • Sapper Companies were mostly employed to build the trenches along the Isonzo front - expanded from 43x to 236x companies
  • Flamethrower Companies - 9x were raised
  • Telegraph Companies tasked with managing the military's communications - expanded from 24x to 139x companies
  • Telephone Companies tasked with laying and maintaining phone cables along the front - 57x companies were raised
  • Bridging Companies - expanded from 12x to 26x companies
  • Mining Companies tasked with building defensive positions in the Alps - expanded from 20x to 53x companies
  • Lagunari Companies tasked with providing transportation in the Marano lagoon and on Lake Garda and Lake Idro.

Besides these also transport, ropeway, photography and poison gas companies were raised during the war.

In May 1940 when Italy entered World War II the branch fielded 18x engineer regiments, which contained a mix of sappers and signalers, and two mining, two bridging and one railroad engineer regiment. During the war each division received a mixed engineer battalion providing sappers and signalers. After the war the branch was rebuilt as part of the Italian Army, fielding three pioneer, one bridging, one railroad and one fortification engineer battalion, along with mixed engineer battalions for the army's divisions. In 1953 the signal units were split from the engineer branch to form their own service branch.

In 1975 all independent battalions of the engineer branch were named for a lake if they supported a corps or named for a river if they supported a division or brigade. In the same year every brigade of the army received a pioneer company, which carried the name of the brigade they it was subordinated to. The battalions of the 2nd Bridge Engineer Regiment and the Railroad Engineer Regiment received no names. In 1975 the army fielded two miners, one sapper and nine pioneer battalions, and 24x brigade engineer companies.

After the end of the Cold War the army renamed all battalions as regiments, although the composition of the units didn't change. In 1993 the brigade's engineer companies were merged with the brigade's signal battalions to create Command and Tactical Support Battalions. In 2001 the engineer companies of the Command and Tactical Support Battalions were merged with the existing engineer battalions and each brigade received an engineer regiment.

Active units

Today the service branch is divided into four specialties: Sappers ("Guastatori"), Pioneers ("Pionieri"), Bridge Engineers ("Pontieri") and Railroad Engineers ("Ferrovieri"). Units marked with a * are named after rivers.

Inactive units

Inactivated units of the Engineer branch follow below. Units marked with a * are named after rivers.

  • CoA mil ITA rgt genio 01.png 1st Engineer Regiment, *1848-1943, 1950-1964, 1993-1995
    • CoA mil ITA rgt genio 01.png 1st Mining Engineer Battalion "Garda", *1975-1991
  • CoA mil ITA rgt genio 04.png 4th Engineer Battalion "Orta", *1975-1993, entered the 1st Engineer Regiment in 1993 with the flag of the 4th Engineer Regiment, the flag was returned to the 4th in 1995
  • CoA mil ITA btg genio 104.png 104th Engineer Battalion "Torre"*, *1976-1986, flag of the 7th Engineer Regiment
    • Pioneer Battalion "Mantova", *1949-1975
  • CoA mil ITA btg genio 131.png 131st Engineer Battalion "Ticino"*, *1975-1993, flag of the 9th Engineer Regiment (*1922-1953)
    • Pioneer Battalion "Centauro", *1958-1975
      • CXXXI Mixed Engineer Battalion, *1939-1943
  • CoA mil ITA rgt genio 08.png 184th Pioneer Battalion "Santerno"*, *1975-1992, flag of the 8th Engineer Regiment
    • Pioneer Battalion "Folgore", *1944-1975

Signal Corps

History

Coat of Arms 11th Signal Regiment

The Signal branch of the army began as a speciality of the army's engineer branch, when in 1883 two telegraph battalions were raised and joined the 3rd Engineer Regiment. During World War I the speciality expanded rapidly and the war's end fielded 139x Telegraph Companies and 57x Telephone Companies. After the war a second Telegraph Regiment was raised and 26 Telegraph battalions were assigned to various commands of the army. During World War II the Signal Speciality raised a hundreds of units to join the various divisions of the Regio Esercito.

After the war the specialty was finally split from the Engineer Branch and on 16 May 1953 became an autonomous specialty of the army. Over the years the specialty grew and on 30 December 1997 it was finally elevated to a service branch of the army, with two specialities: Signal specialists and Electronic Warfare Specialists.

Active units

If not specified otherwise all Signal battalions below were activated in 1975. All signal battalions, with the exception of the 45th, 46th, 47th, 51st and 184th, were named after Italian mountain passes. The 45th and 46th were named after volcanoes, while the 47th and 184th were named after mountain massifs and the 51st kept the name of the Cold War "Legnano" division it once belonged to.

  • Scudetto del Comando Trasmissioni.png Signal Command, *2007 (Anzio)
  • Scudetto della Brigata RISTA - EW.png Tactical Intelligence Brigade, *2001 (Anzio)
  • CoA mil ITA brg NRDC IT.png NRDC-ITA Support Brigade, *2001 (Milan)
  • CoA mil ITA scuola trasmissioni.png Signal and IT School, (Rome)
  • CoA mil ITA rgt trasmissioni 01.png 1st Signal Regiment, *1919 (Milan)
    • CoA mil ITA rgt trasmissioni 01.png 3rd Signal Battalion "Spluga", raised 1975, elevated to 1st Signal Regiment in 1995
    • CoA mil ITA btg trasmissioni 231.png 231st Signal Battalion "Sempione", raised 1975, disbanded 1991, re-raised and entered the 1st Signal Regiment in 2001
  • CoA mil ITA rgt trasmissioni 02.png 2nd Alpine Signal Regiment (Alpini), *1926 (Bolzano)
    • CoA mil ITA btg trasmissioni 004.png 4th Signal Battalion "Gardena", raised 1975, elevated to 2nd (Alpine) Signal Regiment in 1992
    • CoA mil ITA btg trasmissioni 042.png 42nd Signal Battalion "Pordoi", raised 1975, disbanded 1992, re-raised and entered the 2nd (Alpine) Signal Regiment in 2005
  • CoA mil ITA rgt trasmissioni 03.png 3rd Signal Regiment, *1883 (Rome)
    • CoA mil ITA rgt trasmissioni 03.png 10th Signal Battalion "Lanciano", raised 1975, elevated to 3rd Signal Regiment in 1993
    • CoA mil ITA rgt trasmissioni 43.png 43rd Signal Battalion "Abetone", raised 1975, elevated to 43rd Signal Regiment in 1993, regiment disbanded in 1998 and the battalion entered the 3rd Signal Regiment the next day
    • CoA mil ITA btg trasmissioni 047.png 47th Signal Battalion "Gennargentu", raised 1996, entered 3rd Signal Regiment in 2000
  • CoA mil ITA rgt trasmissioni 07.png 7th Signal Regiment, *1918 (Sacile)
    • CoA mil ITA rgt trasmissioni 07.png 5th Signal Battalion "Rolle", raised 1975, elevated to 7th Signal Regiment in 1992
    • CoA mil ITA btg trasmissioni 107.png 107th Signal Battalion "Predil", raised 1975, disbanded 1991, re-raised and entered the 7th Signal Regiment in 2002
  • CoA mil ITA rgt trasmissioni 11.png 11th Signal Regiment, *1940 (Civitavecchia)
    • CoA mil ITA btg ricel 08.png 8th ELINT Battalion "Tonale", raised 1976, disbanded 1998, re-raised as Signal Battalion "Tonale" and entered the 11th Signal Regiment in 2001
    • CoA mil ITA rgt trasmissioni 11.png 11th Signal Battalion "Leonessa", raised 1975, elevated to 11th Signal Regiment in 1992
  • CoA mil ITA rgt trasmissioni 32.png 32nd Signal Regiment, *1953 (Padova)
    • CoA mil ITA rgt trasmissioni 32.png 32nd Signal Battalion "Valles", raised 1975, elevated to 32nd Signal Regiment in 1992
    • CoA mil ITA rgt trasmissioni 41.png 41st Signal Battalion "Fréjus", raised 1975, elevated to 41st Signal Regiment in 1993, regiment disbanded in 1998 and the battalion entered the 32nd Signal Regiment the next day
  • CoA mil ITA rgt guelt 33.png 33rd Regiment EW, *2002 (Treviso)
    • CoA mil ITA rgt guelt 33.png 33rd Electronic Warfare Battalion "Falzarego", raised 1975, elevated to 33rd Electronic Warfare Regiment in 2002
  • CoA mil ITA rgt trasmissioni 44.png 44th Signal Support Battalion "Penne", reverted to battalion in 2016
    • CoA mil ITA rgt trasmissioni 44.png 44th Signal Support Regiment, *1993-2016 (Rome)
      • CoA mil ITA rgt trasmissioni 44.png 44th Signal Battalion "Penne", raised 1957, named "Penne" in 1975, elevated to 44th Signal Regiment in 1993, became 44th Signal Support Regiment in 1997
  • CoA mil ITA rgt trasmissioni 46.png 46th Signal Regiment, *1997 (Palermo)
    • CoA mil ITA rgt trasmissioni 45.png 45th Signal Battalion "Vulture", raised 1975, elevated to 45th Signal Regiment in 1993, regiment disbanded in 2000 and the battalion entered the 46th Signal Regiment the next day
    • CoA mil ITA rgt trasmissioni 46.png 46th Signal Battalion "Mongibello", raised 1976, elevated to 46th Signal Regiment in 1997
  • CoA mil ITA rgt trasmissioni 184.png 184th Signal Support Battalion "Cansiglio", reverted to battalion in 2016
    • CoA mil ITA rgt trasmissioni 184.png 184th Signal Support Regiment, *1998-2016 (Treviso)
      • CoA mil ITA rgt trasmissioni 184.png 184th Signal Battalion "Cansiglio", raised 1944, named "Cansiglio" in 1975, disbanded in 1993, re-raised in 1998 as 184th Signal Support Regiment
  • CoA mil ITA rgt trasmissioni 232.png 232nd Signal Regiment, *1939-1991, activated anew in 2004 (Avellino)
    • 51st Signal Battalion "Legnano", raised in 2004
    • CoA mil ITA rgt trasmissioni 232.png 232nd Signal Battalion "Fadalto", raised 1975, disbanded 1991, re-raised and entered the 232nd Signal Regiment in 2015

Inactive units

Inactivated units of the Signal branch:

  • CoA mil ITA cdo Cotie.jpg Maneuver Support Signal Brigade, *1998-2007
  • CoA mil ITA cdo Cotie.jpg National Support Signal Brigade, *2000-2007
  • CoA mil ITA btg guelt 09.png 9th Electronic Warfare Battalion "Rombo", *1976 - inactivated on 20 January 1998
  • CoA mil ITA btg trasmissioni 013.png 13th Signal Battalion "Mauria", *1975 - inactivated on 30 November 1991

Transport and Material Corps

History

Active units

  • CoA mil ITA rgt logistico aosta.png Logistic Regiment "Aosta" (Messina)
  • CoA mil ITA rgt logistico ariete.png Logistic Regiment "Ariete", *2015 (Maniago)
    • CoA mil ITA rgt logistico ariete.png Logistic Battalion "Ariete", in Maniago, *1986-2015
      • CoA mil ITA rgt logistico ariete.png Logistic Battalion "Manin", in Maniago, *1975-1986
  • CoA mil ITA rgt logistico folgore.png Logistic Regiment "Folgore", *2013 (Pisa)
    • CoA mil ITA rgt logistico folgore.png 6th Maneuver Logistic Regiment, *2001-2013
      • CoA mil ITA rgt logistico folgore.png Logistic Battalion "Folgore", *1975-2001
  • CoA mil ITA rgt trasporti 06.png 6th General Logistic Support Regiment, *2015 (Budrio)
    • CoA mil ITA rgt trasporti 06.png 6th Transport Regiment, *2001-2015
      • CoA mil ITA btg logistico friuli.png Logistic Battalion "Friuli", *1975-2001
  • CoA mil ITA rgt logistico garibaldi.png Logistic Regiment "Garibaldi", *2013 (Persano)
    • CoA mil ITA rgt logistico garibaldi.png 10th Maneuver Regiment, *2001-2013
      • CoA mil ITA rgt logistico garibaldi.png Logistic Battalion "Persano", *1991-2001
        • CoA mil ITA rgt logistico garibaldi.png Logistic Battalion "Garibaldi", *1976-1991
  • CoA mil ITA rgt logistico julia.png Logistic Regiment "Julia", *2013 (Meran)
    • CoA mil ITA rgt logistico julia.png 24th Maneuver Regiment "Dolomiti", *1994-2013
      • CoA mil ITA btg log orobica.png Logistic Battalion "Orobica", joined the battalion in 1991
      • CoA mil ITA rgt logistico julia.png 24th Maneuver Logistic Battalion "Dolomiti", *1986-1994
        • CoA mil ITA autogruppo 04.png 4th Army Corps Autogroup "Claudia", *1975-1986
  • CoA mil ITA rgt logistico pinerolo.png Logistic Regiment "Pinerolo", *2013 (Bari)
    • CoA mil ITA rgt logistico pinerolo.png 10th Transport Regiment, *2001-2013
      • CoA mil ITA btg logistico pinerolo.png Logistic Battalion "Pinerolo", joined the regiment in 2001
      • CoA mil ITA rgt logistico pinerolo.png 10th Logistic Support Regiment, *1998-2001
        • CoA mil ITA rgt logistico pinerolo.png 10th Transport Battalion "Appia", *1987-1998
  • CoA mil ITA rgt logistico pozzuolo del friuli.png Logistic Regiment "Pozzuolo del Friuli", *2015 (Remanzacco)
    • CoA mil ITA rgt logistico pozzuolo del friuli.png 8th Transport Regiment, *2002-2015
      • CoA mil ITA rgt logistico pozzuolo del friuli.png 8th Maneuver Regiment "Carso", *1994-2002
        • CoA mil ITA rgt logistico pozzuolo del friuli.png 8th Maneuver Logistic Battalion "Carso", *1986-1994
          • CoA mil ITA rgt logistico pozzuolo del friuli.png Maneuver Logistic Battalion "Mantova", *1975-1986
  • CoA mil ITA btg logistico cremona.png Logistic Regiment "Sassari", *2019 (Teulada)
    • CoA mil ITA btg logistico cremona.png Logistic Battalion "Cremona", *1975-1996
  • CoA mil ITA rgt logistico taurinense.png Logistic Regiment "Taurinense", *2013 (Rivoli)
    • CoA mil ITA rgt logistico taurinense.png 1st Maneuver Regiment, *2001-2013
      • CoA mil ITA btg log taurinense.png Logistic Battalion "Taurinense", joined the regiment in 2001
      • CoA mil ITA rgt logistico taurinense.png 1st Logistic Support Regiment "Monviso", *1998-2001
        • CoA mil ITA rgt logistico taurinense.png 1st Transport Battalion "Monviso", *1990-1998
  • CoA mil ITA autogr manovra 10.png Joint Forces Maneuver Regiment (Rome)
    • CoA mil ITA autogr manovra 10.png 10th Joint Transport Battalion "Salaria", *-
  • CoA mil ITA btg logistico centauro.png Transit Areas Management Regiment, (Bellinzago Novarese)
    • CoA mil ITA btg logistico centauro.png Logistic Battalion "Centauro", *1986-
      • CoA mil ITA btg logistico centauro.png Logistic Battalion "Curtatone", *1975-1986
  • CoA mil ITA rgt trasporti 08.png 8th Transport Regiment "Casilina", (Rome)
  • CoA mil ITA autogr manovra 11.png 11th Transport Regiment "Flaminia", (Rome)
  • CoA mil ITA rgt logistico 33.png NRDC-ITA Tactical and Logistic Support Regiment, *2002 (Solbiate Olona)
    • CoA mil ITA rgt logistico 33.png 33rd Logistic Maneuver Regiment "Ambrosiano", *1993-2002
      • CoA mil ITA rgt logistico 33.png 33rd Logistic Maneuver Battalion "Ambrosiano", *1986-1993
        • CoA mil ITA btg logistico 33.png 33rd Logistic Maneuver Battalion "Piemonte", *1982-1986
        • CoA mil ITA btg logistico divisione centauro.png Logistic Maneuver Battalion "Centauro", *1975-1986
        • CoA mil ITA autogruppo 03.png 3rd Army Corps Autogroup "Fulvia", *1975-1986

Inactive units

  • CoA mil ITA autogruppo 05.png 5th Army Corps Autogroup "Postumia", in Treviso, *1975-
  • CoA mil ITA btg logistico 13.png 13th Logistic Battalion "Aquileia", in Portogruaro
  • CoA mil ITA btg logistico acqui.png Logistic Battalion "Acqui", in L'Aquila
  • CoA mil ITA btg logistico brescia.png Logistic Battalion "Brescia", in Montorio Veronese
  • CoA mil ITA btg log cadore.png Logistic Battalion "Cadore", in Belluno
  • CoA mil ITA btg logistico goito.png Logistic Battalion "Goito", in Monza
  • CoA mil ITA btg logistico granatieri.png Logistic Battalion "Granatieri di Sardegna, in Civitavecchia
  • CoA mil ITA btg logistico gorizia.png Logistic Battalion "Gorizia", in Gradisca d'Isonzo
  • CoA mil ITA btg log julia.png Logistic Battalion "Julia", in Udine
  • CoA mil ITA btg logistico legnano.png Logistic Battalion "Legnano", in Presezzo
  • CoA mil ITA btg logistico mameli.png Logistic Battalion "Mameli", in Vacile
  • CoA mil ITA btg logistico mantova.png Logistic Battalion "Mantova", in Tricesimo, * 1986-
  • CoA mil ITA btg logistico mantova.png Logistic Battalion "Isonzo", in Tricesimo, *1975-1986
  • CoA mil ITA btg log orobica.png Logistic Battalion "Orobica", in Tricesimo, *1975-
  • CoA mil ITA btg logistico pozzuolo.png Logistic Battalion "Pozzuolo del Friuli", in Visco
  • CoA mil ITA btg logistico trieste.png Logistic Battalion "Trieste", in Budrio
  • CoA mil ITA btg log tridentina.png Logistic Battalion "Tridentina", in Vahrn
  • CoA mil ITA btg logistico vittorio veneto.png Logistic Battalion "Vittorio Veneto", in Cervignano del Friuli
  • CoA mil ITA btg logistico 05.png 5th Maneuver Logistic Battalion "Euganeo", in Treviso, *1986-
    • CoA mil ITA btg logistico 05.png Maneuver Logistic Battalion "Folgore", in Treviso, *1975-1986
  • CoA mil ITA btg log divisione ariete - 50 btg log di manovra Carnia.png 50th Maneuver Logistic Battalion "Carnia", in Casarsa della Delizia, *1986-
    • CoA mil ITA btg log divisione ariete - 50 btg log di manovra Carnia.png Maneuver Logistic Battalion "Ariete", in Casarsa della Delizia, *1975-1986
  • CoA mil ITA btg trasporti 07.png 7th Mixed Transport Battalion, in Florence
  • CoA mil ITA btg trasporti 11.png 11th Mixed Transport Battalion "Etnea", in Palermo
  • 12th Mixed Transport Battalion, in Cagliari
  • CoA mil ITA btg trasporti 14.png 14th Transport Battalion "Flavia", in Montorio Veronese
  • 16th Mixed Transport Battalion, in Padua

Army Aviation Corps

History

In May 1951 the first aviation unit was created at the army's Artillery School in Bracciano. The first aircraft in service were L-18C Super Cubs. In 1952 the army created four Light Plane Sections to support its four army corps. In 1956 the first AB 47G helicopters arrived. On 1 June 1957 the training unit was moved to Viterbo and became the Army Light Aviation Training Center. By 1964 four units of helicopters and 19 sections of light airplanes existed. By 1974 four helicopter units and 27 Light Aviation units fielded a mix of L-18C Super Cub, L-19E Bird Dog, and L-21B Super Cub planes and AB 47G planes, and AB 47G, AB 47J, AB 204B, AB 205, AB 206 helicopters.

With the army reform in 1975 the light planes and helicopter units were merged into squadron groups, equally in size to a battalion. Additionally three Army Light Aviation Groupings were created: one for the IV Alpine Army Corps, one for the V Army Corps, and one for the general staff. The new units were named for celestial objects:[1] Groupings were named for stars, while squadron groups were named for constellations and planets of the Solar System.

After the Cold War the army reduced the number of squadrons groups, renamed the groupings to regiments and dropped the "Light" from the specialties name.

Active units

Coat of Arms 4th Army Aviation Regiment

Inactive units

Inactivated units of the Aviation speciality:

  • 12th Squadrons Group "Gru" - inactivated on 1 September 1981
  • 20th Squadrons Group "Andromeda" - inactivated during fall 2002
  • 23rd Squadrons Group "Eridano" - inactivated on 1 September 1998
  • 24th Squadrons Group "Orione" - inactivated on 31 December 1993
  • 39th Squadrons Group "Drago" - inactivated on 4 November 2002
  • 44th Squadrons Group "Fenice" - inactivated on 4 July 1996
  • 46th Squadrons Group "Sagittario"
  • 47th Squadrons Group "Levrieri"
  • 51st Squadrons Group "Leone" - inactivated on 4 November 2002
  • 53rd Squadrons Group "Cassiopea" - inactivated 31 December 2015
  • 55th Squadrons Group "Dragone" - inactivated 1 March 2006

See also

References

  1. ^ Cerbo, Giovanni (1996). L'Aviazione dell'Esercito - Dalle origini ai giorni nostri. Rome: Rivista Militare. p. 128. Retrieved 2018.

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